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Miron-Shatz Talya

Miron-Shatz Talya
Ono Academic College and University of Cambridge · Ono: Business School. Cambridge: Winton Centre for Risk and Evidence Communicaiton

PhD.

About

84
Publications
19,906
Reads
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1,734
Citations
Introduction
I'm a social psychologist, specializing in medical decision making. I also studied happiness with Daniel Kahneman at Princeton University. For more comprehensive info', including industry experience: https://talyamironshatz.com/
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - present
Ono Academic College
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2008 - June 2011
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • I taught consumer behavior to UGs and MBAs at Wharton.
August 2005 - June 2009
Princeton University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • I was Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman's post-doc.

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Objective: Social media is used in the context of healthcare, for example in interventions for promoting health. Since social media are easily accessible they have potential to promote health equity. This paper studies relevant factors impacting on health equity considered in social media interventions. Methods: We searched for literature to identi...
Article
Objective: Social media is used in the context of healthcare, for example in interventions for promoting health. Since social media are easily accessible they have potential to promote health equity. This paper studies relevant factors impacting on health equity considered in social media interventions. Methods: We searched for literature to identi...
Article
Full-text available
Research Question What are the reproductive choices and retrospective reflections of women at least four years after planned oocyte cryopreservation (POC)? Design An internet survey using REDCap application of women who had POC, in a single center university affiliated IVF unit, 4-8 year before survey. Questionnaire addressed reproductive choices...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Using participatory health informatics (PHI) to detect disease outbreaks or learn about pandemics has gained interest in recent years. However, the role of PHI in understanding and managing pandemics, citizens’ role in this context, and which methods are relevant for collecting and processing data are still unclear, as is which types of...
Article
Full-text available
Background A major earthquake in Israel is inevitable. Individual risk perceptions and preparedness can mitigate harm and save lives. The gap between the public’s concerns and those of experts is reflected in their differential perceptions regarding the components that influence the occurrence of an earthquake in Israel. Whereas the public believes...
Article
Full-text available
Research question Why are women who face poor prognoses for success in assisted reproductive technologies (ART) choosing to pursue treatments using their own eggs, despite receiving information that their chances of success are very low. Design Cross-sectional study based on an anonymous questionnaire distributed to women aged between 43 and 45 ye...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In the midst of COVID-19, where health systems are severely overloaded, and arriving at hospitals and clinics poses risks for chronic condition patients, the need for telemedicine rises. This study examines readiness and potential barriers for telemedicine adoption among a specific sector of physicians. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a...
Article
Full-text available
Two hundred twenty-seven women with an unplanned cesarean delivery as their only birth were surveyed on their regrets during childbirth, their personality, childbirth preparation, labor and delivery support, and birth satisfaction. Seventy-three percent of women reported regret which mostly centered on inaction, particularly not advocating for the...
Article
Objective: Procedural pain is unique in that physicians simultaneously cause and assess it. Experienced male physicians are known to underestimate their female patients' pain more than other physicians. However, it is unknown whether this also occurs in obstetrics/gynecology, where all patients are females. This study addresses the gap in literatu...
Article
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We evaluated what predicts satisfaction following an unplanned caesarean first-time birth. Two hundred and twenty-seven primiparous women who delivered by unplanned caesarean were surveyed on individual difference variables (the 10-Item Big Five Personality Domains scale, the Desirability for Control Scale), interactional variables (the CollaboRATE...
Article
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Background: Telehealth can increase value by reducing gaps in care, access, and cost for patients, providers, and payers. Medicare reimbursement policies aim to increase health access in areas with a provider shortage. Introduction: The influences of telehealth adoption over time are not well known, and would be beneficial for further policy dis...
Article
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Objective: Artificial intelligence (AI) provides people and professionals working in the field of participatory health informatics an opportunity to derive robust insights from a variety of online sources. The objective of this paper is to identify current state of the art and application areas of AI in the context of participatory health. Methods:...
Article
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Shared decision-making is a strategy to assist with patient involvement in medical decisions. One of its pillars is patient knowledge and understanding of the risks and benefits associated with specific procedures. We studied patient knowledge about transradial (TRA) and transfemoral (TFA) cardiac catheterization. A prospective study was conducted...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Birth stories provide an intimate glimpse into women’s birth experiences, in their own words. Understanding the emotions elicited in women by certain types of behaviors during labor and delivery could help those in the healthcare community provide better emotional care for laboring women. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to unde...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Birth stories provide an intimate glimpse into women's birth experiences in their own words. Understanding the emotions elicited in women by certain types of behaviors during labor and delivery could help those in the health care community provide better emotional care for women in labor. Objective: The aim of this study was to under...
Article
Full-text available
Self-measurement and documentation of blood-glucose are critical elements of diabetes management, particularly in regimes including insulin. In this study, we analyze the usability of iBG-STAR, the first blood glucose meter connectable to a smartphone. This technology records glucometer measurements, removing the burden of documentation from diabet...
Article
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Background: Thank you letters to physicians and medical facilities are an untapped resource, providing an invaluable glimpse into what patients notice and appreciate in their care. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze such thank you letters as posted on the Web by medical institutions to find what patients and families consider to be...
Article
Funding policy and medico-legal climate are part of physicians' reality and might permeate clinical decisions. This study evaluates the influence of maternal age and government funding on obstetrician/gynecologist recommendation for invasive prenatal testing (i.e. amniocentesis) for Down syndrome (DS), and its association with the physician's asses...
Article
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Israel has a universal-national healthcare system and a progressive health policy legislation which, together, provide its residents with high-level healthcare services and either free or highly subsidized coverage without any pre-existing conditions. However, it is surprising that Shared Decision Making (SDM) practices and policy are not an integr...
Article
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We develop and test a model that suggests that expectations influence subjective usability and emotional experiences and, thereby, behavioral intentions to continue use and to recommend the service to others. A longitudinal study of 165 real-life users examined the proposed model in a proximity mobile payment domain at three time points: before use...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Thank you letters to physicians and medical facilities are an untapped resource, providing an invaluable glimpse into what patients notice and appreciate in their care. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze such thank you letters as posted on the Web by medical institutions to find what patients and families consider to be good...
Article
Full-text available
As a health professional, you know that digital health tools, such as wearables and apps, abound. You hope these help patients adhere to medication, monitor their blood pressure, manage their diet and other treatment, maintenance and prevention tasks which take place outside of the clinical encounter, and have an effect on health outcomes. You also...
Article
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Objective: Rates of pregnancy among women living with HIV (WLHIV) have increased with the availability of effective HIV treatment. Planning for pregnancy and childbirth is an increasingly important element of HIV care. Though rates of unintended pregnancies are high among women in general, among couples affected by HIV, significant planning and re...
Article
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Medication adherence is crucial for success in the management of patients with chronic conditions. This study analyzes whether a mobile application on a tablet aimed at supporting drug intake and vital sign parameter documentation affects adherence in elderly patients. Patients with coronary heart disease and no prior knowledge of tablet computers...
Article
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Objective: Risk communication tools can facilitate patients' understanding of risk information. In this novel study, we examine the hypothesis that risk communication methods tailored to individuals' preferences can increase risk comprehension. Method: Preferences for breast cancer risk formats, and risk comprehension data were collected using a...
Article
Full-text available
A primary goal of amniocentesis is the detection of trisomy 21 (Down syndrome- DS) in the fetus. This procedure involves a small risk of miscarriage. As the risk of DS increases with maternal age, screening tests (maternal serum triple test and others) and age are used to generate a risk assessment, and amniocentesis is offered to women with high r...
Conference Paper
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Pre-use expectations are believed to influence user experience evaluations. The goal of this study is to understand the role of expectations and emotions in the evaluation of a product – a mobile phone – over a five-month period of use in a real-life setting. The results show that expected enjoyment has long-lasting effects on product evaluations a...
Article
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Jill turns 40. Should this change how she evaluates her life, and would a similar change occur when she turns 41? Milestone age (e.g., 30, 40, 50)-a naturally occurring feature in personal timelines-has received much attention is popular culture, but little attention in academic inquiry. This study examines whether milestone birthdays change the wa...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic testing for breast and ovarian cancer can help target prevention programs, and possibly reduce morbidity and mortality. A positive result of BRCA1/2 is a substantial risk factor for breast and ovarian cancer, and its detection often leads to risk reduction interventions such as increased screening, prophylactic mastectomy and oophorectomy....
Article
Full-text available
Amniocentesis is an invasive procedure performed during pregnancy to determine, among other things, whether the fetus has Down syndrome. It is often preceded by screening, which gives a probabilistic risk assessment. Thus, ample information is conveyed to women with the goal to inform their decisions. This study examined the factors that predict am...
Article
Background In the United States, one-third of pregnancies result in a cesarean delivery. In subsequent pregnancies, mothers must decide whether to pursue a vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC) or a repeat cesarean delivery. Pregnant women frequently turn to the Internet for support and information.Methods We analyzed 300 posts from a popular onlin...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose A wealth of mobile applications are designed to support users in their drug intake. When developing software for patients, it is important to understand the differences between individuals who have, who will or who might never adopt mobile interventions. This study analyzes demographic and health-related factors associated with real-life “l...
Article
Full-text available
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have the potential to improve personalized medicine in breast cancer care. As new SNPs are discovered, further enhancing risk classification, SNP testing may serve to complement family history and phenotypic risk factors when assessed in a clinical setting. SNP analysis is particularly relevant to high-risk wo...
Article
Background The majority of women (71%) who undergo BRCA1/2 testing—designed to identify genetic mutations associated with increased risk of cancer—receive results that are termed ‘ambiguous’ or ‘uninformative negative’. How women interpret these results and the association with numerical ability was examined.Methods In this study, 477 women at incr...
Article
Background Shared decision making has become an integral part of medical consultation. Research has, however, reported wide differences in individuals' desires to be involved in the decision-making process, and these differences in preferences are likely to be the result of a number of factors including age, education and numeracy.Objective To inve...
Article
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Objectives: As technology continues to evolve and rise in various industries, such as healthcare, science, education, and gaming, a sophisticated concept known as Big Data is surfacing. The concept of analytics aims to understand data. We set out to portray and discuss perspectives of the evolving use of Big Data in science and healthcare and, to...
Article
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There are few mechanisms that bring the academic and business worlds together in a way that would maximize the success of health technology (health tech) start-ups by increasing researchers' knowledge about how to operate in the business world. Existing solutions (eg, technology transfer offices and dual degree MD/MBA programs) are often unavailabl...
Article
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With more than 1 billion users having access to mobile broadband Internet and a rapidly growing mobile app market, all stakeholders involved have high hopes that this technology may improve health care. Expectations range from overcoming structural barriers to access in low-income countries to more effective, interactive treatment of chronic condit...
Article
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Background Risk for foetal Down syndrome (DS) increases as maternal age increases. Non-invasive screening (maternal serum triple test) for DS is routinely offered to pregnant women to provide risk estimates and suggest invasive amniocentesis for definitive pre-natal diagnosis to high-risk women.Objective We examined women's decision process with re...
Data
Full-text available
A positive test result for BRCA1/2 gene mutation is a substantial risk factor for breast and ovarian cancer. However, testing is not always covered by insurance, even for high risk women. Variables affecting willingness to pay (WTP) have implications for clinic-based and direct-to-consumer testing. The relative impact of objective and subjective nu...
Article
The term “precious baby” has been used for a pregnancy achieved by assisted reproductive technology (ART) or at an older maternal age. Some believe that such pregnancies are managed differently; evidence for differential management of ART pregnancies includes cesarean section rates, which are significantly higher among ART pregnancies. Women who ha...
Article
Full-text available
A positive test result for BRCA1/2 gene mutation is a substantial risk factor for breast and ovarian cancer. However, testing is not always covered by insurance, even for high risk women. Variables affecting willingness to pay (WTP) have implications for clinic-based and direct-to-consumer testing. The relative impact of objective and subjective nu...
Chapter
Health literacy is the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions and follow instructions for treatment. Financial literacy is its equivalent in the financial domain, facilitating decisions on investments, retirement, health insurance, and more. This chapter proposes to overcome t...
Chapter
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Health literacy and chronic diseases are inextricably linked. In order to make healthy lifestyle choices to prevent chronic disease, such as exercising or limiting alcohol intake, a person must first be aware of the impact these kinds of decisions have on health, wealth, and well-being. This is not unlike the way financial literacy is associated wi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Governmental health agencies frequently issue warnings about new health hazards (e.g., smoking and excessive drinking). This chapter discusses factors affecting adherence to governmental warnings against the use of household products previously perceived safe. To be effective, a health warning must reach its intended audience and bring about behavi...
Article
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Studies of happiness have examined the impact of demographics, personality and emotions accompanying daily activities on life satisfaction. We suggest that how people feel while contemplating aspects of their lives, including their weight, children and future prospects, is a promising yet uncharted territory within the internal landscape of life sa...
Article
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Do clinicians manage pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technologies (ART) differently from spontaneous pregnancies? Clinicians' decisions about prenatal testing during pregnancy depend, at least partially, on the method of conception. Research thus far has shown that patients' decisions regarding prenatal screening are different in ART...
Article
Full-text available
As health information is becoming increasingly accessible, social media offers ample opportunities to track, be informed, share and promote health. These authors explore how social media and holistic care may work together; more specifically however, our objective is to document, from different perspectives, how social networks have impacted, suppo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Positive emotional experiences with an interactive product are assumed to lead to good user experience and, ultimately, to product success. However, the path from emotional experiences to product evaluation may not be direct, as emotions fluctuate over time, and some experiences are easier to recall than others. In this study, we examined emotions...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The field of breast cancer risk assessment is advancing rapidly with recent discoveries about risk conferring single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). While these discoveries can promote personalized medicine, they are often brought to the market with direct to consumer (DTC) testing before data can support their widespread use and befor...
Article
Full-text available
People are quick to perceive meaningful patterns in the co-occurrence of events. We report two studies exploring the effects of streaks in symptom checklists on perceived personal disease risk. In the context of these studies, a streak is a sequence of consecutive items on a list that share the characteristic of being either general or specific. We...
Article
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Shared decision making (SDM) - involving patients in decisions relevant to their health - has been increasingly influential in medical thought and practice around the world. This paper reviews the current status of SDM in Israel, including efforts to promote SDM in the legislation and healthcare system, its influence in medical training and the nat...
Article
Full-text available
WHAT ABOUT POLICY REGARDING SDM? Though informed consent and patients' right to information are regulated by Israeli law, there is a low level of formal activities focused on shared decision making (SDM) in Israel. Further, there are few organized programs to promote SDM among medical professionals or the public, and governmental support of SDM-rel...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic testing for gene mutations associated with specific cancers provides an opportunity for early detection, surveillance, and intervention (Smith, Cokkinides, & Brawley, 2008). Lifetime risk estimates provided by genetic testing refer to the risk of developing a specific disease within one's lifetime, and evidence suggests that this is importa...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a digital or electronic health scorecard to help prevent chronic disease. Today, chronic diseases--such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer--are among the most prevalent, costly, and preventable of all health problems. Yet, no credible, broadly distributed tool exists for monitoring and promoting health of large p...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) issued guidelines discouraging use of over-the-counter cough and cold medications in children under six. In light of these recommendations, this study assessed whether parents had heard of the MHRA recommendations and whether they trusted those recommendations. It also examined...
Article
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This paper highlights potential challenges to privacy posed by electronic health records and proposes to increase patient involvement in maintaining the privacy of their data. Electronic health records are heavily promoted in the United States, rendering sensitive health information accessible and potentially jeopardizing patient privacy. Yet certa...
Chapter
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Most stakeholders in the health care system—doctors, patients, and policy makers— have not been taught to apply evidence-based information to the many decisions that must be made daily. Little awareness of this problem exists, yet a better use of evidence could improve outcomes for patients, increase patient satisfaction, and lower costs. This chap...
Chapter
Full-text available
Most stakeholders in the health care system-doctors, patients, and policy makers-have not been taught to apply evidence-based information to the many decisions that must be made daily. Little awareness of this problem exists, yet a better use of evidence could improve outcomes for patients, increase patient satisfaction, and lower costs. This chapt...