Mirko Peitzsch

Mirko Peitzsch
Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden · Institut für Klinische Chemie und Laboratoriumsmedizin

PhD

About

172
Publications
23,869
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3,022
Citations
Citations since 2016
111 Research Items
2624 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
October 2008 - September 2010
Lunds Universitet
February 2005 - September 2008
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) panels that include glucocorticoid-related steroids are increasingly used to characterize and diagnose adrenal cortical diseases. Limited information is currently available about reproducibility of these measurements among laboratories. The aim of the study was to compare LC-MS/MS...
Article
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Increased dietary phosphate intake has been associated with severity of coronary artery disease, increased carotid intima–media thickness, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in individuals with normal renal function as well as in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. However, the under...
Article
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Background Arterial hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor. Identification of secondary hypertension in its various forms is key to preventing and targeting treatment of cardiovascular complications. Simplified diagnostic tests are urgently required to distinguish primary and secondary hypertension to address the current underdiagnosis...
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Objectives Mass spectrometry-based steroidomics combined with machine learning (ML) provides a potentially powerful approach in endocrine diagnostics, but is hampered by limitations in the conveyance of results and interpretations to clinicians. We address this shortcoming by integration of the two technologies with a laboratory information managem...
Article
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The adrenal gland provides an important function by integrating neuronal, immune, vascular, metabolic and endocrine signals under a common organ capsule. It is the central organ of the stress response system and has been implicated in numerous stress-related disorders. While for other diseases, regeneration of healthy organ tissue has been aimed at...
Article
Full-text available
Catecholamine-producing tumors of childhood include most notably neuroblastoma, but also pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). Diagnosis of the former depends largely on biopsy-dependent histopathology, but this is contraindicated in PPGL where diagnosis depends crucially on biochemical tests of catecholamine excess. Such tests retain some imp...
Article
Context Sampling of blood in the supine position for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) results in lower rates of false-positives for plasma normetanephrine than seated sampling. It is unclear how in-patient versus out-patient testing and other preanalytical factors impact false-positives. Objective Identify preanalytical preca...
Preprint
Female bias is highly prevalent among adrenal cortex hyperplasia and neoplasia, but the reasons behind this phenomenon are poorly understood. In this article, we show that overexpression of the secreted WNT agonist R-spondin-1 leads to ectopic activation of WNT/β-catenin signalling and causes sex-specific adrenocortical hyperplasia in mice. While f...
Article
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In children and adolescents, neuroblastoma (NBL), pheochromocytoma (PCC), and adrenocortical tumors (ACT) can arise from the adrenal gland. It may be difficult to distinguish between these three entities including associated extra-adrenal tumors (paraganglioma, PGL). Precise discrimination, however, is of crucial importance for management. Biopsy i...
Preprint
The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is activated in response to inflammation leading to increased production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal cortex. In turn, glucocorticoids exert potent anti-inflammatory effects. Severe inflammation may reduce adrenal gland responsiveness to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) although the underlying mo...
Article
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Adrenocortical carcinoma is a heterogeneous and aggressive cancer that originates from steroidogenic cells within the adrenal cortex. In this study, we have assessed for the preclinical gold standard NCI-H295 in direct comparison with the more recently established MUC-1 and a here newly reported ACC cell line (TVBF-7) the mutational status of impor...
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Steroid 21-hydroxylase is an enzyme of the steroid pathway that is involved in the biosynthesis of cortisol and aldosterone by hydroxylation of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone and progesterone at the C21 position. Mutations in the 21-hydroxylase encoding CYP21A2 gene cause the most frequent form of the autosomal recessive disorder congenital adrenal hyperp...
Article
The conditionally essential amino acid arginine and its metabolic products play an important role in different biological processes, such as metabolic regulation of the immune response, including macrophage activation and polarization and regulation of T cell function. Furthermore, the polyamine spermidine has a role in aging and age-related diseas...
Article
Proton radiotherapy has been implemented into the standard-of-care for cancer patients within recent years. However, experimental studies investigating cellular and molecular mechanisms are lacking, and prognostic biomarkers are needed. Cancer stem cell (CSC)-related biomarkers, such as aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), are known to influence cellular...
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The causative role of inflammation in hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases is evident and calls for development of specific immunomodulatory therapies. We tested the therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms of action of developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1), an endogenous anti-inflammatory factor, in angiotensin-II (ANGII)- and DOCA (deoxyco...
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Dexamethasone is widely used as an immunosuppressive therapy and recently as COVID-19 treatment. Here, we demonstrate that dexamethasone sensitizes to ferroptosis, a form of iron-catalyzed necrosis, previously suggested to contribute to diseases such as acute kidney injury, myocardial infarction, and stroke, all of which are triggered by glutathion...
Article
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Objectives Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is recommended for measuring circulating steroids. However, assays display technical heterogeneity. So far, reproducibility of corticosteroid LC-MS/MS measurements has received scant attention. The aim of the study was to compare LC-MS/MS measurements of cortisol, 17OH-progesteron...
Article
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Head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs) are tumors of parasympathetic origin that occur at variable locations and are often secondary to germline mutations in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) subunit genes. Occasionally these tumors produce catecholamines. Here, we assessed whether different locations of HNPGLs relate to presence of SDHx mutations, cate...
Preprint
Full-text available
The adrenal gland provides an important function by integrating neuronal, immune, vascular, metabolic and endocrine signals under a common organ capsule. It is the central organ of the stress response system and has been implicated in numerous stress-related disorders. While for other diseases, regeneration of healthy organ tissue has been aimed at...
Article
Full-text available
Context Diagnosis of primary aldosteronism (PA) for many patients depends on positive results for the saline infusion test (SIT). Plasma aldosterone is often measured by immunoassays, which can return inaccurate results. Objective Establish whether differences in aldosterone measurements by immunoassay versus mass spectrometry (MS) might impact co...
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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is among the 10 most common cancer entities and can be categorised into distinct subtypes by differential expression of Krebs cycle genes. We investigated the predictive value of several targeted metabolites with regards to tumour stages and patient survival in an unselected cohort of 420 RCCs. Unsupervised hierarchical c...
Article
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The adrenal gland and its hormones regulate numerous fundamental biological processes; however, the impact of hypoxia signaling on adrenal function remains poorly understood. Here, we reveal that deficiency of HIF (hypoxia inducible factors) prolyl hydroxylase domain protein-2 (PHD2) in the adrenal medulla of mice results in HIF2α-mediated reductio...
Article
Context Most patients with adrenal incidentaloma have nonfunctional lesions that do not require treatment, while others have functional or malignant tumors that require intervention. The plasma steroid metabolome may be useful to assess therapeutic need. Objective This work aimed to establish the utility of plasma steroid profiling combined with m...
Article
The impact of dietary sodium reduction on mouse models of type 2 diabetes is not well understood. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of a low-salt diet on obesity and parameters of type 2 diabetes in db/db mice. Five-week-old male db/db and lean db/m mice were fed a normal salt (0.19% Na+, NS) or a low-salt diet (<0.03% Na+, LS) for 5 weeks. Body an...
Article
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Context Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGL) cause catecholamine excess leading to a characteristic clinical phenotype. Intra-individual changes at metabolome level have been described after surgical PPGL removal. The value of metabolomics for the diagnosis of PPGL has not been studied yet. Objective Evaluation of quantitative metabolomics...
Article
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Background and aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is initiated by steatosis and can progress via fibrosis and cirrhosis to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The RNA binding protein HuR controls RNAs at the posttranscriptional level; hepatocyte HuR has been implicated in the regulation of diet-induced hepatic steatosis. The present study...
Article
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Diagnosis of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in patients receiving hemodialysis is troublesome. The aim of the study was to establish optimal conditions for blood sampling for mass spectrometric measurements of normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine in patients on hemodialysis and specific reference intervals for plasma metanephri...
Article
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Radiotherapy is one of the curative treatment options for localized prostate cancer (PCa). The curative potential of radiotherapy is mediated by irradiation-induced oxidative stress and DNA damage in tumor cells. However, PCa radiocurability can be impeded by tumor resistance mechanisms and normal tissue toxicity. Metabolic reprogramming is one of...
Article
Background Plasma-free normetanephrine and metanephrine (metanephrines) are the recommended biomarkers for testing of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). This study evaluated the status of harmonization of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based measurements of plasma metanephrines and methoxytyramine and clinical interpretation...
Article
Objective: Within the past decade, important genetic drivers of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGLs) development have been identified. The pathophysiological mechanism that translate these alterations into functional autonomy and potentially malignant behavior have not been elucidated in detail. Here we used MALDI-mass spectrometry imaging (M...
Article
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The adrenal gland is important for many physiological and pathophysiological processes, but studies are often restricted by limited availability of sample material. Improved methods for sample preparation are needed to facilitate analyses of multiple classes of adrenal metabolites and macromolecules in a single sample. A procedure was developed for...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Diagnosis of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in patients receiving hemodialysis is troublesome. Aim To establish optimal conditions for blood sampling for mass spectrometric measurements of normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine in patients on hemodialysis and specific reference intervals for plasma metanephrines under...
Article
Full-text available
Endogenous steroid hormones, especially glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, derive from the adrenal cortex, and drastic or sustained changes in their circulatory levels affect multiple organ systems. Although hypoxia signaling in steroidogenesis has been suggested, knowledge on the true impact of the HIFs (Hypoxia-Inducible Factors) in the adre...
Article
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Reduced expression of the plasma membrane citrate transporter INDY (acronym I'm Not Dead, Yet) extends life span in lower organisms. Deletion of the mammalian Indy (mIndy) gene in rodents improves metabolism via mechanisms akin to caloric restriction, known to lower blood pressure (BP) by sympathoadrenal inhibition. We hypothesized that mIndy delet...
Preprint
Full-text available
Radiotherapy is one of the curative treatment options for localized prostate cancer (PCa). The curative potential of radiotherapy is mediated by irradiation-induced oxidative stress and DNA damage in tumor cells. However, PCa radiocurability can be impeded by tumor resistance mechanisms and normal tissue toxicity. Metabolic reprogramming is one of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pseudohypoxic tumors activate pro-oncogenic pathways typically associated with severe hypoxia even when sufficient oxygen is present, leading to highly aggressive tumors. Prime examples are pseudohypoxic pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (p-PPGLs), neuroendendocrine tumors currently lacking effective therapy. Previous attempts to ge...
Article
Primary aldosteronism is a frequent form of endocrine hypertension caused by aldosterone overproduction from the adrenal cortex. Regulation of aldosterone biosynthesis has been studied in rodents despite differences in adrenal physiology with humans. We, therefore, investigated pig adrenal steroidogenesis, morphology, and transcriptome profiles of...
Article
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Objective Metabolic diseases are an increasing problem in society with the brain-metabolic axis as a master regulator of the human body for sustaining homeostasis under metabolic stress. However, metabolic inflammation and disease will trigger sustained activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. In this study, we investigated the role o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The adrenal gland and its hormones regulate numerous fundamental biological processes; however, the impact of hypoxia signalling on its function remains scarcely understood. Here, we reveal that deficiency of HIF (Hypoxia Inducible Factors) prolyl hydroxylase domain protein-2 (PHD2) in the adrenal medulla of mice results in HIF2α-mediated reduction...
Article
Objectives Plasma free metanephrines are commonly used for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGLs), but can also provide other information. This multicenter study prospectively examined whether tumor size, location, and mutations could be predicted by these metabolites. Methods Predictions of tumor location, size, and mutation type...
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Objective: Both clinical suspicion and diagnosis of pheochromocytoma (PCC) can be challenging in patients where the presentation can be confused with the pharmacophysiological effects of illicit drugs known to activate the sympathetic nervous system. We report on such a patient and outline considerations that can impact diagnostic decision making....
Preprint
Objective Adrenocortical hormone levels increase in obesity, potentially contributing to development of obesity-associated pathologies. Here we explored whether lipidomic remodeling of the adrenal gland could mediate altered adrenocortical steroidogenesis during obesity. Methods Lipidomic analysis was performed in adrenal glands using shotgun mass...
Article
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Multiple stressors, including 24-h-shifts characterise the working environment of physicians, influencing well-being, health and performance. We aimed to evaluate the effect of the stressor 24-h-shift on the adrenal medullary and sympathoneural system in physicians with the hypothesis that shift work might have different impacts on both systems. Tw...
Article
Importance: Most patients with primary aldosteronism, a major cause of secondary hypertension, are not identified or appropriately treated because of difficulties in diagnosis and subtype classification. Applications of artificial intelligence combined with mass spectrometry-based steroid profiling could address this problem. Objective: To asses...
Preprint
Full-text available
Endogenous steroid hormones, especially glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, are essential for life regulating numerous physiological and pathological processes. These hormones derive from the adrenal cortex, and drastic or sustained changes in their circulatory levels affect multiple organ systems. Although a role for hypoxia pathway proteins (...
Article
Full-text available
Context Catecholamines and adrenocortical steroids are important regulators of blood pressure. Bidirectional relationships between adrenal steroids and catecholamines have been established but whether this is relevant to patients with pheochromocytoma is unclear. Objective This study addresses the hypothesis that patients with pheochromocytoma and...
Article
Full-text available
Oxygenated androgens such as 11 β-hydroxyandrostenedione (11OHA4) and 11-ketotestosterone (11KT) contribute significantly to the androgen pool in humans and their measurement has been shown to be useful in diagnosing disorders such as polycystic ovarian syndrome or premature adrenarche and also in monitoring treatment of congenital adrenal hyperpla...
Article
Full-text available
Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumours with a hereditary background in over one third of patients. Mutations in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) genes increase the risk for PPGLs and several other tumours. Mutations in subunit B (SDHB) in particular are a risk factor for metastatic disease, further highlighting th...
Article
Background Diagnosis of primary aldosteronism (PA) involves a multistep process reliant on the accuracy of aldosterone measurements at each step. We report on immunoassay interference leading to a wrongful diagnosis and indication for surgical intervention. Case A 38-year old hypertensive male with a 1.4 cm left adrenal mass was diagnosed with PA...
Article
Full-text available
Biochemical characterization of primary bilateral macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia (PBMAH) by distinct plasma steroid profiles has not been previously studied. Our objective was to assess plasma steroid profiles in the diagnosis of PBMAH. Thirty six subjects (22 females, 14 males) with PBMAH matched in age and gender to 336 control subjects....
Article
Objective: Sympathoadrenal activity is decreased during overnight rest. This study assessed whether urinary free normetanephrine, metanephrine and methoxytyramine in overnight/first-morning urine collections might offer an alternative to measurements in 24-hour collections or plasma for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). Design...
Article
Full-text available
Mitotane is the only drug approved for the therapy of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Its clinical use is limited by the occurrence of relapse during therapy. To investigate the underlying mechanisms in vitro, we here generated mitotane-resistant cell lines. After long-term pulsed treatment of HAC-15 human adrenocortical carcinoma cells with 70 µM...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, produces catecholamines that are metabolized within tumor cells. Homovanillic acid (HVA) and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), the end products of catecholamine metabolism, have limited accuracy for testing of the tumors. This study assessed whether metabolites produced i...