Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen

Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen
University of Amsterdam | UVA · Department of Human Geography, Planning and International Development Studies

PhD

About

99
Publications
81,867
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Introduction
Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen currently works at the Department of Human Geography, Planning and International Development Studies, University of Amsterdam. Mirjam does research in landscape governance, inclusive value chains and knowledge co-creation. Her current projects are 'Inclusive Value Chain Collaboration', the Treefarms project on the prospects of introducing shade-tolerant non-timber forest products and food crops in reforestation, and 'Putting heads together' on knowledge co-creation in learning platforms. She is also partnering in the COLANDS project (Collaboration on the Operationalization of Landscapes Approaches for Nature, Development and Sustainability). See https://t.co/1bj0VXMx5s?amp=1 for a brief explainer.
Additional affiliations
November 2004 - present
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
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Participatory spatial tools—community mapping, PGIS, and others—find increasing resonance among research and non-governmental organizations to make stakeholder claims and community perspectives explicit for more inclusive landscape governance. In this paper, we situate the use of participatory spatial tools in debates on integrated landscape approa...
Article
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This paper is written in recognition of the contributions that Maarten Bavinck has made to the field of maritime studies and for the inspiration that he has been for many. It is hard to separate Maarten’s academic and institution-building contributions from his personal qualities, particularly his interest in human relationships. Maarten’s aptitude...
Article
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Land use in much of sub-Saharan Africa is dominated by legislative frameworks based on a strong colonial legacy, focusing strongly on state control and minimal devolution of management responsibilities to local communities. However, attempts to reconcile conservation and socio-economic development by increasing stakeholder engagement in community-b...
Article
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Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in sub-Saharan Africa creates considerable dynamics in rural landscapes. Many studies addressed the adverse effects of mining, but few studies use participatory spatial tools to assess the effects on land use. Hence, this paper takes an actor perspective to analyze how communities in a mixed farming-mining are...
Article
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Adverse mining effects, notably the uncontrolled spread and consequences of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), are growing concerns in sub-Saharan Africa. A securitization discourse is often used to justify a military-style approach toward illegal mining but fails to acknowledge the multiple dimensions of insecurities arising from mining. A hu...
Article
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Despite the widespread popularity of the Creating Shared Value (CSV) discourse, its 'business case' and 'win-win' rhetoric remain problematic. This paper adds an inclusive development perspective to the debate, arguing that analysing CSV strategies through an inclusivity lens contributes to a better operationalisation of societal value; makes tensi...
Article
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The debate on smallholder commodification trajectories tends to be polarised between mainstream approaches that advocate tighter integration of smallholders into global value chains, and alternative approaches that favour localised markets on the grounds that these provide greater autonomy over production and marketing, and allow a greater share of...
Article
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The COVID-19 epidemic provides yet another reason to prioritize inclusive development. Current response strategies of the global community and countries expose a low level of solidarity with poorer nations and poorer people in all nations. Against this background, this paper addresses the question: What are the development challenges that the COVID...
Article
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Although deforestation rates are declining, protected forest areas remain under threat. While the importance of spatialized ('mapped') community knowledge for conservation planning is acknowledged in scientific literature, the integration of such knowledge in forest governance and conservation planning remains scarce, particularly in Ghana. This pa...
Article
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Continued overexploitation of natural resources and the associated impacts of climate change threaten the sustainability and biodiversity of our global social-ecological systems. ‘Integrated landscape approaches’ are governance strategies that attempt to reconcile multiple and conflicting land-use claims to harmonize the needs of people and the env...
Chapter
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This chapter draws on recent literature to address four challenges to the implementation and maintenance of integrated landscape approaches: persistent science-practice-policy gaps in environmental governance; engagement of the private-sector; the dearth of evidence of implementation and effectiveness; and monitoring and evaluation. It calls fo...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces a book that aims to close the theory-implementation gap in integrated landscape approaches based on the COLANDS initiative (Collaborating to Operationalize Landscape Approaches for Nature, Development and Sustainability). Such landscape approaches have gained renewed interest in recent years from the research, policy and don...
Chapter
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This chapter depicts a savannah landscape in the north of the country marked by irregular rainfall. The Western Wildlife Corridor was chosen as the COLANDS implementation area. This area contains three community resource management areas (CREMAs) where local governance bodies and platforms engage local communities in the governance and manageme...
Chapter
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The promise and potential of landscape approaches have been central tenets in the sustainable development discourse since then. Numerous institutions, including CIFOR, have integrated landscape approaches (ILAs) within their research and development strategies. Moreover, the successful Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) has positioned the "landscape" ce...
Article
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Food insecurity and the weak position of smallholders in food value chains are key challenges in many low-and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In order to increase food security and make agricultural value chains more inclusive, donors, governments and researchers increasingly stimulate partnerships between multiple actors, in which k...
Book
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Poverty, food insecurity, biodiversity and habitat loss are persistent global challenges that are further exacerbated by the impacts of climate change. These challenges are particularly hard felt in the tropical landscapes of the global South where tensions between local socio-economic and international environmental commitments are pervasive. Due...
Article
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Despite widespread acknowledgement of the importance of entrepreneurship for poverty alleviation, studies on entrepreneurship are scant for farmers engaged in the production of non-timber forest products. This study, therefore, examines the entrepreneurial status of farmers involved in the production of non-timber forest products, focusing on those...
Article
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The future and benefits of mosaic landscapes have been a source of scientific and societal concern due to increasing population growth, climate change, urbanization, and expanding agricultural commodities. There is a growing call for integrated landscape approaches in which landscape actors discuss trade-offs between different land uses with a view...
Article
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In this paper, we seek to answer the question: in what ways can smallholder agriculture contribute to improved food and nutrition security (FNS) in their respective rural contexts? It presents key insights and results on ‘Smallholders and Food and Nutrition Security '. It is published in a series of articles based on a synthesis study of the Food &...
Poster
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A learning platform provides an open and safe space that brings together farmers, researchers, private sector and local institutions at district level. Participants exchange, learn and adapt knowledge, practices and practical innovations that contribute to sustainable livelihoods. Learning platforms are organized around a critical theme that affect...
Article
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What role do oil palm companies in Ghana play in promoting sustainable and inclusive development? This was the question addressed in this paper, which examines the contribution of two oil palm companies to sustainable and inclusive development. The paper analyses the corporate sustainability strategies of two oil palm companies that both contribute...
Article
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Conflicts over forests and trees threaten the sustainability of the resource base. The nature and causes of such conflicts have been documented, but little is known about factors that determine whether interactions result in conflict or cooperation. Particularly, the role of social capital has been underexposed, with existing studies focusing mainl...
Article
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Tree crops such as cocoa and oil palm are important to smallholders’ livelihoods and national economies of tropical producer countries. Governments seek to expand tree-crop acreages and improve yields. Existing literature has analyzed socioeconomic and environmental effects of tree-crop expansion, but its spatial effects on the landscape are yet to...
Article
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Institutional fragmentation and transaction costs make integrated landscape approaches (ILAs) difficult to implement. Integrated landscape-level initiatives (ILLIs) provide a middleground. They were not designed as ILAs, but target landscapes and multiple stakeholders from a primary objective such as landscape restoration, natural resource manageme...
Article
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Value chain analyses have focused mainly on collaboration between chain actors, often neglecting collaboration " beyond the chain " with non-chain actors to tackle food security, poverty and sustainability issues in the landscapes in which these value chains are embedded. Comparing conventional and advanced value chain collaborations involving smal...
Article
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This Editorial introduces a special issue that illustrates a trend toward integrated landscape approaches. Whereas two papers echo older “win–win” strategies based on the trade of non-timber forest products, ten papers reflect a shift from a product to landscape perspective. However, they differ from integrated landscape approaches in that they ema...
Method
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This concept note clarifies what a learning platform is and why they are important. Learning platforms have been developed through action research within a NWO-WOTRO-funded project on inclusive value chain collaboration, carried out by Ghanaian, South African and Dutch organizations (for partners see: https://inclusivevcc.wordpress.com/). The learn...
Article
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In recognition of the failures of sectoral approaches to overcome global challenges of biodiversity loss, climate change, food insecurity and poverty, scientific discourse on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is shifting towards integrated landscape governance arrangements. Current landscape initiatives however very much depend...
Article
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Since 2001, Ghana has introduced a number of forest-based strategies to improve the liveli-hoods of forest communities, restore the country’s forest cover and address timber deficits. Among these strategies is the modified taungya system (MTS). Through a mix of qualitative methods, field observations, and a household survey among 146 MTS farmers fr...
Research
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Over half of the world population is currently living in cities, and this is expected to rise to 70 per cent by 2050. Urban sprawl is changing landscapes and livelihoods in peri-urban and rural areas. Peri-urban areas offer new opportunities for innovation and agricultural niche markets, but their expansion also puts pressure on open areas and gree...
Research
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Global biodiversity loss is a key threat to food security, human health, and the sustainable development agenda in general. Biodiversity loss reduces the biosphere's resilience as biotic components or assemblages of life forms loose components and therefore lose production and cycling capacity, including water and carbon cycling. The effective main...
Conference Paper
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The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development claims that all sustainable development goals (SDGs) are integrated and indivisible. In this session we specifically look at the linkages between SDG 11 (" Sustainable city life ") and SDG 15 (" Conserving forests and other ecosystems "). The goal of making cities safe, resilient and sustainable cannot be...
Article
Colombia’s Internet connectivity has increased immensely. Colombia has also ‘opened for business’, leading to an influx of extractive projects to which social movements object heavily. Studies on the role of digital media in political mobilisation in developing countries are still scarce. Using surveys, interviews, and reviews of literature, policy...
Technical Report
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The modified taungya system (MTS) has proven to be a beneficial reforestation programme to counter Ghana’s alarmingly fast deforestation. However, little insight exists into the reasons why the performance of MTS plots and the sta-tus of their timber stands differ between villag-es. This infosheet compares two MTS schemes in the Ashanti Region (Sou...
Chapter
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As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional...
Article
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Value-chain collaboration (VCC) aims to increase smallholder productivity and market integration. Higher productivity, better incomes and innovations have been documented, but also exclusionary trends and loss of biological and dietary diversity. New forms of VCC 'beyond the chain' hope to tackle this through collaboration with non-chain actors. Dr...
Article
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Sustainable development often leads to strong trade-offs, mostly in favour of economic growth. Inclusive development responds by focusing mainly on the social and environmental aspects of development and on current generations. While the literature covers inclusive growth in some detail, few authors actually elaborate on inclusive development and h...
Chapter
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If 70 per cent of the global population will reside in metropolitan regions by 2050, this poses new governance challenges related to urban-rural interfaces and linkages. It calls for governance that stretches across scales and beyond urban boundaries, taking into account both problems and opportunities of urbanization. This chapter reviews the lite...
Book
With a current population inflow into cities of 200,000 people per day, UN Habitat expects that up to 75% of the global population will live in cities by 2050. Influenced by forces of globalization and global change, cities and urban life are transforming rapidly, impacting human welfare, economic development and urban-regional landscapes. This pos...
Chapter
This chapter sets the context for the discussions on the geographies of urban governance in this book. It highlights the current themes of urban governance and how the recent wave of globalization has changed the geographies of urban governance in nine ways – by shaping dominant discourses about societal organization; through changing the goals, op...
Chapter
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Urban governance in cities is shaped by, and shapes, global discourses. These discourses shape the discussion of how governance should be organized, what forms it takes, what kinds of governance instruments, methods and data are used, and what urban governance practices may look like. Much of this is presented in gender and place/space neutral, obj...
Chapter
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This chapter presents potential landscape-scale responses that attempt to reconcile the oft-competing demands for agriculture, forestry and other land uses. While there is no single configuration of land-uses in any landscape that can optimise the different outcomes that may be prevalent within a particular landscape, there are options for unders...
Article
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Value chains of Cameroonian non-timber forest products move through harvesters, processors and traders, to consumers locally and worldwide. This paper characterises six governance arrangements governing eight such chains: statutory and customary regulations, voluntary market-based systems, international conventions, project-based systems and corrup...
Article
Full-text available
Value chains of Cameroonian non-timber forest products move through harvesters, processors and traders, to consumers locally and worldwide. This paper characterises six governance arrangements governing eight such chains: statutory and customary regulations, voluntary market-based systems, international conventions, project-based systems and corrup...
Article
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Natural resource management literature has documented three paradigm shifts over the past decade: from co-management to adaptive co-management and adaptive governance respectively and, more recently, towards landscape governance. The latter is conceived as a governance approach towards negotiated land use at the landscape level to deal with global...
Conference Paper
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Leaves and nuts from Cameroon's vast lowland, humid forests; honey, bamboos and gum arabic from the humid savannah; and barks, honey, raffia, bamboo and cola nuts from the misty mountain forests have been used for centuries. They provide products for subsistence – for medicine, food, energy, tools and cultural uses and have also been traded near an...
Article
Conflicts undermine forest-based livelihoods for the rural poor. Conflict management is key to preventing such conflicts. This article analyzes actor perceptions of forest- and tree-related conflicts and conflict management in Ghana's high forest zone. It also assesses a phased methodology that promotes shared problem definition and ownership of re...
Article
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The certification of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) was introduced in the early 2000s as a means of promoting sustainable community forestry and smallholders' access to profitable niche markets. Several studies have been carried out to analyze the success of smallholder certification, with a focus on its feasibility, compliance with sustainabil...
Article
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Non-timber forest product (NTFP) governance is a recent concept denoting the process of rule and decision-making concerning production and marketing.This paper reviews the multiple dimensions of and recent trends in NTFP governance. It emphasises that NTFP governance is more than rule-making and includes a broader societal process based on social p...
Chapter
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In Ghana, a policy reform in 2002 made provisions for ownership rights and benefit-sharing agreements to individuals who plant timber trees in off-reserve areas. Governmental and non-governmental organisations provided support for tree planting among smallholder farmers since in the expectation that rural livelihoods will be enhanced, while it coul...
Article
The Modified Taungya System (MTS) is a strategy employed by the Ghana Government to restore forest cover, address timber deficits and contribute to rural livelihoods. Under the scheme, farmers combine tree planting and maintenance with the cultivation of food crops until tree canopy closure. This paper aims to generate lessons from the MTS with res...
Article
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Greater attention for law enforcement resulting from new forest governance initiatives may make livelihoods of people living in or near protected areas in the tropics more vulnerable due to restricted access and competing claims. This paper aims to provide a deeper insight into the livelihoods of inhabitants of the Tano Offin Globally Significant B...
Technical Report
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This report summarises the experiences and lessons of the Participatory land-use planning (PLUP) project, which was implemented between 2010 and 2013 in Sanggau district, West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Chapter
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This book takes the reader on a journey through four major themes that have dominated research on the people-forest interface since the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) published its Forestry for Rural Development paper and launched its Programme on Forestry for Local Community Development in 1976. This was the prelude to the FAO VIIIth F...
Article
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The importance of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) for forest-dwelling people in the tropics and the relatively small ecological impact of their exploitation has raised high expectations as to their potential to contribute to tropical forest conservation. Three major issues in relation to NTFPs are addressed: their potential to contribute to the...
Chapter
This book aims at both academics and professionals in the field of forest-people interfaces. It takes the reader on a journey through four major themes that have emerged since the initiation of 'social forestry' in the 1970s: non-timber forest products and agroforestry; community-based natural resource management; biocultural diversity; and forest...
Article
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http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/859/bok%253A978-90-8686-749-3.pdf?auth66=1401599104_26d3db527b089114d165d5ea5301ad0e&ext=.pdf
Article
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Reforestation is an essential component of forest policy where forests are severely degraded and development aims are to be achieved. This is the case in Ghana, which has only 5% (395,000 hectares, or ha) of its primary forests left and where 30% of the population lives on less than a dollar per day. This article is based on insights obtained from...
Article
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Acheampong "Reforestation is an essential component of forest governance where forests are severely degraded and development aims are to be achieved" (this article) Reforestation is an essential component of forest governance where forests are severely degraded and development aims are to be achieved. This is the case in Ghana, which has only 5% (3...
Chapter
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It is now well appreciated that the sustainability and livelihood contributions of NTFPs depend upon the manner in which they are managed and governed. Yet, governance systems are complex, context specific and constantly changing, especially as markets develop. Therefore, the attributes of good governance need to be identified, along with the enabl...
Chapter
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Over the past decade, issues related to territory, local governance and globalisation have changed tropical forest management in Brazilian Amazonia. Firstly, there is a trend towards decentralised forest management, the devolution of land rights to local communities (in the form of indigenous and extractive reserves), and a more significant role fo...
Article
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This paper presents preliminary results of research carried out under the TBI Ghana/University of Amsterdam/KNUST ‘Governance for sustainable forest-related livelihoods in Ghana’s High Forest Zone’ programme. The paper starts out by presenting the objectives and components of the programme and the methods employed in the studies carried out thus fa...
Article
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While much research on forest partnerships hitherto has been focused mainly on the drivers behind their formation, the kind of actors and deals involved, and the factors that promote or hinder their success, much less attention has been paid to the dynamic relationships and processes inherent in these partnerships. Based on the study of a partnersh...
Article
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In Brazil, tourism is promoted as a means of generating employment, tax revenues, foreign exchange and investments in infrastructure. The Amazon region is thereby primarily marketed as a ‘green’ destination. One such a destination is the village of Alter do Chão in the municipality of Santarém in the state of Pará, where tourism has expanded rapidl...