Miriam Valdés Guía

Miriam Valdés Guía
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Departamento de Prehistoria Historia Antigua y Arqueología

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59
Publications
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Introduction
Miriam Valdés Guía currently works at the Departamento de Historia Antigua, Complutense University of Madrid. Miriam does research in Social and Cultural History of Ancient Greece.

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
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La riduzione in schiavitù per debiti di Ateniesi prima della seisachtheia di Solone è ben documentata. Le principali fonti sono Solone (fr. 4 e 36 W), Aristotele ([Arist.] Ath. Pol. 2.2.) e Plutarco (Sol. 13.2-3). Tuttavia vi sono discordanze tra le fonti e, di conseguenza, molti dubbi riguardo a questo tema. La legge di Solone sull’amnistia (Plut....
Article
The status of zeugitai as middle-class hoplites has received considerable attention in recent decades regarding property requirements for inclusion into the hoplite rank and their expected role in the Athenian army. Accordingly, this paper re-examines the idea that since the time of Cleisthenes and throughout the fifth century, the zeugitai formed...
Article
En estas páginas vamos a tratar un tipo particular de atimia, la atimia por deudas en Atenas clásica, así como el tema de la rehabilitación de atimoi (en un sentido más amplio) en momentos decisivos o claves de la historia de Atenas vinculados a situaciones de crisis aguda en los que se percibe una voluntad/necesidad de ampliar el cuerpo cívico. La...
Article
En el léxico de Harpocración (s.v. Theoinion) se conserva una referencia a una disputa entre los gene de los Koironidai y de los Krokonidai en época de Licurgo y en este contexto se define Theoinia como fiesta de Dioniso en los demos (“kata demous”) en la que sacrifican los gennetai. Pretendo analizar esta fiesta que se enmarca, probablemente, en l...
Article
In Attica, Pallas was a giant apparently related to the sanctuary of Athena at Pallene. Pallene recalled the eponymous Chalcidian region and thus echoed the myth of the Gigantomachy. In some versions, Athena performed the Pyrrhic dance after defeating the giants. In other versions, however, Pallas was also a Titan, the father of Athena and another...
Book
La obra explora el papel religioso de la mujer casada ateniense en Atenas de época clásica, resaltando la importancia política de su intervención en este ámbito cultual y los paralelismos que se establecen con la actividad política de los varones. Para ello la autora se adentra en los cultos de Deméter, de Dioniso, de Atenea y de Afrodita, tratando...
Article
The paper argues that Cleisthenes' military reforms were not improvised. The general view of war in Archaic Athens as a series of skirmishes between small contingents recruited on an almost private basis must be qualified, as there are indications to suggest a greater and more regulated involvement of the polis of Athens in the organisation of coll...
Article
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Resumen: En este artículo nos adentramos en la reorganización de las Panateneas desde el 566 hasta finales del s.VI, centrándonos especialmente en algunas pruebas atléticas de carácter “militar”, así como en el imaginario de la fiesta en relación con los gigantes y Atenea Promachos de las ánforas panatenaicas. La impronta “guerrera” de la fiesta pu...
Article
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En este artículo analizamos el culto a Nike en Atenas del s. V a.C. en relación con la guerra y específicamente con la paz como reivindicación de la victoria en los conflictos bélicos. Recorremos el culto a Nike desde inicios de siglo, pero nos adentraremos especialmente en la polémica del proyecto arquitectónico del templo de Nike en relación con...
Article
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Resumen: En estas páginas analizamos las Tesmoforias como ocasión para el gozo festivo de las mujeres de Atenas, especialmente en relación con dos momentos rituales, la aischrologia y la celebración de Kalligeneia. En cualquier caso la fiesta se constituye, en su conjunto, en un momento de solaz y regocijo para las féminas, en un espacio de “libert...
Chapter
The exegetai were, in Athens, the interpreters of the “sacred laws and ancestral customs” (patria kai hiera), offering their advice on various matters such as purification rituals after homicides, as well as in funerary rites. These specialists are first described in detail by Plato, though the exegetic tradition of the “unwritten laws” probably or...
Article
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Los textos de Demóstenes Contra Afobo, en los que se plantea su tímema y su participación en la eisphorá o proeisphorá, han sido ampliamente debatidos, sin que hayan sido despejadas satisfactoriamente algunas incógnitas sobre su participación en este tipo de tributo en tiempos de guerra. La reflexión sobre estas cuestiones a partir de estos textos...
Article
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From Chalkeia to Hephaisteia: Considerations on Craftsmen, Citizenship and Hephaestus The discussion of the two main festivals of Hephaistus in Athens, the Chalkeia and the Hephaisteia, and especially, the evolution of the former, which was restricted only to craftsmen, according to information provided by late lexicons, can be understood in conjun...
Article
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The expansion of Aphrodite’s cult for Greece from Cyprus was a complex phenomenon that lasted during the Dark Age and Archaic Period. The Phoenicians and their trade routes, frequented by Greeks, Phoenicians and Cypriots, played, undoubtedly, an important role in the expansion of the cult since the X Century BC. The Phoenicians left a notable stamp...
Article
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The situation of thetes in Athens before Solon was very precarious. They were at the margins of the community and prone to fall into slavery immediately, without trial like in Homer. They were assimilated by the sources with the hektemoroi. This does not mean that all the thetes in Attica were hektemoroi but that all the hektemoroi were thetes (wit...
Article
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The Geometric elliptical building found at the north slope of the Areopagus, reused as a votive deposit in VII century BC., is useful to reflect about the polis formation process and the step from the basileia to other aristocratic and associative forms of government in the origins of Athens, in relationship with some cults which are converted in r...
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Political and religious exclusivity of Eupatrids in Archaic Athens. The Eupatrids are a group of aristocratic families, who are tied, in Archaic Athens, to a zone in Attica, the asty/Pedion area. They are defined as those who are around the basileus house (Anecd. Gr. I, 257 Bekker). We intend to explore the way they assert their political and relig...
Article
Ihe Eupatrids are a group of aristocratic families, w ho arc tied, in Archaic Athens, to a zone in Attica, the astyf Pedion area. They are defined as those who arc around the basileus house (Anecd.Gr. I, 257 Bekker). We intend to explore the way they assert their political and religious power in competition with other aristocrats from Attica, throu...
Book
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Esta obra pretende ser una historia de la formación de Atenas como polis y de los primeros desarrollos de esta ciudad-estado, escrita desde el punto de vista del historiador, para tratar de hacer comprensibles los procesos que hicieron posible el nacimiento de la polis en este lugar y que condicionaron su desarrollo durante los siglos del arcaísmo,...
Article
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The objective of this article is to explain the unification process of the Attican territory, known as synoichismos, and the setting of its borders.This phenomenon took place toward the end of the darkage and beginning of archaic period. During this period, the boundaries of the Athens served as the basis for initiating the overall process of unifi...
Article
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La creación del mito político de la autoctonía presupone la consolidación de una ciudadanía ateniense en la que se incluye al demos agricultor y artesano, situación que se consolida, antes de la democracia, en el s.VI con Solón y Pisístrato, y coincide con algunos desarrollos (como el “nacimiento” de Erictonio o las Panateneas) que permiten conjetu...
Article
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Miriam Valdés Guía, The recreation of the past in Greek imaginary thought : the myth of Theseus and its use as a historical source, DHA 35/1, 2009, 11-40. Abstract : In the Athenian imaginary, the myth of Theseus can be connected with two essential periods of the construction of the polis : the synoecism and the birth of democracy. The elaboration...
Book
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La autoctonía ateniense es un mito esencialmente político en el s.V, como hanmostrado fundamentalmente, entre otros, los trabajos de N. Loraux, con desarrollos que alejan en cierto modo este mito en Atenas de los relatos de autoctonía enotros lugares. Esta autoctonía política, que llega a su mayor apogeo como ideología propia de la democracia, en c...
Article
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Some slave or dependents rebellions and some attempts of integrating marginal populations in the citizenship have been related frequently, in the imaginary field but also in the reality, with reversal festivals which subvert the established order; the main aim of these feasts is to secure precisely the established order through periodical and ritua...
Article
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La situación de los hectémoros y de la tierra del Ática ha sido uno de los temas más debatidos de la Atenas presoloniana. En este artículo proponemos la existencia de una variedad de posibilidades tanto en relación con los campesinos como con la tierra, aunque la clave fundamental, desde nuestro punto de vista, para entender los procesos que se est...
Article
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The Little Mysteries of Agra: Orphic Mysteries at the time of Peisistratos. The possibility of recognising Orphic elements in the Little Mysteries of Agra as early as the 6th century may be supported by evidence from literary and iconographic sources as well as from the historical context. This hypothesis ties in with the socio-cultural situation o...
Article
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La derrota de Sepea de los argivos frente a los espartanos supuso para Argos el inicio de un periodo de cambios y de integración ciudadana que afectó a parte de la población dependiente, así como de apertura hacia postulados más democráticos. Estos procesos se relacionaron ya incluso en las fuentes más antiguas, como Heródoto, con cultos (como el d...
Article
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En estas páginas consideramos la posibilidad de algún tipo de continuidad entre el Consejo de Solón y el de Clístenes, especialmente en su hipotética función como Heliea en tiempos de la tiranía. El gobierno pisistrátida apoyado por el demos ático, promovió una fuerte conciencia de ciudadanía que favoreció la resistencia y victoria del pueblo ateni...
Article
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En estas páginas consideramos la posibilidad de algún tipo de continuidad entre el Consejo de Solón y el de Clístenes, especialmente en su hipotética funció como Heliea en tiempos de la tiranía. El gobierno pisistrátida apoyado por el "demos" ático, promovió una fuerte conciencia de ciudadanía que favoreció la resistencia y victoria del pueblo aten...
Article
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The Sixth Century B.C. was a crucial moment in Athens for the delimitation and definition of citizenship, which took place at the same time as the clear separation between slaves and the citizens. The legal measures of Solon in this sense were accompanied -also in the time of the Peisistratids- by the organisation and the hierarchy of city space, e...
Article
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○ L'hypothese de l'inauguration de la nouvelle agora a l'epoque de Solon, mise en doute recemment, peut etre etayee par l'etude des cultes archaiques de cet espace de la cite, comme ceux de Zeus, d'Apollon Patroos et de Demeter. Les trois dieux s'associent aux institutions reorganisees ou creees par le legislateur afin de remedier a la stasis. C'es...
Article
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The synoykismos of Attica, which has been submitted to a long discussion in the past years, may be better understood if it is considered as a long process, situated at the end of the dark ages and the beginning of the archaic period, in the moment of the emergence of the polis. In this perspective, archaic myths, legends and festivals, always const...
Article
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• G.S. Dontas' discovery of the sanctuary of Aglauros on the east side of the Acropolis, and, subsequently, the relocation of the Kekropian agora in this part of Athens have obscured the religious and civic role played by the Areopagus area on the west side of the Acropolis. The study of the political and religious aspects of the formation of the a...

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Project (1)
Archived project
With this project we try to analyse the conflicts which characterize Archaic and Classical Greece (from the 8th to the 4th century B. C.). Our research team has carried out previous studies about different ways of conflictive interaction in Ancient World and we are now trying to analyse more precisely and deeply the configuration of inner and outer dynamics of different poleis and the processes of construction of social landscapes in Ancient Greece. We will focus on two interrelated and very important areas as Athens and the Peloponnese (specially Sparta and Arkadian poleis).