Miri Cohen-Zinder

Miri Cohen-Zinder
Agricultural Research Organization ARO | aro · Institute of Animal Science, Newe Yaar Research Center

PhD

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28
Publications
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865
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Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
Global animal production systems are often criticized for their lack of sustainability and insufficient resilience to ensure food security. The ‘farm-to-fork’ approach aims at orienting food systems towards the creation of a positive environmental impact, nutritious, healthy, safe and sufficient foods, and fairer economic returns for primary produc...
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Moringa oleifera Lam. (moringa hereafter) is cultivated as a new summer super-forage field crop in Israel, yet no weed control protocol has been developed for it. The objective of the study was to develop an integrated weed management (IWM) practice for the moringa agro-system in arid and semi-arid regions like the Mediterranean basin. We tested va...
Article
Manure conversion into energy products via hydrothermal liquefaction was studied. Hydrothermal reactions, conducted at different temperatures (200–300°C), were compared on the basis of conversion yields, carbon and energy recoveries and products' quality. The results demonstrate how reaction temperatures affect the relative production of biocrude o...
Article
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Improving feed-efficiency (FE) is a major goal for the livestock industry. Previously, we have identified 48 SNP markers distributed over 32 genes, significantly associated with RFI in Israeli Holstein male claves, most significant of which located in the bovine FABP4 gene. In the present study, we tested associations of 8 of the FABP4 markers with...
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There is absence knowledge about the effects of lactation trimester and parity on eating behavior, production and efficiency of dairy cows. Objective of this study was to identify and characterize in 340 dairy cows, the 20% high efficient (HE), 20% low efficient (LE) and 60% mid efficient (ME) cows according to their individual residual feed intake...
Article
This study aimed to identify individual characteristics differing among high-efficiency (HE; upper 20%, n = 31), low-efficiency (LE; lower 20%, n = 31), and mid-efficiency (ME, 60% n = 93) lactating cows. Primiparous (37) and multiparous (118) high-producing milking cows at 30 to 180 d in milk were fed individually a low-roughage diet [31.6% of dry...
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This study investigated the possible mechanisms for explaining inter-animal variation in efficiency of feed utilization in intact male Holstein calves. Additionally, we examined whether the feed efficiency (FE) ranking of calves (n = 26) changed due to age and/or diet quality. Calves were evaluated during 3 periods (P1, P2 and P3) while fed a high-...
Article
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Moringa oleifera is a rich source of antioxidants and a promising feed for livestock, due to significant amounts of protein, vitamins, carotenoids and polyphenols, and negligible amounts of anti-nutritional factors. The current study tested whether ensiling would preserve the antioxidant capacity of M. oleifera plants, and assessed whether Moringa...
Article
It is well-recognized, that dietary manipulation can alter the quality of lamb meat. Moringa-oleifera was previously shown to improve livestock product quality. In the current research, we tested the effect of dietary ensiled Moringa oleifera, accounting for 6.8% of TMR, on quality characteristics of longissimus lumborum (LL) muscle of growing Assa...
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Baladi, (B taurus; DAGRIS) a native cattle breed found throughout the entire Southern Mediterranean basin, is known for its high disease resistance and hardiness. Baladi cows in Israel and Southern Mediterranean basin are endangered due to the introduction of larger and more productive European breeds in these regions. In order to promote conservat...
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Ecological and economic concerns drive the need to improve feed utilization by domestic animals. Residual Feed Intake (RFI) is one of the most acceptable measures for feed efficiency (FE). However, phenotyping RFI related traits is complex, expensive, and requires special equipment. Advances in marker technology allow the development of various DNA...
Article
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Pineal melatonin (MLT) is produced at highest levels during the night, under dark conditions. We evaluated differences in MLT-concentration by comparing daytime versus night time milk samples, from two dairy farms with different night illumination conditions: (1) natural dark (Dark-Night); (2) short wavelength Artificial Light at Night (ALAN, Night...
Article
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Moringa oleifera Lam. (MO) seedlings, sown at high density on June 2014 and grown under irrigation in Israel, were harvested at 45 d intervals to yield a total biomass of 35. t dry matter (DM) per ha. Based on a preliminary study in glass-silos, fresh harvested MO from the 2nd harvest was mixed with chopped wheat hay and sugar cane molasses at a ra...
Article
Bone development depends on environmental, nutritional and hormonal factors. Yet, an ordered and timed activation of genes and their associated molecular pathways are central for the growth and development of healthy bones. The correct expression of genes depends on both cis- and trans-regulatory elements. Of these, the elusive role of chromatin ul...
Article
Bone development depends on environmental, nutritional and hormonal factors. Yet, an ordered and timed activation of genes and their associated molecular pathways are central for the growth and development of healthy bones. The correct expression of genes depends on both cis- and trans-regulatory elements. Of these, the elusive role of chromatin ul...
Article
Full-text available
Musculoskeletal aging is detrimental to multiple bodily functions and starts early, probably in the fourth decade of an individual's life. Sarcopenia is a health problem that is expected to only increase as a greater portion of the population lives longer; prevalence of the related musculoskeletal diseases is similarly expected to increase. Unravel...
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Increased rates of osteoporotic fractures represent a worldwide phenomenon, which result from a progressing aging in the population around the world and creating socioeconomic problems. This review will focus mostly on human genetic studies identifying genomic regions, genes and mutations associated with osteoporosis (bone mineral density (BMD) and...
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Using a combination of whole-genome resequencing and high-density genotyping arrays, genome-wide haplotypes were reconstructed for two of the most important bulls in the history of the dairy cattle industry, Pawnee Farm Arlinda Chief ("Chief") and his son Walkway Chief Mark ("Mark"), each accounting for ∼7% of all current genomes. We aligned 20.5 G...
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The goal of this study was to identify candidate genes and DNA polymorphisms for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), and protein yield (PY) previously mapped to bovine chromosome 3 (BTA3). To accomplish this, 373 half-siblings sired by three bulls previously shown to be segregating for lactation trait QTL, and 2...
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The objectives of this study were barcoding and taxonomic analysis of the five tilapiine species (Oreochromis aureus, O. niloticus, O. mossam-bicus, Sarotherodon galilaeus, and Tilapia zillii), two tilapia hybrid strains (Florida red tilapia and Philippine red tilapia), and two endemic wild cichlids (Tristramella simonis and Astatotilapia flaviijos...
Article
A single nucleotide change (A/C) in exon 14 is capable of encoding a substitution of tyrosine-581 to serine (Y581S) in the ABCG2 (ATP binding cassette, subfamily G, member 2) gene and affects milk production traits. The ABCG2(A) allele decreases milk yield and increases protein and fat concentration. The allele frequencies were determined in 32 Bos...
Article
Low-molecular-weight, calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 genes (PLA2s) that belong to the secreted type of PLA2s are clustered within a syntenic group on human 1p35-p36 and mouse 4qD3. We reassembled trace files available from the Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) Project, obtaining an 86-kb contig with three tandem PLA2G2D duplications in the Hereford...
Article
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We present a simple algorithm for reconstruction of haplotypes from a sample of multilocus genotypes. The algorithm is aimed specifically for analysis of very large pedigrees for small chromosomal segments, where recombination frequency within the chromosomal segment can be assumed to be zero. The algorithm was tested both on simulated pedigrees of...
Article
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We previously localized a quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome 6 affecting milk fat and protein concentration to a 4-cM confidence interval, centered on the microsatellite BM143. We characterized the genes and sequence variation in this region and identified common haplotypes spanning five polymorphic sites in the genes IBSP, SPP1, PKD2, an...
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This study examined the localization and the effect of circulating peptides on the expression of aminopeptidase N (EC 3.4.11.2) in caprine mammary gland. Four lactating goats in mid to late lactation were used in a crossover design and were subjected to 2 dietary treatments. Abomasal infusion of casein hydrolysate was used to increase the concentra...
Article
A cluster of genes coding for proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM) containing sequence motifs essential for integrin-receptor interactions is located on HSA4q21 and on BTA6, within the critical region of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) affecting milk protein production. Genes within this cluster are involved in the formation of bone and lobu...

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