Mireille Cyr

Mireille Cyr
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

157
Publications
70,966
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,533
Citations

Publications

Publications (157)
Article
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify the unique contribution of three sets of contextual factors (maternal supports, family problems and characteristics of the sexual aggression) on adolescents’ post-disclosure symptoms. All participants were abused by a family member.Method: A total of 71 adolescents girls were recruited from youth cent...
Article
The aim of this article is to review what is currently understood about intergenerational transmission of child sexual abuse (CSA). CSA transmission is discussed first from the point of view of men CSA survivors who become sexually abusive, and then from the perspective of mothers who survived CSA whose children have been sexually abused. Mechanism...
Article
Objective: The aim of this article is to review what is currently understood about intergenerational transmission of child sexual abuse (CSA).Method: CSA transmission is discussed first from the point of view of men CSA survivors who become sexually abusive, and then from the perspective of mothers who survived CSA whose children have been sexually...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal support received by sexual abuse victims is considered a key factor in coping with the aftermath of abuse. The present study looked at four groups of potential predictors of maternal support: mothers' psychosocial characteristics, abuse characteristics, victim's characteristics, and disclosure characteristics. A total of 120 adolescents ag...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the symptoms of 30 adolescent girls who are under child protection care following sexual assault. In addition to describing the psychological profile of these adolescents, the study describes the sexual abuse, services received, and identifies factors that are likely to be linked to symptoms. Results show that adolescents presen...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated sexual at-risk behaviors of sexually abused adolescent girls. Variables of interest were presence of consensual sexual activity, age at first consensual intercourse, number of sexual partners, condom use, and pregnancies. Participants were 125 sexually abused adolescent girls aged 12 to 17 years. Results showed that s...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cette étude s’intéresse aux symptômes de 30 adolescentes prises en charge par les services de protection de la jeunesse à la suite d’agressions sexuelles. En plus de tracer un profil psychologique de ces adolescentes, l’étude décrit les agressions sexuelles vécues, les services reçus et identifie les facteurs susceptibles d’être liés aux sym...
Article
Full-text available
Three groups of girls who were sexually abused (by either brothers, fathers, or stepfathers) were compared. The purpose was to identify the differing characteristics of the abuse, the family environments, and the psychosocial distress of these children. Seventy-two girls aged between 5 and 16 were assigned to one of the three groups. Subjects were...
Article
Objective: This prospective study of community cases examined: (a) needs for care; (b) whether services meet the needs; and (c) personal factors associated with unmet needs. Method: Two separate ‘Needs for Care Assessment Schedule – Community version’ evaluations identified 38 subjects with No Need (NN), 19 with Met Needs (MN) and 25 with Unmet Nee...
Article
Discusses the development of a rehabilitative coping skills module employing problem solving and cognitive behavioral therapy. The aim of the study was to determine whether the coping skills module could induce treatment-specific changes in participants. An experimental repeated-measure design was tested on 55 randomly selected persons (mean age of...
Article
Full-text available
To enhance empowerment and improve self-esteem among individuals with severe and persistent mental illness, a 12-week "module" (a self-contained program of activities) was created and tested in a randomized clinical trial. Fifty-one individuals with schizophrenia were assigned to the experimental group in addition to regular treatment, and 44 indiv...
Article
The present research examined the joint impact of characteristics of the work schedule and the participation in household work on psychological distress and parental role strain as well as stress crossover. A total of 93 dual-earner couples with at least one child living at home participated. Multiple regression analyses revealed that predictive va...
Article
Full-text available
The present research examined the joint impact of characteristics of the work schedule and the participation in household work on psychological distress and parental role strain as well as stress crossover. A total of 93 dualearner couples with at least one child living at home participated. Multiple regression analyses revealed that predictive var...
Article
This study examines the emotional reactions of 118 mothers after the disclosure of the sexual assault of their child. After tracing a portrait of these mothers, the study attempts to determine the importance of the psychological symptoms and identify psychosocial factors likely to influence them. Results show that mothers present various configurat...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cette étude s'intéresse aux réactions affectives de 118 mères à la suite du dévoilement de l'agression sexuelle de leur enfant. En plus de tracer un portrait de ces mères, l'étude vise à déterminer l'importance de leurs symptômes psychologiques et à identifier les facteurs psychosociaux susceptibles de les influencer. Les résultats montrent...
Article
This study examines factors related to the utilization of services for mental health reasons by Montreal residents. Data were drawn from telephone interviews. A random sample of 893 respondents completed a questionnaire on service utilization and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule Self Administered to assess DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders. Results...
Article
There were two aims: first, to evaluate the feasibility of applying a standard assessment protocol to Franco-Quebec victims of child sexual abuse and nonoffending mothers; and second, to compare results from an initial sample with available data from English-speaking samples. A standard individual case study design was used for victims and mothers;...
Article
Large-scale mental health surveys have provided invaluable information regarding the prevalence of specific mental disorders and service use for mental health reasons. Unfortunately, because vast surveys conducted face to face are very costly, many countries and provinces do not embark upon this path of research, thus depriving themselves of a rich...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the efficacy of rehabilitation programs for people with schizophrenia have shown that gains often are not kept over long periods of time and many behaviours do not generalize to other situations. Most psychosocial rehabilitation programs suppose that the acquisition of skills creates a sense of competence and improves overall self-estee...
Article
Synopsis One hundred and nine adults were screened in the community using the abridged version of the CIDI (CIDIS). The subjects comprised DSM-III-R current cases ( N = 48), lifetime cases ( N = 31) and non-cases ( N = 30). The interviews with the 109 subjects were conducted by one of two pairs of clinicians and videotaped. Each interviewer–pair in...
Article
Determined the roles of marital satisfaction, parental satisfaction, and satisfaction with housework in the prediction of life satisfaction among housewives. 177 women (aged 22–49 yrs) completed measures including the Life Satisfaction Scale (Blais et al, 1989), and the satisfaction score of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Baillargeon et al, 1986). Ss...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to determine the contribution of marital and parental satisfaction, as well as satisfaction with housework, to predict life satisfaction among housewives. A total of 177 women aged between 22 and 49 years completed the Life Satisfaction Scale (Blais, Vallerand, Pelletier & Brière, 1989), the satisfaction score of th...
Article
Recently, evaluative research has yielded a procedure, the Needs for Care Assessment Schedule (NFCAS), which articulates the problems and the corresponding interventions required by psychiatric patients in a systematic and reproducible manner that is of interest to both administrators and clinicians. Although the NFCAS decisions are ultimately subj...
Article
It is well known that psychotic patients have severe social and life-skill deficits. Psychiatric rehabilitation programs are designed to teach these skills to patients. Before implementing such a program, patient deficits should be evaluated with reliable measures. The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the French version of the...
Article
Synopsis The Needs for Care Assessment Schedule (NFCAS; Brewin et al. 1987) is an itemized and systematic procedure that aims to evaluate the needs for care of long-term mentally ill patients. The present study pursues reliability and validity related issues with the NFCAS in a different cultural context applying the procedure to 98 severely mental...
Article
Full-text available
This short paper proposes a general computing strategy to compute Kappa coefficients using the SPSS MATRIX routine. The method is based on the following rationale. If the contingency table is considered as a square matrix, then the observed proportions of agreement lie in the main diagonal’s cells, and their sum equals the trace of the matrix, wher...
Article
Recognition of the crucial role of social adjustment in the assessment and understanding of major mental disorders is now well established. Deterioration of social relations is one of the criteria to diagnose schizophrenia according to the DSM-III-R. Recent findings (Bellack, Morrison, Wixted, & Mueser, 1990) suggest variable correlations between s...
Article
Full-text available
several attempts to delineate guidelines for integrative supervision have already been proposed / provide a brief overview of existing multitheoretical training programs / a description of varied issues raised by these programs will then follow / [presents] the integrative model that guides our own program / [attempts] to illustrate how some of the...
Article
Full-text available
RÉSUMÉ Ce texte détaille les caractéristiques métrologiques de l'Échelle des habiletés de Vie Autonome (EHVA) mesurant les habiletés requises chez des personnes psychotiques, pour fonctionner de façon autonome au sein de la communauté. Ce questionnaire, qui comprend 65 items répartis en dix échelles d'habiletés, a été administré à 276 personnes psy...
Article
In the present study, the types of services received by different groups of psychotic patients was investigated. Also the match between the types of services received and the patient's level of functioning are measured by independent standardized scales was examined. Two-hundred and seventy-six patients have been assessed using a structured intervi...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol and drug use can have a devastating impact on the treatment and rehabilitation of psychiatric patients (Drake and Wallach, 1989). Beyond its psychotomimetic effects blurring the diagnosis (Hall, Popkin, Stickney, and Gardner, 1978), alcohol and drug use exacerbates cognitive deficits (Brown, Ridgely, Pepper, Levine, and Ryglewicz, 1989) and...
Article
Full-text available
Resume La supervision des stagiaires est frequemment con{:ue comme un processus d'influence sociale. L'objectif de ce bilan des ecrits est d'examiner la nature des dimensions sous-jacentes au processus d'influence en supervision et de verifier les appuis empiriques des conceptions unidimensionnelle et multidimensionnelle. Les resultats des etudes d...
Article
Interview questionnaires offer more validity than self-administered format in exploring psychopathological or psychosocial phenomena of interest in psychiatric research. If used, special care needs to be paid to interviewers' training and ensuring that they maintain their reliability. No widespread training standards exist and each schedule may car...
Article
There is increasing evidence that persons suffering from major mental disorders are entering the criminal justice system. It was hypothesized that inadequate community care may be a contributing factor. The present investigation followed 112 chronically mentally disabled persons for two years. Half the participants resided in supervised apartments,...
Article
Four psychiatric nurses were trained with the French version of the Present State Examination, 9th edition (PSE-9). Reliability was tested on 18 cases of psychotic and nonpsychotic patients. The reliability indexes were comparable to those reported for the English version of PSE-9. These preliminary results indicate that further training may improv...
Article
Full-text available
The impact on the mentally disordered of living in supervised residences remains unclear. The present investigation followed a group of supervised apartment residents and a matched comparison group for two years. Symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, stress, social support, quality of life, and life satisfaction were measured at six month inter...
Article
Correlates of psychotherapy process expectations of 150 psychologists were examined. Transcripts of actual psychotherapeutic sessions from each of the three main schools (psychodynamic, humanistic, behavioural) were used as stimuli to generate a ‘jargon-free’ self-evaluation index of process expectations. Three independent variables were selected:...
Article
Full-text available
Sixty-eight psychotherapists of various theoretical orientations expressed their expectations of using specific response modes to short written transcripts of therapy sessions under conditions of either high or low self-awareness. This self-rating was then correlated with three other sources of observation: (a) actual behaviour in two therapy sessi...
Article
Full-text available
While severe mental disorders have consistently been shown to be more prevalent among inmates of penal institutions than among the general population, the provision of mental health within jails, prisons and penitentiaries has always been, and continues to be, problematic. The present investigation was designed to examine the impact on patients of...
Article
Full-text available
The present work is an attempt to assess the psychometric properties of an adaptation in French of the Self-Consciousness Scale developed by Fenigstein, Scheier, and Buss (1975). The scale is composed of 23 items, distributed in three subscales: private self-consciousness (SC), public SC, and social anxiety. The French version was administered to t...
Article
Full-text available
Each of 24 laypersons and 24 clinicians were asked to evaluate 4 of 16 fictitious case histories. The histories culminated in a theft, an armed robbery, a murder, or an attempted suicide. Half of the subjects read histories that were designed to produce an internal attribution of causality and half read histories that would elicit an external attri...
Article
Evaluated the influence of theoretical orientation and professional experience on therapists' expectancies. In an analog study, 199 registered psychologists were asked to read a case history of a hypothetical client and to answer an 8-point Likert type expectancies inventory. From a 61-item inventory, 3 types of therapist expectancies were examined...
Article
Thèse (M. Ps.)--Université de Montréal. "Mémoire présenté à la Faculté des études supérieurs en vue de l'obtention du grade de maître en psychologie (M. Ps.)." Microfilm du manuscrit. [Montréal] : Service des Archives - Université de Montréal - Section Microfilm. 1 bobine : 16mm. (Bobine no. 2m11.497.8).
Article
Thèse (Ph. D.)--Université de Montréal, 1984. "Thèse présentée à la Faculté des études supérieures en vue de l'obtention du grade de Docteur en psychologie (Ph. D.)." Microfilm du manuscrit.

Network

Cited By