Mirco Ravanelli

Mirco Ravanelli
Concordia University Montreal · Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering

PhD
Deep learning, conversational AI, and EEG signal processing. Creator of SpeechBrain (https://speechbrain.github.io/)

About

93
Publications
38,698
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2,726
Citations
Introduction
I'm an Assistant Professor at Concordia University (Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science) working on deep learning for sequence processing, with a focus on Conversational AI. I'm also adjunct professor at the Université de Montréal (DIRO - Département d'informatique et de recherche opérationnelle) and Associate Member at Mila - Quebec AI Institute. I'm the author of more than 50 papers on deep learning, conversational AI, and EEG signal processing.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • PostDoc at MILA working on deep learning for speech recognition
April 2016 - October 2016
Université de Montréal
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Deep Learning for distant speech recognition
January 2013 - May 2013
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • Visiting Researcher
Education
September 2005 - February 2011

Publications

Publications (93)
Preprint
End-to-end speech synthesis models directly convert the input characters into an audio representation (e.g., spectrograms). Despite their impressive performance, such models have difficulty disambiguating the pronunciations of identically spelled words. To mitigate this issue, a separate Grapheme-to-Phoneme (G2P) model can be employed to convert th...
Preprint
Transformers have recently achieved state-of-the-art performance in speech separation. These models, however, are computationally-demanding and require a lot of learnable parameters. This paper explores Transformer-based speech separation with a reduced computational cost. Our main contribution is the development of the Resource-Efficient Separatio...
Preprint
In this paper, we present a self-supervised learning framework for continually learning representations for new sound classes. The proposed system relies on a continually trained neural encoder that is trained with similarity-based learning objectives without using labels. We show that representations learned with the proposed method generalize bet...
Preprint
Transformers have enabled major improvements in deep learning. They often outperform recurrent and convolutional models in many tasks while taking advantage of parallel processing. Recently, we have proposed SepFormer, which uses self-attention and obtains state-of-the art results on WSJ0-2/3 Mix datasets for speech separation. In this paper, we ex...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although deep learning (DL) has achieved notable progress in speech enhancement (SE), further research is still required for a DL-based SE system to adapt effectively and efficiently to particular speakers. In this study, we propose a novel meta-learning-based speaker-adaptive SE approach (called OSSEM) that aims to achieve SE model adaptation in a...
Preprint
In recent years, deep learning based source separation has achieved impressive results. Most studies, however, still evaluate separation models on synthetic datasets, while the performance of state-of-the-art techniques on in-the-wild speech data remains an open question. This paper contributes to fill this gap in two ways. First, we release the RE...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most of the deep learning-based speech enhancement models are learned in a supervised manner, which implies that pairs of noisy and clean speech are required during training. Consequently, several noisy speeches recorded in daily life cannot be used to train the model. Although certain unsupervised learning frameworks have also been proposed to sol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Machine learning methods, such as deep learning, show promising results in the medical domain. However, the lack of interpretability of these algorithms may hinder their applicability to medical decision support systems. This paper studies an interpretable deep learning technique, called SincNet. SincNet is a convolutional neural network that effic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Machine learning methods, such as deep learning, show promising results in the medical domain. However, the lack of interpretability of these algorithms may hinder their applicability to medical decision support systems. This paper studies an interpretable deep learning technique, called SincNet. SincNet is a convolutional neural network that effic...
Preprint
Full-text available
SpeechBrain is an open-source and all-in-one speech toolkit. It is designed to facilitate the research and development of neural speech processing technologies by being simple, flexible, user-friendly, and well-documented. This paper describes the core architecture designed to support several tasks of common interest, allowing users to naturally co...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper introduces Timers and Such, a new open source dataset of spoken English commands for common voice control use cases involving numbers. We describe the gap in existing spoken language understanding datasets that Timers and Such fills, the design and creation of the dataset, and experiments with a number of ASR-based and end-to-end baselin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning robust speaker embeddings is a crucial step in speaker diarization. Deep neural networks can accurately capture speaker discriminative characteristics and popular deep embeddings such as x-vectors are nowadays a fundamental component of modern diarization systems. Recently, some improvements over the standard TDNN architecture used for x-v...
Experiment Findings
https://github.com/speechbrain/speechbrain
Preprint
Full-text available
An important development in deep learning from the earliest MLPs has been a move towards architectures with structural inductive biases which enable the model to keep distinct sources of information and routes of processing well-separated. This structure is linked to the notion of independent mechanisms from the causality literature, in which a mec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the significant progress in automatic speech recognition (ASR), distant ASR remains challenging due to noise and reverberation. A common approach to mitigate this issue consists of equipping the recording devices with multiple microphones that capture the acoustic scene from different perspectives. These multi-channel audio recordings conta...
Preprint
Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) have long been the dominant architecture in sequence-to-sequence learning. RNNs, however, are inherently sequential models that do not allow parallelization of their computations. Transformers are emerging as a natural alternative to standard RNNs, replacing recurrent computations with a multi-head attention mechani...
Preprint
This paper introduces BIRD, the Big Impulse Response Dataset. This open dataset consists of 100,000 multichannel room impulse responses (RIRs) generated from simulations using the Image Method, making it the largest multichannel open dataset currently available. These RIRs can be used toperform efficient online data augmentation for scenarios that...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the significant progress in automatic speech recognition (ASR), distant ASR remains challenging due to noise and reverberation. A common approach to mitigate this issue consists of equipping the recording devices with multiple microphones that capture the acoustic scene from different perspectives. These multi-channel audio recordings conta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the growing interest in unsupervised learning, extracting meaningful knowledge from unlabelled audio remains an open challenge. To take a step in this direction, we recently proposed a problem-agnostic speech encoder (PASE), that combines a con-volutional encoder followed by multiple neural networks, called workers, tasked to solve self-sup...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the growing interest in unsupervised learning, extracting meaningful knowledge from unlabelled audio remains an open challenge. To take a step in this direction, we recently proposed a problem-agnostic speech encoder (PASE), that combines a convolutional encoder followed by multiple neural networks, called workers, tasked to solve self-supe...
Technical Report
This report summarizes activities and achievements obtained during and after JSALT 2019 workshop on Using Cooperative Ad-hoc Microphone Arrays for ASR. Besides its contents, relevant contributions are given by the attached slides, used during the closing ceremony, and by recent paper submissions to ICASSP 2020. The report is organized in six sectio...
Preprint
End-to-end models are an attractive new approach to spoken language understanding (SLU) in which the meaning of an utterance is inferred directly from the raw audio without employing the standard pipeline composed of a separately trained speech recognizer and natural language understanding module. The downside of end-to-end SLU is that in-domain sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) are powerful architectures to model sequential data, due to their capability to learn short and long-term dependencies between the basic elements of a sequence. Nonetheless, popular tasks such as speech or images recognition, involve multi-dimensional input features that are characterized by strong internal dependen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning good representations without supervision is still an open issue in machine learning, and is particularly challenging for speech signals, which are often characterized by long sequences with a complex hierarchical structure. Some recent works, however, have shown that it is possible to derive useful speech representations by employing a sel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whereas conventional spoken language understanding (SLU) systems map speech to text, and then text to intent, end-to-end SLU systems map speech directly to intent through a single trainable model. Achieving high accuracy with these end-to-end models without a large amount of training data is difficult. We propose a method to reduce the data require...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whereas conventional spoken language understanding (SLU) systems map speech to text, and then text to intent, end-to-end SLU systems map speech directly to intent through a single trainable model. Achieving high accuracy with these end-to-end models without a large amount of training data is difficult. We propose a method to reduce the data require...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning good representations without supervision is still an open issue in machine learning, and is particularly challenging for speech signals, which are often characterized by long sequences with a complex hierarchical structure. Some recent works, however, have shown that it is possible to derive useful speech representations by employing a sel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep neural networks can learn complex and abstract representations, that are progressively obtained by combining simpler ones. A recent trend in speech and speaker recognition consists in discovering these representations starting from raw audio samples directly. Differently from standard hand-crafted features such as MFCCs or FBANK, the raw wavef...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neural network architectures are at the core of powerful automatic speech recognition systems (ASR). However, while recent researches focus on novel model architectures, the acoustic input features remain almost unchanged. Traditional ASR systems rely on multidimensional acoustic features such as the Mel filter bank energies alongside with the firs...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning good representations is of crucial importance in deep learning. Mutual Information (MI) or similar measures of statistical dependence are promising tools for learning these representations in an unsupervised way. Even though the mutual information between two random variables is hard to measure directly in high dimensional spaces, some rec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning good representations is of crucial importance in deep learning. Mutual Information (MI) or similar measures of statistical dependence are promising tools for learning these representations in an unsupervised way. Even though the mutual information between two random variables is hard to measure directly in high dimensional spaces, some rec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep learning is currently playing a crucial role toward higher levels of artificial intelligence. This paradigm allows neural networks to learn complex and abstract representations, that are progressively obtained by combining simpler ones. Nevertheless , the internal "black-box" representations automatically discovered by current neural architect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep learning is currently playing a crucial role toward higher levels of artificial intelligence. This paradigm allows neural networks to learn complex and abstract representations, that are progressively obtained by combining simpler ones. Nevertheless, the internal "black-box" representations automatically discovered by current neural architectu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neural network architectures are at the core of powerful automatic speech recognition systems (ASR). However, while recent researches focus on novel model architectures, the acoustic input features remain almost unchanged. Traditional ASR systems rely on multidimensional acoustic features such as the Mel filter bank energies alongside with the firs...
Preprint
Full-text available
The availability of open-source software is playing a remarkable role in the popularization of speech recognition and deep learning. Kaldi, for instance, is nowadays an established framework used to develop state-of-the-art speech recognizers. PyTorch is used to build neural networks with the Python language and has recently spawn tremendous intere...
Preprint
Full-text available
The availability of open-source software is playing a remarkable role in the popularization of speech recognition and deep learning. Kaldi, for instance, is nowadays an established framework used to develop state-of-the-art speech recognizers. PyTorch is used to build neural networks with the Python language and has recently spawn tremendous intere...
Poster
Full-text available
Online speech recognition is crucial for developing natural human-machine interfaces. This modality, however, is significantly more challenging than off-line ASR, since real-time/low-latency constraints inevitably hinder the use of future information, that is known to be very helpful to perform robust predictions. A popular solution to mitigate thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep learning is progressively gaining popularity as a viable alternative to i-vectors for speaker recognition. Promising results have been recently obtained with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) when fed by raw speech samples directly. Rather than employing standard hand-crafted features, the latter CNNs learn low-level speech representations...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep learning is progressively gaining popularity as a viable alternative to i-vectors for speaker recognition. Promising results have been recently obtained with Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) when fed by raw speech samples directly. Rather than employing standard hand-crafted features, the latter CNNs learn low-level speech representations...
Preprint
Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) are powerful architectures to model sequential data, due to their capability to learn short and long-term dependencies between the basic elements of a sequence. Nonetheless, popular tasks such as speech or images recognition, involve multi-dimensional input features that are characterized by strong internal dependen...
Article
Full-text available
Distant speech recognition is being revolutionized by deep learning, that has contributed to significantly outperform previous HMM-GMM systems. A key aspect behind the rapid rise and success of DNNs is their ability to better manage large time contexts. With this regard, asymmetric context windows that embed more past than future frames have been r...
Article
Full-text available
Online speech recognition is crucial for developing natural human-machine interfaces. This modality, however, is significantly more challenging than off-line ASR, since real-time/low-latency constraints inevitably hinder the use of future information, that is known to be very helpful to perform robust predictions. A popular solution to mitigate thi...
Article
Full-text available
A field that has directly benefited from the recent advances in deep learning is automatic speech recognition (ASR). Despite the great achievements of the past decades, however, a natural and robust human–machine speech interaction still appears to be out of reach, especially in challenging environments characterized by significant noise and reverb...
Article
Full-text available
Deep learning is an emerging technology that is considered one of the most promising directions for reaching higher levels of artificial intelligence. Among the other achievements, building computers that understand speech represents a crucial leap towards intelligent machines. Despite the great efforts of the past decades, however, a natural and r...
Thesis
Full-text available
Deep learning is an emerging technology that is considered one of the most promising directions for reaching higher levels of artificial intelligence. Among the other achievements, building computers that understand speech represents a crucial leap towards intelligent machines. Despite the great efforts of the past decades, however, a natural and r...
Article
Full-text available
The availability of realistic simulated corpora is of key importance for the future progress of distant speech recognition technology. The reliability, flexibility and low computational cost of a data simulation process may ultimately allow researchers to train, tune and test different techniques in a variety of acoustic scenarios, avoiding the lab...
Article
Full-text available
Audio-based multimedia retrieval tasks may identify semantic information in audio streams, i.e., audio concepts (such as music, laughter, or a revving engine). Conventional Gaussian-Mixture-Models have had some success in classifying a reduced set of audio concepts. However, multi-class classification can benefit from context window analysis and th...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the significant progress made in the last years, state-of-the-art speech recognition technologies provide a satisfactory performance only in the close-talking condition. Robustness of distant speech recognition in adverse acoustic conditions, on the other hand, remains a crucial open issue for future applications of human-machine interactio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces the contents and the possible usage of the DIRHA-ENGLISH multi-microphone corpus, recently realized under the EC DIRHA project. The reference scenario is a domestic environment equipped with a large number of microphones and microphone arrays distributed in space. The corpus is composed of both real and simulated material, and...
Article
Full-text available
Speech recognition is largely taking advantage of deep learning, showing that substantial benefits can be obtained by modern Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs). The most popular RNNs are Long Short-Term Memory (LSTMs), which typically reach state-of-the-art performance in many tasks thanks to their ability to learn long-term dependencies and robustne...
Article
Full-text available
Improving distant speech recognition is a crucial step towards flexible human-machine interfaces. Current technology, however, still exhibits a lack of robustness, especially when adverse acoustic conditions are met. Despite the significant progress made in the last years on both speech enhancement and speech recognition, one potential limitation o...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the remarkable progress recently made in distant speech recognition, state-of-the-art technology still suffers from a lack of robustness, especially when adverse acoustic conditions characterized by non-stationary noises and reverberation are met. A prominent limitation of current systems lies in the lack of matching and communication betwe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the remarkable progress recently made in distant speech recognition, state-of-the-art technology still suffers from a lack of robustness, especially when adverse acoustic conditions characterized by non-stationary noises and reverberation are met. A prominent limitation of current systems l