Miranda A H Horvath

Miranda A H Horvath
University of Suffolk | UC Suffolk

PhD Forensic Psychology

About

129
Publications
54,163
Reads
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914
Citations
Citations since 2017
74 Research Items
586 Citations
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Introduction
A leading international researcher in the field of forensic psychology, specifically Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG). She is co-editor of the second edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology (2021, Cambridge University Press) and is currently editing the second edition of her extremely successful co-edited text Rape: Challenging Contemporary Thinking (2022, Routledge). In 2020 Professor Horvath founded the Violence Against Women and Girls Research Network.
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - present
Middlesex University, UK
Position
  • Reader in Forensic Psychology
April 2008 - August 2010
University of Surrey
Position
  • Lecturer in Forensic Psychology
October 2006 - April 2008
London Metropolitan University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Sexual age-of-consent violations involving adult–adolescent relationships (AARs) are sometimes viewed with ambivalence by the media and are infrequently prosecuted. Two studies conducted in Britain (where the age of consent is 16) examined influences on disapproval of minimally presented AARs between a 14-year-old and a 30-year-old. In Study 1, AAR...
Article
Research has suggested that some magazines targeted at young men -lads' mags- are normalizing extreme sexist views by presenting those views in a mainstream context. Consistent with this view, young men in Study 1 (n = 90) identified more with derogatory quotes about women drawn from recent lads' mags, and from interviews with convicted rapists, wh...
Article
Multiple perpetrator rape presents a significant problem nationally and internationally. However, previous research is limited and findings are often contradictory. The details of 101 rape allegations recorded in a six-month period in a large police force in England were analysed. Findings are presented about case classification, victim and perpetr...
Article
This paper reviews the limited literature on drug-assisted rape (DAR) and develops definitions and constructs. A novel data gathering method, the multiple sorting task, was adopted to explore lay understanding of DAR. Participants (N = 8) were drawn from the general public. Each of the 21 stimulus cards used had the name of one sexual or romantic e...
Article
Full-text available
Despite an increase in the reporting of rape, convictions in England and Wales have fallen significantly in recent years. Previous research has found high rape myth acceptance among police officers. Given that the police act as gatekeepers to the criminal justice system, subscribing to rape myths may have significant effects upon victim attrition a...
Chapter
Rape and sexual violence have been an issue of concern for society since the 1970s when the feminist movement highlighted this as a criminological, social, and human rights issue. What has followed has been a restructuring of views on the position of women: from sexually belonging to their husbands to being independent people in their own right, a...
Article
The special issue “Project Bluestone: Improving the Police Response to Rape and Serious Sexual Offending in the United Kingdom” provides the first overview in the academic literature to an ambitious programme of work to transform police responses to rape and serious sexual offending in the United Kingdom. This editorial provides contextual backgrou...
Article
Full-text available
In the year ending March 2020, an estimated 773,000 people in England and Wales were sexually assaulted. These types of crimes have lasting effects on victims' mental health, including depression, anxiety (Petrak et al., 2007), and post-traumatic stress disorder (Epstein et al., 1997). There is a large body of literature which identifies several fa...
Article
Full-text available
Using methods and data from Operation Soteria Bluestone in Avon and Somerset Constabulary in 2021, this paper proposes two key approaches to critical reflection that we suggest all police forces should be using in rape and serious sexual offences investigations: individual critical reflection throughout investigations using ‘Reflective Practice Poi...
Article
Full-text available
The policing of rape and serious sexual offences (RASSO) is increasingly under scrutiny, with rising reporting rates, high attrition rates, and ever-decreasing charge and conviction rates. Internationally there appear to be common inadequacies in RASSO investigations. Given these issues, policing specialism may be an effective tool to improve the i...
Article
A total of 3719 articles appearing in five key generalist forensic psychology journals (n = 1374) and six more specialist targeted forensically related journals (n = 2345) between 2015 and 2020 were subject to a bibliometric analysis to reveal trends in research topics, populations studied, jurisdiction, and research methods employed. Research on o...
Article
Research suggests that during the COVID-19 pandemic reports of rapes and serious sexual offences to the authorities have declined while calls to domestic violence helplines have soared. This article focuses on the impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak on reporting to the police in cases of rape, serious sexual offences and domestic abuse in one police f...
Book
In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical per...
Article
Interventions with violent offenders are likely to be most beneficial for the person, potential victims and society when directed at those with the strongest histories of violence, many of whom also have extensive histories of crime. These psychological interventions are most often provided in groups for men in correctional settings, and are intens...
Article
Effective investigative interviewing is at the heart of any police investigation and thus is the root of achieving justice in society. This is because the key aims underpinning any investigation are to: (i) find out what happened, and if anything did happen, (ii) to discover who did what, and (iii) to collect evidence in a way that will be credible...
Article
Sexual violence is an international public health issue, with high rates of victimisation found across countries, genders, ethnicities and deprivation levels. In this chapter we focus on the current predominant etiological theories of sexual offending, including child sexual abuse, adult sexual abuse, and internet offending. We begin by briefly dis...
Article
This chapter presents a critical overview of mental capacity in the law of England and Wales, focusing on criminal law, mental health law and mental capacity law and the right to refuse medical treatment. It demonstrates the very different underlying philosophies of the Mental Health Act (MHA) 1983 and Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005 and demonstrate...
Article
The application of cognitive theories to criminal behaviour has moved through various stages. Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory (1930s/40s) introduced the notion of cognitions (definitions in the theory) as a factor in explaining crime. Following Skinner’s operant learning, Bandura’s social learning theory (1960s/70s) emphasised the role...
Article
This chapter explores the types of behaviour seen in sex offending. It covers how behaviour has been used to create typologies of offending, as well as how both internal factors – such as fantasy and offender characteristics, and external factors – such as the number of offenders present and the cultural influence on behaviour – can affect sex offe...
Article
In conjunction with situational and circumstantial factors, personality is a common influence contributing to the tipping point at which an offence occurs. People without these traits in similar circumstances are better able to eschew risky situations. The ultimate cause of ostensibly antagonistic traits is in evolved behavioural mechanisms which c...
Article
This chapter seeks to provide an overview of several major categories of psychological theories that have been developed and studied over the years to explain violent behaviour. For the purposes of the chapter, we have adopted Christopher Webster et al al’s (1997) conception definition of violence as an intentional act of threatened, attempted, or...
Article
Offending behaviour and intellectual disabilities have long been associated in the literature. This erroneous linkage has had a significant influence on the development of services for this population. In this chapter, the relationship between intellectual disability and offending behaviour is outlined, along with legislative and criminal justice s...
Article
Homicide is as old as human existence and, likewise, mass murder and serial killings are not recent phenomena. Having adopted formal definitions in the 1980s’s both mass murder and serial homicide are often mistakenly equated; however, the two phenomena are distinct as evidenced by wider patterns of violence, victimization, and psychopathology. Thi...
Article
The refugee determination process is often lengthy and potentially re-traumatising for claimants. It is difficult for an asylum seeker to get heard in this bureaucratic process. These difficulties are exacerbated by the psychological factors involved. Trauma can have an impact on both the asylum seeker as well as the interviewer. While traumatic ex...
Article
Restorative justice is an approach that offers offenders, victims and the community an alternative pathway to justice instead of the formal adversarial process in common law court jurisdictions. Restorative justice focuses upon the safe participation of victims in resolving the aftermath of crime with the offender. The approach encourages people to...
Article
Investigative Psychology (IP) as an empirical field of study that focusses on the psychological input to the full range of issues that relate to the investigation of crime. IP focusses on three overall processes present in any investigation that can be improved by psychological study; 1) Retrieving information from the crime scene for the purpose o...
Article
An increasing body literature has underscored the need for clinical methods and approaches to be able to generalise to clients from different cultural backgrounds. This has led to a broader discussion on the unique needs of offenders and patients from minority and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds and how forensic clinicians...
Article
In this chapter we focus on the evaluation of offending behaviour programmes across both prison and probation. We start with a broad discussion of the emergence of ‘what works’, the risk, need and responsivity model and desistance and follow that by setting out the argument for the critical place of evaluation. We will outline some of the different...
Article
Developmental approaches to child and adolescent offending emphasise the role of individual and psychological factors when explaining the onset of offending, as well as the role of early risk and protective factors on future offending. This chapter will look at incidence and prevalence of young offending including the age crime curve; risk and prot...
Article
Mentally disordered offenders present with complex needs across multiple domains. Psychological therapies are just one part of the range of interventions across multiple levels that contribute to an understanding of ‘what works’ in risk reduction and mental health restoration. This chapter will explore the service, legal and evidence based contexts...
Article
Eyewitnesses play a significant role in criminal investigations and legal processes worldwide. Just like any other type of forensic evidence, eyewitness evidence has a margin of error. These errors, caused by numerous factors, affect the validity of eyewitness testimony. Some factors emerge at the moment of witnessing, while others occur afterwards...
Article
In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical per...
Article
Sex-based harassment and stalking are highly prevalent forms of interpersonal aggression that often result in an array of detrimental and severe impacts for victims. In this chapter, we examine some of the common challenges associated with defining and legislating against sex-based harassment and stalking, as well as considering existing classifica...
Article
This chapter seeks to review the current definitions, laws, thinking and theorising around intimate partner violence, from a UK perspective. The breadth of the behaviours included within this type of offending and the importance and centrality of control within many definitions is highlighted. Differences between 2 key approaches to intimate partne...
Article
The early conceptualization of Hugo Münsterberg in1908 laid the foundation for understanding different types of false confession, but tangible theoretical developments, assessment methodology of cases of disputed confessions, and empirical evidence base did not emerge until the 1980s. The gradual emergence of the science of false confession began w...
Article
This chapter reviews the effectiveness of preventive interventions in reducing delinquency and later offending. This focus has three key features: interventions are implemented in the early years of the life-course; before children or young people engage in delinquency in the first place; and they are developmental or social in nature. Early childh...
Article
A detailed account of the history and current developments in the field of investigative decision making. This covers broad decision making theory, namely: traditional decision theory, heuristic and biases, fast and frugal heuristics and naturalistic decision making. This is applied to the current challenges faced by the police with research exampl...
Article
Forensic mental health is the interface between mental disorder and the courts and embraces a wide range of risk and clinical need assessments related to medical, psychological and social therapies. This chapter describes the nature and purposes of forensic mental health assessments in different settings (community, prison, hospital) and at differe...
Article
Courts are regularly called upon to make judgments on aspects of children’s upbringing, particularly where parents separate and there are disputes around where children will live. In this chapter, the children’s rights issues which arise in cases regarding children’s upbringing are considered; particularly where they intersect with issues concernin...
Article
Psychopathic Personality Disorder (PPD) plays a central role in forensic clinical practice. It has relevance for violence risk and treatment responsivity; those suffering from it place financial and other burdens on services. PPD remains a controverted concept; the essence of the disorder remains disputed. In this chapter I examine the history of t...
Chapter
This chapter presents an overview of treatment approaches for Persons with Sexual Offense Histories (PSOHs). These approaches include those that have been used historically, such as behavioural interventions, and those that have come into use more recently, such as interventions based on the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model and the Good Lives Mod...
Article
This chapter sets out the field of terrorism studies and reviews the main issues and research directions that characterise the field today. The history of the discipline is summarised and terrorism and its ‘near neighbour’ hate crime are defined and compared before turning to the developments that have dominated the research agenda over the last te...
Article
Recent literature has contributed to a greater understanding of the characteristics, motives, risk factors and treatment targets of individuals with firesetting histories. The current chapter will discuss the latest theoretical and empirical literature on firesetting, and will provide an overview of findings in relation to the general characteristi...
Article
There is growing interest in the relationship between head injury, offending and recidivism and in developments in the criminal justice and forensic health systems to assess and manage the impact of associated brain injury. This chapter summarises evidence indicating that the head injury is particularly prevalent in offenders, and that it is likely...
Article
Offending is highly gendered, with men/boys constituting most offenders whether measured by criminal legal system data (e.g., arrests and incarcerations) or self-report data. The number of incarcerated women has steadily risen for at least the past two decades in many countries across the world, and the scholarship and programming/treatment devoted...
Article
This chapter overviews of the training pathways that are available to those who wish to practise forensic psychology in the UK, the United States, Australia, and Canada. It illustrates how different systems of professional regulation and graduate education have developed in each country, although training typically involves a period of undergraduat...
Article
In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical per...
Article
This chapter explores the complex ways in which victimological ideas have driven the nature of victim centred policy interventions over recent decades. These interventions have emerged in three interconnected phases with three different foci: the welfare model, the good practice model, and the therapeutic justice model. The chapter reviews these po...
Article
This chapter reviews substance misuse services in the UK in the context of change from market led to community-based approaches and presents what is known about what initiates, supports and sustains the process of recovery, desistance from offending and community re-integration. We also review the impact on service delivery, in a policy environment...
Article
In order to assess the recidivism risk of adults who have been convicted of violent and/or sexual offenses, there exist two kinds of formal assessments: an actuarial risk assessment approach and a nonactuarial approach which is usually called “structured professional judgment” (SPJ). The actuarial risk assessment approach could be further divided i...
Article
Due to the historically bourgeoning prison population, how and when offenders re-enter the community has received increased attention. Parole, the discretionary release of an offender to serve the remainder of their sentence in the community, is seen by many as a solution to prison overcrowding concerns. Many jurisdictions call upon paroling author...
Article
This chapter reviews the evidence, theories, and treatments for both occupational and traumatic stress commonly experienced by criminal justice service workers (i.e., police, corrections workers, etc). Due to the nature and structure of their work, criminal justice service workers are at a high-risk of experiencing occupational stress and/or trauma...
Article
Neurological theories of forensic psychology pertain to the brain development and neurological functioning underpinning behaviour. This chapter discusses the impact of insults to normal brain development and functioning (broadly termed neurodisabilities) on criminal and violent behaviour, including childhood trauma, abusive environments, acquired b...
Article
For most people across the world the availability of the Internet and, in particular, hand-held devices, has had a positive impact on the way that people interact with the world and each other. However, this has also been associated with a number of cybercrimes and the focus of this chapter is online child sexual exploitation and abuse (OCSEA). The...
Article
Ethical thinking is an indispensable component of sound professional practice across all areas of applied psychology. Within it, practitioners seek to take account of both the principles formulated in codes of conduct and the rights of all the involved participants. In this chapter we first describe the background to and the fundamental concepts of...
Article
The chapter examines the role of parents in the welfare and upbringing of children, including parents’ own history and mental health and how and when psychologists might be asked to prepare a report on parenting and parent capacity. The chapter describes the changing demands as the baby grows and eventually becomes an adolescent, along with possibl...
Article
Within criminal justice settings, staff supervision, as a distinct area of practice and expertise, has been largely overlooked with little research published in this area. This chapter considers the role of supervision in facilitating staff learning and development, staff wellbeing and resilience and the role of supervision in the maintenance of pr...
Article
This introduction to the second edition of the Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology discusses phases of development in the field and distinguishes between this and practice as an accredited forensic psychologist. The status of Forensic Psychology as an autonomous discipline is evaluated and found to be a 'rendezvous' subject, meaning it stands...
Article
Acquisitive crime is a wide-ranging category in which the offender derives material gain by illegal means, usually from another person, but sometimes from organisations. The category includes shoplifting, burglary, robbery, larceny, piracy, and fraud. There are some inherent similarities in the motivations underpinning these crimes, but the differe...
Article
In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical per...
Article
Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now forms one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic training. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffer from personality dis...
Article
In the decade since the publication of the first edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology, the field has expanded into areas such as social work and education, while maintaining the interest of criminal justice researchers and policy makers. This new edition provides cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of the key theoretical per...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary responds to claims that research by Cheryl Thomas ‘shows’ no problem with rape myths in English and Welsh juries. We critique the claim on the basis of ambiguous survey design, a false distinction between ‘real’ jurors and other research participants, the conflation of attitudes in relation to abstract versus applied rape myths, and...
Article
The justice system in England and Wales continues to fail survivors of sexual violence. Official figures from the Crown Prosecution Service and Police highlight the ongoing problem of attrition of rape cases from the criminal justice system. Here, we outline the limitations of the endless cycle of reviews in response to the poor treatment of surviv...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Supporting clients who have experienced trauma can lead to trauma symptoms in those working with them; workers in the sexual violence field are at heightened risks of these. This article collated and critically appraised papers, published from 2017 onward, in the area of people assisting victims of sexual violence. It explores the impacts and e...
Article
Tammi Walker, Alison Foster, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss and Miranda Horvath on a role for psychologists in improving processes and protection around rape cases The justice system in England and Wales continues to fail survivors of sexual violence. Official figures from the Crown Prosecution Service and Police highlight the ongoing problem of attrition of...
Article
Introduction: This study investigates staff’s perspectives on the characteristics required to work in a sexual assault referral centre and the support and training they believe sexual assault referral centres should provide to minimise the negative impacts of the work and provide a supportive working environment. Methods: Semi- structured intervie...
Article
This study considers the impacts on staff of supporting people who have reported sexual violence and attend a Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC). This paper focuses on the staff's perspectives of the stresses and emotional tolls they experience including the coping mechanisms they utilise. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 staff,...
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to the concept of rape myths, which are stereotyped expectations about rape that shape the way in which victims and perpetrators are held accountable for the events in question. It then moves on to examine the evidence regarding the use of rape myths during rape trials, and the effect that this has on the decis...
Article
Introduction: The coping strategies, resilience and psychological distress of members of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine (FFLM) were measured in an attempt to establish how they are affected by, and accommodate potentially traumatic encounters with patients. Belief in a just world was also measured as it was deemed to be a mediating fac...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on the findings from a study commissioned by the British Transport Police and the Department for Transport for England and Wales concerning sexual offences and harassment on public transport worldwide. Specifically, it aims to explore the prevalence of such behaviours, through a review of existing surv...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on the findings from a study commissioned by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner (OCC) in England, concerning intrafamilial child sexual abuse (IFCSA)/incest. Specifically, it aims to explore what is known about the prevalence, nature, and impact of IFCSA and where the gaps in knowledge lie. Des...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This purpose of this paper is to report on the findings from a study commissioned by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner (OCC) in England, concerning intrafamilial child sexual abuse (IFCSA)/incest. Specifically, it aims to explore what is known about the prevalence, nature, and impact of IFCSA and where the gaps in knowledge lie. D...
Article
Social psychologists have argued that popular U.K. and U.S. men’s magazines known as “lads’ mags” have normalized hostile sexism among young men. Three studies develop this argument. First, a survey of 423 young U.K. men found that ambivalent sexism predicted attitudes toward the consumption of lads’ mags, but not other forms of direct sexual consu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This paper presents findings about young people’s experiences with online pornography. It draws on data from the first national survey of secondary school boys and girls regarding their attitudes and feelings about online pornography, whether viewing it deliberately or accidentally. To our knowledge, this is the most extensive survey of 11-16 year...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the findings from a study commissioned by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner (OCC) in England, concerning intrafamilial child sexual abuse (IFCSA)/incest. Specifically, it aims to explore the evidence about child protection and criminal justice responses to victims of IFCSA in the UK and wh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This review was commissioned by the Ministry of Justice and considers international literature concerning the management of young people who have offended. It was produced to inform youth justice policy and practice. The review focuses on the impact and delivery of youth justice supervision, programmes and interventions within the community, secure...
Book
Full-text available
This review was commissioned by the Ministry of Justice and considers international literature concerning the management of young people who have offended. It was produced to inform youth justice policy and practice. The review focuses on the impact and delivery of youth justice supervision, programmes and interventions within the community, secure...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is the final report of a quantitative and qualitative piece of research commissioned by the NSPCC and Children's Commissioner for England, regarding young people's feelings about and experiences of online pornography.
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to some magazines aimed at young male readers-lads' mags-has recently been associated with behaviors and attitudes that are derogatory toward women, including sexual violence. In the present study, a group of Spanish adult men was exposed to the covers of a lads' mag while a second group was exposed to the covers of a neutral magazine. Res...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Concerns about child sexual abuse within the family environment were raised by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner’s (OCC) Inquiry into child sexual exploitation in gangs and groups. This found that: …so many young people told us…of their early histories of being sexually abused within the family home and of their experiences never being ack...
Article
Our society is drenched in pornography. But what do we know about its true impact on young people, ask Mark Limmer and Miranda Horvath
Article
Full-text available
Key findings How were DVPOs implemented and delivered across the three pilot sites? • A total of 509 potential DVPOs were initially pursued by police officers (of which 507 went for superintendent authorisation), 487 DVPNs were authorised, and 414 full DVPOs actually issued by courts during the 15 month pilot period across the three police forces....
Article
Full-text available
In 2011/12, a 15 month pilot took place in three police force areas (Greater Manchester, West Mercia and Wiltshire) to test a new civil provision, Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPOs). DVPOs were designed to provide immediate protection for victim-survivors following a domestic violence incident in circumstances where, in the view of the pol...
Book
Full-text available
This is a summary final report that was designed to supplement but not replace the interim report: “It blocks out the problem and becomes the addiction”, from May, 2012.
Book
Full-text available
Services commissioned to support women with mental health problems, problematic substance use and experiences of violence against women (VAW) often work independently, despite the intersectionality of these issues. Frontline practitioners do not always have the training, assessment tools or referral path-ways to address all three issues when they c...
Poster
Intimate Partner Violence amongst adolescents is often minimised and under researched (Wekerle & Tanaka, 2010) despite increasing public awareness (see http://thisisabuse.direct.gov.uk/). The present study explored attitudes to violence, blame and relationships amongst sixteen to nineteen year old students in two educational establishments in Bucki...

Questions

Question (1)