Miquel Capó

Miquel Capó
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · E.T.S.I. de Montes

PhD

About

32
Publications
4,711
Reads
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51
Citations
Introduction
I did my PhD thesis on the impact of feral unglates to balearic flora. I am involved in projects executed by members of my research group, concretely I've been part of the scientific team of one spanish national project and part of the fielwork team of five spanish national and balearic autonomous projects.
Additional affiliations
December 2016 - November 2020
University of the Balearic Islands
Position
  • PhD Student
February 2016 - December 2016
University of the Balearic Islands
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
September 2017 - October 2017
University of the Balearic Islands
Field of study
  • Biodiversity of the Extra-Andean Patagonia
September 2014 - July 2015
University of the Balearic Islands
Field of study
  • Biotechnology Applied to Biodiversity
September 2010 - June 2014

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
The deceptive breeding system in the Orchidaceae family has been studied for decades to disentangle how pollination service can occur. Moreover, the interference of introduced herbivores on population development has been reported to affect the reproductive output in different plant species, including orchids. In this study, the breeding system of...
Article
Full-text available
• The food‐deceptive species Anacamptis robusta is threatened in the Balearic Islands, and its habitat has recently been transformed through human disturbance. This study investigated how human disturbance affects the reproductive output of A. robusta and how its fitness is affected by competition with rewarding relatives, fungal infections and hyb...
Article
Mechanisms that allow plants to survive and reproduce after herbivory are considered to play a key role in plant evolution. In this study, we evaluated how tolerance varies in species with different historic exposure to herbivores considering ontogeny. We exposed the range-restricted species Medicago citrina and its closely related and widespread s...
Article
Herbivory of insular plant communities by introduced animals has been widely studied for decades. Though their diet mainly includes palatable and highly nutritive species, goats will also eat plants that are toxic to other animals. Thus, severe affection of toxic species may indicate high herbivore pressure or a low quality of vegetative food. To e...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of mammalian herbivores negatively affects insular vegetation, especially plant species with narrow distributions that are vulnerable to herbivory or that evolved in the absence of native mammal herbivores. Eradication programs have been performed on many islands worldwide, though assessment of the responses of vegetation is crucia...
Article
Full-text available
Pollination of deceptive orchids has enabled scientists to understand how these species avoid inbreeding depression by reducing the number of pollinator visits per inflorescence. In rewarding species, which receive a higher rate of visits per plant, geitonogamy is usually higher and therefore the risk of inbreeding increases. In this study, we asse...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of exotic herbivores to islands is one of the most harmful challenges to the conservation of insular biodiversity, causing the extinction or geographical reduction of many plant species worldwide and motivating conservation actions from environmental managers. Here, we evaluated the recovery of plant communities, specifically the e...
Article
Full-text available
Con objeto de fomentar el interés por la botánica, surgió la idea de organizar el I Biomaratón de Flora Española: un evento de ciencia ciudadana en el que personas de todo el país salieron a fotografiar el mayor número posible de plantas. Se realizó utilizando la plataforma de ciencia ciudadana iNaturalist, y se vertebró por medio de coordinadores...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Recientemente se ha creado a través de Twitter una red de comunicación para que estudiantes, aficionados y jóvenes científicos dedicados a la botánica pudieran compartir información y opiniones, creando un espacio ajeno a la distancia geográfica. El contacto establecido en esta red social permitió que este colectivo juvenil apasionado por el mundo...
Article
Full-text available
The expansion of agriculture is a major driver of biodiversity loss worldwide, through changes generated in the landscape. Despite this, very little is still known about the complex relationships between landscape composition and heterogeneity and plant taxonomical and functional diversity in Mediterranean ecosystems that have been extensively mana...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change forecasts suggest temperature increases and lower rainfall rates, both of which challenge viticulture, particularly in semi-arid areas where water availability is critical. In this scenario, the use of the genetic variability in grapevine varieties reported around the world represents an important strategy for the selection of climat...
Presentation
Full-text available
Deceptiveness has led orchids to be widely studied by evolutionary ecologists worldwide. The food deceptive species Anacamptis robusta, which occurs in the western Mediterranean basin, can only be found in the Balearic Islands and North Africa region. In the Balearic Islands, the species is threatened and its habitat has been recently affected by h...
Poster
Full-text available
Figure 1. Map of the two conserved populations (in red) and the perturbated population (in green). Yellow line indicates the limit of the Natural Park. Red line indicate the perturbated area and green line indicate the protected area. TASK 1. Plant fitness in conserved vs. perturbated areas 1 2 3 Goal 1. To compare reproductive traits between conse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Es Vedrà islet is considered a reservoir of endemic, singular and threatened flora of Balearic Islands (166 vegetal species, 12 of them are endemic and one exclusive). During the last decades of the 20th Century, the islet owners introduced goats after many time without its presence. Once the islet was declared Natural Reserve (Decret 24/2002), the...
Poster
Full-text available
En este trabajo se compara el éxito reproductivo y los mecanismos de polinización en tres orquídeas de Mallorca, dos especies que engañan (una por engaño alimentario y otro sexual) y una nectarífera. Los resultados indican que la especie nectarífera presenta los valores más altos de cuajado de fruto, mientras que la especie con engaño sexual tiene...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Deception is one of the most enigmatic strategies in the plant pollinator interaction. Following the natural selection theory, deception could not exist due to the selection of species which offers reward to its pollinator. Different deceptive strategies have been studied from that postulation and nowadays the research has not come to the end. The...
Article
Translocations are a tool to restore populations of threatened plant species that are being widely used. However, these techniques are not without risks and require rigorous protocols to carry them out and for their subsequent monitoring. In translocation projects, hybridization with other species is one of the most important risks and may threaten...
Poster
Full-text available
The small islands of the Mediterranean Basin are places with a high biodiversity value because they usually have very high rates of endemicity (Cruz et al. 2009). Although many of them have had intense human pressure in the past, they still maintain their role as a refuge for narrow endemic species (Médail, 2017). Es Vedrà, located in the south-wes...
Poster
Full-text available
El carácter invasivo de Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N. E. Br. ha sido documentado en diversas ocasiones por todas las Islas Baleares. Su capacidad invasiva ha implicado, en reiteradas ocasiones, la pérdida de poblaciones de flora litoral mediterránea de modo que la intervención de gestores de la Conselleria de Medi Ambient ha sido necesaria. En éste há...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La Victoria es un área natural que forma una pequeña península entre la bahía de Alcudia y la bahía de Pollença en el noreste de la isla de Mallorca. El paisaje del espacio natural está formado por una serie de vegetación de Cneoro-Ceratonietum variante con Euphorbia dendroides, típico de suelos rocosos y secos propios de la zona. Una parte importa...
Poster
Full-text available
Ecological systems many times generate unsuspected relationships of mutualism, predation, parasitism, etc. Species that apparently have no relation to each other may in fact be indirectly connected. In these relationships some species play a key role and their presence greatly determine the whole system. From a study on orchid reproductive biology...
Research
Full-text available
CAT La família Orchidaceae presenta una biologia reproductiva molt interessant basada en enganyar al seu pol·linitzadors per a que realitzin la transferència de pol·len sense cap benefici a canvi. Concretament l’engany alimentari és un dels mes emprats i objectiu d’estudi de molts experts en biologia reproductiva. En aquest treball s’han observat l...
Article
Full-text available
Helosciadium × clandestinum a new hybrid found in Minorca (Balearic Islands). The new hybrid Helosciadium × clandestinum Rita, Capó & Cursach nothosp. nova (H. bermejoi × H. nodiflorum) is described. It was found in the wild in a locality where H. bermejoi´s population was originated with a translocation (Mongofre Vell, Menorca, Balearic Islands)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Apium bermejoi Ll. Llorens (Apiaceae) es un endemismo exclusivo de la isla de Menorca del que se conoce una sola localidad natural. Especie está catalogada en Peligro de Extinción, es prioritaria en la Directiva Hábitats, y desde 2008 cuenta con un Plan de Recuperación. En 2008 se realizó una introducción benigna en dos localidades y hasta 2010 se...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
I've been reviewing many methods to detect glycosides in dried plant tissues but I'm still not finding information enough. How can I prepare the extract containing glycosides? Which solvent is used?
I'm interested in using Fehling A & B reactants for general glycosides and Nitroprusside + Pyridin for cardiotonic glycosides.
Many thanks!!
Question
Which is the most important toxical compound of the latex of Euphorbia genus plants? My aim is to evaluate the diferences in chemical composition of Euphorbia dendroides populations with and without herbivores, but I am not finding literature about the chemical composition of Euphorbia dendroides. Can anybody help us? 

Network

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Projects

Projects (4)
Archived project
Anacamptis robusta, also known as meadow orchid, is a threatened orchid in the Balearic Islands but widely distributed in north Africa. The single population in the rest of the Mediterranean Basin is located at S’Albufera de Mallorca Natural Park. Its pollinators and their interaction are still unknown. In the densest patch of the population (Son Bosc’s area) it coexists with Anacamptis fragrans and produces intermediate hybrids (Anacamptis x albuferensis). Furthermore, the population of Son Bosc is high perturbed. The attempts of construction has negatively affected the pollinators network as reported by Traveset et al. (2018). In this project, I aim to study the effect of the perturbation to the ecology of this species, its mutualisms with A. coriophora and the fertility of A. x albuferensis. For these purposes, I will (1) compare fitness traits between perturbed and conserved areas, (2) use differential GPS to evaluate the effects of the interaction with A. coriophora and (3) test the fertility of the hybrid through hand-pollination treatments
Project
Pollination is an essential process for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, as 87.5% of the flowering plants and one third of the human diet depend on it. However, this essential ecosystem service is severily threaten, raising important concerns about the effect that these losses will have on biodiversity and crop production. Among the many threats to wild pollinators today, land-use changes have been identified as one of the main causes of pollinator declines. The interactions between plants and pollinators are increasingly occurring in anthropogenic ecosystems dominated by changes in the landscape that, through the alteration of available resources, have effects at different scales (individuals, populations, communities) on pollinators, pollinated plants (both wild plants and crops) and their interactions; and this trend is expected to be accentuated in the following decades as human population increases. The main objective of this project is to evaluate, by using integrative approaches, how landscape modifications related to land-use changes affect the provision of pollination services to wild plants and crops in insular managed landscapes, focusing on the underlying mechanisms, the stability and the functional consequences. We will conduct our study in insular Mediterranean landscapes that are hotspots de diversity in terms of endemisms and are strongly shaped by a long traditional human use, commonly depicting complex mosaics of traditional non-intensive crop cultivation intercalated with wild vegetation. For that, we will focus on agricultural conversion of landscapes (main land-use change in the world) and work at different scales (landscape, communities, populations), aiming to fill the main gaps still existing in the literature. First, using field data on 20 communities distributed across a gradient of landscape heterogeneity and percentage of natural habitat in Mallorca Island, we will evaluate how landscape modifications affect overall communities’ structural and functional diversity, plant-pollinator networks, and the pollination service they receive. We will mainly focus in understanding whether biotic homogenization at the landscape level is taking place, which are the vulnerabilities of different components of the communities, and how diversity changes translate on stability, resilience and function. Then, we will assess pollination services to both traditional crops (almond and carob trees) and wild endemic plants in several populations/fields located in contrasting landscape contexts of agriculture intensification. Pollination services to crops will be evaluated studying the spill-over between natural habitats and crop fields and its impacts in the quantity and quality of crop yields. In wild endemic plants, we will study landscape effects on pollinator visitation, pollen limitation and seedling emergence and survival. Lastly, we will conduct an experiment to assess the potential synergies between landscape modifications and additional pollinator losses, two anthropogenic perturbations originated by agricultural conversion of landscapes and that may have non-additive effects. In this part, we will focus on the comparison of endemic and non-endemic plants, to evaluate whether endemic plants are more vulnerable. This project may have important consequences for the conservation of pollinators as a key ecosystem service, and for the sustainable and improved managementof both crops and natural systems.