Miquel A. Arnedo

Miquel A. Arnedo
University of Barcelona | UB · Department of Animal Biology

Ph.D.

About

277
Publications
68,574
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,453
Citations
Introduction
My research aims at characterizing and understanding the factors that promoted and shaped the diversification of living beings. Most of my research takes advantage of the experimental conditions provided by islands or caves, to simplify the intrinsic complexity of macroevolutionary studies. I am also interested in higher-level phylogenies to investigate evolutionary innovations and diversification, and the use of molecular approaches for inventorying and monitoring communities.
Additional affiliations
November 2002 - November 2007
University of Barcelona
Position
  • Ramon y Cajal research fellow
January 2002 - November 2002
Natural History Museum, London
Position
  • Marie Curie postdoctoral fellow
September 1999 - November 2001
University of California, Berkeley
Description
  • MEyC Postdoctoral fellow
Education
September 1993 - May 1998
University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Zoology

Publications

Publications (277)
Article
Full-text available
Caves put strong constraints on organisms living there, which results in acquisition of variety of troglomorphic traits, most obvious ones being depigmentation and degradation of visual system (Christiansen 2012). Cave habitats are considered fragmented, and the animals living there face limited connectivity between potential habitats (Barr 1967, B...
Article
Full-text available
Theraphosidae is the most diversified family of mygalomorph spiders, commonly known as tarantulas. Two genera inhabit the Mediterranean region: Chaetopelma in the east and Ischnocolus mostly in the western part of the Basin. Their phylogenetic position and the validity of some Ischnocolus species remain unclear. We implemented a multilocus target a...
Article
The integration of multiple lines of evidence in the delimitation of taxa is becoming the gold standard in modern taxonomy and systematics. However, multi-layered taxonomy is still incipient when it comes to species description within a mega-diverse group of organisms (e.g. arthropods), especially those inhabiting secluded environments such as cave...
Article
Comparative phylogeography aims to unravel similarities in the population structure and evolutionary processes undergone by co‐distributed taxa, under the assumption that they will have experienced the same geoclimatic events. However, small differences in functional traits, particularly those related to dispersal abilities, may translate into inco...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many ecological and evolutionary studies require to quantify the degree of adaptation of subterranean species to caves or other subterranean systems. In 1962, Kenneth A. Christiansen (1924-2017) coined the term "troglomorphism" to illustrate the process of subterranean adaptation and the suite of adaptive traits of organisms ("troglomorphic traits"...
Article
Full-text available
Although arthropods are the largest component of animal diversity, they are traditionally underrepresented in biological inventories and monitoring programs. However, no biodiversity assessment can be considered informative without including them. Arthropod immature stages are often discarded during sorting, despite frequently representing more tha...
Preprint
Full-text available
1. The capacity to forecast the effects of climate change on biodiversity largely rely on identifying traits capturing mechanistic relationships with the environment through standardized field experiments distributed across relevant spatial scales. The effects of short-term experimental manipulations on local communities, may overlap with regional...
Article
Full-text available
Because of their ability for aerial dispersal using silk and preference for open habitats, many wolf spiders are formidable colonisers. Pioneering arachnologists were already aware of the large and colourful wolf spiders in the Madeira archipelago, currently included in the genus Hogna Simon, 1885. The origins were investigated and species boundari...
Article
The funnel web spiders (Agelenidae) are a diverse and taxonomically challenging worldwide distributed family. The genus Tegenaria Latreille, 1804, includes more than 100 valid species, mostly circumscribed to Europe and western Asia, although some species may have been subsequently introduced to other regions by anthropogenic action. Here we revise...
Article
Full-text available
• The current rate of species loss calls for immediate actions to preserve biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Cataloguing species richness and composition, and revealing how diversity is geographically distributed are the first steps towards designing efficient conservation strategies. • Here, we aim to determine diversity patterns and potenti...
Article
Full-text available
Research in Macaronesia has led to substantial advances in ecology, evolution and conservation biology. We review the scientific developments achieved in this region, and outline promising research avenues enhancing conservation. Some of these discoveries indicate that the Macaronesian flora and fauna is composed of rather young lineages, not Terti...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Habitat diversity has been linked to the diversity and structure of island communities, however, little is known about patterns and processes within habitats. Here we aim to determine the contributions of habitat type and inferred dispersal frequency to the differences in taxonomic structure between assemblages in the same island habitat. Loca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Because of their challenging taxonomy, arthropods are traditionally underrepresented in biological inventories and monitoring programs. However, arthropods are the largest component of biodiversity, and no assessment can be considered informative without including them. Arthropod immature stages are often discarded during sorting, despite frequentl...
Article
We present the chromosome-level genome assembly of Dysdera silvatica Schmidt, 1981, a nocturnal ground-dwelling spider endemic from the Canary Islands. The genus Dysdera has undergone a remarkable diversification in this archipelago mostly associated with shifts in the level of trophic specialization, becoming an excellent model to study the genomi...
Article
Full-text available
Zootaxa published more than a thousand papers on Araneae from 2002 to the present, including descriptions of 3,833 new spider species and 177 new genera. Here we summarise the key contributions of Zootaxa to our current knowledge of global spider diversity. We provide a historical account of the researchers that have actively participated as editor...
Preprint
We present the chromosome-level genome assembly of Dysdera silvatica Schmidt, 1981, a nocturnal ground-dwelling spider endemic from the Canary Islands. The genus Dysdera has undergone a remarkable diversification in this archipelago mostly associated with shifts in the level of trophic specialization, becoming an excellent model to study the genomi...
Article
The spiders of the genus Dysdera are renowned for including woodlouse specialists. In the Canary Islands, Dysdera underwent remarkable local diversification, and 48 endemic species have been reported to date. We aim to disentangle the evolutionary history underpinning this diversity, with particular emphasis on the evolution of the trophic ecology....
Article
Since the description in 1900 of the iconic Happy Face spider, Theridion grallator, Simon, along with nine relatives, the Theridion fauna of the Hawaiian Islands has remained unstudied. Here, we present a systematic revision of the Hawaiian Theridion, which includes the examination of abundant material collected during the last 50 years, with scann...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the causes behind species richness and endemicity is fundamental to explain biodiversity and assist conservation management, especially in biodiversity hotspots like the Mediterranean Basin. Here we investigate the patterns in Iberian forest spider communities and the processes behind their assembly, by testing hypotheses about the ef...
Article
Dysdera is a highly speciose genus of mid-sized, nocturnal hunting spiders, mostly circumscribed to the Mediterranean. The genus managed to colonize all Macaronesian archipelagos, and underwent major diversification in the Canary Islands. Here, we report on an independent diversification event on the Madeira archipelago. Based on the integration of...
Article
A new gall wasp species, Cerroneuroterus yukawamasudai Pujade-Villar & Melika sp. nov., is described from China. The asexual generation induces leaf lenticular galls, and the sexual generation induces catkin galls on Q. acutissima and Q. variabilis. Sexual females and males are not described yet. Data on the diagnosis, distribution, and biology of...
Article
High throughput sequencing and phylogenomic analyses focusing on relationships among spiders have both reinforced and upturned long‐standing hypotheses. Likewise, the evolution of spider webs—perhaps their most emblematic attribute—is being understood in new ways. With a matrix including 272 spider species and close arachnid relatives, we analyze a...
Article
The advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies (HTS) has generated an unprecedented amount of genomic and transcriptomic information. A vast amount of these data is not even used in targeted projects but is made available in public repositories. Previous studies have demonstrated that HTS data constitute a valuable resource to recover mitoge...
Article
We report on the colonization and diversification of linyphiid spiders in the Pacific oceanic archipelago of Juan Fernandez. About 50 spider species occur naturally in these islands, most of them endemic and about half of them are linyphiids. Linyphiidae includes no fewer than 15 species of Laminacauda and three of Neomaso (with several additional...
Article
Spider silk is a natural material with unique properties and a great potential for engineering and biomedical applications. In spite of its simple composition and highly conserved and stereotypical production, spider silks show a wide range of variability in their mechanical properties which, for long, have defied their classification and standardi...
Article
Full-text available
Phylogenetic relatedness is a key diversity measure for the analysis and understanding of how species and communities evolve across time and space. Understanding the nonrandom loss of species with respect to phylogeny is also essential for better-informed conservation decisions. However, several factors are known to influence phylogenetic reconstru...
Article
The genus Harpactea Bristowe, 1939 (Araneae, Dysderidae) is one of the most diverse and abundant components of the Mediterranean ground-dwelling spider fauna. However, the taxonomic boundaries of the genus are unclear and its monophyly has been questioned, yet never tested, in a quantitative framework. The only taxonomic revisions in the genus trac...
Article
The original description of Parandricus mairei Kieffer, 1906 included a misinterpretation of a relevant forewing trait. The species was subsequently transferred to the genus Andricus, despite presenting two very peculiar morphological characters, namely a simple tarsal claw and the absence of irradiating carinae on the lower face. Similarly, the or...
Article
1. Ecological specialisation is an important mechanism enhancing species coexistence within a given community. Yet, unravelling the effect of multiple selective evolutionary and ecological factors leading the process of specialisation remains a key challenge in ecology. Subterranean habitats provide highly replicated experimental arenas in which to...
Article
Full-text available
The incorporation of molecular data into current taxonomic practise has unravelled instances of incongruence among different data sets. Here we report a case of mitochondrial discordance in cobweb spiders of the genus Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 from the Iberian Peninsula. Morphological examination of samples from a country-wide bioinventory initiat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is an increasing demand for databases including species trait information for biodiversity and community ecology studies. The existence of trait databases is useful for comparative studies within taxa or geographical regions, but there is low availability of databases for certain organisms. Here we present an open access function...
Article
A new genus of cynipid oak gall wasp, Striatoandricus Pujade-Villar (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini), is described. Striatoandricus gen. nov. includes four previously described species, Andricus nievesaldreyi n. comb., A. georgei n. comb., A. maesi n. comb., and A. barriosi n. comb., which induce pubescent leaves or twig galls on Quercus belongin...
Article
Full-text available
Towards an Iberian DNA barcode reference library of freshwater macroinvertebrates and fishes Freshwater macroinvertebrates and fishes are focal groups in major ecosystem biomonitoring programs in the Iberian Peninsula. Yet, their use as bioindicators is sometimes constrained by the time and cost needed for sorting macroinvertebrates specimens and t...
Article
Dispersal ability can enhance the probability of an organism surviving and reproducing, and affects the geographic structure of its genetic variability. Allocosa senex is a nocturnal sand-dwelling wolf spider strictly associated with oceanic, estuarine and freshwater sandy coast habitats of southern South America, including Uruguay, Brazil, and Arg...
Article
Full-text available
The main aims were to determine: (a) the relative contribution of species replacement and richness difference from components to overall taxonomic (TDβ) and functional (FDβ) beta diversity of spider communities; (b) the degree to which TDβ and FDβ components can be explained by the environmental or geographic predictors; (c) whether FDβ components...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In recent years, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) has accelerated the generation of full mitogenomes, providing abundant material for studying different aspects of molecular evolution. Some mitogenomes have been observed to harbor atypical sequences with bizarre secondary structures, which origins and significance could only be fully u...
Article
Full-text available
The mygalomorph trapdoor spider family Migidae displays a quintessential Gondwanan distribution, including species in Australia, Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, New Caledonia, and the southern cone of South America. The Argentinean fauna consists of a single species, Calathotarsus simoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1975 Schiapelli, R., & Gerschman, B....
Article
Full-text available
Background We present the draft genome sequence of Dysdera silvatica, a nocturnal ground-dwelling spider from a genus that has undergone a remarkable adaptive radiation in the Canary Islands. Results The draft assembly was obtained using short (Illumina) and long (PaciBio and Nanopore) sequencing reads. Our de novo assembly (1.36 Gb), which repres...
Article
The coexistence of multiple eco‐phenotypes in independently assembled communities makes island adaptive radiations the ideal framework to test convergence and parallelism in evolution. In the radiation of the spider genus Dysdera in the Canary Islands, species diversification occurs concomitant with repeated events of trophic specialization. These...
Article
We address some of the taxonomic and classification changes proposed by Kuntner et al. (in press) in a comparative study on the evolution of sexual size dimorphism in nephiline spiders. Their proposal to re-circumscribe araneids and to rank the subfamily Nephilinae is fundamentally flawed as it renders the family Araneidae paraphyletic. We discuss...
Article
Full-text available
Soil fauna play a fundamental role on key ecosystem functions like organic matter decomposition, although how local assemblages are responding to climate change and whether these changes may have consequences to ecosystem functioning is less clear. Previous studies have revealed that a continued environmental stress may result in poorer communities...
Article
Full-text available
The bush-cricket genus Lluciapomaresius Barat, 2012 is endemic to the Iberian Peninsula. It includes at least seven species, most of which are narrow endemics restricted to single or few mountain ranges across the Peninsula. All of them are currently included under different categories in the IUCN red list. One of the species listed as data deficie...
Article
Full-text available
A large scale semi-quantitative biodiversity assessment was conducted in white oak woodlands in areas included in the Spanish Network of National Parks, as part of a project aimed at revealing biogeographic patterns and identify biodiversity drivers. The semi-quantitative COBRA sampling protocol was conducted in sixteen 1-ha plots across six nation...
Data
Species assignemnt to biogeographic categories
Article
Speciation in subterranean habitats is commonly explained as the result of divergent selection in geographically isolated populations; conversely, the contribution of niche partitioning in driving subterranean species diversification has been rarely quantified. The present study integrated molecular and morphological data with a hypervolume analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Because of their size, abundance and active predatory lifestyle, spiders of the family Dysderidae are among the most conspicuous creatures in the Dinaric caves. Historically, the interest for this group dates back to 1847, to the description of the first cave spider in the world, Stalita taenaria , and peaks in the middle of 20 th century with the...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) commits its 196 nation parties to conserve biological diversity, use its components sustainably, and share fairly and equitably the benefits from the utilization of genetic resources. The last of these objectives was further codified in the Convention's Nagoya Protocol (NP), which came into effect in 201...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular gut-content analysis has revolutionized the study of food webs and feeding interactions, allowing the detection of prey DNA within the gut of many organisms. However, successful prey detection is a challenging procedure in which many factors affect every step, starting from the DNA extraction process. Spiders are liquid feeders with branc...
Data
List of non-target prey tested against the specific primer designed for E. caelata. Primers used to amplify cox1 to test for extraction success. (DOCX)
Data
List of target and non-target prey used for specific primer design, indicating the cox1 primers used to amplify them (see also Table 1). GenBank accession numbers of sequences downloaded (-), plus the new sequences generated in this study. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
While grasslands, one of Earth’s major biomes, are known for their close evolutionary ties with ungulate grazers, these habitats are also paramount to the origins and diversification of other animals. Within the primarily South American spider subfamily Amaurobioidinae (Anyphaenidae), several species are found living in the continent’s grasslands,...
Article
Dating back to almost 400 mya, spiders are among the most diverse terrestrial predators [1]. However, despite considerable effort [1-9], their phylogenetic relationships and diversification dynamics remain poorly understood. Here, we use a synergistic approach to study spider evolution through phylogenomics, comparative transcriptomics, and lineage...
Article
The La Plata River basin comprises the second largest fluvial system in South America and includes the southernmost remains of the "Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot". We used species distribution modelling to evaluate potential effects of climate change on six species of Stenoterommata. Changes in the size of suitable climatic regions and numbe...