Ming Xiang

Ming Xiang
University of Chicago | UC · Department of Linguistics

PhD

About

31
Publications
8,319
Reads
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608
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
399 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230204060

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
There are two common competing conceptions of how ellipsis can be resolved: in the first, ellipsis is resolved by constructing unpronounced syntactic representations at the ellipsis site; in the second, ellipsis can be resolved by consulting the semantic/discourse information present in the antecedent, without the mediation of any syntax at all. In...
Chapter
Referential Effects of Contrast (RECs) involving reference resolution of adjectivally modified NPs (e.g., the tall glass) have been attributed to pragmatic reasoning based on the informativity of modification (Sedivy et al. Cognition, 71(2):109–147, 1999; Sedivy, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 32(1):3–23, 2003; Sedivy, Approaches to studying...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work has largely agreed that the verbal anaphors do it/this/that can freely be resolved with respect to information in either the linguistic or nonlinguistic context, whereas there has been more debate regarding the resolution strategy for verb phrase ellipsis. We present an experiment that confirms the intuition that interpretations of do...
Article
Sentence-initial temporal clauses headed by before, as in "Before the scientist submitted the paper, the journal changed its policy", have been shown to elicit sustained negative-going brain potentials compared to maximally similar clauses headed by after, as in "After the scientist submitted the paper, the journal changed its policy". Such effects...
Data
Time-window statistics. (DOCX)
Data
Participant information. Demographic information, numbers of trials left per condition for each participant in the ERP analysis, and working memory recall and accuracy scores. (XLSX)
Data
Critical stimuli. Highlighted rows indicate items that were later removed from the analysis. Veridicality bias ratings for each item are also given; for a description of how these were collected see the section "The role of veridicality". (XLSX)
Data
Re-analysis of EEG data cleaned using ICA. (DOCX)
Article
Gradable adjectives (GAs) provide an ideal domain for evaluating theories of the interface betwen semantic interpretation and context: relative and absolute GAs are both context dependent, but absolute adjectives can have precise meanings in a way that relative adjectives cannot. We provide processing evidence for the hypothesis that imprecision in...
Article
Full-text available
It is often assumed in the theoretical syntax literature that intrusive resumptive pronouns can rescue island violations. However, recent experimental investigations did not provide strong evidence for such a rescuing effect. The current study examines intrusive resumption in Italian and English. In four experiments, we show that resumption indeed...
Article
Both relative adjectives (RAs) like ‘big’ and absolute adjectives (AAs) like ‘empty’ are sensitive to the context: in the former case, the context determines how much size is required to count as big; in the latter, the context determines how much deviation from total emptiness is allowed to count as empty. Whereas it is generally agreed that the r...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we report two self-paced reading experiments that investigate antecedent retrieval processes in sentence comprehension by contrasting the real-time processing behavior of two different reflexive anaphors in Mandarin Chinese. Previous work has suggested that comprehenders initially evaluate the fit between the morphologically si...
Article
Full-text available
In two ERP experiments, we asked whether comprehenders used the concessive connective, even so, to predict upcoming events. Participants read coherent and incoherent scenarios, with and without even so, e.g. "Elizabeth had a history exam on Monday. She took the test and aced/failed it. (Even so), she went home and celebrated wildly.", as they rated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study we look at the computation of scalar implicatures with adjectives and modals, and show that scalar inferences are not equally triggered by these scales. In Experiment 1, we test implicatures on three-place adjective scales such as <decent, good, excellent> and find that only adjectives at the low end of the scale generate implicatures...
Article
Full-text available
Previous psycholinguistics studies have shown that when forming a long distance dependency in online processing, the parser sometimes accepts a sentence even though the required grammatical constraints are only partially met. A mechanistic account of how such errors arise sheds light on both the underlying linguistic representations involved and th...
Article
Full-text available
In wh-in-situ languages like Mandarin Chinese, for wh-questions, although the wh-phrase remains in a canonical argument position, syntactic theories generally posit that a covert dependency between the in-situ position and a clause-initial syntactic operator must nonetheless hold at the Logical Form, rendering wh-in-situ languages and wh-fronted la...
Article
Full-text available
The time course of semantic and syntactic processing in reading Chinese was examined by recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs) as native Chinese speakers read individually presented sentences for comprehension and performed semantic plausibility judgments. The transitivity of the verbs in Chinese ba/bei constructions was manipulated to for...
Article
Full-text available
Since Ross 1967, island constraints have been a major topic in syntactic research; however, to this day the status of different types of islands and their psychological reality remain subjects of hot debate. Environments where island constraints appear to be violated are particularly important to our understanding of the constraints. Resumptive pro...
Article
Full-text available
Russian nouns in nominative and accusative numerical expressions appear in three different forms, depending on the numeral: nominative singular with the numeral 1, genitive singular with the paucal numerals 2–4, and genitive plural with all other numerals. Results from an acceptability judgment task and a self-paced reading task on Russian case/num...
Chapter
Full-text available
This volume brings together cutting-edge experimental research from leaders in the fields of linguistics and psycholinguistics to explore the nature of a phenomenon that has long been central to syntactic theory - 'island effects'. The chapters in this volume draw upon recent methodological advances in experimental methods in syntax, also known as...
Article
A number of recent studies have argued that grammatical illusions can arise in the process of completing linguistic dependencies, such that unlicensed material is temporarily treated as licensed due to the presence of a potential licensor that is semantically appropriate but in a syntactically inappropriate position. A frequently studied case invol...
Article
Full-text available
The Mandarin functional morpheme dou appears to have been interpreted, among other things, as a distributor, focus marker even, or already. This paper aims at providing a unified semantic account for these different uses. I argue that the semantic core of these different usages is the same: dou is simply a maximality operator. It gives rise to diff...
Article
The perception of a brief visual target stimulus can be affected by another visual mask stimulus immediately preceding or following the target. The link of this visual masking illusion, with visual cortical activation, offers insights into the neural mechanisms for visual perception. The present study investigated the association of the visibility...
Article
Full-text available
Negative polarity items (NPIs), like "any" and "ever" are subject to semantic and pragmatic licensing conditions. In addition, NPI licensors also need to be in a syntactically accessible (i.e., c-command) relation to the NPI. Previous studies show that people tend to erroneously accept an unlicensed NPI in the presence of a non-c-commanding potenti...

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