Ming Ming Chiu

Ming Ming Chiu
The Education University of Hong Kong | ied · Department of Special Education and Counselling (SEC)

PhD

About

217
Publications
147,999
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Introduction
Ming Ming CHIU is Chair Professor of Analytics and Diversity (Honor) and Director of the Assessment Research Center at The Education University of Hong Kong. A graduate of Columbia (BS, computer science), Harvard (EdM, interactive technology) and UC-Berkeley (PhD, education), he advises Qatar’s Ministry of Education and China’s Ministry of Education’s National Evaluation of Primary and Secondary Schools. He invented (a) statistical discourse analysis to model online and face-to-face conversations (best 50 learning science ideas –International Society of the Learning Sciences), (b) multilevel diffusion analysis to detect corruption in the music industry and how ideas/behaviors spread through populations, (c) artificial intelligence Statistician, and (d) online detection of sexual predators.

Publications

Publications (217)
Article
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Background Researchers debate whether game-based learning (GBL) affects students' achievement emotions, as past studies yielded mixed results. Objectives This study determines the overall effect of GBL on students' positive achievement emotion and their negative achievement emotions (PAEs, NAEs), along with their moderators. Methods This meta-...
Article
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Background: Parental involvement is one of the most important factors affecting students' academic learning. Different families seem to show similar parental involvement patterns. This study employed a representative sample of 12,575 seventh- and eighth-grade Chinese students' parents to explore the patterns of parental involvement. (2) Methods: L...
Article
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This meta-analysis determined game-based learning's (GBL) overall effect on students' computational thinking (CT) and tested for moderators, using 28 effect sizes from 24 studies of 2,134 participants. The random effects model results showed that GBL had a significant positive overall effect on students' CT (g = 0.677, 95% confidence interval 0.532...
Preprint
This study examined the development of prosodic reading and its within- and cross-language contributions to reading comprehension among 121 Cantonese-English bilingual second-graders (aged 7 years, 70 girls) in 2015, and 52 of them as third-graders in 2016. Spectrographic analysis of their reading of one Chinese and one English passage revealed bot...
Article
This study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the competence, confidence, connection, character, and caring (Five Cs) model using the Positive Youth Development (PYD) survey’s short (34 items) and very short versions (17 items). We also tested its criterion-related validity with life satisfaction, flourishing, transcendence...
Article
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Grounded in transformative teacher development through the curriculum-based professional learning (CBPL) approach to teaching-learning, this exploratory study surveyed the computational thinking (CT) views of 25 in-service teachers before and after their CT professional development programme workshops. Multivariate outcome multilevel cross-classifi...
Article
This study determined the antecedents of diffusion scope (total audience), speed (number of adopters/time), and shape (broadcast vs. person-to-person transmission) for true vs. fake news about a falsely claimed stolen 2020 US Presidential election across clusters of users that responded to one another’s tweets (“user clusters”). We examined 31,128...
Article
Asynchronous, anonymous online debaters might be less likely than face-to-face debaters to value their public self-image (face), and thus disagree more freely. In this study, we examined whether polite disagreements (as opposed to rude ones) help online debaters win over audience members. An analysis of the most voted-on 100 political debates on De...
Article
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Past studies identified isolated factors influencing teachers’ formative assessment practices (FAP) but did not show a comprehensive model of it. Hence, this study systematically creates and tests a theoretical model of FAP by determining whether personal or contextual factors are linked to teachers’ FAP. We collected longitudinal data from 296 Hon...
Article
During a game, personalities and recent interaction sequences of strategies or actions can affect the likelihood of a specific game action (e.g., attack). Seventeen players played eight face-to-face, educational games (four players per game) and spoke for 8432 turns, all video recorded. A mobile game system collected their game actions. Statistical...
Article
This meta-analysis examines the effects of game-based learning (GBL), compared with traditional instructional methods, on the science achievement of students, ranging from primary school to university. Results from the 41 primary studies of 6256 participants showed heterogeneity among effect sizes. The random effects model results showed a positive...
Article
A rater's overall impression of a ratee's essay (or other assessment) can influence ratings on multiple criteria to yield excessively similar ratings (halo effect). However, existing analytic methods fail to identify whether similar ratings stem from homogeneous criteria (true halo) or rater bias (illusory halo). Hence, we introduce and test a mixt...
Article
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has induced stress and anxiety. According to past studies, positive support within married couples reduces stress during diseases and disasters, but their mechanisms are unclear. To address this gap and help individuals better cope with COVID-19-related psychological distress, this study examined the relationship...
Article
Contribution: Students do not naturally give unbiased, accurate peer assessments (PAs). Hence, giving teamwork guidelines to students can improve their cooperation, understanding of one another, PA attitude, and PA accuracy. Background: During collaborative learning, PA can improve students' autonomy, evaluation, and communication, which often enha...
Article
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As past studies of self-control and Internet addiction showed mixed results, this meta-analysis of 83 primary studies with 80,681 participants determined whether (a) these students with less self-control had greater Internet addiction, and (b) age, culture, gender, Internet addiction measures, or year moderated these relations. We used a random-eff...
Article
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One-hundred ninety-nine literacy professors responded to an online survey. A multivariate outcome logit/probit model was used to analyze these data to determine how professor and institution characteristics were related to (a) technologies that professors use in their courses, (b) technologies that professors prepare teachers to use, (b) teaching m...
Article
Rater centrality, in which raters overuse middle scores for rating, is a common rater error which can affect test scores and subsequent decisions. Past studies on rater errors have focused on rater severity and inconsistency, neglecting rater centrality. This study proposes a new model within the hierarchical rater model framework to explicitly spe...
Article
We investigated how two English-language newspapers – Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post (SCMP) and the mainland China Daily (CD) – portrayed key social actors (police, students, protesters, and governments) during the Occupy Central/Yellow Umbrella movement. We examined emotional valence, arousal, and dominance characterizations in 1,180 news ar...
Article
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Practitioners often screen depression among the general population with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale (Radloff, 1977). However, few studies tested the scale for bias (by gender and age) across a wide age range. This study does so with a partial credit Rasch model via Winsteps® (Linacre, 2018) on 34,762 Chinese people...
Article
Students' information and communication technology (ICT) skills might support their learning processes and outcomes—or distract from them. As past studies showed mixed results, this meta-analysis examined 50 effect sizes from 45 studies of 70,350 students' ICT literacy and academic achievement in primary schools, secondary schools, and universities...
Article
Parents, teachers and policy makers are concerned about how immigrant students acquire the mainstream language and achieve academic success. Therefore, researchers face an urgent need to examine the broader ecological factors that influence immigrant students’ academic identity construction and mainstream language learning. This study investigates...
Article
To support young children's learning during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, preschool educators in Hong Kong were required to teach with digital technologies. In this study, 1035 educators from 169 preschools reported their views and practices in an online survey, which we examined via multilevel mixed-response analysis and thematic analy...
Article
As past studies showed mixed results, this meta-analysis determined game-based learning’s overall effect on students’ critical thinking and tested for moderators, using 21 effect sizes from 20 empirical studies of 1,947 participants. The results showed that game-based learning had a significant positive overall effect on students’ critical thinking...
Article
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Without universal access to a Covid-19 vaccine, many countries seek to prevent coronavirus outbreaks by closing schools and having students learn remotely. This study aims to examine its challenges for linguistic minority (LM) students and some practical strategies – both generally for all students and specifically for LM students. This study synt...
Article
According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), teacher motivation affects student motivation indirectly via teaching practices that support the satisfaction of students’ basic psychological needs, but studies have not shown evidence of this entire sequence. We tested the complete model: teacher motivation (autonomous, controlled, and amotivation) →...
Conference Paper
Mandarin speakers often confuse three structural particles “的”, “地” and “得” in their formal writings and Chinese teachers often correct these errors in students’ essays. To reduce Chinese teachers’ laborious workload, the present research aims to investigate how to use technology to efficiently correct grammar errors with feedback. All three struct...
Article
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Although students who self-assess effectively often learn better, creating effective, low-cost interventions to help them do so is a critical challenge. This study examined the effects of a self-assessment diary intervention on 74 Form 1 (Mage = 12.2 years) students’ academic achievement, self-regulation, and motivation. After each homework assignm...
Article
This meta-analysis examines whether greater computational thinking is linked to greater academic achievement among students from 1st graders in primary school to 4th year seniors at university. Results from 34 studies showed that computational thinking and academic achievement were positively correlated (0.288). Moderator analysis showed that this...
Article
As many students worldwide receive second language (L2) English private tutoring (EPT) that shadows school curricula, examining student perceptions of it is essential to understanding their L2 learning. From the L2 Motivational Self perspective, students’ ideal L2 self, ought-to L2 self and L2 learning experience are linked to student enjoyment of...
Article
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Online group debates hosted in asynchronous threaded discussions can facilitate critical thinking between discussants (and increase deeper understanding of complex problems) by eliminating the need for turn-taking while formulating and presenting premises to support and challenge claims. Yet to be determined is to what extent does the current numbe...
Article
Dual language bilingual education (DLBE) is a unique form of bilingual education that has the potential to preserve and develop the heritage languages of emergent bilinguals, foster high levels of bilingualism, and address academic disparities, thereby changing emergent bilinguals’ educational conditions and learning outcomes. Yet, DLBE schools and...
Article
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Many test-takers do not carefully answer every test question; instead they sometimes quickly answer without thoughtful consideration (rapid guessing, RG). Researchers have not modeled RG when assessing student learning with cognitive diagnostic models (CDMs) to personalize feedback on a set of fine-grained skills (or attributes). Therefore, this st...
Article
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Adolescents who believe that their parents treat them differently from their siblings have poorer psychosocial well-being than otherwise. This phenomenon, which is known as parental differential treatment or PDT occurs in up to 65% of families. Past studies have examined socio-demographic variables (e.g., child gender, age, and birth order) as pred...
Article
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This meta-analysis tested whether (a) internet overuse was linked to subjective well-being, life satisfaction, positive emotion, or negative emotion and (b) whether participants’ geographical region, age, or gender moderated these links. Meta-analysis of 70 primary studies with 68,964 participants showed that students with internet overuse had more...
Article
Although several theories argue that self-control is negatively related to aggression, studies show mixed results. Hence, our meta-analysis determined the overall relation between self-control and aggression (or their related measures) and moderation effects. Our data consists of 58 studies of 39,116 students in mainland China without physiological...
Article
This study tests whether teachers’ emotional labor in classroom settings is optimally conceptualized according to the type of emotional labor strategy involved (genuinely expressing, hiding, and faking emotions), the specific type of emotion being performed in class (e.g., enjoyment vs. pride vs. anxiety), or both strategy type and emotion type. Mu...
Article
In this study, we used a quasi-experimental, longitudinal design to examine the English language arts (ELA) and mathematics test scores of emergent bilinguals (EBs) in DLBE 50:50 models versus English as a second language (ESL) models in Indiana over four academic school years. With a focus on the midwestern U.S., we bring attention to a less-studi...
Article
China’s education reforms might affect students’ academic emotions (and hence their motivation and learning outcomes). This study examines Chinese adolescents’ academic emotions across time via a cross-temporal meta-analysis of 96 studies published between 2004 and 2017. Our results indicate that in later years, adolescents’ positive high-arousal a...
Article
We examined how social antecedents impact students’ use of explanations versus evidence to justify arguments using statistical discourse analysis on 2028 postings from 87 graduate students in five courses, each participating in four online debates. The results show that students overall were much more likely to justify arguments with explanations t...
Article
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Personal lies (girl on date lying to dad) and fake news (Obama Bans Pledge of Allegiance) both deceive but in different ways, so they require different detection methods. People in long-term relationships try to tell undetectable lies to encourage, often, audience inaction. In contrast, unattached fake news welcome attention and try to ignite audie...
Article
In many Asian countries and increasingly in the West, primary and secondary school students receive private tutoring, often in the form of lectures in cram schools. As English is an international lingua franca, many students enroll in English courses after school. Students enrolled in English private tutoring (EPT) are often examination-driven and...
Article
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Globalisation has facilitated massive flows of immigrant students of diverse backgrounds into schools. These developments intensify concerns about immigrant youth’s mobility and belongingness, and about the capacity of schools to integrate them into receiving societies. However, the diverse forms, experiences and effects of young schoolchildren’s e...
Article
Although native family students often learn more than immigrant family students in school (e.g. civics), scholars have not systematically demonstrated the mechanisms through which native family students outperform immigrant family students. The Opportunity-Propensity framework guides this study. We examine the link between students’ immigrant statu...
Article
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FULL PAPER ONLINE: https://rdcu.be/bPltV Parents are their children’s most influential educators, and their joint activities can influence these children’s early learning. Past studies with small, non-representative samples do not show a consistent link between early numeracy activities at home and children’s mathematics achievement. Specifically,...
Article
Purpose A team member might exert little effort and exploit teammates’ work (free riding), which can discourage their efforts. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether free riding devalues team projects and whether an online assessment system for individual scores (OASIS) system can reduce student perceptions of free riding and its harmful e...
Article
The use of computerized adaptive testing algorithms for ranking items (e.g., college preferences, career choices) involves two major challenges: unacceptably high computation times (selecting from a large item pool with many dimensions) and biased results (enhanced preferences or intensified examinee responses because of repeated statements across...
Article
This study examined whether aggression among students in China rose or fell during 2003–2016. We applied a cross-temporal meta-analysis of 90 studies using Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) responses by 87,319 students (primary school students through senior high students). The results showed less aggression in later years. The decline...
Article
Reflection has a long history as an assessment mode in teaching and learning for higher education, and particularly for teacher education. However, past studies have not systematically analysed how attributes of students, content, and feedback are linked to the quality of students’ reflections in journal writing. To fill the gap, this exploratory s...
Article
Informed by a constructivist-based, student-adaptive pedagogical approach, this study explores the benefits of teacher–learner discourse moves for the mathematics learning of students with learning disabilities (LD). During a constructivist teaching experiment for nurturing the multiplicative reasoning and problem solving of five third-grade studen...
Article
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Interactive app books are increasingly part of young children’s literacy ecosystem. However, most previous studies examined buddy reading with traditional print books or CD-ROM books. Little is known about whether and how buddy reading with app books might be related to subsequent individual reading. To address this, informed by multimodal literacy...
Article
When members of a classroom community routinely listen to one another and build on one another’s ideas, not only do students learn and improve their cognitive and communication skills, but teacher and students develop a disposition to listen, think and talk together. However, such dialogic, classroom talk is rare. In this study we show how a teache...
Article
When members of a classroom community routinely listen to one another and build on one another's ideas, not only do students learn and improve their cognitive and communication skills, but teacher and students develop a disposition to listen, think and talk together. However, such dialogic, classroom talk is rare. In this study we show how a teache...
Article
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Given the increasing use of app books with young children, research is needed to inform their selection and design. Although broad guidelines exist, more fine-grained guidance is needed. To address this need, we explored the relations among app books’ digital affordances, readers’ behaviors with these affordances during both buddy and individual re...
Article
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Free online version: https://rdcu.be/bpFzJ As students’ sense of school belonging (SOSB) is essential for their psychosocial well‐being and academic success, developing precise measures of SOSB is critical for assessing it properly. After an unrelated item was deleted, the SOSB scale showed good psychometric properties, based on Rasch analysis of...
Article
This study disentangled factors contributing to impaired memory for foreign-accented words - misperception and disruption of encoding. When native English and Cantonese-accented words were presented auditorily for serial recall (Experiment 1), intrusion errors for accented words were higher across all serial positions (SPs). Participants made more...
Chapter
Online discussion's information transparency, communication flexibility, and opportunities for reflection can enhance information processing, higher order thinking, and learning. Many group processes influence online discussants' creation of correct, new ideas (micro-creativity) and use of social cues. New ideas, justifications, disagreements, and...
Article
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Building on Seymour Papert's view of empowering students by mastering programming, this study conceptualized programming empowerment as consisting of four components: meaningfulness, impact, creative self-efficacy, and programming self-efficacy. A sample of 287 primary school students in grades four to six completed a corresponding survey. Confirma...
Article
We used multilevel factor analyses to investigate the structure of the Teacher as Social Context Questionnaire (TASCQ)-short form—a prominent measure of teacher practices that promote student motivation to learn. Based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT), the TASCQ contains three scales: Autonomy Support, Structure, and Involvement. Few studies have...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test an ecological model of family, school and child links to reading outcomes in an extremely rich but developing country. Design/methodology/approach This study uses a multi-level, plausible value analysis of item response model-estimated test scores and survey responses from 4,120 children and their par...
Article
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Research Findings: Children learn most of their vocabulary incidentally, by hearing words used in their environment. This study explored which kinds of presentations of words, without any direct instruction, yielded greater depth of target word knowledge. Changes in 56 kindergartners’ depth of knowledge for each of 23 novel target words (N = 1,288)...
Chapter
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Girls outperform boys in reading, in part, due to differences in motivation and context effects (of family, schoolmates, and country). Compared to boys, girls tend to have more positive attitudes toward reading, enjoy it more, value it more, read more often and view themselves as competent in reading. Also, richer families buy more educational reso...
Article
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Learning analysts often consider whether learning processes across time are related 1) to one another or 2) to learning outcomes at higher levels. For example, are a group’s temporal sequences of talk (e.g., correct evaluation -> correct, new idea) during its problem solving related to its group solution? I show how to address these issues with 1)...
Article
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This exploratory study is the first to identify content differences between youths’ online chats with contact child sex offenders (CCSOs; seek to meet with youths) and those with fantasy child sex offenders (FCSOs; do not meet with youths) using statistical discourse analysis (SDA). Past studies suggest that CCSOs share their experiences and emotio...
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We explore whether (a) teacher ratings of texts’ cultural relevance along various dimensions differ from those of students, (b) these ratings reflect a single construct, and (c) ratings of specific dimen- sions are related to specific reading outcomes. Fifty African-American students were each administered two text protocols for a total of 100 prot...
Article
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This meta-analysis examines the association between teacher support and students' academic emotions [both positive academic emotions (PAEs) and negative academic emotions (NAEs)] and explores how student characteristics moderate these relationships. We identified 65 primary studies with 58,368 students. The results provided strong evidence linking...
Article
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Disagreements are integral to fruitful team collaboration but have rarely been studied within actual team interactions. We develop a temporal account of how disagreement episodes begin and are resolved during team interactions, testing explanatory factors at multiple levels: team context (team conflict states and team productivity), individual char...
Article
In this article, a team of authors from the Geeks and Groupies workshop, in Leiden, the Netherlands, compare prototypical approaches to studying group interaction in social science and computer science disciplines, which we call workflows. To help social and computer science scholars understand and manage these di