Ming-Chih Chiu

Ming-Chih Chiu
Ehime University

PhD

About

52
Publications
7,743
Reads
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553
Citations
Introduction
Rivers are closely relevant to human needs for freshwater, and also the one of earth’s most diverse ecosystems biologically. The interactions among stressors on rivers complicate river protection. Therefore, I have currently devoted myself to the effects of multiple-stressors on macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems. My research approach will achieve the specific need to understanding multiple stressor problems and mitigate these impacts.
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - August 2015
National Chung Hsing University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
November 2009 - August 2014
National Chung Hsing University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2004 - August 2009
National Chung Hsing University
Field of study
  • Ecology

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Both weather fluctuation and farming system influence the epidemiology of crop diseases. However, short-term experiments are difficult to mechanistically extrapolate into long-term ecological responses. Using a mechanistic model with Bayesian inference, long-term data spanning 10 years were used to construct relationships among weather fluctuation...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial biodiversity is a key issue in biogeography for the explorations of biological origin and diversification. However, seldom studies have addressed the temporal changes in spatial patterns of biodiversity. We explored the taxonomic and functional diversities of riverine macroinvertebrates in central China, with the elevational gradient, in di...
Article
Full-text available
Microplastic pollution is no longer neglected worldwide, as recent studies have unveiled its potential harm to ecosystems and, even worse, to human health. Numerous studies have documented the ubiquity of microplastics, reflecting the necessity of formulating corresponding policies to mitigate the accumulation of microplastics in natural environmen...
Article
Full-text available
Polypedates braueri (Vogt)) 為臺灣原生種蛙類且廣泛分布全臺,紫絳蠅 (Caiusa violacea Séguy) 為其卵泡寄生蠅,兩者存在密切的交互關係。本研究採集全臺 37 樣點 222 卵泡, 以粒線體細胞氧化色素第一次單元 (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, COI) 進行卵泡物種鑑定, 成功增幅 61 條樹蛙 COI 序列,確認皆為布氏樹蛙。全臺有 28 樣點 61 個卵泡被紫絳蠅寄生,寄 生率為 0~100%,平均數為 39%,中位數為 40%,眾數為 0%。地理區卵泡平均寄生率結果顯示, 東區為 22%較中區 31%、南區 38%及北區 55%為低,但四區域間並無顯著差異 (Kruskal-Wallis, chi-squ...
Article
Full-text available
A suitable environmental flow is critical for the functional maintenance of riverine ecosystems. Hydropower plants alter the flow regime by decreasing or even drying up the streamflow downstream of the dams, thereby affecting ecosystem sustainability. In this study, we aimed to develop a robust environmental flow framework that can provide scientif...
Article
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Agricultural intensification is one of the major threats to global biodiversity and ecosystem services. Sustainable management of agricultural lands can reduce these impacts, but few efforts have been made in the context of paddy rice fields, especially in simplified landscapes composed of large monocultures separated by fragments of natural lands,...
Article
Most research on the ecological responses to extreme floods examines impacts at short time scales, whereas long-term datasets combining hydrological and biological information remain rare. Using such data, we applied time-series analysis to investigate simultaneous effects of a biotic factor (density dependence), an abiotic factor (extreme floods),...
Article
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Pest risk assessment is typically performed by expert taxonomists using a pest's biological data. However, the biological data or expert taxonomists may be difficult to find. Here, we used species distribution modelling to predict potential invasion in which phytophagous quarantine pests survive in Taiwan; the pests (unrecorded yet in Taiwan) inclu...
Article
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The contribution of unvegetated tidal flats to global net primary production is comparable to that of some vegetated coastal habitats. However, compared to carbon flux regulating factors in vegetated habitats, those in unvegetated tidal flats are not well understood, particularly in terms of their cause-effect relationships. Maximum gross primary p...
Article
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Biological control commonly involves the commercialization and introduction of natural enemies. Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, a mite species widely used in the control of spider mites, was imported to Taiwan in the 1990s and was mass-reared and released into the field. However, none have been observed in comprehensive surveys of phytoseii...
Article
The ability to prioritize habitats that have spatially varied contributions to species persistence can produce synergistic benefits for regional conservation efforts. However, conservation in spatially diverse landscape-networks requires considering dispersal asymmetry in the context of ecological connectivity and metapopulation persistence. By dev...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: High water demand accompanied with an unreliable piped water supply has forced urban residents to store water in containers. This situation potentially increases the number of breeding sites for mosquito vectors, such as Aedes. Method: This study aimed to test the hypothesis if piped water connection availability, tap water use, and hig...
Article
As the main primary producer in stream ecosystems, periphyton is the fundamental of stream ecosystems and plays an essential role in maintaining stream biodiversity. The central Hengduan Mountains is one of the famous global biodiversity hotspots. However, for stream biodiversity conservations, the fundamental information about the spatial pattern...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of microplastics (MPs) in the environment has generated global concerns. However, the explicit assessment of the effect of multiple anthropogenic activities on the existence of MPs in the freshwater system is scarcely reported. This study quantified anthropogenic activities and analyzed their relationship with MPs on a freshwater organ...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Fractal networks, represented by branching complexity in rivers, are ubiquitous in nature. In rivers, the number of either distal (e.g. in headwater streams) or confluent (e.g. in mainstems) locations can be increased along with their branching complexity. Distal‐ or confluent‐spatial locations can result in fewer or greater corridor linkages t...
Article
Full-text available
The accurate identification of biological control agents is necessary for monitoring and preventing contamination in integrated pest management (IPM); however, this is difficult for non-taxonomists to achieve in the field. Many machine learning techniques have been developed for multiple applications (e.g., identification of biological organisms)....
Article
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Different shapes of landscape boundaries can affect the habitat networks within them and consequently the spatial genetic‐patterns of a metapopulation. In this study, we used a mechanistic framework to evaluate the effects of landscape shape, through watershed elongation, on genetic divergence among populations at the metapopulation scale. Empirica...
Article
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Adaptive divergence is a key mechanism shaping the genetic variation of natural populations. A central question linking ecology with evolutionary biology is how spatial environmental heterogeneity can lead to adaptive divergence among local populations within a species. In this study, using a genome scan approach to detect candidate loci under sele...
Article
Stochastic (e.g., via species dispersal and ecological drift) and deterministic (e.g., via environmental and biotic filtering) processes can produce diversity patterns related to changes in elevation. However, existing studies have not generally examined these processes within a compressive framework. Stream macroinvertebrates are an important and...
Article
Climate change may influence the application efficiency of transgenic marking, such as in mark–release–recapture (MRR) experiments or sterile insect technique (SIT). Wild and transgenic fruit flies of Bactrocera dorsalis were subjected to oscillating regimes that represent current temperature conditions (mean: 28.6°C) and various future possible sc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim Fractal networks, represented by branching complexity in rivers, are ubiquitous in nature. In rivers, the number of either distal (e.g., in headwater streams) or confluent (e.g., in mainstems) locations can be increased along with their branching complexity. Distal- or confluent-spatial locations can result in fewer or greater corridor linkages...
Article
Avian reproduction and population growth are highly dependent on food availability. Consequently, studies on these variables require accurate estimates of food abundance that may vary in space and time. Dippers (Cinclus spp.) are obligate stream predators in freshwater ecosystems. Although it is well known that dippers are affected by aquatic macro...
Article
Freshwater ecosystems are affected by a variety of anthropogenic stressors. Temporal variability of biotic communities in these ecosystems makes it difficult to accurately assess the impacts of specific stressors, which has seldom been considered in understudied regions of Asia. We studied the seasonal effects of anthropogenic stressors on stream m...
Chapter
Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES) are common worldwide and play important roles in freshwater biodiversity and biogeochemical processes. Anthropogenic threats to IRES can be broadly classified into hydrological, physical, chemical, and biological alterations that can occur specifically during dry (e.g., sediment mining) or wet phases...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the influence and relative importance of insecticides and other agricultural stressors in determining variability in invertebrate communities in small streams in intensive soy-production regions of Brazil and Paraguay. In Paraguay we sampled 17 sites on tributaries of the Pirapó River in the state of Itapúa and in Brazil we sampled...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones are becoming more frequent, but efforts to understand their impact on wildlife have focused on population-level change rather than the behavioural responses of individuals. In this study, we monitored individually marked Brown Dippers Cinclus pallasii in upland Taiwanese streams in order to investiga...
Article
Seasonal wetlands are important habitats for biodiversity of both invertebrate and vertebrate fauna. Many aquatic species have life history traits adapted to colonizing and developing in temporary aquatic habitats, and these traits influence the annual succession of the macroinvertebrate community. The chronology of taxon appearance and the variati...
Article
Dam removal has the potential to efficiently solve the problems caused by fragmented stream habitats but may simultaneously cause negative impacts on biotic communities. To conserve the critically endangered Formosan landlocked salmon (Oncorhynchus masou formosanus), a 15-m-tall check dam was partially removed from the Chichiawan Stream at the end...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal ecosystems are rich with biodiversity and ecological functions that provide valuable ecosystem services. They are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and anthropogenic activities. Assessing the impacts of climate change on coastal ecosystems is crucial if we are to develop and implement strategies that minimize and mitigate the...
Article
Limited studies have addressed how future climate-change scenarios may alter the effects of pesticides on biotic assemblages or the effects of exposures to repeated pulses of pesticide mixtures. We used reported pesticide-use data as input to a hydrological fate and transport model (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) under multiple climate-change scen...
Book
In intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), significant anthropogenic threats result from alterations in natural flow regimes, changes in geomorphological features, and degraded water quality. These changes may favor invasion by alien species, a major ecological problem in IRES. – Anthropogenic threats in IRES often exceed the thresholds o...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of grazing and climate change on primary production have been studied widely, but seldom with mechanistic models. We used a Bayesian model to examine the effects of extreme weather and the invertebrate grazer community on epilithic algal biomass dynamics over 10 years (from January 2004 to August 2013). Algal biomass and the invertebrat...
Article
Due to climate change, extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and severe. These extreme events have been documented to affect avian predators in stream ecosystems. To better understand the mechanisms behind this effect, we used a decade-long dataset from a mountain stream in Taiwan to assess the effects of extreme flooding caused by typh...
Article
Capsule Molecular scatology can characterize predator diets by the identification of mixed and degraded prey fragments in predator faeces.Aims We evaluated whether a non-invasive, molecular technique was useful for identifying prey in the faecal samples of the Plumbeous Water Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosa, which feeds in the riparian ecotone and,...
Article
1. Worldwide concern about the consequences of climate change has prompted efforts to understand and predict the responses of populations to changes in temperature.2. A heat wave can adversely affect organisms, may affect different life stages differently, and could decrease populations. In this study, green peach aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulzer)] ny...
Article
The function of the pea aphid's primary symbiont, Buchnera aphidicola, has been well studied. However, the factors affecting the dynamics of Buchnera density are seldom studied simultaneously. A better understanding of these factors could provide insights into its symbiosis with aphids. This study evaluated the effects of host life stage and rearin...
Article
The home range and movements of wild birds are closely associated with their habitat selection and use, knowledge of which is critical for management and conservation programmes. From 1999 to 2002 we used radio-tracking technology to document the location and movement of 29 adult and six first-year male and 41 adult and five first-year female Manda...
Article
Full-text available
Dam removal is an approach for restoring rivers. However, there are increasing concerns about the impact of removal on downstream biota. We examined the short-term responses of benthic macroinvertebrates and their avian predator (Brown Dipper, Cinclus pallasii Temminck) in reaches downstream of a check dam after it was removed from a mountain strea...
Article
The predicted effects of global climate change include altered patterns of precipitation and more extreme weather events, leading to an increase in the severity and frequency of episodic disturbances such as floods. These changes may affect lotic prey communities, which could indirectly affect aquatic and riparian predators through trophic linkages...
Article
Full-text available
To estimate the net effect of climate change on natural populations, we must take into account the positive and negative effects of temperature oscillations and climate variability. Warming because of climate change will likely exceed the physiological optima of tropical insects, which currently live very close to their thermal optima. Tropical ins...
Article
Terrestrial subsidies are important resources for drift-feeding fishes. The contribution of these subsidies to fish diets increases with predator size or age because larger fish can feed on a wider range of prey. We assessed how the relative abundance of aquatic and terrestrial insects in the diet of the endangered Taiwan salmon Oncorhynchus masou...
Article
1. Due to climate change, contemporary climate scenarios forecast an increase in extreme weather, which may have considerable impacts on the world's riverine ecosystems. Because the flow regime is a primary determinant of the structure and function of lotic ecosystems, changes in the weather could fundamentally alter these ecosystems through change...
Article
Tropical invertebrates are currently living very close to their optimal temperature. Warming due to global climate change will likely exceed their physiological optima and have deleterious consequences for insects living at low latitudes. In this study, we assess the effects of various levels of summer warming predicted for the late 21st century (+...
Article
Full-text available
Optimal foraging theory predicts that prey selection by breeding birds is governed by tradeoffs among diverse prey types with different energy gains per unit energy expended. This is particularly so in central-place foragers such as dippers (Cinclidae), which must provision nest-bound young using prey gathered along a linear habitat. In this study,...
Thesis
未來氣候變遷因全球暖化,預測將帶來頻繁的極端氣候,此類極端事件包括了異常暴雨造成河川系統的非常態洪流;預估生態系反應對此未來衝擊將是生態學者所面臨的挑戰,因為其知識的貧乏將會導致日後保育及經營管理對策之困境,有鑑於此,本研究急欲了解溪流到濱岸之跨生態系衝擊的可能性。兩相鄰生態系(如溪流及濱岸生態系統)結構及功能於時空的動態,為最佳適存度之調節,此乃跨生態系食物網成員長期演化適應之結果,然而超出適應彈性的非常態干擾將會造成跨生態系之衝擊,此假說信心是建立在溪流昆蟲群聚及河烏類群(濱岸捕食者)的緊密食性連結,本研究進而依據最佳覓食理論(optimal foraging theory)去預測亞洲河烏物種(Cinclus pallasii)於育幼期間的食餌選擇,研究結果與其他河烏種類明顯相似。以現今...
Article
1. The effects of flooding on top predators are poorly understood globally, but particularly in monsoonal streams. We therefore attempted to assess how inter-annual and intra-annual variations in flood magnitude affected an obligate riverine predator, the brown dipper (Cinclus pallasii), and its invertebrate prey, in the mountain Tachia River, Taiw...
Article
Full-text available
The root aphid Tetraneura nigriabdominalis (Sasaki) (Homoptera: Pemphigidae) is a pest of many Gramineae species; however, little is known about its biology and relationships with host plants. The objectives of this study were to quantify the effects of temperature on development, longevity, fecundity, and population growth of T. nigriabdominalis a...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of temperature on the development, longevity, fecundity, and population growth of the corn leaf aphid, Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch, were determined at 6, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 ± 1°C on corn leaves, Zea mays L., in a growth chamber. At 35°C, only a few nymphs survived and completed development, but none of them succeeded in reproducing....

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Understanding the roles of climate variability and farming in ecosystem services help boost management developments in an effort to cope with increasing concerns about the effects of global climate change, e.g., adverse effects on food security.