Mimi Bong

Mimi Bong
Korea University | KU · Department of Education

Doctor of Philosophy

About

106
Publications
49,480
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
7,464
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
4054 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600

Publications

Publications (106)
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Article
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
The purpose of this article is to introduce the concept of self-efficacy, its major sources and outcomes, and ways to design effective interventions for enhancing self-efficacy. We discuss how self-efficacy is different from other similar concepts such as outcome expectancy, perceived control, self-esteem, and self-concept. We then delineate the fo...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging evidence attests to the need to intervene in young students’ science motivation and achievement before their science motivation starts to dwindle. Heeding this call, we implemented a science utility value intervention for fifth and sixth graders in 23 classrooms (N = 550). Through five intervention sessions that consisted of diverse indivi...
Article
Are there really “right-brained” and “left-brained” learners? The argument of left- and right-brain learning is the second most pervasive neuromyth in education. In this article, we debunk this myth by distinguishing fact from fiction. Each hemisphere indeed shows dominance in processing certain types of cognitive function. However, individual char...
Chapter
During the past several decades, achievement goal theory has inspired much research into the direction, strength, and quality of individuals’ achievement strivings and of associated cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagement. Through relentless debate and conceptual evolution, the theory has embraced many alternative perspectives and novel met...
Article
Full-text available
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the interactive effects of perceived competence and task interest on the cognitive and affective responses to negative feedback. Twenty-four undergraduates performed both interesting and uninteresting tasks and received failure feedback. The participants’ perceived competence in the task was...
Article
Classroom utility value (UV) interventions have attracted growing attention for their power to increase students’ STEM motivation. However, their delayed effects and the mechanisms through which they bolster students’ STEM motivation have not been investigated thoroughly. We followed 416 Korean 5th and 6th graders who participated in a science UV i...
Article
Student motivation varies quickly, particularly under the pressing context. However, extant literature tends to focus on the individual, rather than contextual, differences in motivational patterns. We examined Korean adolescents’ time-varying pursuits of achievement goals and learning outcomes using the experience sampling method, which collects i...
Article
Recent research has shown that achievement goals differ in their effects on working memory capacity and the metacognitive judgment of learning as part of the self-regulatory process. To extend this line of inquiry, we examined the effects of achievement goals on self-control, arguably the most critical subset of self-regulation. In three experiment...
Article
Full-text available
We tested the effectiveness of the intervention program designed to enhance children's math motivation by simultaneously strengthening their growth mindsets and weakening their gender stereotypes. Both the intervention and control programs consisted of six bi-weekly 40-min sessions that were evenly distributed over three months and administered dur...
Article
Self-efficacy is easily the most important construct for engagement and success in achievement contexts. In this article, we aim to promote a better understanding of theory-driven practices that foster students’ self-efficacy beliefs in math, especially the practices that change young learners’ mindset and gender stereotypes in math. We briefly pre...
Article
Motivation wields a tangible impact on students' academic functioning. Among the theoretical frameworks used to explain students' motivation to learn, Eccles et al.'s expectancy-value theory (1983) is one of the most influential. It has been used to investigate students' competence- and value-related beliefs and how they are associated with academi...
Article
Drawing upon expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983), we aimed to test the cross-cultural validity of scales for assessing adolescent students' values and costs in Germany, China, and Korea with a focus on gender and age differences and the potential cross-cultural generalizability of the structural relations. In each country (N = 483 in Germ...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a growth mindset on achievement goal adoption in the face of failure. We also sought to investigate the mediating role of controllability attribution in order to understand the underlying process behind the effect of mindset on achievement goal adoption following failure. One hundred and sevent...
Article
Full-text available
Gender differences in parental value socialization of their children’s motivation, achievement, and career aspirations in science were investigated. Direct and indirect modes of parental value socialization were examined by asking parents about their perception of the utility value of science for their children and for themselves. A total of 260 dy...
Article
We investigated the transmission of utility value from teachers to students by testing a model based on modern expectancy-value theory and empirical evidence for value transmission. A sample of 219 Korean 8th graders responded to surveys regarding the subject of history and their history teacher. Structural equation modelling showed that students’...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to investigate what factors determine students’ engagement in mathematics. We examined the predictive relationships between interest, effort cost (i.e., the cost of making the effort), and three forms of academic engagement: persistence, cognitive engagement, and effort avoidance. In addition, we examined gender differences i...
Cover Page
Full-text available
The special issue offers a new, up-to-date look on a plurality of non-cognitive individual difference factors with the potential to meaningfully influence language learning in formal educational settings. For the purpose of this discussion, we use the commonly accepted operational definition of non-cognitive individual difference factors as specifi...
Article
The effects of ability performance goals, normative performance goals, and mastery goals on anxiety, interest, and performance were examined in a series of experiments. Challenging problem-solving tasks that would demonstrate the effects of each performance goal more clearly were designed. Groups of early adolescents (Study 1) and college students...
Article
As the need to acquire a second/foreign language has increased steadily, a growing body of research has investigated the role of motivation in language education. In this review, we focus on the goal construct, which plays a critical regulatory function in motivational processes. We provide an overview of the two most widely accepted goal theories...
Article
The need for students to learn science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has increased steadily, while student motivation in this area continues to fall behind. We investigated the effects of science utility value intervention in increasing the science motivation (i.e., interest in science, appreciation of the role of science in futu...
Article
The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning - by K. Ann Renninger February 2019
Chapter
Korea has gone through a remarkable educational transformation and become one of the highest performing nations academically. Despite this outstanding achievement, Korean students are often characterized by their extreme academic stress and low academic motivation. Behind this unfortunate phenomenon lies a complex interplay between Korea’s sociocul...
Chapter
There has been a recent movement in Korea to invigorate whole-person education in K-12 schools by developing students’ social and emotional competencies (SECs). As a means to promote these SECs, social and emotional learning (SEL) is receiving heightened attention in Korea. One reason for this is because adolescents’ psychological and behavioral pr...
Article
The primary purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the degree to which Korean middle school students perceived their teachers to be credible made a difference in the effectiveness of teachers’ persuasion as a source of students’ academic self-efficacy. In the contexts of both general school learning and a specific subject of Korean language...
Book
Full-text available
The rapid progress of neuroscience and the interdisciplinary collaboration between neuroscience and psychology have begun to provide valuable insights for understanding the dynamic and implicit nature of human motivation by identifying the in vivo neural mechanism of motivation. One of the fundamental questions in the field of the neuroscience of m...
Chapter
Full-text available
The rapid progress of neuroscience and the interdisciplinary collaboration between neuroscience and psychology have begun to provide valuable insights for understanding the dynamic and implicit nature of human motivation by identifying the in vivo neural mechanism of motivation. One of the fundamental questions in the field of the neuroscience of m...
Article
The purpose of this investigation was to test (a) whether students distinguished between self-efficacy sources according to social model and (b) how predictive the self-efficacy information students received from each social model was for their self-efficacy beliefs. For this purpose, new vicarious experience and social persuasion scales were devel...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate a five-factor achievement goal scale for Korean adolescents that reflects the essential components of each achievement goal and, by doing so, resolves the ongoing controversy surrounding the performance goal. The new five-factor achievement goal scale consists of the mastery, normative pe...
Article
Background The potential role of culture in the development and operation of self-efficacy has been acknowledged by researchers. Clearer understanding of this cultural impact will benefit from research that shows how the same efficacy information is evaluated across cultures.AimsWe tested whether two sources of self-efficacy information delivered b...
Article
We examined (a) the relative importance of perceived social support from parents, peers, and teachers; (b) the consequences associated with different types of perceived social support; and (c) the mediation by achievement goals in the relationship between perceived social support and academic outcomes. We analyzed the first 3 waves of the Korean Ed...
Article
Full-text available
The current study compared the effects of informative and confirmatory feedback on brain activation during negative feedback processing. For confirmatory feedback trials, participants were informed that they had failed the task, whereas informative feedback trials presented task relevant information along with the notification of their failure. Fou...
Article
We tested the relationship between conformity and the perceptions of social support, academic motivation, and achievement held by Korean adolescents across two studies. Conformity had positive relationships with perceived closeness with parents, parental achievement pressure, and feelings of guilt toward parents. Conformity was also positively link...
Conference Paper
The present study examined how characteristics of effective teaching would differently predict achievement goals, course engagement, and academic satisfaction among 655 college students via structural equation modeling. Based on the results of factor analyses, specific characteristics of teaching were classified into three distinct factors (i.e., i...
Article
This study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine different patterns of English as a Second Language (ESL) learners' self-efficacy beliefs for learning English. The Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy was completed by undergraduate students in Korea. The LPA results revealed three groups representing low, medium, and high self-efficacy pr...
Article
Background Among the factors known to influence reading development and performance, attitude toward reading is shown to be particularly critical for developing learners. Reading attitude enhances independent reading, levels of engagement in classroom reading activities, and the amount and variety of topics in reading, which in turn influence readi...
Article
By analyzing the open-ended reasons for studying generated by 3 different groups of Korean middle school students, we aimed to provide partial answers to current issues in achievement goal research that are difficult to resolve solely with the use of survey ratings. We categorized student responses using the achievement goal frameworks of Midgley e...
Article
Background Among the factors known to influence reading development and performance, attitude toward reading is shown to be particularly critical for developing learners. Reading attitude enhances independent reading, levels of engagement in classroom reading activities, and the amount and variety of topics in reading, which in turn influence readi...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates differential neural activation patterns in response to reward-related feedback depending on various reward contingencies. Three types of reward contingencies were compared: a "gain" contingency (a monetary reward for correct answer/no monetary penalty for incorrect answer); a "lose" contingency (no monetary reward for correc...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the nature of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism in relation to the motivation and achievement of 306 Korean 7th graders. We also tested the mediating role of domainspecific academic self-efficacy and achievement goals in the relationships between perfectionism and achievement-related outcomes across math and English. I...
Article
We tested the interaction between task value and self-efficacy on defensive pessimism, academic cheating, procrastination and self-handicapping among 574 Korean 11th graders in the context of English as a foreign language. We hypothesised that perceiving high value in tasks or domains for which self-efficacy was low would pose a threat to perceived...
Article
We examined whether individual interest, as an affective motivational variable, could predict academic self-regulation and achievement, above and beyond what academic self-efficacy predicted. We tested the relationships between academic self-efficacy, individual interest, grade goals, self-regulation, and achievement of Korean middle school student...
Article
Full-text available
The purposes of the present study were to investigate (a) how the subjectively perceived achievement goals of significant others would predict the academic self-efficacy and achievement goals of Korean adolescents and (b) how those self-efficacy and achievement goals in turn predicted their achievement. We also compared these predictive relationshi...
Article
This study provides evidence for the validity of the Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy in a sample of 167 college students in Korea. Results show that the scale measures largely satisfy the Rasch model for unidimensionality. The rating scale appeared to function effectively. The item hierarchy was consistent with the expected item order. The i...
Article
The authors tested whether multiple components of a performance goal were differentiated by a group of Korean middle school students (N = 239). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the normative and outcome components as well as the approach and avoidance components correlated too highly to be considered independent. A 2-factor model with a mas...
Article
This study investigates the relationship between self-efficacy, self-regulation, and English language proficiency for Korean college students. College students (n = 220) attending a major university in Korea responded to two instruments, one on their self-efficacy beliefs and the other on their use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies in Eng...
Article
The authors examined whether self-concept, self-efficacy, and self-esteem show differential predictive utility for academic achievement across age groups and domains. More specifically, the relationships of 3 self-constructs with achievement were examined in mathematics for elementary school students and mathematics and language arts for middle sch...
Article
Multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) designs refer to a construct validation approach proposed by Campbell and Fiske in 1959. To apply MTMM designs, researchers assess multiple traits (i.e., psychological constructs) for a group of individuals using multiple methods that are maximally different. Correlation coefficients among the multiple constructs so pr...
Article
This study examines how teachers’ collective efficacy (TCE), job stress, and the cultural dimension of collectivism are associated with job satisfaction for 500 teachers from Canada, Korea (South Korea or Republic of Korea), and the United States. Multigroup path analysis revealed that TCE predicted job satisfaction across settings. Job stress was...
Article
The patterns of brain activation during norm-referenced and criterion-referenced feedback were compared, using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Twenty-two healthy right-handed individuals performed a series of perceptual judgment tasks while their brain activity was recorded. The participants responded to a performance-approach goa...
Article
Full-text available
plagiarize:" ''to steal and pass off as one's own (the ideas or words of another) : use (a created production) without crediting the source. '': to commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source." (Merriam Webster Incorporated., 1993). ''plagiarism: ''1. The action or practice of taking someone...
Article
Validity of the 2 × 2 achievement goal framework for school-aged children and adolescents was examined, using self-report responses from 1,196 Korean elementary and middle school students. Confirmatory factor analysis models hypothesizing 4 distinct achievement goal factors demonstrated the best fit in all age groups. Nevertheless, achievement goal...
Article
The purpose of this article was twofold. The first purpose was to test the validity of the Teachers’ Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES) in five settings—Canada, Cyprus, Korea, Singapore, and the United States. The second purpose was, by extension, to establish the importance of the teacher self-efficacy construct across diverse teaching conditions...
Article
The author examined predictive relations among South Korean high school students' (N = 753) perceptions of their social-psychological environments, personal motivational beliefs, and academic behavior in math. Students' perceptions of their both classroom mastery and performance goal structures predicted their personal mastery goals. Perceptions of...
Article
This study tested whether students' motivation and perceptions of the learning environment changed significantly within the school year. Korean high school girls' (N = 375) perceptions of the performance goal structures in the environment increased significantly throughout the school year. The girls' personal achievement goals and task value demons...
Article
The author assessed academic self-efficacy, task value, ability and effort attributions and mastery, performanceapproach, and performance-avoidance achievement-goal orientations in reference to English, Korean, mathematics, and general school learning among 389 Korean high school girls. Results corroborated M. Bong's (2001) previous report that stu...
Article
Full-text available
Academic motivation researchers sometimes struggle to decipher the distinctive characteristics of what appear to be highly analogous constructs. In this article, we discuss important similarities between self-concept and self-efficacy as well as some notable differences. Both constructs share many similarities such as centrality of perceived compet...
Article
Self-efficacy perceptions of Korean female high school students (N = 202) were assessed at 3 different levels of specificity in English and mathematics. Problem-specific, task-specific, and subject-specific self-efficacy beliefs all formed separate factors in both subject areas. However, the 3 self-efficacy factors were too highly correlated to con...
Article
Convergent and discriminant validity of various self-efficacy measures was examined across 2 studies. In Study 1, U.S. high school students (N = 358) rated their self-efficacy in 6 school subjects in reference to either specific problems or general self-efficacy statements on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ; Pintrich & De...
Article
Contextual perceptions, motivational beliefs, and achievements of 389 female high school students in Seoul, Korea were examined longitudinally during an academic year. Contextual perceptions and motivational beliefs were assessed within the contexts of general school learning and specific school subjects. Overall, personal motivation beliefs were m...
Article
Predictive utility of self-efficacy and task-value beliefs was compared among 168 Korean female college students. The study assessed the constructs longitudinally and attempted consolidation of self-efficacy and expectancy-value theories. Self-efficacy perceptions were assessed at varying levels of measurement specificity. Exploratory factor analys...
Article
The author used confirmatory factor analysis to examine between-domain relations of self-efficacy, task-value, and achievement goal orientations among 424 Korean middle and high school students. All motivational constructs demonstrated strong subject specificity in both age groups. Strengths of between-domains differed substantially by individual c...
Article
Effects of student motivation on performance in Web-based instruction (WBI) were examined. In particular, applicability of the self-efficacy theory to WBI contexts was tested. A total of 152 junior high school students in Seoul, Korea, participated in WBI during regular science classes. Participants completed motivational surveys before the onset o...
Article
This study examined whether the effects of context variables (i.e., perceptions of environmental factors) on student motivation are mediated by personal variables. It was hypothesized that effects from context variables are weak and would be totally mediated by personal variables in the beginning of the first high school year. It was also hypothesi...
Article
Full-text available
This exploratory review compares academic self-concept and self-efficacy research. From the conceptual perspective, self-concept emerges as a more complex construct incorporating both cognitive and affective responses toward the self and is heavily influenced by social comparison. Self-efficacy, in contrast, concerns primarily cognitive judgments o...
Article
Academic self-efficacy beliefs of 204 Korean high school freshmen were solicited in Korean, English, and math by using (a) specific problems, (b) task descriptions, and (c) general statements referring to each domain. Regardless of the assessment specificity, self-efficacy judgments demonstrated certain degrees of generality. Cross-domain correlati...
Article
H. W. Marsh's (1986) internal/external (I/E) frames of reference model posits that students' self-concepts result from simultaneous comparison of their competence to their peers' ability and their ability in other areas. The I/E model failed to receive clear support with (a) subject-specific self-efficacy and (b) frame-specific self-concepts. Frame...
Article
Two of the most widely used academic self-efficacy assessment techniques, problem-referenced measurement and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) were compared. Participants were 383 high school students from 4 Los Angeles (California) schools. Multi-trait multi-method analyses revealed that the two techniques were not measuri...

Network

Cited By