Milovan Fustic

Milovan Fustic
Nazarbayev University | NU · School of Mining and Geosciences

PhD
Geoscience Professor at Nazarbayev University

About

87
Publications
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Introduction
Milovan Fustic currently works as an Associate Professor of Geosciences at the Nazarbayev University (Kazakhstan) and is an Adjunct Professor at the University of Calgary (Canada) and Affiliate Faculty at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Colorado (USA).
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Nazarbayev University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2015 - present
The University of Calgary
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (87)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Permian sedimentary deposits are well exposed in the Kenderlyk trough (Eastern Kazakhstan) which was structurally detached from the Zaysan basin in the Late Cenozoic. These deposits are underlain by thick Devonian-Carboniferous flow basalts and conformably overlain by Triassic clastic deposits. The formation of accommodation space and sedimentation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Precaspian basin (Kazakhstan) is a globally important petroleum province. The basin is divided into two main sequences separated by thick Kungurian (Permian) salt deposits. The source rock for super-giant sub-salt oil fields (i.e. Tengiz, Kashagan, and Karachaganak) are believed to be deep marine carbonate facies (Type IIS) formed syndepositionally...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The lower Paleogene sedimentary record of the uraniferous Chu-Sarysu Basin preserves a complex succession of coarse fluvial channel-belt deposits interstratified with finer floodplain and delta-plain strata that were deposited on a large subtropical coastal plain at the eastern margin of the Turan Platform. Two laterally extensive, ~25 m-thick sand...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heavy oil reservoirs make up the vast majority of Canada’s crude oil reserves and are a major driver of its economic prosperity, contributing 6% of the country’s GDP. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with oil sands production can be double that of conventional oil production. Canada and Canadian oil producers have committed to work towards...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neoproterozoic Aktugay Formation is superbly exposed in Small (Malyi) Karatau mountains in Southern Kazakhstan. The base of the formation is marked by an erosional unconformity with black shales of the upper Koksu formation. The contact with the overlaying Chichkan formation (comprised of fine-grained sandstone, siltstone, shales, tuffs, and interl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Microbially Enhanced Thermally Engineered Oil Recovery (METEOR) is a recently patented technology (Hubert and Fustic, 2021) focused on improving oil recovery, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing operation costs per barrel of produced oil. Technology is based on promoting the activation of dormant microorganisms that produce gas to incre...
Poster
Full-text available
Mangyshlak Basin is located in western Kazakhstan and comprises Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Cenozoic sedimentary successions. These units are superbly exposed in the Aktau and Mangistau mountain ranges north of the basin. This study utilizes black shale outcrop exposures to better understand the origin of organic-rich strata and their role...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Zaisan Basin, located in eastern Kazakhstan contains a 1.5 km thick succession of Permian deposits. The accommodation space was formed by the Kazakhstan and Siberia plates convergence, which caused subduction, strike-slip faulting, compressional faulting, mantle intrusions, and volcanism. The Permian strata are superbly exposed in the Altai Mou...
Article
In the Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation (Alberta, Canada), many intervals of intensely bioturbated (Bioturbation Index = 5–6) fine-grained sediments are characterized by high gamma-ray (GR) readings. Several methods, including sedimentary facies analysis, thin-section petrography, handheld spectral gamma-ray, portable X-ray fluorescence, X-ray d...
Conference Paper
This study provides a preliminary assessment of the geothermal energy potential of the Mangyshlak sedimentary basin in western Kazakhstan. The assessment is done by utilizing the available data from the oil and gas industry such as reservoir temperatures and/or drilled wells' bottomhole temperatures. Depth-temperature profiles revealed that geother...
Article
Most of the oil in low temperature, non‐uplifted reservoirs is biodegraded due to millions of years of microbial activity, including via methanogenesis from crude oil. To evaluate stimulating additional methanogenesis in already heavily biodegraded oil reservoirs, oil sands samples were amended with nutrients and electron acceptors, but oil sands b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most of the geological studies of the Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation in the Athabasca Oil Sands Area have focused on Middle/Upper McMurray channel-belt deposits which contain the majority of the bitumen resource. These channel belts have eroded into the original preexisting sediments which have not been adequately studied. This paper identifie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study focuses on the origin and characterization of high gamma ray (GR) readings in the McMurray Formation. A number of methods including thin section petrography, organic petrography, Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), microprobe of K-feldspar, ICP MS, RockEval, XRD, WD XRF, P-XRF, and spectral gamma using scintillometer were used to inves...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Inclined Heterolithic Strata (IHS), comprised of gently inclined (6-12°) interbedded sand and fine-grained deposits, unambiguously interpreted as point bar accretion deposits, are very common in the Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation, Alberta, Canada. Although genetically related, sand (5-150cm thick) and fine-grained (0.2-20cm thick) beds were de...
Article
This study documents and attempts to describe the processes leading to the formation and preservation of exposed oil, water, and paleo-gas contacts at the McMurray Formation type section, Alberta, Canada. The McMurray Formation type section, a part of the Athabasca Oil Sands Deposit (AOSD), the largest exhumed oil reservoir on Earth, is unparralled...
Article
Full-text available
This review presents six summaries for energy resource commodities including coal and unconventional resources, and an analysis of energy economics and technology for the different commodities, as prepared by the Energy Minerals Division of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Unconventional energy resources, as defined in this report,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study describes and attempts to interpret processes leading to the formation and preservation of eight channel‐fill deposits encased within an interpreted large scale (40 m‐thick) point‐bar deposit. The studied channel fills are superbly exposed along the McMurray Formation type section, Alberta, Canada. Exposures were mapped in detail as part...
Article
Full-text available
The Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) within Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has evaluated the petroleum resource potential for Peel Sound, Prince Regent Inlet, Gulf of Boothia, Fury and Hecla Strait, and the northern portion of Foxe Basin, herein referred to as the study area. As part of the initiative to identify petroleum energy and mineral pot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Three end members proposed for point bar models include fluvial, micro-tidal, and meso-tidal successions (Smith, 1985). The classic fluvial point bar facies model is characterized by an upward-fining succession comprised of (i) coarse lag deposits at the channel base; (ii) dune trough cross-bedding and upper stage plane-bed lamination of the lower...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous multidisciplinary studies of organic-rich units of the Mesoproterozoic Arctic Bay Formation (superbly exposed at the Shale Valley, Borden Basin, northern Baffin Island; Turner and Kamber, 2012), and the Neoproterozoic Wynniatt Formation (retrieved from a subsurface core GNME 07-04, Amundsen Basin, Victoria Island; Thomson et al, 2015) were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The Lower Carboniferous Banff Formation of Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) is a widespread and up to 800 m thick succession deposited on the cratonic platform in the northwestern margin of ancestral North America. The Banff Formation is well exposed in the Front Ranges of the Canadian Rockies. Repeated stratigraphy, caused by M...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The Lower Carboniferous Banff Formation of Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) is a widespread and up to 800 m thick succession deposited on the cratonic platform in the northwestern margin of ancestral North America. Recent work on selected cores from West-Central Alberta reveals the co-occurrence of low reflectance alginate, indi...
Presentation
Full-text available
Recent advancements in terrestrial photogrammetry using ground positioning system (GPS) equipped unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) coupled with rapid user-friendly processing and three-dimensional georeferenced surface modeling (i.e. Pix4D Mapper, product of Pix4D Inc.) and digital outcrop logging (i.e. DigitCore, product of Loring TarCore Labs Ltd.)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) operations in N.E. Alberta are currently facing unprecedented economic and environmental challenges. Developing a fulsome understanding of production mechanisms and how production can be optimized enables operators to help meet these emerging challenges. Post-steam core illustrate that SAGD operations utilize...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chute channels are common in modern meandering river deposits, and also recognized in the Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation outcrops and subsurface (Fustic et al., 2013; Fustic et al., in press). Of particular interest to this study are two chute channel deposits exposed at the McMurray Formation Type Section (Fig. 1A-C), described as encased cha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) operations, temperature observation wells and Residual Saturation Tool (RST) logging illustrate the top of the associated steam chamber and the occurrence of gas in conductively heated zones above the steam chamber. Steam chamber growth is commonly delayed or halted at the base of mudstone-dominated inc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2016, a search for macro-and micro-hydrocarbon seeps aboard Canadian Coast Guard Ship (CCGS) Amundsen in Saglek Basin included integration of multi-beam sonar bathymetric survey with data and samples collected by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) and box-cores. Although the focus of research is on the interdependance of various earth system cons...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV's) are used to create high-resolution video, orthomosaic images and three-dimensional models for outcrops of any size or location. A virtual tour of the McMurray Formation type section (Figure 1), near the city of Ft. McMurray is presented, to show an example of a cost-effective and convenient method to characterize oi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Production and geological data from Alberta’s 65 experimental in-situ heavy oil, oil sands and enhanced oil recovery pilot projects from the 1980’s and 1990’s provide valuable perspectives on meeting economic and environmental challenges facing our industry today. Many of these earlier pilots utilized cyclic steam stimulation (CSS), typically wit...
Patent
Full-text available
A method and a system for recovering oil from currently inaccessible oil containing geological units by activating the deep biosphere microbial seed bank. Nutrient and thermal enhancement of microorganisms in oil containing geological units allows for stimulation of inactive and/or dormant microorganisms such that they proliferate and produce gas....
Article
Classical models developed for ancient fluvial point bars are based on the assumption that meander bends invariably increase their radius as meander-bend apices migrate in a direction transverse to the channel-belt axis (i.e., meander bend expansion). However, many modern meandering rivers are also characterized by down-valley migration of the bend...
Chapter
Full-text available
An outcrop of the McMurray Formation along the Christina River (Alberta, Canada) has been investigated to better understand depositional processes and setting. The succession is formed by large-scale tabular sets of unidirectional trough cross-stratification. Many of these sets are characterized by profusely ripple-laminated and thick, laterally pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The McMurray Formation in Alberta, Canada has extensive bitumen resources trapped in large-scale tidal-fluvial point bar sequences of interbedded siltstones and sands, called Inclined Heterolithic Stratification (IHS). IHS dominated reservoirs are not economically producible using Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD). Thick intervals of interbedd...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Athabasca oil sand deposit, the world’s largest petroleum accumulation, contains an estimated 1.7 trillion bbl of heavily to severely biodegraded oil,with API gravities ranging from 6 to 108. Although reservoir characterization has been the subject of many studies in the region, very little attention has been given to petroleum (bitumen) charac...
Chapter
Full-text available
Tidally influenced meandering river deposits of the Cretaceous middle McMurray Formation are characterized by rapid vertical and lateral lithological and associated reservoir property changes. Within the reservoir, water may occur below, above, and in the middle of the bitumen column, and there may be multiple gas intervals. Although conceptual und...
Article
Full-text available
To optimize SAGD well-pair placement and improve thermal recovery operations, geochemical bitumen composition logs are used to identify barriers and baffles to fluid flow, which may compartmentalize McMurray Formation reservoirs in the Athabasca Oil Sands. SAGD steam chamber growth and cumulative steam oil ratios are sensitive to both vertical perm...
Article
Full-text available
The Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation is the primary host of the Athabasca oil sands deposit, one of the largest petroleum deposits in the world. Regional studies show that within the McMurray Formation, bitumen-saturated reservoir sands are encountered within the western, central and northeastern sections of the northeastern Athabasca deposit, w...
Data
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article: Table S1. PCR primers used for microbial community analyses. Please note: Wiley-Blackwell are not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting materials supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing material) should be directed to the...
Article
Full-text available
The subsurface microbiology of an Athabasca oil sands reservoir in western Canada containing severely biodegraded oil was investigated by combining 16S rRNA gene- and polar lipid-based analyses of reservoir formation water with geochemical analyses of the crude oil and formation water. Biomass was filtered from formation water, DNA was extracted us...
Article
Full-text available
The bitumen of the Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation in Alberta arguably represents one of the most important hydrocarbon accumulations in the world. In-situ development relies on heat transfer through the reservoir via horizontal steam injection wells placed 4 to 6 m (13-20 ft) above horizontal producers near the base of the sandstone reservoirs...