Milena Soares

Milena Soares
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz | FIOCRUZ · Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz (CPqGM) - Fiocruz Bahia

BSc, PhD

About

315
Publications
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Introduction
Milena Soares currently works at the Instituto Gonçalo Moniz (IGM) - Fiocruz Bahia, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz and at the Institute of Technology for Health, Senai/Cimatec. Milena does research in Parasitology, Pharmacology, cell therapy and Immunology.

Publications

Publications (315)
Article
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Guatteria olivacea R. E. Fries (synonym Guatteria punctata (Aubl.) R.A. Howard) is a tree of 10–27 m tall popularly known as “envira-bobó”, “envira-fofa”, “envireira”, “embira”, “embira-branca”, “embira-preta”, envira-branca”, and “envira-preta”, which can be found in the Brazilian Amazon biome. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic and antitum...
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Aim: Previous studies showed that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) improved heart function in a mice model of Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC). Herein, we report the interim results of the safety and efficacy of G-CSF therapy vs. placebo in adults with Chagas cardiomyopathy. Methods: Patients with CCC, New York Heart Association...
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Neurological disorders include a wide spectrum of clinical conditions affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems. For these conditions, which affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide, generally limited or no treatments are available, and cell-based therapies have been intensively investigated in preclinical and clinical studies. Am...
Article
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most lethal form of leukemia. Standard anti-AML treatment remains almost unchanged for decades. Tingenone (TG) and 22-hydroxytingenone (22-HTG) are quinonemethide triterpenes found in the Amazonian plant Salacia impressifolia (Celastraceae), with cytotoxic properties in different histological types of cancer cell...
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Diclinanona calycina R. E. Fries popularly known as “envira”, is a species of the Annonaceae family endemic to Brazil. In our ongoing search for bioactive compounds from Annonaceae Amazon plants, the bark of D. calycina was investigated by classical chromatography techniques that yielded thirteen compounds (alkaloids and flavonoids) described for t...
Article
In this study, guadiscine (G1) and guadiscidine (G2), 7,7-dimethylaporphine alkaloids from Guatteria friesiana, have they geometric paramaters, vibrational behavior and quantum chemical properties (HOMO-LUMO, MEP, ALIE and Fukui indices) analyzed through a theoretical view, by density functional theory (DFT), using the Becker's three-parameter hybr...
Article
Quinones are plant-derived secondary metabolites that present diverse pharmacological properties, including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and anticancer activities. In the present study, we evaluated the cytotoxic effect of a new naphthoquinone 6b,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[b]naphtho[2,1-d]furan-5,6(9aH)-dione) (...
Article
Envenoming, resulting from snake bites, is a global public health problem. The present study was undertaken to investigate the influence of Crotalus durissus cascavella (Cdcas) venom on cardiac activity and the mechanisms of action underlying its effect. To investigate the inotropic and chronotropic effects induced by Cdcas, studies were performed...
Article
A new tropane alkaloid 7β-acetoxy-6β-benzoyloxy-3α-hydroxytropane (1) was isolated from the twigs of Erythroxylum macrocalyx Mart. (Erythroxylaceae), along with the known substances: 6β,7β-dibenzoyloxy-3α-hydroxytropane (2), 6β,7β-dihydroxy-3α-(phenylacetoxy)tropane (3), 3α-benzoyloxy-6β,7β-dihydroxytropane (4), 6β-benzoyloxy-3α-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dime...
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Aniba parviflora (Meisn.) Mez (Lauraceae) is an aromatic plant of the Amazon rainforest, which has a tremendous commercial value in the perfumery industry; it is popularly used as flavoring sachets and aromatic baths. In Brazilian folk medicine, A. parviflora is used to treat victims of snakebites. Herein, we analyzed the chemical composition of A....
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Painful neuropathy is a common adverse effect of oxaliplatin (OXL), a platinum-derivative chemotherapeutic agent. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are key factors contributing to the development of OXL-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN). Based on the antioxidant and antinociceptive properties of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC),...
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The phytochemical investigation of the hexane and methanol extracts from the bark of Duguetia pycnastera Sandwith (Annonaceae) afforded seven known compounds, two asarone-derived phenylpropanoids and five isoquinoline-derived alkaloids. The asarones, γ-asarone (1-allyl-2,4,5-trimethoxybenzene) and 2,4,5-trimethoxy-styrene were isolated of the hexan...
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Zika virus (ZIKV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, was brought into the spotlight due to its widespread and increased pathogenicity, including Guillain-Barrésyndrome and microcephaly. Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), which are multipotent cells capable of differentiating into the major neural phenotypes, are very susceptible to ZIKV infection....
Article
Ru(II)-based complexes have been widely investigated as potential anticancer agents, leading cell death of tumor mass. In this work, a metal complex, cis-[RuII(Hind)2(bpy)2](PF6)2 (Hind = indazole and bpy = 2,2’-bipyridine), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopy and electrochemistry methods, validating its formulatio...
Article
Direct halogenation of phenolic compounds present in the CH2Cl2 extract of the roots of Arrabidaea brachypoda was investigated to enhance chemodiversity. The approach is based on eco-friendly reactions using NaBr, NaI, and NaCl in aqueous media to generate multiple "unnatural" halogenated natural products from crude extracts. The halogenation react...
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Conobea scoparioides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Benth. (syn. Sphaerotheca scoparioides Cham. & Schldtl.) (Plantaginaceae), popularly known as "pataqueira", "vassourinha-do-brejo" and/or “hierba-de-sapo”, is a popular medicinal plant used to treat leishmaniasis, pain and beriberi. In addition, inhibition of cell adhesion, antioxidant, cytotoxic and leishman...
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Diabetic neuropathy is a frequent complication of diabetes. Symptoms include neuropathic pain and sensory alterations—no effective treatments are currently available. This work characterized the therapeutic effect of bergenin in a mouse (C57/BL6) model of streptozotocin-induced painful diabetic neuropathy. Nociceptive thresholds were assessed by th...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance Virola surinamensis (Rol. ex Rottb.) Warb. (Myristicaceae), popularly known in Brazil as “mucuíba”, “ucuúba”, “ucuúba-branca” or “ucuúba do igapó”, is a medicinal plant used to treat a variety of diseases, including infections, inflammatory processes and cancer. Aim of the study In the present work, we investigated t...
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Cyperus articulatus L. (Cyperaceae), popularly known in Brazil as “priprioca” or “piriprioca”, is a tropical and subtropical plant used in popular medical practices to treat many diseases, including cancer. In this study, C. articulatus rhizome essential oil (EO), collected from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest, was addressed in relation to its chem...
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The phytochemical investigation of the hexane extract which was obtained from the leaves of Xylopia laevigata (Annonaceae) produced six terpenes. Among these, five diterpenes named abieta-7,13-dien-3-one, ent-7β-acetoxy-16β-hydroxy-kaurane, 4-epi-cupressic acid, powerol, and labdorffianic acid B, and one oxygenated sesquiterpene, spathulenol. This...
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Chagas disease is endemic in Latin America and increasingly found in non-endemic countries. Its treatment is limited due to the variable efficacy and several side effects of benznidazole. Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) may be an attractive approach for treating Chagas disease. Here, the trypanocidal activity of PACT was investigated...
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Guatteria megalophylla Diels (Annonaceae) is an 8−10 m tall tree that grows near streams and is widely spread throughout Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, Brazilian and Guianese Amazon rainforest. Herein, we investigated for the first time the chemical composition and in vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia potential of G. megalophylla leaf essential oil...
Article
Two new Ru(II)-based complexes containing 2-thiouracil derivatives, known as 2-thiouracil (2TU) and 6-methyl-2-thiouracil (6m2TU), were synthesized using cis,trans-[RuCl2(PPh3)2(bipy)] as a precursor. The obtained compounds with a general formula trans-[Ru(2TU)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 (1) and trans-[Ru(6m2TU)(PPh3)2(bipy)]PF6 (2) were characterized by ana...
Article
Piper species are commonly used by indigenous communities to treat several gastrointestinal diseases. In China, they are also used as an active ingredient in formulae to treat cancer. The objective of the study was to perform a large-scale metabolite profiling analysis to identify bioactive compounds in Piper anisum. Antioxidant capacity was assess...
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In this study, we report our contribution to the application of the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction for the synthesis of β-keto-1,2,3-triazole derivatives 3a-f from ethinylestradiol and their application in the inhibition of two human cancer cells lines: human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and human hepatocellular carci...
Article
In addition to seven known alkaloids (2, 6-11) and 1,2,4-trimethoxybenzene (1), three isoquinoline-derived alkaloids (3-5), namely, duguetinine (3), a compound based on an unprecedented oxahomoaporphine scaffold, and two new 8-oxohomoaporphine alkaloids, duguesuramine (4) and 11-methoxyduguesuramine (5), and a new asarone-derived phenylpropanoid (1...
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Ruthenium(II) complexes with 6-methyl-2-thiouracil cis-[Ru(6m2tu)2(PPh3)2] (1) and [Ru(6m2tu)2(dppb)] (2) (where PPh3 = triphenylphosphine; dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane; and 6m2tu = 6-methyl-2-thiouracil) are potent cytotoxic agents and able to bind DNA. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro cellular underlying mechanism and in...
Article
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Ru(II)-thymine complex [Ru(PPh3)2(Thy)(bipy)]PF6 (where PPh3 = triphenylphosphine, Thy = thyminate and bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine) is a potent cytotoxic agent with ability to bind to DNA, inducing caspase-mediated apoptosis in leukemia cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the cell death induction by Ru(II)-thymine complex in h...
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Herein, ruthenium complexes containing heterocyclic thioamidates [Ru(mmi)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 (1), [Ru(tzdt)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 (2), [Ru(dmp)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 (3) and [Ru(mpca)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 (4) were investigated for their cellular and molecular effects in cancer cell lines. Complexes 1 and 2 were the most potent of the four compounds against a panel of...
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The chemical constituents of essential oils extracted by hydrodistillation from Piper klotzschianum, P. hispidum, and P. arboreum, collected from the remaining Atlantic forest in Sergipe State, were characterized and submitted to cytotoxic and larvicidal activity assays. The major constituents identified (stems, fresh, and dried leaves) were ( E)-c...
Article
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Ruthenium complexes with piplartine, [Ru(piplartine)(dppf)(bipy)](PF6)2 (1) and [Ru(piplartine)(dppb)(bipy)](PF6)2 (2) (dppf = 1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino) ferrocene; dppb = 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane and bipy = 2,2’-bipyridine), were recently synthesized and displayed more potent cytotoxicity than piplartine in different cancer cells, regulate...
Article
Chromones are a group of natural substances with a diversity of biological activities. Herein we assessed the pharmacological potential of three chromones (1, 2 and 3) isolated from Dictyoloma vandellianum as anti-inflammatory agents using in vitro and in vivo approaches. During in vitro screening, the production of NO and cytokines by macrophages...
Article
Background Quinoxaline, a fused heterocycle of benzene and pyrazine rings are becoming recognized as a potent class of anti-cancer compounds, such as, in a wide array of pharmacological activities. Methods We evaluate the three gallate quinoxalines (G-A1, G-A2, and G-A3) as c-Met kinase inhibitors using a docking study, in vitro anticancer potenti...
Article
Canthin‐6‐one alkaloids, which are present in plants of the genus Simaba, are natural compounds that are capable of acting as fluorescent probes. However, the chemical composition and fluorescent properties of most species of this genus have not been analyzed. The objective of this study was to characterize the fluorescent properties of an extract...
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Current treatment for combatting Chagas disease, a life-threatening illness caused by the kinetoplastid protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is inadequate, and thus the discovery of new antiparasitic compounds is of prime importance. Previous studies identified the indirubins, a class of ATP kinase inhibitors, as potent growth inhibitors of the rel...
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Leishmaniasis are diseases caused by parasites belonging to Leishmania genus. The treatment with pentavalent antimonials present high toxicity. Secondary line drugs, such as amphotericin B and miltefosine also have a narrow therapeutic index. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new drugs to treat leishmaniasis. Here, we present the in vit...
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Background Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) is characterized by the presence of a multifocal inflammatory response and myocardial damage, leading to fibrosis, arrhythmias and ventricular dysfunction. The expression of syndecan-4, a transmembrane proteoglycan, was previously found to be increased in the hearts of mice chronically infected with Tr...
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MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. They are involved in the regulation of physiological processes, such as adaptation to physical exercise, and also in disease settings, such as systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), and obesity. In SAH, microRNAs play a significa...
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Croton matourensis Aubl. (synonym Croton lanjouwensis Jabl.), popularly known as “orelha de burro”, “maravuvuia”, and/or “sangrad’água”, is a medicinal plant used in Brazilian folk medicine as a depurative and in the treatment of infections, fractures, and colds. In this work, we investigated the chemical composition and in vitro cytotoxic and in v...
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Piplartine (piperlongumine) is a plant-derived compound found in some Piper species that became a novel potential antineoplastic agent. In the present study, we synthesized a novel platinum complex containing a piplartine derivative cis-[PtCl(PIP-OH)(PPh3)2]PF6 (where, PIP-OH = piplartine demethylated derivative; and PPh3 = triphenylphosphine) with...
Article
Acridines are considered an important class of compounds due to their wide variety of biological activities. In this work, we synthesized four acridine derivatives (1-4) and evaluated their biological activity against the Plasmodium falciparum W2 line, as well as studied the interaction with ctDNA and HSA using spectroscopic techniques and molecula...
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Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most prevalent and severe monogenetic disorders, affecting several million people around the world. Clinical manifestations and complications of the disease include sickle cell pain crisis, silent cerebral infarct, stroke, nephropathy and early death. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cell...
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The phytochemical investigation of the alkaloid-rich fraction obtained from the leaves of Guatteria pogonopus Mart. (Annonaceae) allowed the isolation and identification for the first time in this species of: (+)-nornuciferine (1), a mixture of 1 and (+)-anonaine (2), (+)-isocorydine (3), (+)-nuciferine (4), (+)-roemerine (5), (-)-tetrahydropseudoc...
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Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been investigated for the treatment of diseases that affect the cardiovascular system, including Chagas disease. MSCs are able to promote their beneficial actions through the secretion of proregenerative and immunomodulatory factors, including insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), which has proregenerative...
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Purpose: The use of tolerogenic dendritic cells (TolDCs) to control exacerbated immune responses may be a prophylactic and therapeutic option for application in autoimmune and allergic conditions. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of TolDC administration in a mouse model of allergic airway inflammation caused by mite extract....
Article
The objective of this work was to obtain and evaluate anti-inflammatory in vitro, in vivo and in silico potential of novel indole-N-acylhydrazone derivatives. In total, 10 new compounds (3a–j) were synthesized in satisfactory yields, through a condensation reaction in a single synthesis step. In the lymphoproliferation assay, using mice splenocytes...
Article
β-Lapachone is a natural naphthoquinone originally obtained from the bark of the purple Ipe (Tabebuia avellanedae Lor, Bignoniaceae) and its therapeutic potential in human cancer cells has been evaluated in several studies. In this study, we examined the effects of β-lapachone and its 3-iodine derivatives (3-I-α-lapachone and 3-I-β-lapachone) on ce...
Data
Experimental design. (A) Establishment of dose and administration regimen. C57BL/6 mice were treated with a single dose of 106 mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or MSC_G-CSF (i.p) and serial hemograms were performed during 7 days. (B) Cell tracking was performed in C57BL/6 mice chronically infected with T. cruzi (6 months after infection) 3 and 7 days...
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Background: Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a frequent and debilitating manifestation of diabetes mellitus, to which there are no effective therapeutic approaches. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) have a great potential for the treatment of this syndrome, possibly through regenerative actions on peripheral nerves. Here, we evaluated the therapeuti...
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Genetic modification of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a promising strategy to improve their therapeutic effects. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a growth factor widely used in the clinical practice with known regenerative and immunomodulatory actions, including the mobilization of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived s...
Article
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Ruthenium-based compounds represent a class of potential antineoplastic drugs. Recently, we designed, synthesized, and identified the Ru(II)-thymine complex [Ru(PPh3)2(Thy)(bipy)]PF6 (where PPh = triphenylphosphine, Thy = thymine and bipy = 2,2′-bipyridine) as a potent cytotoxic agent with the ability to bind to DNA and human and bovine serum album...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are promising tools in the fields of cell therapy and regenerative medicine. In addition to their differentiation potential, MSC have the ability to secrete bioactive molecules that stimulate tissue regeneration. Thus, the overexpression of cytokines and growth factors may enhance the therapeutic effects of MSC. Here we...
Article
Herein, we used thymine (HThy) as ligand to form two new ruthenium(II) complexes with formula [Ru(PPh3)2(Thy)(bipy)]PF6 (1) and [Ru(Thy)(bipy)(dppb)]PF6 (2). The complexes were characterized by spectroscopic, spectrometric and X-ray crystallography analyses. Complexes 1 and 2 can interact with ctDNA presenting binding constants, Kb, of 0.4 and 1.2...