Milena Paneque

Milena Paneque
Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde i3S - Universidade do Porto · CGPP-IBMC

PhD. MSc

About

80
Publications
11,337
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1,138
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Introduction
Milena Paneque currently works at the Centro de Genética Preditiva e Preventiva (CGPP), University of Porto. Milena does research in Genetic Counselling. Their current project is 'Gen-Equip project [www.primarycaregenetics.org] .'
Additional affiliations
October 2003 - present
University of Porto
Position
  • Genetic counsellor
September 1998 - October 2003
Center for Research and Rehabilitation of Hereditary Ataxias
Center for Research and Rehabilitation of Hereditary Ataxias
Position
  • Psychologist & Genetic Counsellor

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Monitoring the quality of genetic counselling is essential to ensure appropriate provision. This study describes the development and initial psychometric validation of a novel scale for genetic counselling quality evaluation by patients. A deductive approach was taken to formulate scale items. Exploratory factor analysis with the principal axis fac...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric genetic counseling (PGC) is gradually developing globally, with countries in various stages of development. In some, PGC is established as a service or as part of research projects while in others, it is just emerging as a concept. In this article, we describe the current global landscape of this genetic counseling specialty and this fi...
Article
There is no Master’s level education for genetic counseling in Sweden, meaning that genetic counselor professionals have very different backgrounds. Hence, there is a need to harmonize the quality of genetic counseling and introduce standards for practice. The Swedish Society for Genetic Counselors and the Swedish Society of Medical Genetics and Ge...
Article
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Introduction: The national protocol of genetic counselling and pre-symptomatic testing for late-onset neurological diseases began in Portugal in 1995. Initially, it was accessible only to adults at-risk for Machado-Joseph disease, but was later extended to other hereditary ataxias, to Huntington's disease and to familial amyloid polyneuropathy cau...
Article
This paper reports accounts from people at-risk for, or affected by, Machado-Joseph disease, and their family members, about their decisions not to seek pre-symptomatic testing, therefore remaining (for the time) uninformed about their genetic status. We draw on individual and family semi-structured interviews with participants recruited through a...
Article
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We believe that in 2018 there are nearly 7000 genetic counselors globally, in at least 28 countries. Greater than 60% are practicing in North America. As described above, most countries with training programs in genetic counseling have adopted a 2-year Master’s degree approach, although there is variation in methods and requirements for training, c...
Article
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This Article was originally published under Nature Research's License to Publish, but has now been made available under a [CC BY 4.0] license. The PDF and HTML versions of the Article have been modified accordingly.
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Purpose: Genetic advances mean patients at risk of genetic conditions can be helped through testing, clinical screening, and preventive treatment, but they must first be identified to benefit. Ensuring quality of genetic care for patients requires genetic expertise in all health services, including primary care. To address an educational shortfall...
Article
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Introduction: The lack of tools for quality assessment of genetic counselling is recognized in national and international studies. The correlation of quality of healthcare practice with greater satisfaction of patients and affected families is also well established. The present study describes the development and validation of the first Portuguese...
Article
Introduction: The lack of tools for quality assessment of genetic counselling is recognized in national and international studies. The correlation of quality of healthcare practice with greater satisfaction of patients and affected families is also well established. The present study describes the development and validation of the first Portuguese...
Article
The main objective of our study was to explore whether, and to what extent, genetic counsellors’ characteristics impact on their tasks in practice. Specifically, we explored the complementariness between genetic counsellors and medical geneticists and therefore looked at the most relevant tasks of genetic counsellors, according to genetic counsello...
Article
Genetic information is a family affair. With the expansion of genomic technologies, many new causal genes and variants have been established and the potential for molecular diagnoses increased, with implications not only for patients but also their relatives. The need for genetic counseling and intrafamilial circulation of information on genetic ri...
Article
The aim of the European Board of Medical Genetics has been to develop and promote academic and professional standards necessary in order to provide competent genetic counselling services. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of the European registration system for genetic nurses and counsellors from the perspectives of those professional...
Article
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Clinical genetic services have progressed significantly the last few decades. This has led to the need for non-medical health-care professionals working as genetic counsellors in Europe and worldwide. However, there is no unified approach to genetic counsellors' role in health-care services in Europe, as in most countries the profession is still em...
Article
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Genetics and genomics are increasingly relevant to primary healthcare but training is unavailable to many practitioners. Education that can be accessed by practitioners without cost or travel is essential. The Gen-Equip project was formed to provide effective education in genetics for primary healthcare in Europe and so improve patient care. Partne...
Article
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Foi objetivo deste artigo a sensibilização dos profissionais de saúde para as atuais potencialidades e constrangimentos dos cuidados de saúde primários relativamente à área da genética. Com uma visão multidisciplinar, os autores discutem as necessidades de apoio na área da Genética Médica Clínica (GMC) nos Cuidados de Saúde Primários (CSP), no sent...
Chapter
Genetic healthcare has developed as a specialty in Europe over the past five decades and initially services were provided by medical specialists. However, due to changes in awareness of the psychosocial impact of genetic conditions, the amount of new options available to families and the consequent workload increase, clinical genetic services are n...
Article
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Background: At least 10 % of patients seen in primary care are said to have a condition in which genetics has an influence. However, patients at risk of genetic disease may not be recognised, while those who seek advice may not be referred or managed appropriately. Primary care practitioners lack knowledge of genetics and genetic testing relevant...
Article
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The need for appropriately trained genetic counsellors to support genetic healthcare is now acknowledged. However, while programmes for education of genetic counsellors exist in a number of countries, these do not conform to any specific international standards. As genetic techniques, educational standards and professional standards have been evolv...
Article
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The European Journal of Human Genetics is the official Journal of the European Society of Human Genetics, publishing high-quality, original research papers, short reports, News and Commentary articles and reviews in the rapidly expanding field of human genetics and genomics.
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Supporting consultands to communicate risk information with their relatives is key to obtaining the full benefits of genetic health care. To understand how health-care professionals address this issue in clinical practice and what interventions are used specifically to assist consultands in their communication of genetic information to appropriate...
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The European Journal of Human Genetics is the official Journal of the European Society of Human Genetics, publishing high-quality, original research papers, short reports, News and Commentary articles and reviews in the rapidly expanding field of human genetics and genomics.
Article
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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the ATXN2 gene. Cuba has the highest prevalence (6.57 cases/10(5) inhabitants) of SCA2 in the world. The existence of 753 affected individuals and 7173 relatives at risk prompted the development in 2001 of the first predictive testing program in...
Article
Portugal is one of the European countries where genetic counseling is emerging as an independent clinical and scientific field, paralleling the international expansion of this profession. Important steps have been consistently made towards establishing safe and ethical genetic counseling, delivered by adequately trained professionals. In 1998, Clin...
Article
Genetic counselling for presymptomatic testing is complex, bringing both ethical and practical questions. There are protocols for counselling but a scarcity of literature regarding quality assessment of such counselling practice. Generic quality assessment tools for genetic services are not specific to presymptomatic testing (PST). Therefore, the a...
Article
Quality assessment of genetic counseling practice for improving healthcare is a challenge for genetic services worldwide; however, there is scarce literature regarding quality issues in genetic counseling in the context of presymptomatic testing for late-onset neurological diseases (Paneque et al. 2012) The aims of this qualitative study were to: (...
Article
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Objective To explore Hereditary Haemochromatosis (HH) patients’ perspectives on genetic information, namely the types of sources used, preferred or trusted. Methods A survey online was conducted by the European Federation of Associations of Patients with Haemochromatosis (EFAPH) and applied to members of 9 national associations. Results From a to...
Article
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Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant, late-onset neurological disorder and the most common form of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) worldwide. Diagnostic genetic testing is available to detect the disease-causing mutation by direct sizing of the CAG repeat tract in the ataxin 3 gene. Presymptomatic testing (PST) can be used to identify...
Article
There is a general consensus that HFE- related Hereditary Haemochromatosis (HFE-HH) should be diagnosed at early stages in pre-symptomatic individuals, in order to prevent the most severe consequences of iron overload. In Portugal, despite an increasing number of requests for genetic diagnosis of this rare disease, there is not a corresponding incr...
Article
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In this retrospective study, we have researched the psychological impact of pre-symptomatic testing (PST) for 2 autosomal dominant late-onset diseases: Hunt-ington disease (HD and familial amyloidotic poly-neuropathy (FAP) V30M TTR. The study included 53 subjects: 40 (75.5%) were the offspring at risk for FAP and 13 (24.5%) for HD. Of these, 38 (73...
Article
Although available guidelines for familial cancer risk counseling clearly state the need to provide adequate psychosocial assessments and support, this feature of care is only available in part for individuals and families in oncogenetic counseling protocols in Portugal. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychosocial aspects of oncogenet...
Article
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In 2001 a program for predictive testing of Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 2 was developed in Cuba, based on the detection of an abnormal CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion in the ATXN2 gene. A descriptive study was designed to assess the implications of ATXN2 large normal and intermediate alleles in the context of the SCA2 Prenatal Diagnosis Program....
Article
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Cuba reports the highest worldwide prevalence of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) and the greatest number of descendants at risk. A protocol for genetic counseling, presymptomatic testing, and prenatal diagnosis of hereditary ataxias has been under development since 2001. Considering that the revision of the experience with prenatal diagnosis f...
Article
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Having reported the world's highest prevalence of SCA2, health professionals in Cuba developed a program for the predictive testing of this condition. Between February 2001 and December 2011 a total of 1050 individuals requested their inclusion in the presymptomatic testing program. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed in the present...
Article
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Recent advances in molecular genetics have allowed the determination of the genetic cause of some childhood non-syndromic deafness. In Portugal only a small proportion of families are referred to a clinical genetics service in order to clarify the etiology of the deafness and to provide genetic counseling. Consequently, there are no published studi...
Article
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Genetic counselling must be offered in the context of presymptomatic testing (PST) for severe late-onset diseases; however, effective genetic counselling is not well defined, and measurement tools that allow a systematic evaluation of genetic practice are still not available. The aims of this qualitative study were to (1) recognize relevant aspects...
Article
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Since 2001 a program for the presymptomatic testing of families affected with SCA2 has been under development in Cuba. According to the initial protocol, access would be given to nonsymptomatic individuals at 50% risk, over 18 years; nevertheless, eleven minors requested their inclusion in the program. A retrospective and descriptive study based on...
Data
Definitions of genetic testing found in recommendations, guidelines, reports, statements, positions and other documents from the following organizations
Article
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In spite of being very commonly used, the term genetic testing is debatable and used with several meanings. The diversity of existing definitions is confusing for scientists, clinicians and other professionals, health authorities, legislators and regulating agencies and the civil society in general, particularly when genetic testing is the object o...
Article
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This article examines genetics healthcare professionals' opinions about a multifamily psychoeducational programme for hereditary cancer susceptibility families, implemented at a Portuguese genetics service. Their views on how a family-oriented approach is envisioned to be incorporated in Portuguese genetic counselling services are also reported. Si...
Article
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Presymptomatic testing (PST) is available for a range of late-onset disorders. Health practitioners generally follow guidelines regarding appropriate number of counseling sessions, involvement of multidisciplinary teams, topics for pretest discussion, and follow-up sessions; however, more understanding is needed about what helps consultands effecti...
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Predictive testing protocols are intended to help patients affected with hereditary conditions understand their condition and make informed reproductive choices. However, predictive protocols may expose clinicians and patients to ethical dilemmas that interfere with genetic counseling and the decision making process. This paper describes ethical di...
Article
Almaguer-Mederosa LE, Falcón NS, Almira YR, Zaldivar YG, Almarales DC, Góngora EM, Herrera MP, Batallán KE, Armiñán RR, Manresa MV, Cruz GS, Laffita-Mesa J, Cyuz TM, Chang V, Auburger G, Gispert S, Pérez LV. Estimation of the age at onset in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 Cuban patients by survival analysis. Previous studies have investigated the cl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective: To test the hypothesis that the frequencies of normal alleles (ANs) with a relatively large number of CAG repeats (large ANs) are related to the prevalences of Spinocerebellar Ataxias. Background: SCA2 reaches the highest prevalence in Cuba (43*100000 people). In Huntington’s disease, SCA1, SCA3, and SCA7 is largely known the arising of...
Article
To identify possible factors affecting the psychological impact of pre-symptomatic testing for spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) and familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP ATTRV30M), we studied (1) the effect of previous experience with the disease in the family, (2) kinship with the closest affected relative and (3) gender of affected parent, whe...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hereditary ataxias in Cuba, with a special focus on the clinical and molecular features of SCA2. Clinical assessments were performed by neurological examinations and application of the SARA scale. Molecular analyses of genes SCA1-3, SCA6, SCA17 and DRPLA identified 753 patients with SCA...
Article
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Presymptomatic testing for spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) in Cuba started five years ago. We have now investigated the psychological impact of test results on 150 individuals at 50% risk for SCA2. In a prospective study, psychological instruments were used to evaluate depression, anxiety and family functioning (1) before testing and (2) one y...
Article
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In this paper, we present a descriptive study of the first year of implementation of the predictive genetic testing program for spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) in Cuba, which has been structured along the international guidelines for Huntington disease. Subjects and Medical records were retrospectively reviewed from 100 individuals who request...
Article
Full-text available
Machado-Joseph disease [MJD, also spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3)] and familial amyloid polyneuropathy type I (FAP-I or ATTR V30M) are neurodegenerative disorders, inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, which have a high prevalence in Portugal, probably due to a founder effect. MJD and FAP-I are late-onset diseases, with symptoms emerging...
Article
Of the different hereditary ataxias present in Cuba, spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is the most prevalent molecular type. Over the last years a great amount of progress has been made in clinical, epidemiological, molecular and neurophysiological research. Yet, the main psychiatric disorders that appear in these patients remain unknown. Their...
Article
Full-text available
The spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 has a prevalence of 43 per 100,000 inhabitants in Holguín province, which is the highest one reported worldwide. It is due to an intergenerational CAG repeat expansion contained in the first exon of disease causing gene, and it is characterized by a high variability in its clinical and electrophysiological presenta...
Article
Psychological rehabilitation in patients with neurodegenerative disorders helps to improve their quality of life and provide the most suitable approach to their disease. There are no records of this type of treatment being used in type 11 spinocerebellar ataxia. To evaluate the efficacy of group therapy within the framework of psychological rehabil...
Article
Type 2 spinocerebellar ataxia is a hereditary degenerative disorder of the nervous system. Advances in molecular genetics have made it possible to carry out presymptomatic and prenatal studies. A programme to define the strategies and principles for doing this has been devised. To find the level of acceptance of prenatal diagnosis in couples at ris...
Article
A patient with type 2 spino cerebellar ataxia has difficulty in carrying out alternate movements such as pronation and supination. OBJECTIVES. To evaluate the function of an automatized system for measuring disorders of alternate movements. We studied the measurement of diadochokinesia in two groups of healthy patients, a first group (64 persons) t...
Article
The hereditary ataxias in Cuba make up the highest concentration of these patients in the world. The spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) molecular form is predominant. To determine the prevalence and incidence of hereditary ataxias. We made a descriptive study of 440 patients and 1,633 members of families at risk from this disorder in the province...
Article
This review has been designed to describe the main clinical, epidemiological, electrophysiological, molecular and quantitative neurological characteristics in SCA2. The prevalence rate of patients with ataxia in Holguin province is 43 per 100,000 inhabitants. The prevalence of family members at risk of having this disorder is 159.33 per 100 thousan...
Article
Introducción. La ataxia espinocerebelosa tipo 2 tiene la mayor prevalencia del mundo en la provincia de Holguín (Cuba). Es causada por la expansión de una secuencia de CAG contenida en el gen SCA2, y se caracteriza por una gran variabilidad en su expresión clínica y electrofisiológica, aun intrafamiliarmente. La identificación de factores que expli...