Milan Ščasný

Milan Ščasný
Charles University in Prague | CUNI · Environment Centre

Dr.

About

103
Publications
20,445
Reads
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1,285
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
873 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2001 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Senior Researcher, Head of Environmental Economics and Sociology Unit

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Regulatory impact analyses of proposed environmental, occupational, and consumer product safety regulations often rely on a metric known as the Value per Statistical Case of Cancer (VSCC), that is, the public’s willingness to pay (WTP) for reductions in the risk of developing cancer. In this paper, we ask whether the VSCC depends on cancer survival...
Article
Consumers often struggle to grasp complicated pricing plans, including increasing block rate (IBR) schemes, which have been used for decades by utilities in many parts of the world. The assumption that they encourage conservation has, however, recently been challenged (Ito, 2014). We take advantage of the unique IBR tariffs for electricity in the R...
Article
Past research has described positive associations between exposure to urban greenspaces and people's physical activity. However, there is variation in the relationship since it may differ according to the type of physical activity, socio-economic factors and use, as well as intrinsic characteristics of greenspaces. This study assesses the influence...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forests play a fundamental role in the economy, in climate change mitigation and in halting the loss of biodiversity. The economic value of goods and services provided to the societies by forests, including forest-based recreation, is highly dependent on the way in which forests are managed. On a European scale, forests are diverse and managed in m...
Article
In index decomposition analysis, it is common to decompose changes in energy-related CO2 emissions to give the effects of five contributing factors. However, it is extremely challenging to derive the equivalent air pollutant emission coefficient by fuel type for air pollutants. As a result, air pollutant emissions have typically been decomposed int...
Article
People who do not eat enough fruit and vegetables (F&V) have incremental health risks. Most Europeans do not comply with health recommendations relating to F&V consumption and this is especially true for those with lower-level education, which reinforces structural inequalities in health and wellbeing among Europeans. This study investigated the ro...
Article
Full-text available
The South African wine industry has recently launched the world’s first ‘no sulphite added’ wine made from indigenous Rooibos & Honeybush toasted wood chips. This wood chip contains antioxidant properties known to protect wine from oxidation. On the other hand, SO2 as a preservative, is often perceived by wine consumers as causing headaches and mig...
Article
This paper contributes to residential water demand literature by providing price and income elasticity estimates for a country which has undergone deep structural, institutional and economic changes. We analyse short‐run and long‐run residential water demand using household‐level data for the Czech Republic for the period of 1993–2016, during which...
Article
Full-text available
Using the data from an original survey, we analyse energy use patterns and, in particular, energy use for cooking in households from Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia. Cooking is the main energy-related activity on which households spend money. This expenditure represents 89% of total energy expenditure and a fifth of a household’s total budget. Expe...
Article
Full-text available
We assess the reliability and validity of estimates of the Value per Statistical Life (VSL) from contingent valuation by administering the same contingent valuation (CV) questionnaire on samples drawn from the population of the Czech Republic five years apart. We use a novel approach in eliciting the WTP for cancer mortality risk reduction, in that...
Article
The homogeneity assumption, inherent to input–output (IO) analysis, implies that every euro spent within one product group is assigned the same environmental burden. We address this assumption applied to price conversion of household expenditures from purchasers’ to basic prices when the carbon footprint of consumption is calculated for specific ho...
Article
Full-text available
Human consumption and activity are damaging the global ecosystem and the resources on which we rely for health, well-being and survival. The COVID-19 crisis is yet another manifestation of the urgent need to transition to more sustainable societies, further exposing the weaknesses in health systems and the injustice in our societies. It also underl...
Article
Despite its importance for policy purposes, evidence about the price elasticity of natural gas demand in the residential sector is very limited and based on inference from situations with modest variation in prices. We focus on a locale and time when price changes were extreme and salient to consumers, namely Ukraine between 2013 and 2017. We explo...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to understand public preferences for several future scenarios of achieving a healthier, more equitable and sustainable Europe, which differ in the way the society is organized (individualistically vs. collectively) and in the driving sector (public vs. private). To achieve this aim, we conducted a questionnaire survey using...
Article
Full-text available
Current mobility patterns over-rely on transport modes that do not benefit sustainable and healthy lifestyles. To explore the potential for active mobility, we conducted a randomized experiment aimed at increasing regular commuter cycling in cities. In designing the experiment, we teamed up with developers of the “Cyclers” smartphone app to improve...
Article
Genebanks are places where crop varieties are stored, catalogued, and made available for redistribution so that their genetic diversity is not lost. Besides conserving cultivated crop diversity, some genebanks also conserve the wild relatives of crops, which can contain useful traits not present in the domesticated genepool, and can undertake other...
Article
Full-text available
The world’s challenges of climate change, damage to ecosystems, and social and health inequalities require changes in human behaviours at every level of organisation, among governments, business, communities, and individuals. An important question is how behaviour change can be enabled and supported at the scale and speed required. The research rep...
Article
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This study examines the role of childhood experience in forest recreational practices at adulthood. It investigates the effect of visitation frequency and type of settlement during childhood on frequency of visits at adulthood and analyses variations in nine European countries including Austria, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, France...
Article
Dostupné z: https://energetika.tzb-info.cz/energeticka-politika/19010-rozvoj-trhu-s-elektromobily-v-ceske-republice-verejna-podpora-a-zkusenosti-ze-zahranici
Article
Research on policy support or public acceptability of climate change policies is proliferating. There is, however, a great diversity in how these evaluative responses have been defined, operationalized, and measured across studies. In order to shed some light on this subject, we reviewed 118 studies published over the last 15 years aiming at measur...
Article
Full-text available
Poland aims at stimulating the market to reach a target of 50,000 plug-in and battery electric vehicles by 2020. However, as in other Eastern European countries, the market penetration stays very low. In Poland, there were only 475 battery electric vehicles and 514 plug-in electric vehicles registered in 2017. To identify effective support measures...
Article
Full-text available
The use of diverse genetic resources to breed improved crop varieties has been a key driver of agricultural productivity improvements in the past century. At the same time, the adoption of modern varieties has contributed to substantial loss of traditional varieties. In this analysis, we estimate the social value provided by several proposed crop d...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This INHERIT Five-Country Survey Report examines the attitudes, preferences and behaviours of inhabitants from five European countries related to food consumption, physical activity and energy efficient housing. It is based on nationally representative questionnaire surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Portugal, Spain, and the United Ki...
Article
We analyse the separate and collective impacts of emissions taxation to understand the internalisation effects of externalities. The analysis is carried out using a static computable general equilibrium model, with unemployment, bottom-up abatement technologies represented by a step function, and detailed emission coefficients. Environmental and he...
Article
We use stated preference methods to investigate the public's preferences for decarbonization policies. We ask three research questions. First, does the willingness to pay (WTP) for each ton of CO2 emissions reductions depend on the policies and on individual characteristics of the respondents? Second, how extensive is the variation associated with...
Article
Full-text available
The need for analysis and action across the interrelated domains of human behaviors and lifestyles, environmental sustainability, health and inequality is increasingly apparent. Currently, these areas are often not considered in conjunction when developing policies or interventions, introducing the potential for suboptimal or conflicting outcomes....
Article
We quantify direct and indirect emissions resulting from Czech household consumption contributing to climate change, acidification and smog formation. We develop a hybrid environmentally extended input–output model that links the single-region input–output analysis on domestic processes with a multiregional input–output analysis to derive the indir...
Article
In response to massive destruction of the landscape and significant air pollution due to brown coal mining and usage, in 1991 the Czech Government set territorial limits for brown coal mining in the North Bohemia coal basin (the ‘Territorial Environmental Limits’). In 2015, however, this 24-year-old prohibition was lifted at one of two open pit min...
Article
Concerns about climate change are growing, and so is the demand for information about the costs and benefits of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This paper seeks to estimate the benefits of climate change mitigation, as measured by the public's willingness to pay for such policies. We investigate the preferences of Italian and Czech households...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, a 24-year-long prohibition of coal mining within some territories in the North Bohemia coal basin was lifted and as a consequence mining a part of the brown coal reserves might well be resumed. This paper analyses the impacts of maintaining the ban versus three options for a less environmentally stringent policy on the Czech energy system;...
Article
We use stated-preference methods to estimate the cancer Value per Statistical Life (VSL) and Value per Statistical Case (VSCC) from a representative sample of 45-60-year olds in four countries in Europe. We ask respondents to report information about their willingness to pay for health risk reductions that are different from those used in earlier v...
Article
Full-text available
An allocation of emissions from industries to product groups is an inevitable step, wherever the embodied emissions (or energy) of products are calculated with the environmentally extended input-output analysis. Within this paper, we suggest and explain steps for the improvement of commonly used techniques. First, we explain why the widely applied...
Article
Background Monetized environmental health impact assessments help to better evaluate the environmental burden of a wide range of economic activities. Apart from the limitations and uncertainties in physical and biological science used in such assessments, assumptions taken from economic valuation may also substantially influence subsequent policy-m...
Article
Full-text available
Our study examines public acceptability of the EU’s future mitigation targets. Using the discrete choice experiment, we elicit the preferences of about 4,098 respondents from the Czech Republic, Poland, and the United Kingdom for the GHG emission reduction policies that differ in four attributes: emission reduction target, burden sharing across the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Studie shrnuje výsledky dotazníkového šetření v České republice, Polsku a ve Velké Británii zaměřeného na preference obyvatel těchto zemí pro různé klimatické politiky a ochotu za ně platit.
Presentation
Full-text available
Public acceptability of climate change mitigation policies: discrete choice experiments in three European countries
Chapter
Multiple pathways in which environmental hazards may affect human health translate to diversity of adverse impacts of impaired health on human welfare. Impaired health may in turn directly affect production or consumption opportunities at individual, household as well as societal level. While at a methodological level the channels of economic effec...
Article
In 2013–2015, a consortium of European scientists – NEWDANUBE – was established to prepare a birth cohort in the Danube region, including most of the countries with the highest air pollution in Europe, the area being one-fifth of the European Union’s (EU’s) territory, including 14 countries (nine EU member states), over 100 million inhabitants, wit...
Article
A dynamic partial equilibrium model, TIMES ( The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System), is built to optimize the energy system in a post-transition European country, the Czech Republic. The impacts of overall nine scenarios on installed capacity, capital and fuel costs, air quality pollutant emission, emission of CO2 and environmental and health damage ar...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims at integral evaluation of biodiversity change in the Czech Republic in the period of transition (years 1990-2006). The analysis is composed of several steps. Using CORINE Land Cover data and the concept of Mean Species Abundance index, we link the assessment of land cover changes to predicted biodiversity levels. Further, the develop...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents economic benefit estimates of air quality improvements in Europe that occur as a side effect of GHG emission reductions. We consider two climate policy scenarios from two representative concentration pathways (RCPs), in which radiative forcing levels are reached in 2100. The policy tool is a global uniform tax on all GHG emissio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This policy report synthesises the evidence base on the costs and benefits of adaptation. It draws on the research, analysis and review of the ECONADAPT project, funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme. The key messages are summarised below. • The knowledge base on the costs and benefits of adaptation has evolved significantly in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The primary objective of this stated-preference study was to estimate willingness to pay to avoid selected adverse human health outcomes due to exposure to chemicals in the European Union and to derive representative EU-wide benefit estimates reference values that the ECHA and other bodies can use when carrying out socio-economic analyses or health...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Climate politics cannot be successful unless a majority of various groups of people support climate policies. Public resistance and related reluctance among politicians to pursue unpopular policies are factors that can inhibit the successful implementation of climate policies. This report therefore analysis factors that affect public acceptability...
Article
Most current environmental policy analyses use Value of a Statistical Life (VSL) figures inferred from workplace safety and traffic accident contexts to compute the benefits of environmental programs that avoid premature deaths. There is considerable debate about the appropriateness of this practice, in part because the effect of cause of death may...
Article
Full-text available
The paper aims at investigating the validity of benefit transfer in the case of transfers between countries highly heterogeneous in income, and demonstrates relative performance of different benefit transfer methods under these conditions. Lake water quality valuation studies were conducted in two countries in transition — Poland and the Czech Repu...
Article
Full-text available
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a fundamental part of modern decision-making process, in particular policies that affect releases, exposures or doses of pollutants including heavy metals. Traditionally, HIA focus is on risk assessment and securing safe levels of pollution exposure or dose. Only recently HIA has extended its focus to include evalu...
Article
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The paper analyses impacts of environmental regulation on Czech power system. We employ MESSAGE modelling platform to construct a dynamic linear optimisation energy model of the Czech power system. We analyse regulation impacts on fuel use and CO2 emission, fuel-mix and technology-mix, induced investment and fuel and other O&M costs to generate ele...
Article
Full-text available
The 19th Annual Conference of European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, EAERE-2012, was held in Prague at the end of June 2012. Leading environmental economists discussed new research outcomes and economic theory extensions related to economics of climate change, efficient pollution reduction, optimal use of natural resources,...
Article
Full-text available
The health impact attributable to climate change has been identified as one of the priority areas for impact assessment. The main goal of this paper is to estimate the monetary value of one key health effect, which is premature mortality. Specifically, our goal is to derive the value of a statistical life from people's willingness to pay for avoidi...
Article
The main purpose of this paper is to investigate whether residents' environmental concern has any effect on their energy-saving curtailments and efficiency investments. The novelty of the present work lies in the fact that it seeks to investigate this topic in a multi-country setting, exploiting data from nine OECD countries (Australia, Canada, Cze...
Article
Full-text available
The authors conducted a survey based on conjoint choice experiments in Milan, Italy, about mortality risk reductions delivered by hypothetical private behaviors and public programs, and used it to estimate the value of a prevented fatality (VPF) when the cause of death is cancer. Their estimate of the VPF is 4.2 million Euros. The VPF is about C1 m...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is twofold. First, the authors aim to analyse the factors that affect the intention of Czech consumers to purchase organic food using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). Second, they employ an extended TPB model that introduces descriptive norms as an additional factor of behavioural intention. This study exploits dat...
Article
Economic activities often result in external costs which are not included in the current pricing system. Due to these external costs, the standard market mechanism fails to maximize social welfare. Therefore, it is necessary to provide decision makers with proper indicators which enable them to make decisions which reflect proper consideration of t...
Article
Full-text available
In this article a bottom-up approach to quantification of air pollution externalities from electricity generation is used to show that market-based instruments are not very effective in internalizing these external costs in six CEE countries. Although governments in CEE countries have regulated air emissions by imposing strict command-and-control m...
Chapter
Full-text available
The main trends in the determinants of residential motor fuel consumption during the transition and post-transition period in one former centrally-planned country, the Czech Republic, are examined. We show that passenger car ownership in Czech households has been increasing and that these cars are increasingly equipped with stronger engines. Howeve...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper overviews the use of environmentally related levies and other economic instruments in air quality and climate change policies in Central and Eastern European EU countries. It is shown that their overall effectiveness and efficiency is quite low and they help to secure revenues for dedicated environmental funds only. We pay a special atte...
Article
Full-text available
The main trends in the determinants of residential motor fuel consumption during the transition and post-transition period in one former centrally-planned country, the Czech Republic, are examined. We show that passenger car ownership in Czech households has been increasing and that these cars are increasingly equipped with stronger engines. Howeve...
Article
Is the value of reducing environmental risk greater for children than for adults? If so, what does this mean for policy makers? This report, the final output of the Valuation of Environment-Related Health Impacts (VERHI) project, presents new research findings on these key environmental policy questions. The authors estimate a "VSL" (Value of a Sta...