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  • Mike Schertzer
Mike Schertzer

Mike Schertzer
Institut Curie · Research Division of Dynamics of Genetic Information: Fundamental Basis and Cancer

PhD Sorbonne/UPMC

About

60
Publications
5,391
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2,168
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Introduction
in addition to my work at the Institut Curie, I am also an artist and a poet... my work can be seen here: poetryisdisaster.com and some recent videos are here: Nuit Blanche Bruxelles 2015: www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmiIUO6vM-A in the studio: www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWPgcLooPy0&feature=youtu.be A l'usage de ceux qui voient: www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnITLbt-2BI&feature=youtu.be

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS) is a severe form of Dyskeratosis congenita characterized by developmental defects, bone marrow failure and immunodeficiency and has been associated with telomere dysfunction. Recently, mutations in Regulator of Telomere ELongation helicase 1 (RTEL1), a helicase first identified in Mus musculus as being responsibl...
Article
Full-text available
RTEL1 (regulator of telomere length helicase 1) is a DNA helicase that has been identified more than 10 years ago. Many works since, mainly in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the mouse, have highlighted its role in chromosomal stability, maintenance of telomere length, and DNA repair. Recently, four laboratories have characterized RTEL1 mut...
Article
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The potential of cloning depends in part on whether the procedure can reverse cellular aging and restore somatic cells to a phenotypically youthful state. Here, we report the birth of six healthy cloned calves derived from populations of senescent donor somatic cells. Nuclear transfer extended the replicative life-span of senescent cells (zero to f...
Article
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Genetic integrity is crucial to normal cell function, and mutations in genes required for DNA replication and repair underlie various forms of genetic instability and disease, including cancer. One structural feature of intact genomes is runs of homopolymeric dC/dG. Here we describe an unusual mutator phenotype in Caenorhabditis elegans characteriz...
Article
Little is known about the genes that regulate telomere length diversity between mammalian species. A candidate gene locus was previously mapped to a region on distal mouse Chr 2q. Within this region, we identified a gene similar to the dog-1 DNA helicase-like gene in C. elegans. We cloned this Regulator of telomere length (Rtel) gene and inactivate...
Article
RTEL1 helicase is a component of DNA repair and telomere maintenance machineries. While RTEL1's role in DNA replication is emerging, how RTEL1 preserves genomic stability during replication remains elusive. Here we used a range of proteomic, biochemical, cell, and molecular biology and gene editing approaches to provide further insights into potent...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
The SLX4 tumor suppressor is a scaffold that plays a pivotal role in several aspects of genome protection, including homologous recombination, interstrand DNA crosslink repair and the maintenance of common fragile sites and telomeres. Here, we unravel an unexpected direct interaction between SLX4 and the DNA helicase RTEL1, which, until now, were v...
Article
Hard-to-replicate regions of chromosomes (e.g., pericentromeres, centromeres, and telomeres) impede replication fork progression, eventually leading, in the event of replication stress, to chromosome fragility, aging, and cancer. Our knowledge of the mechanisms controlling the stability of these regions is essentially limited to telomeres, where fr...
Article
Several studies have recently shown that germline mutations in RTEL1, an essential DNA helicase involved in telomere regulation and DNA repair, cause Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS), a severe form of dyskeratosis congenita. Using original new softwares, facilitating the delineation of the different domains of the protein and the identification...
Article
Full-text available
Telomeres repress the DNA damage response at the natural chromosome ends to prevent cell-cycle arrest and maintain genome stability. Telomeres are elongated by telomerase in a tightly regulated manner to ensure a sufficient number of cell divisions throughout life, yet prevent unlimited cell division and cancer development. Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syn...
Article
Full-text available
Hoyeraal–Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS), a severe variant of dyskeratosis congenita (DC), is characterized by early onset bone marrow failure, immunodeficiency and developmental defects. Several factors involved in telomere length maintenance and/or protection are defective in HHS/DC, underlining the relationship between telomere dysfunction and these...
Article
Full-text available
Telomerase is essential to maintain telomere length in most eukaryotes. Other functions for telomerase have been proposed but molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We studied Caenorhabditis elegans with a mutation in the trt-1 telomerase reverse transcriptase gene. Mutant animals showed a progressive decrease in brood size and typically failed to re...
Article
Full-text available
Heterozygous mutations of the human telomerase RNA template gene (TERC) have been described in patients with acquired aplastic anemia and the autosomal dominant form of dyskeratosis congenita (DKC). Patients with mutations in both TERC alleles have not yet been reported. Here, we report a patient with DKC who inherited 2 distinct TERC sequence vari...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the long-term consequences of overexpression of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene in T lymphocytes. To address this issue, we transduced polyclonal as well as clonally derived populations of naive and memory CD44 T cells from 2 healthy donors (aged 24 and 34 years) with retroviral vectors encoding green f...
Article
Telomeres protect chromosomes from degradation, end-to-end fusion, and illegitimate recombination. Loss of telomeres may lead to cell death or senescence or may cause genomic instability, leading to tumor formation. Expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in human fibroblast cells elongates their telomeres and extends their life...
Article
Full-text available
Terminal restriction fragment analysis is the only method currently available for measuring telomere length in Caenorhabditis elegans. Its limitations include low sensitivity and interference by the presence of interstitial telomeric sequences in the C.elegans genome. Here we report the adaptation of single telomere length analysis (STELA) to measu...
Article
Full-text available
The loss of telomeric DNA with each cell division contributes to the limited replicative lifespan of human T lymphocytes. Although telomerase is transiently expressed in T lymphocytes upon activation, it is insufficient to confer immortality. We have previously shown that immortalization of human CD8+ T lymphocytes can be achieved by ectopic expres...
Article
Some of the zinc finger proteins of the snail family are essential in the formation of mesoderm during gastrulation and the development of neural crest and its derivatives. We have isolated the human SNAIL gene (HGMW-approved symbol SNAI1) and describe its genomic organization, having sequenced a region spanning more than 5882 bp. The human SNAIL g...
Article
By screening the expressed sequence tag (EST) database, we identified transcripts of two new human genes that are polyadenylated within a long terminal repeat (LTR) of the HERV-H endogenous retrovirus family. The first gene, termed HHLA2, is represented by two EST clones and one cDNA clone, all of which have a polyadenylated LTR as their 3' end. Th...
Article
SLUG is a member of the snail family of zinc finger proteins. It is involved in epithelial to mesenchyme cell transition during neurulation and plays a role in limb bud development. We have isolated and described the human SLUG gene by sequencing a region spanning 4034 bp. The human SLUG gene contains three exons. The SLUG transcript is 2.2 kb and...
Article
A number of gene loci, including the locus for Werner syndrome (WRN), map to proximal human chromosome 8p near the genetic marker D8S339. In this report, we present a long range physical map of an approximately 2.8 megabase yeast artificial chromosome contig centred on D8S339. In this map, we localize the WRN-linked polymorphic sequence-tagged site...
Article
The gene loci for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), the beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3), and heregulin (HGL) have been assigned to the short arm of human chromosome 8, but the positions of these loci on the human genetic linkage map have not been previously reported. We have isolated simple tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRPs) for the...
Article
Full-text available
We have identified a cosmid, at the D8S131 locus, that shows sequence homology with exon 2 of the rat gene for the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 2 subunit. A 357-bp sequence surrounding a rare cutter AscI site contains a 152-bp region of homology. The human CHRNA2 gene is therefore positioned at the D8S131 locus, which has been ma...
Article
The gene loci for human CEBPD (CCAAT enhancer binding protein, delta chain) and FGFR1 (fibroblast growth factor receptor) have been identified within two genetically mapped cosmids by sequence homology between rare cutter site regions and data base sequences for these loci. Cell hybrid and fluorescence in situ hybridization mapping places both of t...
Article
We have identified 4 cosmids at the SFTP2 locus by cDNA hybridization. SFTP2 was mapped using a polymorphic CA repeat and localized to 8p21 by FISH. Allele loss in carcinomas was detected using this PCR marker. Among 11 lung and colon tumors, 6 of 9 informative cases exhibited allelic loss.
Article
LA08NC01 is a flow-sorted human chromosome 8 cosmid library that was constructed and arrayed at Los Alamos. We have used this library to produce a sub-library of those cosmids containing AscI (GGCGCGCC) sites, which are therefore AscI-linking clones. Two protocols have been employed to identify AscI sites. The first protocol relies upon restriction...
Article
Genomic sequence for luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) gene has been published recently. The LHRH locus has been mapped to 8p21-8p11.2 using tritium labelling for in situ hybridization. Our goal is to determine a more precise localization for for LHRH. We have identified a genomic clone, 37F12, within the LA08NC01 flow-sorted human chrom...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in the human lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene are one of the major causes of familial chylomicronemia. We have characterized two polymorphic GT microsatellites flanking this gene. Two LPL mutations that are extremely frequent in French Canadians appear to be in complete linkage disequilibrium with specific LPL microsatellite haplotypes indic...
Article
A linkage map consisting of 21 dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms, 1 tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism, and 3 RFLPs was constructed for human chromosome 8. The map spanned most of the chromosome length from near pter to q23-q24 on the distal portion of the long arm. The total 186 cM length of the female map was over two times the 84 cM length of t...
Article
A linkage map consisting of 21 dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms, 1 tetranucleotide repeat polymor-phism, and 3 RFLPs was constructed for human chromosome 8. The map spanned most of the chromosome length from near pter to q23-q24 on the distal portion of the long arm. The total 186 cM length of the female map was over two times the 84 cM length of...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleic Acids Research, 19, p. 6664 (1991) The publishers wish to apologize for the incorrectly identified marker and hybridization probe published in this article. The correct marker should be D8S137 as printed above and the hybridization probe should be poly(dGdT)·(dC-dA).
Article
A cosmid library for human chromosome 8 has been constructed from flow-sorted chromosomes in the vector sCos-1. This library is 85% human and has been arrayed into 210 microtiter plates representing four genome equivalents. Cosmids have been isolated with 10 of 11 probes representing nine different loci from chromosome 8.
Article
Two cosmids isolated from a flow-sorted chromosome 8 library by hybridization with pSW50 (D8S7) were screened for GT microsatellite sequences. Both contained a positive 900-bp Hind III-Xba I fragment. Sequencing revealed a complex dinucleotide repeat. Flanking oligonucleotide primers were synthesized, and the polymerase chain reaction products prod...
Article
An adult female with sever mental retardation and dysmorphic features is described. A de novo chromosomal aberration involving 8p was found. The karyotype was 46, XX, inv dup (8) (p12----p23.1). Dosage studies with the DNA probe D8S7, which is located at 8p23----8pter, showed that the patient was monosomic for this marker. Thus the de novo rearrang...

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