Mike Mcculloch

Mike Mcculloch
University of Plymouth | UoP

PhD
New physics: quantised inertia. Astronomical & thrust applications.

About

55
Publications
36,742
Reads
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865
Citations
Introduction
I am a lecturer at Plymouth University in the UK. I have suggested a new model for inertia (quantised inertia) that merges relativity & quantum mechanics, predicts galaxy rotation without dark matter, predicts propellant-less quantum thrusters and a new way to generate energy (quantum cavity). I am now being funded by DARPA to research the thrusters.

Publications

Publications (55)
Preprint
Full-text available
Quantised inertia predicts the behaviour of galaxies and wide binaries without dark matter as an 'asymmetric Casimir effect'. It also predicts that propellantless thrust by highly accelerating light or matter and then damping the Unruh waves they see on one side using asymmetric metal structures. Several experiments have been done to test for this...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has been found, by some experiments, that during internal field emission , capacitors thrust anomalously towards their anodes. It is shown here that this thrust is predicted by quantised inertia, a theory that also predicts galaxy rotation without dark matter. One experiment has claimed that the capacitors' thrust was as large as 120 N/kW, and q...
Preprint
Full-text available
In 1954 and 1959 M. Allais noticed that the plane of oscillation of a pendulum twisted by several degrees clockwise during the first half of a Solar eclipse, and twisted back anticlockwise during the second half. Here it is shown that this behaviour is predicted by a model for inertia called quantised inertia. If we assume that during the first hal...
Article
Full-text available
The EPR paradox appears when measurement results of some properties of two distantly-entangled particles are correlated in a way that cannot be explained classically, and apparently violate locality. The resolution of the paradox depends on one's interpretation of quantum mechanics. Explanations from quantum mechanics remain commonplace today, but...
Article
Full-text available
Wide binary stars are within the low-acceleration regime in which galactic rotation curves deviate from Newtonian or general relativistic predictions. It has recently been observed that their rotation rates are similarly anomalous in a way that dark matter cannot explain, since it must be smooth on these small scales to t galaxy rotation curves. He...
Preprint
Wide binary stars are within the low-acceleration regime in which galactic rotation curves deviate from Newtonian or general relativistic predictions. It has recently been observed that their rotation rates are similarly anomalous in a way that dark matter cannot explain, since it must be smooth on these small scales to fit galaxy rotation curves....
Article
Full-text available
When an object accelerates in one direction, a Rindler horizon forms in the opposite direction and information from behind it cannot reach the object. Here it is shown that it is possible to test for this effect since it predicts that if an object, say a disc, is rotationally accelerated by over ∼ 10 10 m/s 2 then the Rindler horizon it sees should...
Article
Full-text available
Special relativity predicts that the inertial mass of an object is infinite at the speed of light (c) causing zero acceleration and producing a cosmic speed limit. Here, a new model for inertia is presented that challenges this. The model (quantised inertia) assumes that inertia is caused by Unruh radiation made inhomogeneous in space by relativist...
Preprint
Full-text available
The EPR paradox and Bell-tests show that distantly-entangled particles can signal to each other instantaneously, in apparent contradiction with special relativity. It is suggested here that this paradox can be resolved by noting that only systems complex enough to interact with their environment can measure time, so that time does not exist for a q...
Article
Full-text available
When electrolysis is performed using deuterium and a palladium cathode, more heat can be generated than can be explained by chemical processes, implying that deuterons are fusing but without the typical products of hot fusion (a phenomenon called Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions, LENR, or cold fusion). Fusion between deuterons usually requires temperat...
Article
Full-text available
It is shown here that a model for inertial mass, called quantised inertia, or MiHsC (Modified inertia by a Hubble-scale Casimir effect) predicts the rotational acceleration of the 153 good quality galaxies in the SPARC dataset (2016 AJ 152 157), with a large range of scales and mass, from just their visible baryonic matter, the speed of light and t...
Article
Full-text available
A modication of inertia (called MiHsC or quantised inertia) has been proposed that assumes that inertia is caused by Unruh radiation, and that this radiation is made inhomogeneous in space by either Rindler horizons caused by acceleration, or the distant Hubble horizon. The former predicts the standard inertial mass, and the later predicts galaxy r...
Article
Full-text available
Truncated cone-shaped cavities with microwaves resonating within them (emdrives) move slightly towards their narrow ends, in contradiction to standard physics. This eect can be predicted by a model called quantised inertia (MiHsC) which assumes that the inertia of the microwaves is caused by Unruh radiation, more of which is allowed at the wide end...
Article
Full-text available
It has been found that in muonic hydrogen either the proton radius is 4% smaller than usual (a 7σ anomaly) or an unexplained extra binding energy of 320 µeV is present. Here it is shown that 55% of this extra energy can be explained if Unruh radiation seen by the orbiting muon can push on it, and is being asymmetrically blocked by the proton.
Article
Full-text available
Dwarf satellite galaxies of the Milky Way appear to be gravitation-ally bound, but their stars' orbital motion seems too fast to allow this given their visible mass. This is akin to the larger-scale galaxy rotation problem. In this paper, a modication of inertia called quantised inertia or MiHsC (Modied inertia due to a Hubble-scale Casimir eect) w...
Article
Full-text available
It is shown here that if we assume that what is conserved in nature is not simply mass-energy, but rather mass-energy plus the energy uncertainty of the uncertainty principle, and if we also assume that position uncertainty is reduced by the formation of relativistic horizons, then the resulting increase of energy uncertainty is close to that neede...
Article
It has been proposed that inertia can be explained as follows: when objects accelerate in one direction, a Rindler horizon forms in the other direction suppressing Unruh radiation on that side and producing a net Unruh radiation pressure that always opposes the acceleration, just like inertia. So far, this model has predicted masses over twice thos...
Article
Full-text available
It has been shown that truncated cone-shaped cavities with microwaves resonating within them move slightly towards their narrow ends (the em-drive). Standard physics has no explanation for this and an error has not yet been found. It is shown here that this eect can be predicted by assuming that the inertial mass of the photons in the cavity is cau...
Article
Full-text available
It has been shown that cone-shaped cavities with microwaves resonating within them move slightly towards their narrow ends (the emdrive). There is no accepted explanation for this. Here it is shown that this effect can be predicted by assuming that the inertial mass of the photons in the cavity is caused by Unruh radiation whose wavelengths must fi...
Article
Full-text available
The visible mass of the observable universe agrees with that needed for a flat cosmos, and the reason for this is not known. It is shown that this can be explained by modelling the Hubble volume as a black hole that emits Hawking radiation inwards, disallowing wavelengths that do not fit exactly into the Hubble diameter, since partial waves would a...
Book
The fundamental and very important property of inertia has never been well understood. This book shows how inertia has puzzled many scientists such as Galileo and Mach, and then presents a new theory that explains inertia for the first time, and also predicts galaxy rotation without dark matter, cosmic acceleration and some other anomalies. Further...
Article
Full-text available
It is shown here that Newton's gravity law can be derived from the uncertainty principle. The idea is that as the distance between two bodies in mutual orbit decreases, their uncertainty of position decreases, so their momentum and hence the force on them must increase to satisfy the uncertainty principle. When this result is summed over all the po...
Article
Full-text available
The property of inertia has never been fully explained. A model for inertia (MiHsC or quantised inertia) has been suggested that assumes that 1) inertia is due to Unruh radiation and 2) this radiation is subject to a Hubble-scale Casimir effect. This model has no adjustable parameters and predicts the cosmic acceleration, and galaxy rotation withou...
Article
In winter in mid-latitudes the ocean mixed layer is typically a few hundred metres deep because of intense surface cooling and wind mixing. However, it is shown here that the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) satellite has detected 3-4 instances per day (averaged over the globe) of anomalous bands of surface fresh water under atmospheric fron...
Article
Full-text available
Galaxies and galaxy clusters have rotational velocities (v) apparently too fast to allow them to be gravitationally bound by their visible matter (M). This has been attributed to the presence of invisible (dark) matter, but so far this has not been directly detected. Here, it is shown that a new model that modifies inertial mass by assuming it is c...
Article
Full-text available
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS), launched on 2 November 2009, is the first satellite mission addressing sea surface salinity (SSS) measurement from space. Its unique payload is the Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS), a new two-dimensional interferometer designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and operating at...
Article
Full-text available
The Podkletnov effect is an unexplained loss of weight of between 0.05% and 0.07% detected in test masses suspended above supercooled levitating superconducting discs exposed to AC magnetic fields. A larger weight loss of up to 0.5% was seen over a disc spun at 5000 rpm. The effect has so far been observed in only one laboratory. Here, a new model...
Article
Full-text available
The Tajmar anomaly is an unexplained acceleration observed by gyroscopes close to, but isolated from, rotating rings cooled to 5K. The observed ratio between the gyroscope and ring accelerations was 3+/-1.2*10^-8 for clockwise rotations and about half this size for anticlockwise ones. Here, this anomaly is predicted using a new model that assumes t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Release of SMOS level 2 Ocean Salinity (OS) products to general users. Abstract: This note was first issued in June 2010 as additional information to the release of salinity products to the SMOS Calibration/Validation teams, under request from the SMOS Mission Manager (S. Mecklenburg) to the SMOS Co-Lead Investigator for Ocean Salinity (J. Font). I...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), launched in November 2, 2009 is the first satellite mission addressing the salinity measurement from space through the use of MIRAS (Microwave Imaging Radiometer with Aperture Synthesis), a new two-dimensional interferometer designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and operating at L-band. This paper pres...
Article
Full-text available
It has recently been observed that there are no disc galaxies with masses less than 10^9 M_solar and this cutoff has not been explained. It is shown here that this minimum mass can be predicted using a model that assumes that 1) inertia is due to Unruh radiation, and 2) this radiation is subject to a Hubble-scale Casimir effect. The model predicts...
Article
Full-text available
The Tajmar effect is an unexplained acceleration observed by accelerometers and laser gyroscopes close to rotating supercooled rings. The observed ratio between the gyroscope and ring accelerations was 3+/-1.2x10^-8. Here, a new model for inertia which has been tested quite successfully on the Pioneer and flyby anomalies is applied to this problem....
Article
The flyby anomalies are unexplained velocity jumps of 3.9, −4.6, 13.5, −2, 1.8 and 0.02 mm s−1 observed near closest approach during the Earth flybys of six spacecraft. These flybys are modelled here using a theory that assumes that inertia is due to a form of Unruh radiation, and varies with acceleration due to a Hubble-scale Casimir effect. Consi...
Article
Full-text available
To determine whether hurricane forecasts can be improved using high resolution sea surface temperatures, five-day hindcasts of the major 2005 hurricanes (Dennis, Katrina, Rita and Wilma) were made using the Met Office's Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model, using 40 km resolution (NWP) and 6 km (OSTIA) SST analyses. The use of OSTIA had little...
Article
The flyby anomalies are unexplained velocity increases of 3.9, 13.5, 0.1 and 1.8 mm/s observed near closest approach during the Earth flybys of the Galileo, NEAR, Cassini and Rosetta spacecraft. Here, these flybys are modelled using a theory that assumes that inertia is caused by a form of Unruh radiation, modified by a Hubble-scale Casimir effect....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new global, operational, high-resolution, combined sea surface temperature (SST) and sea ice analysis system (OSTIA) has been developed at the Met Office. The output is a daily, global coverage 1/20deg (~6 km) combined SST and sea ice concentration product, which is generated in near-real time. The analysis has been designed to meet the needs of...
Article
This paper proposes an explanation for the Pioneer anomaly: an unexplained Sunward acceleration of 8.74 +/- 1.33 x 10^-10 m s^-2 seen in the behaviour of the Pioneer probes. Two hypotheses are made: (1) Inertia is a reaction to Unruh radiation and (2) this reaction is weaker for low accelerations because some wavelengths in the Unruh spectrum do no...
Article
A case study in winter at 40jN in the northeast Atlantic, using output from the Met Office's Forecasting Ocean Assimilation Model (FOAM) system and a one-dimensional model initialised with Argo data, shows that the mixed layer (ML) can shallow from 100 to 10 m in a day because of the buoyancy input from rain. Rain induced shallow mixed layers have...
Article
The Forecasting Ocean Assimilation Model (FOAM) has been developed at the Met Office to provide operational real-time forecasts of the deep ocean to the Royal Navy. The model is built around the ocean and sea-ice components of the Met Office's Unified Model (UM), which is also used in coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere climate prediction. FOAM is forced...
Article
We have compared monthly means of Met Office air-sea fluxes from July 1995 to June 1996 (here named MO1) and from May 1997 to June 2001 (MO2) with each other and the SOC climatology (Josey~et~al.,1998). The most significant differences between MO1 and MO2 were in the long wave fluxes. In MO1 these fluxes agreed quite well with those in SOC, but in...
Article
Mesoscale eddies in the northeast North Atlantic were investigated using the SeaSoar towed CTD and ADCP data from the 1991 Vivaldi cruise. These data cover an area of 1700 km × 1500 km between 39° and 54°N and between 35° and 10°W. To maximize statistical significance, but retain the possibility of determining north-south gradients, statistics of e...
Article
The Met Office has developed the Forecasting Ocean Assimilation Model (FOAM) system over the last decade to support the Royal Navy's operations. It is built around the ocean and sea-ice components of the Met Office's Unified Model (UM), which is also applied to coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere climate prediction. FOAM is forced by 6-hourly surface flux...
Article
Air-sea heat fluxes were inferred from the seasonal heat budget of the upper ocean between the Azores and the British Isles using the Levitus and Boyer (1994) data set with an error of 23 W m−2 compared with the 30 W m−2 error in bulk formula fluxes. This accuracy was possible because, in this area, heat advection and diffusion were small and the l...
Article
Heat- and freshwater-content changes were calculated from two repeated sections at 48°N, 18°W and 48°N, 26°W, surveyed during the Vivaldi cruise of the research ship RRS Charles Darwin in May 1991. Best estimates of the air-sea heat-fluxes agreed within error with the observed heat-content changes, suggesting that diabatic forcing dominated the hea...
Article
Full-text available
The method used for the vicarious adjustment of the SeaWiFS & MERIS ocean colour data relies on the assumptions that the water-leaving radiance is negligible in the Near Infra-Red (NIR) in oligotrophic waters, and the NIR band is perfectly calibrated. Here, a novel approach to vicarious adjustment is proposed that does not need these assumptions: a...
Article
A case study at 40^oN in the northeast Atlantic using output from the Met Office's Forecasting Ocean Assimilation Model (FOAM) system and a one-dimensional model initialised with Argo data show that the mixed layer in winter can shallow from 100m to 10m in a day because of the buoyancy input from rain. Rain-induced shallow mixed layers have previou...

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Quantised inertia predicts that small closed horizons have high temperature sand that particles in them might be pushed together by an Unruh sheltering process. Can this explain LENR, ie: fusion of deuterium in small cracks in metal?
Project
To use the explanation of the emdrive from quantised inertia to suggest ways to hugely enhance the effect. Write a report summarising the results.