Mika Sillanpää

Mika Sillanpää
Florida International University | FIU · Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Dr.

About

1,066
Publications
401,167
Reads
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46,949
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
Florida International University
Position
  • Professor
January 2011 - January 2020
Lappeenranta – Lahti University of Technology LUT
Position
  • Professor
January 2009 - December 2010
University of Eastern Finland
Position
  • Professor
Education
August 1993 - October 1997
Aalto University
Field of study
  • Chemical Engineering

Publications

Publications (1,066)
Article
The global increasing contamination of water resources with toxic heavy metals poses severe threats to human health and aqueous ecosystem. Therefore, it is of high significance to develop low-cost, feasible, and sustainable technologies for the heavy metal removal from wastewater. The membrane separation method possesses some of its great propertie...
Article
The nitrogen and sulphur oxide (NOx and SO2) emissions are causing a serious threat to the existence of life on earth, requiring their effective removal for a sustainable future. Among various approaches, catalytic or electrochemical reduction of air pollutants (NOx) has gained much attention due to its high efficiency and the possibility of conver...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for valuable metals such as rare earth elements and platinum group metals is rising fast in the context of the depletion of natural resources and international conficts. Moreover, the future circular economy requires that raw material be recycled from waste by advanced methods such as adsorption by innovative porous materials. Here, we r...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of bulking and foaming in biological wastewater treatment could cause a series of operational issues with biomass and effluent quality, ultimately affect the treatment performance of the system. The essential parameters influencing the growth of bulking and foaming bacteria are comprehensively summarised in this paper. Existing bulkin...
Article
The discovery of antimicrobial agents continues to develop in line with advances in materials science and technology, and in light of resistance to many pathogens. Nanoparticle-based materials ofer enhanced food preservation from foodborne patho- gens. In this study, the simple, eco-friendly and non-toxic synthesis of silver nanoparticles (GC-AgNP...
Article
Full-text available
Microplastics pollution is a growing environmental concern. However, microplastics studies in high altitude remote lakes are scarce. In this study, microplastics pollution was assessed in the shore sediment of three high altitude lakes in Ladakh of the Indian Himalaya, namely Pangong Lake, Tsomoriri Lake and Tsokar Lake. Sampling of lakes shore sed...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the utilization of Fe3O4-functionalized rice straw biochar composite for the augmented activation of sulphate radicals at high temperature for the removal of Remazol Brilliant Orange 3R (RBO-3R). The process parameters were optimized using factorial modelling and were mathematically evaluated using Statistical Analysis System...
Article
Spirulina platensis is one of the types of blue-green algae that was used as a biosorbent in this study. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of S. platensis in removing MG from aqueous solutions and also to evaluate the biosorbent capacity using different kinetic models and isotherms. To obtain the optimum condition for MG bioso...
Article
Encapsulation of metal nanoparticles (MNPs) has attracted researchers due to the formation of highly stable, selective, and active catalysts. Although many metal oxides have been investigated for the encapsulation of MNPs, ceria (CeO2) has received significant attention due to its unique properties, such as being highly stable, low-cost, and capabi...
Article
Full-text available
A modified bio-integrated electrocoagulation method was explored to treat municipal wastewater (MWW) for irrigation purposes. To use treated wastewater for irrigation purposes a wide range of contaminants removal was focused on in this study (turbidity, hardness, conductivity, TDS, TSS, chloride, Ammonia nitrogen, BOD, COD, and total coliform). Raw...
Article
This study adopted the combination of activated sludge treatment and catalytic ozonation technology to efficiently remove the high concentration of ammonia nitrogen from landfill leachate. Through optimizing the parameters continuously, the COD, NH4⁺-N, UV254 and colority respectively descended to 417.75±6.72 mg/L, 9.77 mg/L, 1.98 ± 0.04 and 40 tim...
Article
A sensitive electrochemical analysis of riboflavin (RFN) was done in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (PTBS) by constructing a modest and green electrochemically polymerised (EP) valine (VLN) modified graphite paste electrode (GPE). The electrochemical, morphological, resistive, and conductive characteristics of modified electrode (EP(VLN)MGPE) and...
Article
The main purposes of this research work were to realize the potential of sludge valorization by converting the sludge into adsorbents and to investigate the performance of sludge-based adsorbents for rare earth elements (REEs) recovery from dilute aqueous solutions. Hydrochloric acid and Fenton reagents were employed as pretreatment procedures to e...
Article
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs), one of the most important 2D heterostructure materials, have provided massive improvements for various applications in many fields. Especially, their application in water treatment as efficient catalysts owing to their unique features such as tunable structure, excellent thermal stability and regeneration performan...
Article
The growing demand for rare earth elements (REEs) necessitates cheap and environmentally friendly technologies for REEs recovery. Herein, we fabricated a pyrrolic-N doped activated carbon electrode (PPyN-AC) via two facile steps of in-situ polymerization of pyrrole monomers and further carbonization. Capacitive deionization (CDI) using PPyN-AC as e...
Article
Maternal breast milk, which is a complete food for the infant's growth, development, and health, contains fats and lipids making it susceptible to accumulation of lipophilic compounds like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This study aimed at analyzing correlates of measured levels of PAHs in breast milk of nursing mothers to frequently used...
Book
Degradations of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria from various sources contains both practical and theoretical latest and broad aspects of antibiotics and antibiotics resistance bacteria management through the various recent methods. Various factors which are responsible for the efficient degradations are highlighted in the Degradation...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, Appointed as Guest Editor, we have launched a new special issue entitled "AOPs for Contaminants of Emerging Concern" in "Water Science & Technology (IF: 1.91, Q2)", IWA Publishing. Guest Editors: P V Nidheesh, Milad Mousazadeh, Mika Sillanpaa, Zacharias Frontistis Deadline for manuscript submission: October 1st, 2022. Expected pub...
Article
The magnesium ferrite spinel was studied as an efficient Methylene blue adsorbent. Herein, the optimization of Methylene blue adsorption on magnesium ferrite was executed. The optimal adsorption conditions (pH, dose of adsorbent, and contact time) in terms of kinetic constraints were found. It was revealed that the crucial impact of film diffusion...
Article
Developing new and efficient technologies for environmental remediation is becoming significant due to the increase in global concerns such as climate change, severe epidemics, and energy crises. Air pollution, primarily due to increased levels of H2S, SOx, NH3, NOx, CO, volatile organic compounds (VOC), and particulate matter (PM) in the atmospher...
Article
The release of pharmaceuticals into the environment induces adverse effects on the metabolism of humans and other living species, calling for advanced remediation methods. Conventional removal methods are often non-selective and cause secondary contamination. These issues may be partly solved by the use of recently-developped adsorbents such as mol...
Article
Over the previous three decades, the worldwide use of pharmaceuticals has surged by more than 2.5 times. Although being considered essential to save many lives, pharmaceuticals have also emerged as a large source of complex environmental contaminants in recent decades. Consequently, the pharmaceuticals and their breakdown products are ending up int...
Article
Water is a valuable natural resource, which plays a crucial role in ecological survival as well as economic progress. However, the water quality has deteriorated in recent years as a result of urbanization, industrialization and human activities due to the uncontrolled release of industrial wastes, which can be extremely carcinogenic and non-degrad...
Article
The combination of activated sludge process and catalytic ozonation technology was used to treat the landfill leachate as bio-chemical strategy in this study. The technology of activated sludge pretreatment and catalytic ozonation post-treatment coupled with baffled membrane bioreactor (MBR) system was proposed. The COD, ammonia nitrogen and phosph...
Chapter
Recently, petroleum-based polymers have been responsible for a large amount of the trash that has collected on our planet, with significant negative environmental impacts and high reprocessing costs. Advances in new energies—such as wind, biomass, and solar—are essential to ensuring sustainable development. Thus, the objective of this chapter is to...
Article
The release of pharmaceuticals and their metabolites into the environment has garnered much attention amidst societies and the scientific community because they induce detrimental effects on metabolic bioprocesses in humans and other living beings. Effective and efficient removal of these noxious chemical species before they enter the food chain is...
Article
Wastewater contains only ∼ 1% impurities that are required to be separated precisely for water recycling and reuse applications, particularly in water scare regions. Membrane-based separation has been recognised as an environmentally-friendly and energy-efficient process for effective pollutant removal and clean water production. To further improve...
Article
The stability of poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was studied based on the photoelectro-corrosion. The type of electrolyte can affect morphology, crystallinity, crystal grain size, and hydrophilicity of PEDOT. The polymerization time was shortened and the crystal grain size of PEDOT was increased, and the corresponding PEDOT dissolution w...
Article
Full-text available
Background The combined microbial fuel cell–microbial nutrient recovery system has lately been thoroughly explored from an engineering standpoint. The relevance of microbial communities in this process, on the other hand, has been widely underestimated. Results A lab-scale microbial nutrients recovery system was created in this work, and the micro...
Article
Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) had been explored as photosensitizer and hole transport agent. However, coating PEDOT on metal electrodes had issues with poor adhesion and delamination. In this work, the composite electrode with improved photo-electrocatalytic performance was constructed by potentiostatic polymerization of PEDOT on graphi...
Article
Recently, the synthesis of biodegradable adsorbents has attracted research interest. However, the use of a biodegradable material for adsorbing aqueous water contaminants can raise potential contradictions. Here, we describe aspects of biodegradable adsorbents intended for water purification that are perceived as contradictory. We present an insigh...
Article
Full-text available
Herein, we present the crystallographic dataset of 1,2,4-dithiazolium tetrafluoroborate. Single crystal X-ray structural analysis evidences that the 1,2,4-dithiazolium ring is almost planar. The 1,2,4-dithiazolium and tetrafluoroborate ions contribute in hydrogen bonding wherein the N-H•••N hydogen bonding in 1,2,4-dithiazolium dimer forms an eight...
Book
Innovative Bio-Based Technologies for Environmental Remediation explores the recent applications of both practical and theoretical latest and broad aspects of environment remediation with an aim to combine various innovation-based biotechnology for waste management, waste minimization, waste to economy. This book summarizes the recent progress of...
Article
A continuous system for photo-catalytic/ozonation was designed at laboratory scale and evaluated for water treatment using Amido Black 10B dye (AB) as a pollutant model. The effect of single ozonation (O3), photolytic ozonation (UV/O3) and combined photocatalytic/ozonation treatment (UV/O3/TiO2) were investigated. TiO2 nanocatalysts films were coat...
Article
Full-text available
The phase equilibria in the quinary Na, K//Cl, SO4, CO3–H2O system at 35 °C were determined, and a total phase equilibria diagram of the system was constructed by means of the translation method. Six points saturated with four solid phases, 19 curves saturated with three solid phases, and 21 fields saturated with two solid phases were determined in...
Conference Paper
Due to the unreasonable and irrational use of drugs, wastewater from medical institutions contains toxic residual pharmaceutical compounds. As a result of ineffective treatment, these compounds seep into receiving aquatic environment and contribute to the disruption of natural processes. The essence of this report is to highlight the problem of...
Article
Full-text available
The treatment of stormwater to remove and recover nutrients has received increasing interest. The objective of this study was to develop a novel adsorbent that is easy to handle, has good adsorption capacity, and is economical to use. A novel nanocomposite of montmorillonite (MT)-anchored magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) was synthesised by co-precipitation as...
Article
α-Fe2O3-Bi2S3 nanorods was successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal route with incorporation of graphene obtained from the pyrolysis of alginate, and was employed as a catalyst of the degradation of benzotriazole (BTA) in a photo-Fenton process. Due to the unique combination of graphene and the binary α-Fe2O3-Bi2S3 nanorod, the sample with 3wt%...
Article
The generation of free radicals is the key to the photocatalytic efficiency. In this study, the degradation mechanism of photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) membrane could be adequately explained by exploring the generation pathway of different free radicals. The PEC membrane was prepared by gas phase polymerization of poly (3, 4-ethylene dioxythiophene) (...
Article
Aqueous solutions contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) pose severe environmental risks, making their removal necessary. Flotation with colloidal gas aphrons (CGAs) has recently demonstrated high removal efficiencies for various pollutants present in aqueous solutions. This study determined the efficacy of CGAs in removing low-r...
Article
Full-text available
Due to urbanization and industrialization pollution level increases. Air pollution directly affects to human health. Air Quality Indices (AQI) method is related to measuring the concentration of different pollutants PM10, NO2, SO2 and other pollutants. The fuzzy Logic air quality index calculates in single value of AQI defines limits 0 to 1. In thi...
Article
The enormous growth of industries and the increased release of untreated effluents containing emerging pollutants are major problems that contaminate the water resources. Current efforts are oriented towards developing cost-effective, eco-friendly alternatives to remove a wide range of water pollutants. This paper provides critical insight on vario...
Article
Following the concept of sustainable development and circular economy, the Capacitive Deionization (CDI) was examined for the removal and recovery of ammonium (NH4⁺) ions from municipal wastewater towards prevention of eutrophication and obtaining a valuable component for fertilizers production. The electrosorption study was conducted in the symmet...
Article
Full-text available
Shape memory materials comprising aerogels, hydrogels, sponges, and ionogels have come on the scene as novel adsorbents for water purification. These materials demonstrate high adsorption capacities, enhanced mechanical strength, and shape resilience at the laboratory scale in unary, binary, and multicomponent adsorbate synthetic solutions. However...
Article
The transoceanic movement of non-indigenous microorganisms and organic and inorganic contaminants through the transfer of ballast water of ocean-going vessels can be considered highly likely. The introduction of contaminants and non-indigenous microorganisms can cause changes in indigenous microorganisms, marine species, and biota, which can create...
Article
Extensive research is being done to develop multifunctional advanced new materials for high performance photocatalytic applications in the field of energy production and environmental detoxification, MXenes have emerged as promising materials for enhancing photocatalytic performance owing to their excellent mechanical properties, appropriate Fermi...
Article
Novel Sm doped Cr2O3 decorated MWCNTs nanocomposite photocatalyst was successfully prepared by a facile hydrothermal method for metoprolol (MET) degradation. A heterogeneous photo -Fenton like system was formed with the addition of H2O2 for ultrasonic irradiation (US), visible light irradiation (Vis) and dual irradiation (US/Vis) systems. The intri...
Article
The recurrent environmental and economic issues associated with the diminution of fossil fuels are the main impetus towards the conversion of agriculture, aquaculture and shellfish biomass and the wastes into alternative commodities in a sustainable approach. In this review, the recent progress on the recovering and processing of these biomass and...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane fouling in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) is highly influenced by the characteristics of the influent, the mixed liquor microbial community and the operational parameters, all of which are environment specific. Therefore , we studied the dynamics of microbial community during the treatment of real municipal wastewater in a pilot-scale anoxic-...
Article
Microplastic pollution has recently been identified as a major issue for the health of ecosystems. Microplastics have typically sizes of less than 5 mm and occur in various forms, such as pellets, fibres, fragments, films, and granules. Mangroves and coral reefs are sensitive and restricted ecosystems that provide free ecological services such as c...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, samples of surface snow, surface ice, snow pit and meltwater from the Laohugou Glacier No. 12 on the northern edge of Tibetan Plateau (TP) were collected during the summer of 2015. The average concentration of Hg in surface snow/ice was 22.41 ng L⁻¹, while the percentage of dissolved mercury (HgD) was observed to be around 26%. An alt...
Article
Full-text available
The development of efficient materials and methods for the elimination of heavy metals contamination from water bodies is increasingly demanded as these toxic cations can acute diseases to humans or make serious threat to the environment. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of the organosilane coupling agent for the modificati...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The use of nanotechnologies is important to reduce environmental health problems in Iran, so the present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of nanotechnologies in environmental health. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study for 11-year periods (2008–2018) on all articles published in three specialized journals of envi...
Article
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of different water-stable classes were prepared hydrothermally and studied for fluoride (F⁻) capture in aqueous medium. In the screening test, the (F⁻) removal for MIL-53 (Fe), UIO-66, AP -UIO-66, and MOF-235 were 95.6%, 92.3%, 74.1% and 61.5%, respectively. MIL-53 (Fe) further explored by Box–Behnken design (BBD) ap...
Article
Full-text available
Herein, the α-Bi2O3 nanocrystal decorated by nitrogen dopant and its heterojunction nanocomposite with g-C3N4 (N0.1/Bi2O3/g-C3N4) is successfully fabricated for the first time, for photo-oxidation of RhB and photo-reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The resulting N0.1/Bi2O3/g-C3N4 (3%) nanocomposite showed an optimal Cr(VI) photo-reduction and RhB phot...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review The use of conventional chemical coagulant in treatment of wastewater is gaining great attention. Drawbacks related to the prolonged effects on human health and environment due to the generation of by-product non-biodegradable sludge are becoming the latest topics. Transition from chemical to natural coagulant can be a good strate...
Article
Cerium (Ce) and Europium (Eu) doped TiO2 thin films photocatalysts were synthesized using sol gel spin coating method coated on silicon wafers. SEM-EDX micrographs revealed that the surfaces were formed by compact grains and were covered by large aggregates. XRD and RAMAN analysis showed that the crystalline anatase TiO2 is the dominant phase. The...
Chapter
Over the years, nanobiopolymers produced by living organisms, as well as microbial nanobiopolymers, have gained a wide scientific and engineering attraction mainly due to the benefits related to sustainability and biodegradability. Several mechanical, chemical and biological methods have been employed for the fabrication of these nanobiopolymers an...
Article
Carbon materials are inexpensive and high‐performance nanomaterials producing ample scope for versatile applications. Graphdiyne (GDY) is a two-dimensional allotrope of carbon having sp and sp² hybridized planar carbon atoms. GDY was first practically synthesized by Li and co-workers in 2010, having diacetylene linkages, conjugated system, wide sur...
Article
Full-text available
The development of cost-effective and ecofriendly approaches toward water purification and antibacterial activity is a hot research topic in this era. Purposely, strontium-doped zinc selenide (Sr-doped ZnSe) nanoparticles, with different molar ratios of Sr2+ cations (0.01, 0.05, and 0.1), were prepared via the co-precipitation method, in which sodi...
Chapter
Sanitary landfills are modern technology for wastes management and control. However, the generation of landfill leachate is a great issue regarding landfills. Biological treatment is known as one of the most popular practices for leachate treatment, mainly due to the high efficiency and cost‐effectiveness. The present chapter reviews aerobic/anaero...
Article
Full-text available
Pure water will become a golden resource in the context of the rising pollution, climate change and the recycling economy, calling for advanced purification methods such as the use of nanostructured adsorbents. However, coming up with an ideal nanoadsorbent for micropollutant removal is a real challenge because nanoadsorbents, which demonstrate ver...