Mihai Surdu

Mihai Surdu
University College Freiburg · Science and Technology Studies (STS)

PhD

About

21
Publications
4,833
Reads
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207
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
201 Citations
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Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
Argument Moreau (2019) has raised concerns about the use of DNA data obtained from vulnerable populations, such as the Uighurs in China. We discuss another case, situated in Europe and with a research history dating back 100 years: genetic investigations of Roma. In our article, we focus on problems surrounding representativity in these studies. We...
Article
Analysis of how papers and databases are handled and interpreted shows that geneticists in Europe must stamp out unethical research practices at home, not just abroad. Analysis of how papers and databases are handled and interpreted shows that geneticists in Europe must stamp out unethical research practices at home, not just abroad.
Preprint
Full-text available
Moreau (2019) has raised concerns about the usage of DNA data obtained from vulnerable populations, such as the Uighurs in China. We discuss another case, situated in Europe and with a research history dating back 100 years: genetic investigations of Roma. While Moreau is mainly concerned with ethical issues, especially regarding informed consent,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the early 1990s, DNA data has been collected in Roma communities in international collaborations from forensic and medical genetics, yielding 45 forensic genetics publications drawing on DNA data from Roma. No other minority or population group from Europe has received such a high level of attention. This paper examines data collections repre...
Article
This article scrutinizes the administrative and scientific practices by which the Gypsy/Roma category has been historically constructed in Europe, particularly in Central and South Eastern Europe. Censuses, police-led inquiries, social surveys and expert estimates made the ‘Roma’ category appear objective, making invisible the multiple technical an...
Article
Full-text available
Ein Essay desGenetikers David Reich, erschienen am 23. März in der New York Times, löste eine heftige internationale Diskussion aus. Der Text mit dem Titel „How Genetics Is Changing Our Understanding of ‚Race‘“ (Wie die Genforschung unserVerständnis von„Rasse“ verändert) erntete sowohl Kritik als auch Zustimmung, auf die Reich in einem zweiten Arti...
Article
Full-text available
Making a Roma population visible is not a new project; for a long time, a Gypsy population was in the focus of experts. Therefore, I aim to reflect here on the striving of making Roma visible, on its techniques, assumptions and rationales as well as on its relationships with expert practices of population-making, such as censuses. My argument runs...
Article
Full-text available
Die Anwendung von DNA-Technologien in der Ermittlungsarbeit ist weder einfach noch trivial. Wer eine Ausweitung der polizeilichen Möglichkeiten in diesem Bereich fordert, sollte zunächst die Komplexität dieser Ermittlungsinstrumente zur Kenntnis nehmen: Sie birgt rechtliche, ethische und soziale Risiken, die jeden einzelnen Bürger treffen können. D...
Book
"The book scrutinizes the scientific and expert practices of Roma classification in a historic perspective focusing on the expert discourses that gave rise to Roma-related policies in the last two decades. Epistemic communities that classify and describeRoma obey the commandments of political regimes in power, to the disciplinary research tradition...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of an EU Framework for national Roma integration strategies (2011) marks a significant step in the politicisation of Roma identity by ensuring a further increase in the number of initiatives, projects and programmes explicitly targeting Roma. The Framework itself is part of a process that began with postcommunist transition and which h...
Chapter
Full-text available
This article illustrates the inferior quality of education in segregated schools in Romania and indicates the ways in which the segregation of Romani pupils presents a major obstacle to their enjoyment of equal educational opportunities. The article defines the term “segregated schools” and explores the causes of this problem in Romania. It analyze...
Article
Full-text available
The beginning of 90s was an effervescent period in regard to various types of gambling and speculative risk ventures in Romania: large pyramid schemes nationwide, huge gains and number of players at the lottery, new gambling brought by television. The article analyses this phenomenon taking a longue durée perspective on the history of gambling, its...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project discusses technologies and databases used for the prediction of externally visible characteristics (EVCs) and the so-called biogeographical ancestry (BGA).
Project
The project aims at a constructive dialogue with scientists on current genetic research on Roma in its historical context. It assesses the conceptual premises, sampling strategies and interdisciplinary methodologies of genetic studies on Roma. Those studies rely on sampling practices, classifications and narrations of endogamy, partly created in the social sciences and humanities. Since 1921, Roma have been addressed in ca. 200 genetic publications. Neglecting anthropometry after WWII, researchers adopted genetic methods to investigate Roma, such as serology and protein analysis, family pedigrees, and later, DNA analysis. Currently, geneticists agree on the evolutionary coherence of Roma, their endogamy and genetic-reproductive isolation, and India as their place of origin. Controversy prevails in the social sciences and humanities: Researchers either reject or agree on essentialist notions of Roma groupness. The project analyses mutual borrowings and collaborations of geneticists with social scientists. We employ methods from history of science, science studies, and social anthropology. The project heightens the sensitivity for issues of categorization across scienti­fic and political fields; it highlights ethical and social implications of genetic research and integrates both geneticists and Roma activists in the discussion.