Miguel Nicolelis

Miguel Nicolelis
Duke University Medical Center | DUMC · Department of Neurobiology

MD PhD

About

417
Publications
56,103
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27,291
Citations
Citations since 2016
74 Research Items
10052 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (417)
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, our group and others have reported multiple cases of consistent neurological recovery in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) following a protocol that integrates locomotion training with brain machine interfaces (BMI). The primary objective of this pilot study was to compare the neurological outcomes (motor, tactile, nociception,...
Article
Full-text available
Motor brain machine interfaces (BMIs) directly link the brain to artificial actuators and have the potential to mitigate severe body paralysis caused by neurological injury or disease. Most BMI systems involve a decoder that analyzes neural spike counts to infer movement intent. However, many classical BMI decoders (1) fail to take advantage of tem...
Article
Full-text available
Although international airports served as main entry points for SARS-CoV-2, the factors driving the uneven geographic spread of COVID-19 cases and deaths in Brazil remain mostly unknown. Here we show that three major factors influenced the early macro-geographical dynamics of COVID-19 in Brazil. Mathematical modeling revealed that the “super-spread...
Article
Full-text available
For patients who have lost sensory function due to a neurological injury such as spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, or amputation, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may provide a mechanism for restoring somatic sensations via an intuitive, non-visual pathway. Inspired by this vision, here we trained rhesus monkeys and rats to detect and discriminate pat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motor brain machine interfaces (BMI) directly link the brain to artificial actuators and have the potential to mitigate severe body paralysis caused by neurological injury or disease. Most BMI systems involve a decoder that analyzes neural spike counts to infer movement intent. However, many classical BMI decoders 1) fail to take advantage of tempo...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in neuroscience are inspiring developments in robotics and vice versa.
Preprint
Full-text available
Although its international airports served as the country's main entry points for SARS-CoV-2, the factors driving the uneven geographic spread of COVID-19 cases and deaths in Brazil remain largely unknown. Here we show that four major factors likely accounted for the entire dynamics of COVID-19 in Brazil. Mathematical modeling revealed that, initia...
Preprint
Full-text available
For patients who have lost sensory function due to a neurological injury such as spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, or amputation, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may provide a mechanism for restoring somatic sensations via an intuitive, non-visual pathway. We have previously shown that rats can learn to discriminate time-varying patterns of epidural...
Article
Full-text available
Lack of sensory feedback is a major obstacle in the rapid absorption of prosthetic devices by the brain. While electrical stimulation of cortical and subcortical structures provides unique means to deliver sensory information to higher brain structures, these approaches require highly invasive surgery and are dependent on accurate targeting of brai...
Article
Full-text available
Back in 2012, Churchland and his colleagues proposed that “rotational dynamics”, uncovered through linear transformations of multidimensional neuronal data, represent a fundamental type of neuronal population processing in a variety of organisms, from the isolated leech central nervous system to the primate motor cortex. Here, we evaluated this cla...
Preprint
Lack of sensory feedback is a major obstacle in the rapid absorption of prosthetic devices by the brain. While electrical stimulation of cortical and subcortical structures provides unique means to deliver sensory information to higher brain structures, these approaches require highly invasive surgery and are dependent on accurate targeting of brai...
Article
Significance Sensory neuroprostheses offer the promise of restoring perceptual function to people with impaired sensation. Here, we developed a paradigm using intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) for encoding the sensation of fingertip motion against texture. Monkeys learned to interpret time-varying ICMS patterns, evoked by the interplay of their...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impairs the flow of sensory and motor signals between the brain and the areas of the body located below the lesion level. Here, we describe a neurorehabilitation setup combining several approaches that were shown to have a positive effect in patients with SCI: gait training by means of non-invasive, surface functional elect...
Article
Although many real-time neural decoding algorithms have been proposed for brain-machine interface (BMI) applications over the years, an optimal, consensual approach remains elusive. Recent advances in deep learning algorithms provide new opportunities for improving the design of BMI decoders, including the use of recurrent artificial neural network...
Preprint
Intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) can produce percepts that mimic somatic sensation and thus has potential as an approach to sensorize prosthetic limbs. However, it is not known whether ICMS could recreate active texture exploration-the ability to infer information about object texture by using one′s fin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Back in 2012, Churchland and his colleagues proposed that rotational dynamics, uncovered through linear transformations of multidimensional neuronal data, represents a fundamental type of neuronal population processing in a variety of organisms, from the isolated leech central nervous system to the primate motor cortex. Here, we evaluated this clai...
Article
Full-text available
Processing of tactile sensory information in rodents is critically dependent on the communication between the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) and higher-order integrative cortical areas. Here, we have simultaneously characterized single-unit activity and local field potential (LFP) dynamics in the S1, primary visual cortex (V1), anterior cingulat...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) induces severe deficiencies in sensory-motor and autonomic functions and has a significant negative impact on patients’ quality of life. There is currently no systematic rehabilitation technique assuring recovery of the neurological impairments caused by a complete SCI. Here, we report significant clinical improvement in a...
Data
ASIA score sheet for all patients at onset and at the end of the training. (PDF)
Data
MRI of patients’ spinal cord. (A) MRI cuts of sagittal and (B) axial planes (T2 sequence) at SCI level for patients P2, P3, P4. Myelomalacia (hyperintense signal, 7mm length) is visible for patient P2 at the level of thoracic vertebra T2, and continuity of neural fibers are visible at the lesion level. For patient P3, we observed the spinal cord in...
Data
3D MRI reconstruction. Three-dimensional reconstruction based on FIESTA sequence images for patient P4. The rendering was done with OsiriX Lite software. Published with permission of Associação Alberto Santos Dumont para Apoio à Pesquisa (AASDAP), Sao Paulo, Brazil. (MP4)
Data
ASIA motor examination of patient P3. The motor exam is done 32 months after the onset of the training. The patient is asked to align the lower limbs, performing hip adduction and knee extension, for the left side and later for the right side. Published with permission of Associação Alberto Santos Dumont para Apoio à Pesquisa (AASDAP), Sao Paulo, B...
Data
For each muscle, the corresponding nerve, nerve root range. The reported principal nerve is the one reported in ASIA assessment (except extensor digitorum longus which is not part of the ASIA assessment). (DOCX)
Data
Patient’s proprioception score per movement after 28 months of training. (DOCX)
Data
Motor examination in a suspended position for patient P1. The motor exam was done 9 and 22 months after the onset of the training. The patient is instructed to flex the right hip. Published with permission of Associação Alberto Santos Dumont para Apoio à Pesquisa (AASDAP), Sao Paulo, Brazil. (MP4)
Data
Motor examination in a suspended position for patient P8. The motor exam was done 29 months after the training onset. The patient was instructed to move both legs alternatively backward (right and later left side) and forward (right and later left side); with 75–80% of body weight support during forward movement and 65–70% during backward movement....
Data
WHOQOL-BREF set of questions per domain. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Primary motor (M1), primary somatosensory (S1) and dorsal premotor (PMd) cortical areas of rhesus monkeys previously have been associated only with sensorimotor control of limb movements. Here we show that a significant number of neurons in these areas also represent body position and orientation in space. Two rhesus monkeys (K and M) used a wheelc...
Article
Full-text available
While it is well known that the primate brain evolved to cope with complex social contingencies, the neurophysiological manifestation of social interactions in primates is not well understood. Here, concurrent wireless neuronal ensemble recordings from pairs of monkeys were conducted to measure interbrain cortical synchronization (ICS) during a who...
Article
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Adult rats equipped with a sensory prosthesis, which transduced infrared (IR) signals into electrical signals delivered to somatosensory cortex (S1), took approximately 4 d to learn a four-choice IR discrimination task. Here, we show that when such IR signals are projected to the primary visual cortex (V1), rats that are pretrained in a visual-disc...
Article
Full-text available
Information transfer rate (ITR), measured in bits/s, can be applied to evaluate motor performance, including the capacity of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) to control external actuators. In a 2013 article entitled “Transfer of information by BMI” and published in Neuroscience , Tehovnik and his colleagues utilized ITR to assess the performance of...
Article
Rewards are known to influence neural activity associated with both motor preparation and execution. This influence can be exerted directly upon the primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) cortical areas via the projections from reward-sensitive dopaminergic neurons of the midbrain ventral tegmental areas. However, the neurophysiological manifest...
Article
Significance The ability to learn highly skilled movements may depend on the dopamine-related plasticity occurring in motor cortex, because the density of dopamine receptors—the reward sensor—increases in this area from rodents to primates. We hypothesized that primary motor (M1) and somatosensory (S1) neurons would encode rewards during operant co...
Article
Spinal cord stimulation has been used for the treatment of chronic pain for decades. In 2009, our laboratory proposed, based on studies in rodents, that electrical stimulation of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord could become an effective treatment for motor symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Since our initial report in rodents...
Article
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) combine methods, approaches, and concepts derived from neurophysiology, computer science, and engineering in an effort to establish real-time bidirectional links between living brains and artificial actuators. Although theoretical propositions and some proof of concept experiments on directly linking the brains with...
Article
Recent advances in the field of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have demonstrated enormous potential to shape the future of rehabilitation and prosthetic devices. Here, a lower-limb exoskeleton controlled by the intracortical activity of an awake, behaving rhesus macaque is presented as a proof-of-concept for a locomotor BMI. A detailed description...
Article
The brain can be viewed as an organic computer that can be reprogrammed to incorporate external elements, such as artificial tools. But is there a risk that our increasing reliance on digital devices, such as smartphones, could also be reprogramming our brains and blunting our human attributes?
Article
Full-text available
Although electrical neurostimulation has been proposed as an alternative treatment for drug-resistant cases of epilepsy, current procedures such as deep brain stimulation, vagus, and trigeminal nerve stimulation are effective only in a fraction of the patients. Here we demonstrate a closed loop brain-machine interface that delivers electrical stimu...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injuries disrupt bidirectional communication between the patient’s brain and body. Here, we demonstrate a new approach for reproducing lower limb somatosensory feedback in paraplegics by remapping missing leg/foot tactile sensations onto the skin of patients’ forearms. A portable haptic display was tested in eight patients in a setup wh...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the brain and curing it are among the most exciting challenges of our time. Consequently, national, transnational, and private parties are investing billions of dollars (USD). To efficiently join forces, Global Brain Workshop 2016 was hosted at Johns Hopkins University's Kavli Neuroscience Discovery Institute on April 7--8. A second w...
Article
Full-text available
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) provide a new assistive strategy aimed at restoring mobility in severely paralyzed patients. Yet, no study in animals or in human subjects has indicated that long-term BMI training could induce any type of clinical recovery. Eight chronic (3–13 years) spinal cord injury (SCI) paraplegics were subjected to long-term t...
Article
Full-text available
Several groups have developed brain-machine-interfaces (BMIs) that allow primates to use cortical activity to control artificial limbs. Yet, it remains unknown whether cortical ensembles could represent the kinematics of whole-body navigation and be used to operate a BMI that moves a wheelchair continuously in space. Here we show that rhesus monkey...
Article
Full-text available
Several groups have developed brain-machine-interfaces (BMIs) that allow primates to use cortical activity to control artificial limbs. Yet, it remains unknown whether cortical ensembles could represent the kinematics of whole-body navigation and be used to operate a BMI that moves a wheelchair continuously in space. Here we show that rhesus monkey...
Article
Background: Several species of the New World monkeys have been used as experimental models in biomedical and neurophysiological research. However, a method for controlled arm reaching tasks has not been developed for these species. New method: We have developed a fully automated, pneumatically driven, portable, and reconfigurable experimental ap...
Article
Can the adult brain assimilate a novel, topographically organized, sensory modality into its perceptual repertoire? To test this, we implemented a microstimulation-based neuroprosthesis that rats used to discriminate among infrared (IR) light sources. This system continuously relayed information from four IR sensors that were distributed to provide...
Article
Scientific Reports 5: Article number: 1186910.1038/srep11869; published online: July092015; updated: October152015 In this Article, an additional affiliation for Gabriela Chiuffa was omitted. The correct affiliation is listed below: Center for Mathematics, Computation and Cognition, Federal University of ABC (UFABC), Sao Paulo, Brazil In additio...
Article
Tactile information processing in the rodent primary somatosensory cortex (S1) is layer-specific and involves modulations from both thalamocortical and cortico-cortical loops. However, the extent to which these loops influence the dynamics of the primary somatosensory cortex while animals execute tactile discrimination remains largely unknown. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) extract motor commands from a single brain to control the movements of artificial devices. Here, we introduce a Brainet that utilizes very-large-scale brain activity (VLSBA) from two (B2) or three (B3) nonhuman primates to engage in a common motor behaviour. A B2 generated 2D movements of an avatar arm...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, we proposed that Brainets, i.e. networks formed by multiple animal brains, cooperating and exchanging information in real time through direct brain-to-brain interfaces, could provide the core of a new type of computing device: an organic computer. Here, we describe the first experimental demonstration of such a Brainet, built by interconn...
Book
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In this monograph, a mathematician and a neurobiologist join forces to address one of the most crucial and controversial scientific questions of our times: can the exquisite capacities of the human brain be simulated by any digital computer? By combining mathematical, computational, neurobiological and evolutionary arguments, Ronald Cicurel and Mig...