Miguel A. Martínez

Miguel A. Martínez
Uppsala University | UU · Institute for Housing and Urban Research

PhD

About

108
Publications
37,628
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Introduction
Miguel Martinez currently works at the Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University (Sweden). Miguel does research in Urban Sociology, Social Movements and Activist Social Research. His current projects are 'SQUATTING AND URBAN COMMONS', 'THE HOUSING MOVEMENT IN SPAIN', 'IMPACTS OF URBAN MOVEMENTS ON LOCAL GOVERNANCE'.
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - present
Uppsala University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2013 - February 2017
City University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2007 - July 2013
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
Full-text available
Desde sus inicios en 2009, la Plataforma de Afectadas por la Hipoteca (PAH) constituyó una extraordinaria respuesta social a algunas de las consecuencias más dramáticas de la crisis financiera global de 2008: desempleo, ejecuciones hipotecarias, financiarización de la vivienda y desahucios. Este movimiento social fue ampliamente cubierto por los me...
Data
Edición en español del artículo "Citizen participation in local agendas 21: Critical questions of urban governance", Scripta Nova, Nº. 355, 2011.
Chapter
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Los paraguas amarillos fueron el símbolo de uno de los episodios más mediáticos globalmente del movimiento por la democracia en Hong Kong: el Umbrella Movement de 2014. El color amarillo fue adoptado en afinidad con otra movilización popular en Taiwan unos meses antes, el Sunflower Movement. El paraguas representó el objeto usado por los manifestan...
Article
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Spain was one of the most severely hit countries by the 2008 global financial crisis. More than ten years after, the belated economic recovery has hardly changed the roots of that crisis, especially the financialization of the real estate sector. Remarkably, from 2009 to the present, several grassroots struggles have questioned those roots and dema...
Chapter
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First, we examine the top five demands of the PAH. Then we evaluate the partial achievements that have been obtained, explaining how they have been possible and the scope of their applicability. This analysis is complemented by the identification of the unintended consequences of the contentious processes in which the PAH has been involved. Finally...
Article
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Since the 2008 economic recession, state intervention in the real estate sector has strengthened. This article explains how housing financialization was reignited in Spain following key policy reforms in 2013. We argue that Spanish authorities managed to strategically recreate a finance-friendly environment to attract global investors. They combine...
Chapter
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Como investigadores, observadores y participantes en diferentes movimientos sociales, estos dos últimos años no han sido los mejores para realizar trabajo de campo en las calles. Manifestaciones, asambleas y acciones colectivas presenciales estuvieron prohibidas en los primeros meses de la pandemia del coronavirus, con la aplicación de excepcionale...
Article
Full-text available
Since its inception in 2009, the housing movement in Spain, led by the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH), has confronted a devastating wave of housing foreclosures and evictions. Remarkably, the PAH has enjoyed wide coverage in the mass media. Among the latter, numerous fiction and non-fiction films have portrayed home evictions and t...
Article
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In 2011 the 15 M movement occupied squares across Spain demanding true democracy. Four years later, bottom-up municipalist initiatives won the 2015 local elections in seven medium-size and large cities. In coalition with traditional parties, these initiatives formed new left-wing governments that incorporated former activists as mayors and councilo...
Article
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En este texto se revelan las relaciones de los movimientos por la vivienda con las condiciones estructurales de cada periodo histórico desde los estertores de la dictadura franquista hasta la actualidad. Mi objetivo es estudiar las variaciones que esos movimientos han experimentado a lo largo de las últimas décadas a la luz de las estructuras polít...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The International Labour Office welcomes such applications. Libraries, institutions and other users registered with a reproduction rights organization may make copies in accordance with the licences issued to them for this purpose. Visit www.ifrro.org to find the reproduction rights organization in your country. ISBN: 9789220349205 (Print) ISBN: 97...
Article
Full-text available
Many of the contemporary debates on urban commons lack an anti-capitalist approach. In addition, a number of misunderstandings regarding the common wealth, the city, the state, and the public sphere do not help to clarify the meaning of the commons. As a response to these problems, I first devise two useful concepts that stem from Marx's original i...
Article
Full-text available
Many of the contemporary debates on urban commons lack an anti-capitalist approach. In addition, a number of misunderstandings regarding the common wealth, the city, the state, and the public sphere do not help to clarify the meaning of the commons. As a response to these problems, I first devise two useful concepts that stem from Marx's original i...
Preprint
For a social movement and urban scholar, these are not the best days for conducting fieldwork on the streets. Off-line demonstrations, protests with gathering bodies and banners, deliberative assemblies and the like have been on hold for a long period in countries such as Spain. The coronavirus pandemic and the stringent measures taken by the gover...
Preprint
This study investigates whether housing movements can produce significant outcomes. In particular, I examine the case of the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH), the main organization in the Spanish housing movement between 2009 and 2017. First, I discuss how their demands were framed according to specific contexts of legitimation. Seco...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, I focus on two intersecting dimensions of the Umbrella Movement (UM) that have been underexamined in the literature. First, I contend that street occupants raised more criticisms of capitalism than in prior prodemocracy protests. In my view, the UM did not solely demand a full liberal democracy according to international standards....
Article
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How to identify and assess the social and political impacts of a social movement such as the 15M/Indignados in Spain? A particular challenge comes up, first, when its limits and identity are blurred so here we distinguish three types of movement goals and explain how they emerged. Secondly, in order to evaluate their achievements we pay special att...
Book
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To date, there has been no comprehensive analysis of the disperse research on the squatters’ movement in Europe. In Squatters in the Capitalist City, Miguel A. Martínez López presents a critical review of the current research on squatting and of the historical development of the movements in European cities according to their major social, politica...
Chapter
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Squatters’ movement evolved unevenly across European cities over the last four decades, although there are recent attempts to understand their patterns and commonalities as well as their relations with other social movements. A very much discussed topic within these studies is the autonomous political identity of many of the squatters’ movements, b...
Article
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How do squatters' movements make a difference in urban politics? Their singularity in European cities has often been interpreted according to the major notion of 'autonomy'. However, despite the recent upsurge of studies about squatting (Cattaneo et al. 2014, Katsiaficas 2006, Martínez et al. 2018, Van der Steen et al. 2014), there has not been muc...
Article
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This special issue focuses on migrants' self-organised strategies in relation to housing in Europe, namely the collective squatting of vacant buildings and land. In particular, the contributions to this special issue differentiate between shelter provided in state-run or humanitarian camps and squatted homes. Migrants squats are an essential part o...
Article
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Over the last decade, urban cycling has re-emerged as a popular mode of transportation in Chinese cities. This article examines how grassroots activism contributed to this cycling renaissance by considering the case of Guangzhou. In the wake of rapid economic development, the Chinese government modified its transportation policies such that cycling...
Chapter
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The nature and scope of “informal settlers” are defined according to specific historical conditions, social conflicts, and spatial configurations. In contrast with the prevailing negative features of slums, other types of informal dwelling are here distinguished and a more nuanced account of informal living given. This approach has consequences for...
Article
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The nature and scope of “informal settlers” are defined according to specific historical conditions, social conflicts, and spatial configurations. In contrast with the prevailing negative features of slums, other types of informal dwelling are here distinguished and a more nuanced account of informal living given. This approach has consequences for...
Article
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Mainstream mass media and politicians tend to portray squatters as civic evils. Breaking in and trespassing on private property is clumsily equated with the occupation of empty premises. Squatting is often represented as a serious criminal offence even before any legal verdict has been determined. The social diversity of squatters and the circumsta...
Chapter
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The author discusses the notions of urban movements and urban activism in relation to significant societal contexts and different forms of urban politics. Additionally, four categories of urban activism and movements are distinguished and illustrated with various examples from southern Europe and Latin America. The chapter summarises some theoretic...
Chapter
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This chapter offers a definition of urban activism and gives an overview of urban activism in liberal democracies as well as in non-democratic countries. It attempts to outline the general context as well as related concepts on which subsequent chapters are discussed.
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This chapter examines the changes in cycling advocacy and governance in Hong Kong to identify the main constraints experienced in their attempts to promote urban bicycle mobility. First, we find out that other global cities’ demonstration effect and the problems rooted in the dual-structure traffic system contribute to the emergence of cycling acti...
Book
This edited volume advances our understanding of urban activism beyond the social movement theorization dominated by thesis of political opportunity structure and resource mobilization, as well as by research based on experience from the global north. Covering a diversity of urban actions from a broad range of countries in both hemispheres as well...
Chapter
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La Plataforma de Afectados por la Hipoteca (PAH) ha adquirido una gran relevancia social en sólo nueve años de existencia. ¿En qué ha consistido esta relevancia social? ¿Cómo ha sido posible? El presente capítulo intenta responder a estas cuestiones analizando el desarrollo de la PAH y el contexto en que ha tenido lugar. Nuestro conocimiento de la...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo aborda el impacto de los Centros Sociales Okupados y Autogestionados (CSOAs o 'movimiento okupa') en relación a los equipamientos y espacios urbanos a lo largo de cuatro décadas en las distintas ciudades del Estado español. Desde 1977 a la actualidad, los CSOAs han desarrollado en todo el Estado español alternativas de ocio juvenil, e...
Article
Full-text available
Book Review: The Urban Politics of Squatters’ Movements edited by Miguel A. Martinez Lopez
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the trajectory of Squatted Social Centres from 1977 to 2016 within the metropolitan area of Madrid. Martínez identifies specific protest cycles and the significant political, historical, urban, economic and social contexts in each period. The data collected and its broader interpretation allow for the distinction of the main l...
Chapter
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This chapter aims at comparing different periods of squatting in nine European cities. Due to the disparities in the data and development of each squatters’ movement, the analysis is mainly focused on the Central-Northern Europe cities (Berlin, Copenhagen and Paris), on the one hand, and the Southern Europe cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Seville and Ro...
Chapter
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Martínez provides a general introduction to the book by presenting the aims of the collective research which was undertaken by the contributors. This chapter constructs a theoretical framework with the main concepts that served as a guideline for the writing of individual chapters. In particular, Martínez focuses on the notions of ‘protest cycle’ a...
Article
Full-text available
How and why do squatting movements rise, fall, and rise again all over the Europe? The Urban Politics of Squatters’ Movements is the systematic attempt to answer these crucial questions, providing rich insight into squatting practices within a geographically broad and historically deep perspective. The authors of this collection, all involved i...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the legitimation strategies that political squatters use to justify their occupation of property they do not own and how those strategies often ‘soften’ what could otherwise have been a more radical anti-capitalist stance. Taking a starting point in empirical work done on Spanish squatting and focusing in the latter half on th...
Book
Full-text available
Skłoting – czyli zajmowanie pustostanów bez zgody ich właścicieli – jest od dawna przedmiotem akademickiej dyskusji. Jednak ten fenomen nie doczekał się jeszcze kompleksowego ujęcia z perspektywy Europy Środkowej. Niniejszy raport jest pierwszą tego rodzaju próbą w języku polskim. Autorzy tekstów nie tylko przedstawiają genealogie tego zjawiska w B...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates whether housing movements can produce significant outcomes. In particular, I examine the case of the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH), the main organization in the Spanish housing movement between 2009 and 2017. First, I discuss how their demands were framed according to specific contexts of legitimation. Seco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Squatted Social Centres (SSCs) can hardly be detached from the housing question. Housing shortage, unaffordability, real estate speculation, market failures, social housing policies, and increasing pressures towards home ownership in capitalist cities are usually contested by most forms of squatting. However, housing needs and struggles are not the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Research on the squatters’ movement has focused preferentially on agency, forms of organisation and the legal implications, while its historical dimension and the spatial contexts have not been examined sufficiently. This chapter aims at solving this deficit by conceiving the urban space as mediation between squatters’ practices and broader economi...
Book
This volume sheds light on the development of squatting practices and movements in nine European cities (Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Rome, Paris, Berlin, Copenhagen, Rotterdam and Brighton) by examining the numbers, variations and significant contexts in their life course. It reveals how and why squatting practices have shifted and to what extent t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the last ten years, urban cycling has been reestablished as a popular mode of transportation in cities across China, once known as the “Cycling Kingdom”. This article examines the case of Guangzhou to identify how civic actors are contributing to that change in a transitional circumstance. Rooted in the context of the economic transition, a fu...
Article
Full-text available
Squatters and migrants use the city space in a peculiar and anomalous manner. Their contributions to the social and political production of urban space are not usually considered crucial. Furthermore, their mutual relationship is under-researched. In this paper I investigate the participation of migrants in the squatting of abandoned buildings. Thi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The 15M or Indignados movement appeared on the public stage on 15 May 2011 with a massive demonstration that took place simultaneously in more than 57 Spanish cities after a call launched by a coalition of groups then named DRY (Democracia Real Ya, ‘True Democracy Now’). Their first manifesto opposed the austerity and neoliberal policies implemente...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article draws on the articulation of theoretical insights about governance and mobilities in order to explore the dilemma of the promotion of urban cycling in Hong Kong. By conducting a historical review of the variations in public policies and the analysis of the emerging pro-cycling advocate groups this article makes several observations. Fi...
Book
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La experiencia colectiva, de más de quince años, de personas en y cercanas a la red del Observatorio Internacional de Ciudadanía y Medio Ambiente Sostenible (CIMAS), es la fuente de este libro. Si bien, huelga decir que el mismo contiene lo aprendido, pero no todo lo aprendido. Este aprendizaje teórico-práctico ha servido para reflexionar sobre otr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are several public myths about squatting houses and social centres. One consists in ignoring the long lasting history of squatting practices and movements over the decades. A second one considers squatting as a simply legal issue which should be either persecuted either legalised. Finally there is a general image that depicts squatters as the...
Article
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Radical and autonomous urban movements like the European squatters' movement tend to resist integration into the institutions of the state, although particular legal and political conditions in each country or city may significantly alter this tendency. In this article, I examine the controversial issue of ‘institutionalization’ among squatters, fo...
Article
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Squatting empty properties for living or to develop public activities has lasted in European cities for more than three decades. Although local and national contexts differ significantly, there are also some general trends and patterns that deserve careful attention. When squatting occasionally appears in public debates, controversy is generated an...
Article
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Citizen participation has been recently incorporated in the design and implementation of different public policies but participants have often criticised that there is little room for autonomous modes of citizen participation within institutional frameworks. Which are the specific features of autonomous processes of citizen participation compared t...
Article
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En el presente artículo explicamos la convergencia que han experimentado las luchas por el es-pacio público del movimiento 15M con las luchas por la vivienda. En particular, argumentamos que la campaña contra los desahucios operó inicialmente como mecanismo legitimador de las okupaciones post-15M, mientras que las luchas por la vivienda obtuvieron...
Article
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Environmental planning such as the Local Agenda 21 (LA21) launched by United Nations in the Summit of Rio de Janeiro in 1992, has been increasingly used as a new strategy of urban governance without challenging the mainstream patterns of economic growth and representative democracy. This kind of planning focuses on sustainable issues of both cities...
Article
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The urban planning of municipal territory is still a key element of urban politics despite competition from other types of spatial planning and the influence of supra-local policies such as those introduced by European institutions. To gauge its importance, I selected the last two master plans developed in the cities of Vigo (Spain) and Porto (Port...
Article
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En el estudio de los procesos sociales de participación ciudadana vinculados a procesos de planificación espacial prevalecen visiones pluralistas y unidimensionales. En este trabajo se examinan las definiciones de la participación ciudadana en la planificación espacial propuestas por autores con perspectivas elitistas, conf lictualistas y, en gener...
Article
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En el estudio de los procesos sociales de participación ciudadana vinculados a procesos de planificación espacial prevalecen visiones pluralistas y unidimensionales. En este trabajo se examinan las definiciones de la participación ciudadana en la planificación espacial propuestas por autores con perspectivas elitistas, conflictualistas y, en genera...
Article
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The notion of 'Urban Social Movements' (USM) is examined here through the work of Manuel Castells. Firstly, we consider the limits reached by this field of research the last three decades in order to explain the transformations experimented by traditional USM and the coming on new ones. Secondly, three theoretical stages in the work of Castells are...
Article
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Science and Technology Studies have discussed extensively over the social factors that hinder and facilitate scientific-technological activities. Some authors even have attempted to grasp the cultural and power conflicts involved in the definition of concepts, paradigms and research programmes. I will present here a reflection on the concept of 'sc...
Article
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The epistemological basis of the participatory action-research (PAR) methodology in the so-called 'paradigm of complexity' is plagued with misconceptions, imprecision and significant omissions. The appropriate and contextualised translation of concepts from the natural sciences for use in the social sciences is particularly necessary in qualitative...
Article
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Squatting in abandoned houses and buildings in Spanish cities has been a continuous occurrence since the early 1980s. CSOAs (Centros Sociales Okupados y Autogestionados/Squatted and Self-Managed Social Centres) acquired greater public importance than buildings squatted only for housing purposes. Nevertheless, both forms of squatting have taken plac...
Article
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The epistemological basis of research-participative action in the so-called «paradigm of complexity» is plagued with misconceptions, imprecision and significant omissions. The appropriate and contextualised translation of concepts acquired from natural sciences for use in social sciences is particularly necessary in qualitative-structural and parti...
Article
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Presento aquí los principales resultados de un amplio estudio comparativo sobre tres casos de participación urbana en distintos niveles de intervención social (micro, macro y meso), en distintos contextos de desarrollo (ciudad mediana gallega, ciudad grande latinoamericana y ciudades españolas medias y grandes) y con distintas estrategias de expres...
Article
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A partir de análisis documentales, estadísticos, de casos significativos de urbanización y de entrevistas personales, se intenta explicar el modelo de expansión constructiva y residencial de la ciudad de Vigo, atendiendo, en primer lugar, a la evolución de los precios de la vivienda y a las tendencias de su distribución metropolitana. En segundo lu...
Article
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La okupación de viviendas y edificios abandonados en ciudades españolas se ha producido de forma continuada desde principios de la década de 1980. En este movimiento urbano, los Centros Sociales Okupados y Autogestionados (CSOA) adquirieron una mayor relevancia pública que los inmuebles okupados sólo como vivienda. No obstante, ambas modalidades ev...
Article
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Lo que pretendo esclarecer aquí es en qué consiste la cuestión de la especulación urbana, también adjetivada como urbanística o inmobiliaria. Sostendré que nos remite a un conjunto de prácticas intrínsecas y consistentes con el predominio de una economía capitalista en la producción e intercambio de bienes inmuebles, escasamente perseguidas o limit...
Article
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RESUMEN O ABSTRACT En este trabajo realizo una propuesta de definición sociológica de la participación en el urbanismo y de interpretación de los problemas que la asolan. Para ello se extraen conclusiones teóricas de otras propuestas semejantes y, sobre todo, del análisis de experiencias en esta materia. Defenderé que existe una 'participación urba...
Article
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Se revisa teóricamente un conjunto de investigaciones recientes que se alinean con alguna de las cuatro grandes tradiciones en la sociología del espacio, tal como han sido propuestas por autores como Peter Saunders y Víctor Urrutia en la sociología urbana. Por una parte, se esclarecen sintéticamente las concepciones sociológicas del espacio que tra...
Article
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La extensa experiencia de organización y proyección social del movimiento de okupación en el Estado español (aproximadamente dos décadas) no se corresponde con análisis rigurosos acerca de su génesis y desarrollo. De hecho, algunas dimensiones centrales en dicho movimiento, como las dinámicas de reestructuración urbana y las prácticas de autogestió...

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Projects

Projects (9)
Project
Analizar los cambios en la cultura y conciencia socio-política que se producen entre los activistas de la PAH en su primer año de militancia.
Project
We aim to study urban phenomena related to socio-spatial inequalities, protest and activism in metropolitan regions of Europe and Latin America, with a comparative approach. In particular, housing movements, claims for the right to the city and urban commons will be the core focus of analysis. This is a subgroup of the ACCESS programme for cooperation between Sweden and Chile with the title "Global challenges of democracy".
Project
This project is launched under the umbrella of the ACCESS programme of cooperation between Sweden and Chile. Various sub-projects and networks will work together within the broad scope of Global Democracy.