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Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Clavero

Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Clavero
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA-CSIC)

PhD
Research and innovation for preventing zoonotic diseases emergence: Catching & studying new and emerging viruses

About

155
Publications
31,746
Reads
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3,619
Citations
Introduction
Current interests: Emerging & transboundary infectious diseases affecting livestock and wildlife. Viral pathogens of animals & zoonosis. Arthropod-borne viral diseases (arbovirosis). West Nile fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever & others. Current international projects: Medilabsecure. Website: http://www.medilabsecure.com/ Blogs: Virus emergentes (in Spanish) Website: http://www.madrimasd.org/blogs/virusemergentes ORCID record: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2125-9743.
Additional affiliations
December 2016 - present
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria
Position
  • Investigador científico
September 2006 - December 2016
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria
Position
  • Jefe de Servicio Coord P3
Description
  • Head of Service for P3 (BSL-3) laboratory coordination in the Center for Research in Animal Health.
June 2003 - August 2006
Laboratorio Central de Veterinaria
Position
  • Jefe de Departamento
Description
  • Head of the Department of Emerging Diseases, National Reference Laboratory for diagnosis of CSF, FMD, WND, SVD, BT and other animal diseases listed by the OIE.
Education
September 1989 - March 1994
Complutense University of Madrid
Field of study
  • Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
September 1982 - June 1987

Publications

Publications (155)
Article
Full-text available
Before this report, 7 autochthonous human cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever had been reported in Spain, all occurring since 2016. We describe the retrospective identification of an eighth case dating back to 2013. This study highlights that the earliest cases of an emerging disease are often difficult to recognize.
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the world radically since 2020. Spain was one of the European countries with the highest incidence during the first wave. As a part of a consortium to monitor and study the evolution of the epidemic, we sequenced 2,170 samples, diagnosed mostly before lockdown measures. Here, we identifi...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile Virus (WNV; family Flaviviridae, genus flavivirus) is a zoonotic arbovirus worldwide spread. Its genetic diversity has allowed the definition of at least 7 lineages, being lineages 1 and 2 the most widely distributed. Western Mediterranean region has been affected by WNV since decades. In Spain, WNV is actively circulating, provoking annu...
Article
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The surveillance for West Nile virus (WNV) in Catalonia (northeastern Spain) has consistently detected flaviviruses not identified as WNV. With the aim of characterizing the flaviviruses circulating in Catalonia, serum samples from birds and horses collected between 2010 and 2019 and positive by panflavivirus competition ELISA (cELISA) were analyze...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus lineage 2 (WNV-L2) emerged in Europe in 2004; since then, it has spread across the continent, causing outbreaks in humans and animals. During 2017 and 2020, WNV-L2 was detected and isolated from four northern goshawks in two provinces of Catalonia (north-eastern Spain). In order to characterise the first Spanish WNV-L2 isolates and...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This study described the clinical, virological, and serological responses of immunologically naïve and vaccinated horses to African horse sickness virus (AHSV) serotype 9. Naïve horses developed a clinical picture resembling the cardiac form of African horse sickness. This was characterized by inappetence, reduced activity, and hypertherm...
Article
Full-text available
Background Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a widespread tick-borne zoonosis with reported detection of virus and/or virus-specific antibodies from over 57 countries across Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East and is endemic in the Balkans. Detection of Crimean–Congo Haemorrhagic Fever Virus (CCHFV) antibodies in domestic ruminants ha...
Conference Paper
Purpose West Nile Virus (WNV) is a zoonotic arbovirus worldwide spread. In Spain, its active circulation provokes outbreaks in birds, horses and lately in humans. In September 2017, an outbreak affecting raptors, in the province of Málaga (Andalusia), was investigated. One northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) died, while two peregrine falcons (Fal...
Conference Paper
Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an unprecedented health crisis with devastating effects. Current evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2 could have an animal origin. Many uncertainties about the behaviour of the virus still persist, and understanding all the keys of this epidemic requires an interdisciplinary One Health approach spanning the hum...
Conference Paper
Purpose SARS-CoV-2 is a zoonotic pathogen able to infect humans, pets and other animal species, mustelids and felids being highly susceptible. Experimentally, it has been shown that SARS-CoV-2 replicates efficiently in cats, inducing humoral immunity and causing a variable clinical presentation. Here we report the case of two cats (G1 and G2) natur...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the presence of zoonotic flaviviruses (West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV)) neutralizing antibodies in rarely studied passerine bird species. We report, for the first time in Europe, WNV-specific antibodies in red avadavat and cetti’s warbler, and USUV in yellow-crowned bishop. The evidence of WNV and USUV circulating in residen...
Article
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Background The fight against the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created a huge demand of biotechnological, pharmaceutical, research and sanitary materials at unprecedented scales. One of the most urgent demands affects the diagnostic tests. The growing need for rapid and accurate laboratory diagnostic tests requires the de...
Article
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The Dilution Effect Hypothesis (DEH) argues that greater biodiversity lowers the risk of disease and reduces the rates of pathogen transmission since more diverse communities harbour fewer competent hosts for any given pathogen, thereby reducing host exposure to the pathogen. DEH is expected to operate most intensely in vector-borne pathogens and w...
Article
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West Nile virus (WNV) is the most widespread flavivirus in the world with a wide vertebrate host range. Its geographic expansion and activity continue to increase with important human and equine outbreaks and local bird mortality. In a previous experiment, we demonstrated the susceptibility of 7-week-old red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) to Me...
Article
Full-text available
Nanopore sequencing has emerged as a rapid and cost-efficient tool for diagnostic and epidemiological surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study compared the results from sequencing the SARS-CoV-2 genome using R9 vs R10 flow cells and a Rapid Barcoding Kit (RBK) vs a Ligation Sequencing Kit (LSK). The R9 chemistry provided...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging flavivirus transmitted generally by mosquitoes of Culex genus. It is maintained in an enzootic life cycle where birds act as reservoir hosts. Humans and horses are also susceptible to infection, and occasionally, they suffer from neurological complications. However, they do not transmit the virus to other vector...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nanopore sequencing has emerged as a rapid and cost-efficient tool for diagnostic and epidemiological surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study compared results from sequencing the SARS-CoV-2 genome using R9 vs R10 flow cells and Rapid Barcoding Kit (RBK) vs Ligation Sequencing Kit (LSK). The R9 chemistry provided a lower...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing incidence of West Nile virus (WNV) in the Euro-Mediterranean area warrants the implementation of effective surveillance programs in animals. A crucial step in the fight against the disease is the evaluation of the capacity of the veterinary labs to accurately detect the infection in animal populations. In this context, the animal vir...
Article
Full-text available
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an arboviral zoonosis that primarily affects ruminants but can also cause illness in humans. The increasing impact of RVF in Africa and Middle East and the risk of expansion to other areas such as Europe, where competent mosquitos are already established, require the implementation of efficient surveillance programs in an...
Article
Full-text available
Reported human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) in Europe increased dramatically in 2018. Lineage 1 strains had been circulating in Euro-Mediterranean countries since the early 1990s. The subsequent introduction of WNV lineage 2 has been responsible for the remarkable upsurge of European WNV outbreaks since 2004, including the dramatic increase in hu...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito‐borne emerging virus in Europe with capacity to cause neurological complications such as encephalitis or meningoencephalitis in humans, birds or equids. In Spain, WNV is actively circulating in mosquitoes, birds and horses in different regions, but never has been deeply studied in Extremadura. Therefore, the aim...
Article
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Numerous infectious diseases impacting livestock impose an important economic burden, and in some cases also represent a threat to humans and are classified as zoonoses. Some zoonotic diseases are transmitted by vectors and, due to complex environmental and socio‐ecconomic factors, the distribution of many of these pathogens is changing, with incre...
Article
Vector‐borne diseases, especially those transmitted by mosquitoes, have severe impacts on public health and economy. West Nile virus (WNV) and avian malaria parasites of the genus Plasmodium, are mosquito‐borne pathogens that may produce severe disease and illness in humans and birds, respectively, and circulate in an endemic form in southern Europ...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has infected more than 8 million people worldwide, becoming a pandemic. Detecting antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 is of utmost importance and a good indicator of exposure and circulation of the virus within the general population. Two serological tools based on a Double Recognition assay (...
Article
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Background. One Health is receiving attention for arbovirus infection prevention and control and for defining national “intersectoral” priorities. Increasing awareness of intersectoral priorities through multisectorial risk assessments (MRA) is promising, where data are not systematically shared between sectors. Towards this aim, the MediLabSecure...
Article
Full-text available
High impact, mosquito-borne flaviviruses such as West Nile virus (WNV), Usutu virus (USUV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Tembusu virus (TMUV), and Bagaza/Israel turkey meningoencephalomyelitis virus (BAGV/ITV) are emerging in different areas of the world. These viruses belong to the Japanese encephalitis (JE) serocomplex (JEV, WNV, and USUV)...
Article
Full-text available
Flaviviruses have become increasingly important pathogens in Europe over the past few decades. A better understanding of the spatiotemporal distribution of flaviviruses in France is needed to better define risk areas and to gain knowledge of the dynamics of virus transmission cycles. Serum samples from 1014 wild boar and 758 roe deer from 16 depart...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La fiebre del Nilo occidental es una arbovirosis transmitida por mosquitos, fundamentalmente de la familia Culicidae. El presente estudio está enfocado en conocer la posible circulación de este virus en Extremadura. Durante 2018, se colocaron trampas de mosquitos (tipo CDC y BG-Sentinel) y se analizaron 134 aves, procedentes de dos centros de recup...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims at assessing the serological cross‐reactions existing between three mosquito‐borne flaviviruses with avian reservoirs co‐circulating in Europe: West Nile (WNV), Usutu (USUV) and Bagaza (BAGV). The study is useful for a better interpretation of serological results in diagnostics and surveillance. Serum samples obtained from a natural...
Article
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Although Lloviu virus (LLOV) was discovered in the carcasses of insectivorous Schreiber's Bent-winged bats in the caves of Northern Spain in 2002, its infectivity and pathogenicity remain unclear. We examined the seroprevalence of LLOV in potentially exposed Schreiber's Bent-winged bats (n = 60), common serotine bats (n = 10) as controls, and human...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic arboviral pathogen affecting humans, birds, and horses. Vaccines are available for veterinary use, which efficiently prevent the infection in horses. Most common diagnostic tools rely on the identification of the agent (RT-PCR, virus isolation), or on the detection of antibodies (IgM and IgG) recognizing structur...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV; genus Flavivirus; family Flaviviridae) is the aetiological agent of an emerging, mosquito-borne disease with great impact on human and animal health. Over the past 15 years, WNV has been responsible for large epidemics mainly in North America but also in Europe, where lineage 1 and more recently lineage 2 strains have caused a...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile Virus (WNV) belongs to the Flaviviridae family, genus Flavivirus, which includes other emerging arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) pathogenic for animals and/or humans. West Nile Virus is a genetically diverse RNA virus with at least 7 different recognized lineages. Following its recent introduction and subsequent expansion to the Amer...
Article
Full-text available
Bagaza virus (BAGV; synonymous to Israel turkey meningoencephalomyelitis virus, ITV) is a relevant arthropod-borne epornitic flavivirus. In its first emergence in Europe (southern Spain, 2010) BAGV caused an outbreak, severely affecting red-legged partridges and common pheasants. The effects (pathogenicity, role as reservoir host) of BAGV in other...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of One Health, there is presently an effort to integrate surveillance of human, animal, entomological, and environmental sectors. This aims to strengthen the prevention of, and preparedness against, arbovirus infections, also in the light of environmental and climate changes that could increase the risk of transmission. However, crit...
Article
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Mosquito community composition plays a central role in the transmission of zoonotic vector-borne pathogens. We evaluated how the mosquito community a ects the seroprevalence of West Nile virus (WNV) in house sparrows along an urbanisation gradient in an area with the endemic circulation of this virus. We sampled 2544 birds and 340829 mosquitoes in...
Article
Full-text available
The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) is a competent host for West Nile virus (WNV) replication and highly susceptible to WNV disease. With the aim to assess in this species whether the inoculation of non-structural protein NS1 from WNV elicits a protective immune response against WNV infection, groups of partridges were inoculated with recombi...
Article
West Nile virus is a globally spread zoonotic arbovirus. The laboratory diagnosis of WNV infection relies on virus identification by RT-PCR or on specific antibody detection by serological tests, such as ELISA or virus-neutralization. These methods usually require a preparation of the whole virus as antigen, entailing biosafety issues and therefore...
Article
Porcine teschoviruses (PTVs) constitute 1 of the 31 genera within the Picornaviridae family, comprising at least 13 genetic types (PTV-1 to PTV-13), of which only 11 (PTV-1 to PTV-11) have been recognized as serotypes to date. Specific for swine and wild boars, most PTVs are usually non-pathogenic, but some viral variants cause severe disorders in...
Article
Full-text available
Rodent models have been used extensively to study West Nile virus (WNV) infection because they develop severe neurological symptoms similar to those observed in human WNV neuroinvasive disease. Most of this research has focused on old lineage (L) 1 strains, while information about pathogenicity is lacking for the most recent L1 and L2 strains, as w...
Article
Full-text available
In the alarming context of risk of Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission in the Euro-Mediterranean area, there is a need to examine whether capacities to detect, diagnose and notify ZIKV infections in the region are in place and whether ongoing capacity-building initiatives are filling existing gaps. The MediLabSecure network, created in 2014, comprises 5...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose: As vector-borne viruses and other emerging viruses are threatening global health, the EU-funded MediLabSecure project aims at enhancing the preparedness to viral threats by establishing a One Health network of Public Health institutions, medical entomology and virology laboratories in 19 non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile fever/encephalitis (WNF) is an infectious disease affecting horses, birds and humans, with a cycle involving birds as natural reservoirs and mosquitoes as transmission vectors. It is a notifiable disease, re-emerging in Europe. In Spain, it first appeared in horses in the south (Andalusia) in 2010, where outbreaks occur every year since....
Article
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Porcine teschoviruses are ubiquitous and prevalent viruses generally harmless to their hosts, the suids. Here, we report the first complete coding genome sequence of a putative new serotype of porcine teschovirus (PTV-12), strain CC25, isolated from fecal material from a healthy pig in Spain.
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging vector-borne arbovirus with a zoonotic life-cycle whose main reservoir hosts are birds. In humans and horses, WNV infections rarely result in clinical disease but on occasions – depending on factors such as climatic conditions, insect communities and background immunity levels in local populations – they can lea...
Article
Full-text available
La palabra arbovirus alude a la expresión inglesa " arthropod-borne virus " o virus transmitido por (picadura de) artrópodos. Estos virus se mantienen en la naturaleza en un ciclo que implica la infección alternante entre un hospedador vertebrado y un vector artrópodo, lo cual ya de por sí significa una adaptación muy específica a unas condiciones...
Article
Full-text available
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral zoonosis which affects humans and a wide range of domestic and wild ruminants. The large spread of RVF in Africa and its potential to emerge beyond its geographic range requires the development of surveillance strategies to promptly detect the disease outbreaks in order to implement efficient contro...
Article
Full-text available
Bagaza virus (BAGV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus belonging to the Ntaya serocomplex. In 2010, a disease outbreak was reported in Cádiz (Southern Spain) affecting game birds (red-legged partridges and common pheasants). In this work, red-legged partridges were inoculated experimentally with infectious BAGV isolated from this outbreak in order to m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El paradigma actual en torno a las enfermedades infecciosas emergentes (EIE) sostiene que éstas surgen en torno a un cambio, ya sea en el propio patógeno, ya en el ambiente que le es propio y que afecta a sus hospedadores (y/o, en su caso, vectores), generando nuevas oportunidades para afectar a nuevas poblaciones o especies y expandirse territoria...
Article
Full-text available
West Nile virus (WNV) is continuously spreading across Europe, and other continents, i.e. North and South America and many other regions of the world. Despite the overall sporadic nature of outbreaks with cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Europe, the spillover events have increased and the virus has been introduced into new areas....
Conference Paper
The distribution and incidence of many zoonotic vector-borne diseases has increased dramatically in the last 30 years, mainly as a result of social, demographic and environmental transformation. Although biodiversity has been suggested may affect transmission and incidence of diseases, little is known on how anthropogenic landscape transformation m...
Article
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The family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, holds many of the world's most prevalent arboviral diseases that are also considered the most important travel related arboviral infections. In most cases, flavivirus diagnosis in travelers is primarily based on serology as viremia is often low and typically has already been reduced to undetectable levels...