Miguel González-Leonardo

Miguel González-Leonardo
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis | IIASA

PhD in Demography

About

23
Publications
2,782
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70
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - April 2022
CED Centre for Demographic Studies
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
p>Castilla y León es la comunidad autónoma de la que más jóvenes han salido, en términos relativos, hacia otras regiones del territorio español, con un balance especialmente deficitario entre la población con estudios universitarios. El elevado nivel de instrucción de la población local y un mercado de trabajo donde escasean los empleos cualificado...
Preprint
Full-text available
The escalation of conflict in Ukraine has triggered the largest refugee crisis in Europe since WWII. As of 17 August 2022, over 6.6 million people have fled Ukraine. Large-scale efforts have been made to collect data and measure the scale of forced population displacements, and identify the major receiving countries of these population flows. Curre...
Preprint
Drawing on register records from 2019 to 2021, we analyse the impact of COVID-19 on internal and international migration across the 50 Spanish provinces (NUTS 3 regions of Eurostat). Our results show that net international migration declined in all the provinces during the pandemic, particularly in high population density areas. Certain depopulated...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies have examined the impact of COVID-19 on mortality and fertility. However, little is known about the effect of the pandemic on constraining international migration. We quantify the impact of COVID-19 on immigration flows in 15 high-income countries by forecasting their counterfactual levels in 2020 assuming no pandemic and comparing...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, anecdotal evidence of a “rural revival” emerged mirroring the “urban exodus” hypothesis. Currently, we know that internal migration to rural areas increased in some countries during 2020, although not with the intensity speculated by the media. However, little is known about the attributes of rural area...
Article
Full-text available
Varios estudios han documentado el efecto de la COVID-19 en la mortalidad y en los nacimientos, pero se ha prestado menos atención a su impacto en las migraciones. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar qué consecuencias ha tenido la pandemia en los nacimientos, las defunciones y las migraciones durante 2020 en el conjunto de España y en las Comu...
Article
Full-text available
Existing empirical work has analysed the impacts of COVID‐19 on mortality, fertility and international migration. Less is known about the ways in which the COVID‐19 pandemic has influenced the patterns of internal migration. Anecdotal reports of mass migration from large cities to less populated areas have emerged, but lack of data has prevented em...
Preprint
Full-text available
Existing empirical work has analysed the impacts ofCOVID-19 on mortality, fertility and international migration. Less is known about the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the patterns of internal migration. Anecdotal reports of mass migration from large cities to less populated areas have emerged but lack of data has prevented empi...
Thesis
Full-text available
Internal migration by educational attainment in Spain This research aims to simultaneously fill two gaps in the Spanish literature on migration: (1) interregional and interprovincial mobility patterns by educational attainment and (2) the internal migration trends of young Spaniards during the XXI century. To do so, we use four sources from the In...
Article
Full-text available
Tras la irrupción de la pandemia de COVID-19, diversas voces, sobre todo desde ámbitos no académicos, especularon acerca de un potencial éxodo urbano hacia las áreas rurales. Sin embargo, esta hipótesis no ha podido ser corroborada hasta ahora debido a la falta de datos con el detalle territorial adecuado. En este Perspectives Demogràfiques se mues...
Article
Full-text available
After the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, several commentators, especially from non-academic fields, speculated about a potential exodus from urban to rural areas. However, this hypothesis has not been confirmed due to a lack of data with information capturing changes of residence at local level. This issue of Perspectives Demogràfiques offers t...
Article
Després de la irrupció de la pandèmia de COVID-19, diverses veus, sobretot des d’àmbits no acadèmics, van especular sobre un potencial èxode urbà cap a les àrees rurals. Malgrat això, aquesta hipòtesi no ha pogut ser corroborada fins ara a causa de la manca de dades amb el detall territorial adequat. En aquest Perspectives Demogràfiques es mostren...
Article
Full-text available
El declive poblacional y el envejecimiento no solo afectan a las áreas rurales. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la dinámica demográfica de las capitales de provincia entre 2002 y 2019 y hacer una clasificación de ciudades en crecimiento, estancamiento y declive acorde al periodo de recuperación económica 2014-2019. Seguidamente, se analiza...
Article
Full-text available
The interregional imbalances result in the out-migration of human capital in some territories and its concentration in a few Spanish global cities. The aim of this paper is to analyse net-migration of the Spanish youth by educational attainment and the urban-rural dimension at the NUTS 2 geographic level. In order to do so, microdata from the regis...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Entre mediados de los años 70 y finales de los 90, se registró en España una baja movilidad en las migraciones de larga distancia (Pujada y García-Coll, 1995; Silvestre, 2002), que siguió a los desplazamientos masivos de la etapa desarrollista (Cabré, et al., 1985). Durante del siglo XXI, se produce un incremento de las migraciones interregionales...
Article
Full-text available
International comparative studies show that Spain is a country with low internal migration rates. However, this argument hides a remarkable geographic heterogeneity. Migration intensities vary by regions and by individuals’ educational attainment. Interprovincial net migration of the less educated native population is well-balanced, except in the c...
Article
Full-text available
Los estudios comparativos internacionales muestran que la población española tiene una baja tendencia a la migración. No obstante, las cifras agregadas de movilidad esconden una heterogeneidad geográfica compleja, pues la intensidad migratoria difiere según el territorio y el nivel educativo de los individuos. Los balances interprovinciales de pobl...
Article
Full-text available
During the first years of the 21st century, medium and long distance migration of the Spanish born-population has increased, mainly due to rise in mobility of the highly educated. Migration of Spanish qualified young adults to other countries has occupied a preferential position in the academic debate, but little attention has been paid to interreg...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The territorial imbalances among the autonomous Spanish communities result in emigration of university-educated people in some regions and concentrations of qualified human capital in others. The hinterland of the peninsula and the Cantabrian coast, where the intensity of outflows became more serious with the turn of the century, are affected by th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Los desequilibrios territoriales entre comunidades autónomas españolas se traducen en la emigración de titulados universitarios de algunas regiones y en la concentración del capital humano cualificado en otras. El interior peninsular y la cornisa cantábrica, donde la intensidad de las salidas se agudiza con el cambio de siglo, se ven afectados por...
Article
Full-text available
Durante la etapa expansiva de la inmigración exterior en los países de la Europa mediterránea, la llegada de población extranjera supuso una reconfiguración del sistema residencial y suscitó un interés creciente sobre la segregación de los inmigrantes. Los grandes ámbitos urbanos han sido ampliamente estudiados en la literatura, pero se ha prestado...
Article
Full-text available
The new paradigm of internal migration in Spain: more mobile, urban and skilled migrants. The case of Castile and León (Abstract): After decades of low levels of out-migration, internal and international out-flows have increased in the same Spanish areas that experienced large population losses due to migration during most of the XXth century. But,...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The Future Migration Scenarios for Europe project focuses on understanding the patterns of migration at multiple levels, from the international over the national and regional to the local level. The project aims to determine both current and future trends of migration by looking at 1) the major factors explaining migrant movement patterns by analysing regional and local circumstances that either attract migrants or ‘push’ potential migrants to move, 2) the possible future regional sociodemographic, economic and environmental challenges that may shape future migrant movement patterns in Europe FUME will support planning and policy-making processes at many levels by formulating integrated and coherent visions of how migration to and within Europe might evolve under different scenarios relating to potential demographic, socio-economic, political and environmental challenges.
Project
Migration is highly complex and uncertain. Still, there is a need for a balanced, comprehensive and sustainable migration policy, which will help the EU to seize opportunities that migration brings while tackling its challenges. Constructing comprehensive, multi-perspective and robust quantitative migration scenarios can support various areas of European migration policy. The EU-funded QuantMig project will develop various directly applicable tools for policy support. These will include open data and models, accessible interactive tools and visualisations, and a range of simulations for migration policy and planning. The project will focus on understanding the mobility of third-country nationals and decision-making of migrants, illuminating the trade-offs between different policy options, and managing the complexity and uncertainty of migration. The project's distinctly quantitative approach will improve migration data and related analytical methods
Project
This project will answer the basic question of whether the impact of Covid-19 will imply lasting transformations in the population's relationship with migration and housing processes. The general objectives of the project will be. 1. To study the continuities and transformations of internal and international migration processes. 2. To study the permanence and changes in residential behavior. 3. To develop methodologies for the use of classic demographic sources in the study of change and permanence of migratory and residential dynamics.