Miguel Pina e Cunha

Miguel Pina e Cunha
Nova School of Business and Economics

PhD

About

438
Publications
171,816
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9,603
Citations

Publications

Publications (438)
Article
Organizational routines embody the stability-change duality: for routines to be consistent, actors performing them must improvise to adjust to changing conditions. While these interdependent aspects are often intuitively navigated by organizational actors, sometimes they can manifest as contradictory, paradoxical requirements. Using a paradox lens,...
Chapter
This chapter theorizes spirituality in the social enterprise through a paradox lens. It discusses how: (1) social enterprises are different but potentially incorporate a strong spiritual dimension; (2) because of organizational differences, spirituality manifests in different ways in different types of social organizations (e.g., the spiritual dime...
Article
Organizational paradoxes persist. In their persistence, they resist closure; we demonstrate how, by using an exemplary project, that of the construction of the Sydney Opera House. By analyzing paradoxes encountered in the construction of a notable contemporary architectural project, we discuss how dialogical interactions enable options to emerge in...
Article
Full-text available
In the management and organization studies literature, a key question to explore and explain is that of the family as an organizational stakeholder, particularly when working-from-home became the “new normal”. Departing from meta-analytic studies on the work-family relation and connecting with scholarly conversation on work-family boundary dynamics...
Article
Full-text available
We uncover fundamental dimensions of the process through which organizations embed the practice of fraternity through embarking on an organizational journey in the direction of the common good. Building on the latest encyclical of Pope Francis, Fratelli Tutti, about fraternal and social friendship, we offer insight into the understanding of what it...
Article
In spite of a growing interest for improvisation in organizations, the microfoundations of improvisation have not been theorized yet. Exploring these microfoundations, we study how employees’ psychological capital (PsyCap) acts as a critical cluster of resources to face improvisational challenges and how leaders who convey grit (operationalized as...
Book
Quer aumentar as possibilidades de singrar como líder político? Quer ser mais sábio acerca do líder que merece ser seguido? Imitar outros não o vai ajudar, mas conhecer as características de destacados líderes será uma fonte de aprendizagem sobre como liderar e como evitar seguir o líder errado. Jacinda Ardern, primeira-ministra da Nova Zelândia, P...
Article
Purpose Burrell (2020) challenged management and organization studies (MOS) scholars to pay attention to a topic they have mostly ignored: the peasantry, those 2 billion people that work in the rural primary sector. This paper aims to address the topic to expand Burrell’s challenge by indicating that the peasantry offers a unique context to study a...
Article
Full-text available
During times of suffering such as that inflicted by the COVID-19 pandemic, compassion expressed by leaders helps to ease distress. Doing so, those in a position to provide resources that might facilitate coping and recovery are attentive to the situations of distress. Despite an abundance of leadership theorizing and models, there still is little a...
Article
Paradoxical inertia is an organization condition that has received far less attention than organizational change. We investigate, ethnographically, an Australian Intellectual Property service firm, whose Board members proved to be unable to respond strategically to a rapidly changing environment that threatened their organization’s survival. In the...
Article
When time is of the essence and teams face unexpected contextual changes, they must adapt quickly, sometimes even in real time, that is, they may have to improvise. This paper adopts an inductive approach to explore how teams decide to engage in improvised adaptation, and what happens during those processes for improvisation to be successful. The s...
Article
Positive Organizational Scholarship (POS), with positivity as a core conceptual component, is a major innovation in recent decades in management and organizational studies. Just as organization is an inherently paradox laden process, so too, we argue, is positivity. Yet in classrooms and in practice, POS is mostly taught in a manner that accepts on...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of purpose gained prominence in organization theory in recent years but there are discrepant views of its meaning, which we review as evolving and different perspectives: economic theories of the firm; stakeholder approaches; integrative social contracts; and social mission. We elaborate these perspectives in terms of the ebb and flow o...
Article
Purpose By exploring “what is strategic improvisation in organizations?” the authors respond to advances in strategic improvisation (SI) conceptualization with an emphasis on the challenges of combining unplanned but deliberate responses to relentlessly changing environments, in which strategy becomes increasingly improvised. Design/methodology/ap...
Chapter
Interdisciplinary research allows us to broaden our sights and expand our theories. Yet, such research surfaces a number of challenges. We highlight three issues – superficiality, lack of focus, and consilience-and discuss how they can be addressed in interdisciplinary research. In particular, we focus on the implications for interdisciplinary work...
Chapter
Over the past decades, scholars advanced foundational insights about paradox in organization theory. In this double volume, we seek to expand upon these insights through interdisciplinary theorizing. We do so for two reasons. First, we think that now is a moment to build on those foundations toward richer, more complex insights by learning from dis...
Article
Four studies (a vignette-based experiment conducted in Portugal and Brazil; a two-wave multi-source field study in Portugal; a three-wave field study in the US; a multi-source field study in Portugal, in which conscientiousness, a “rival” of grit, was controlled for) provide theoretical and empirical evidence for a model testing what (e.g., grit in...
Article
Organizational teams operate in increasingly volatile environments in which the speed and degree of change accelerates, demanding rapid adaptation processes namely of the improvisational type. It is therefore essential to understand how to prepare teams to operate in such contexts. This work investigates the effects of team mental model similarity,...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the historical phenomenon of truces, as these occurred during a period of intense warfare during World War I, around Christmas 1914. These were processes of resistance that could not have been planned (otherwise they would obviously have been thwarted by authority) and that occurred in a setting with continuously changing conditions. Our...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE – The purpose of the study is to explore inductively the unique paradoxical tensions central to family business (FB) and to analyze how FB’s members face these tensions and their implications in the personal and professional realms. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH – A multiple-case study with 11 parent–offspring dyads from Portuguese FBs was...
Article
Full-text available
Using a sample of 114 leaders (described by 516 team members), we show empirically that leader relational transparency and leader receptiveness is indirectly related to the relational transparency of team members (through leader respect), and is conditional on leader humility. When a transparent leader expresses humility, they convey respect to tea...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of the study is to explore inductively the unique paradoxical tensions central to family business (FB) and to analyze how FB’s members face these tensions and their implications in the personal and professional realms. Design/methodology/approach – A multiple-case study with 11 parent–offspring dyads from Portuguese FBs was co...
Article
Management and organization studies has recently expressed heightened interest in the concept of paradox. Paradox, etymologically para-doxa, is that which challenges the norm. Frequently representative cases drawn from the terrain of the arts and of artistic work have provided a context for exploring going against the norm, usually under the label...
Book
Why do great companies and other organizations fail, sometimes abruptly? Why do admired leaders fall from their organizational pedestals? Why do young and promising managers derail? Why do organizations create and reinforce rules that manifestly damage both them and those that they employ, serve and sustain? Leadership is a much-discussed but ill-d...
Article
Full-text available
The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy has had disastrous effects on the national economy. The hospitality sector has experienced a significant impact from the crisis: starting from March 2020 it has literally collapsed. Experts believe it will take three years for the sector to recover. Confronted with a dramatic uncertainty, which imposed r...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a reawakening of interest in the role of artistic knowing for managerial education, presenting a pedagogy that is sensitive to cultural context and aimed at enabling the phronetic management of paradox. Inspired by fado, the iconic Portuguese popular music, especially the ways in which it embodies the stresses of society, we develop stra...
Book
This book is both a completed endeavor and a work in progress. It is unquestionable that leaders must develop technical, socio-relational, cognitive and self-leadership competencies. It is also indisputable that the relative importance of these competencies changes as leaders advance in their careers. However, the thesis that leadership is a proces...
Article
Crises and tragedies befalling individuals, teams, organizations or communities call for leadership that builds resilience in the face of danger. The COVID-19 pandemic, full of both known and unknown unknowns, is no exception and variable national responses to it epitomize the importance of resilient leadership. In such situations there is always t...
Article
Full-text available
In an application of the personality dynamics framework, we advance understanding on the relationship between baseline leader humility and team psychological safety by exploring the roles of humility variability and attractor strength. Specifically, we examine how the (in)consistency (i.e., variability) of leader-expressed humility across team memb...
Article
Long-term stewardship is usually represented as a stable structural condition and portrayed as a source of competitive advantage to firms (including family businesses) that use it as a mode of governance. Less is known about how organizations engage with stewardship as a process. We embrace a process approach to report a case study about the unfold...
Chapter
In the long term, all organizations may be temporary. Some, however, are more temporary than others. Temporary organizations are designed not so much with an eye on enduring as on accomplishing a specific task. In this chapter, we explore paradoxes, understood as persistent mutually defining oppositions that occur at the intersection of ‘the tempor...
Book
Scarlett Johansson, musa de Woody Allen, afirmou que admitir a nossa vulnerabilidade pode ser uma ação muito poderosa. O cronista do Expresso, Daniel Oliveira, escreveu algo similar acerca da apresentadora de TV Cristina Ferreira: “Na pessoa da Cristina, até as fragilidades são forças”. Não se surpreenda: estas não são lições de liderança! Mas pode...
Article
A garra (termo aqui traduzido de grit) tem sido encarada como crucial para o sucesso dos indivíduos e a eficácia dos líderes, embora alguns autores não sustentem essa tese. A investigação empírica é escassa e pouco conclusiva. Um possível caminho para melhor compreender este construto passa por considerar condições moderadoras. Aqui discutimos três...
Technical Report
A expressão “amor duro” pode parecer estranha. A surpresa pode ser ainda maior quando a expressão é aplicada à liderança de equipas – sejam elas as desportivas ou as de organizações “normais”. Afinal, como pode amar-se a equipa, e os seus membros, sendo duro? E como pode ser-se duro e, ao mesmo tempo, mostrar afeto? Este texto ajuda a compreender e...
Chapter
“No dia da entrevista, leve o horóscopo”. Era este o título de um artigo que o Courrier Internacional publicou, em setembro de 2005, sobre práticas de seleção de recursos humanos de algumas empresas indianas . O texto anunciava que, em Ahmedabad, no Estado do Guajarate, a empresa Problems and Solutions havia lançado um método de recrutamento “dos m...
Chapter
Estamos a viver a quarta revolução industrial, uma revolução digital cujas consequências e impactos na vida quotidiana não são ainda totalmente visíveis. A primeira revolução industrial foi marcada pela utilização da água e do vapor para mecanizar a produção. A segunda correspondeu à produção em massa e foi permitida pela utilização da eletricidade...
Chapter
We adopt process thinking to develop novel theoretical insights on how to understand "positive change" on a global scale, focusing particularly on considerations about the recursive relations that link actors and environments. Our intent is to address a blind spot in the extant literature on responsible global leadership: even when considering mult...
Article
A investigação sobre gestão e organizações tem sido metodologicamente dominada pela lógica hipotético-dedutiva e pelos métodos quantitativos. Tal orientação tem possibilitado signifi cativos desenvolvimentos do conhecimento. Todavia, essas disciplinas também se benefi ciam da aplicação de métodos indutivos. Assim, os métodos indutivos são aqui apre...
Article
We explored the attitudes toward older workers of African versus Portuguese managers, and how these managers make HRM decisions in scenarios involving younger versus older workers. To make cultural, social, and institutional explanations more robust, we also included two samples of students attending Portuguese universities: one sample comprising A...
Article
Purpose: The focus of this study was to analyze crisis management in a context of High-Reliability Organizations (HRO) evidenced in two cases of Brazilian air disasters. Aspects of human and technological natures were examined, addressing the complex socio-technical system. Methodology: This in-depth case study addressed the two most serious air di...
Article
Significant research has been dedicated to the study of the dual constitutive core at the field and organizational levels but less attention has been paid to the micro-dimensions of the collision of competing logics, namely in terms of how individuals experience and navigate through them and how that influences organizational ethos and strategy. We...
Article
The challenge of dealing with paradoxes has become a central issue in management and organization studies. Present research literature is largely inclined to idealize paradoxical framing in thinking and theorizing. We critically explore the perils paradoxes present when generated by stretch goals whose ‘achievement’ is accomplished through impressi...
Conference Paper
In management and organization studies, the challenge of dealing with paradoxes has become a central issue. The literature, however, is largely populated by research inclined to idealize paradoxical framing in thinking and theorizing. In this paper, we explore the perils paradoxes present when generated by stretch goals the ‘achievement’ of which i...
Book
“Teoria” é palavra menosprezada e com pobre reputação em algumas discussões sobre gestão. Acusar um académico de teórico é dizer-lhe que não conhece o mundo real. Contudo, é pouco prático ignorar teorias. Quando boas, explicam a realidade. E, boas ou más, afetam o modo como os gestores se comportam. Más teorias conduzem a más práticas; boas teorias...
Article
Organizations, especially, multinationals, inevitably confront contradictory challenges. One crucial challenge is the value of strategic consistency versus the value of rapid change related to unexpected problems, opportunities and fast moving trends. Accentuating the previously planned strategy can reduce temporal responsiveness; accentuating the...
Conference Paper
Grit has been extolled as being crucial for individual’s success. However, empirical research regarding grit at work is scarce. This research (a vignette-based experiment conducted in Portugal and Brazil; a two-wave multi-source field study in Portugal) suggests that grit in employees may be developed by leaders who convey a high level of grit and...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to describe the hidden presence of improvisation in organizations. The authors explore this presence through George Perec’s notion of the infra-ordinary applied to the study of the learning organization and its paradoxes. Design/methodology/approach Most studies of paradox and improvisation are qualitative and inductive....
Book
Este trabalho discute tendências possíveis no domínio da gestão de pessoas. Resulta, em medida considerável, de depoimentos de quase duas dezenas de executivos que operam na área da gestão de pessoas em diversas empresas nacionais e multinacionais. Esses contributos foram cruzados com o trabalho de investigação que temos realizado, e com evidência...
Book
With organizational environments becoming increasingly unstable, uncertain and equivocal, the concept of resilience has become increasingly significant for management studies. Resilience connotes organizational, team and individual capacities to absorb external shocks and to learn from them, while simultaneously preparing for and responding to exte...
Conference Paper
February 2017: the top three contenders in the AESlot Club, a slot car association in Lisbon, Portugal, used chassis from National Racers 3D (NR3D). Eight other contenders in the Top 25 of the Club also used NR3D chassis. In the national competition, 7 of the Top 10 racers also used NR3D chassis. As these results suggest, NR3D is the top provider o...