Miguel Carvalho

Miguel Carvalho
University of Minho · Centro de Ciências e Tecnologia Têxtil (CCTT/2C2T)

Doctor of Engineering
Ongoing Projects: Operator 4.0; 4NoPressure; SizeFF-Anthropometric Study of Firefighters; and Azores EcoBlue

About

79
Publications
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252
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
The field of smart textiles has been steadily growing throughout the last decades. Wearables and garments with integrated electronics being one of the major sections of this area. One of the components that virtually any such product has is a power source. This paper focuses on one such option, which employs only non-toxic materials, which can be s...
Article
Full-text available
Cumulative fatigue during repetitive work is associated with occupational risk and productivity reduction. Usually, subjective measures or muscle activity are used for a cumulative evaluation; however, Industry 4.0 wearables allow overcoming the challenges observed in those methods. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze alterations in respirato...
Article
The paper investigates the relation between seam pucker, woven fabric formability, and the presser foot displacement during stitch formation. Superimposed seams of class 1 were sewn in warp and weft direction using woven fabrics for tailored garments. The presser foot height was continuously monitored during stitch formation for different sewing ma...
Chapter
In firefighting, fit and sizing of personal protective equipment are directly related with the protection level, work performance, and comfort of firefighters. Furthermore, proper fit and sizing depend on appropriate sizing systems and the validity of the data from which they were constructed. Thus, anthropometric data are paramount for personal pr...
Chapter
Demographic revolution is manifesting itself in the world through the expansion of old age on an accelerated scale. This reality must be considered by the entire global society, focusing on issues related to inclusion, accessibility and health, among others, in order to provide better quality of life to those reaching the condition of elderly. The...
Chapter
Personal Protective Equipment protects firefighters against multiple hazards. The fit and comfort of such equipment are directly related to proper sizing systems which in turn depend on accurate anthropometric data. To present design solutions to the equipment used by Portuguese firefighters, a study designated as Size FF Portugal – Anthropometric...
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Personal protective equipment is of paramount importance in aiding and protecting firefighters against hazardous conditions. Personal protective equipment should be compatible to firefighters’ body dimensions. However, the lack of updated anthropometric data for this specific occupational group can lead to ill-fitting equipment, compromising work p...
Article
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There is one component that virtually any embedded wearable needs—a power source. This paper proposes an energy source, which contains no harmful substances, can be stored in a stand-by dry state for indefinite time period, is flexible and has tactile characteristics similar to that of textile. The main feature of this energy source is the separati...
Chapter
Gait analysis consists of evaluating the individual through kinematic analysis, while walking along a surface. Kinematic analysis relates the relative movement between rigid bodies and finds applications in gait analysis. The purpose of this paper is to find the applications of gait analysis, the methodologies used to perform it and conclude about...
Chapter
Firefighting is considered one of the most challenging professions. Personal protective equipment plays a crucial role in protecting firefighters against numerous occupational hazards. Despite the advances in materials technology, current firefighting personal protective clothing is considered heavy, bulk, stiff, and thick. Many studies evaluated f...
Chapter
The present work reports the results of a research project carried out by the Textile Engineering Department at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Blumenau, Brazil). The project’s main objective was to develop inclusive apparel textiles, meeting the different bodies and biotypes of people with or without disabilities. Contributing to the dev...
Chapter
Over the years, the nature of firefighting and the role of firefighters has evolved including a demographic change, with an increasing number of women in this profession. Recent studies have specifically addressed the particular needs of female firefighters. Ill-fitting turnout gear, protective gloves, and other personal protective equipment make f...
Chapter
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Nowadays, Electromyography (EMG) signals generated by the amputee’s residual limbs are widely used for the control of myoelectric prostheses, usually with the aid of pattern-recognition algorithms. Since myoelectric prostheses are wearable medical devices, the sensors that integrate them should be appropriate for the users’ daily life, meeting the...
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Firefighter’s job tasks require intensive physical work and involve a range of movements in a wide variety of hazardous environments and thermal conditions. It is thus critical that personal protective equipment allows firefighters to perform their duties with minimal limitations and maximum safety. However, many studies have shown concerns regardi...
Chapter
Despite the technological advances associated with prostheses, the total embodiment is still the great challenge in the segment of assistive technology. One of the main aspects is that the bionic member’s sensibility is not responsive to the environment that surrounds it. The purpose of this study aims to identify the perceptual modalities of the s...
Chapter
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This paper reports the design process of a smart garment, which comprised 3-lead sEMG (Surface Electromyography) electrodes. The ergonomic design is central for a proper monitoring response because it is a related with the stability and very well contacted between the electrode and the user’ body. For this, different body postures and the t-shirt b...
Article
Full-text available
Lately there have been a growing demand for energy sources that are suitable for powering smart textiles. A number of promising prototypes have been developed, many of which address important issues, but only to face new challenges. In this paper we propose a new approach to the development of energy source for smart textiles in order to overcome t...
Article
Wheelchair users’ population has special requirements that should be met. However, the existing anthropometric data for this specific population is limited. This paper characterizes and compares the available literature on anthropometric data of wheelchair users to allow for better understandings and use of data in future studies. A systematic lite...
Chapter
Currently, wheelchair rugby athletes face the challenges of playing the sport without specifically designed sports-wear kit. A few designs and recommendations have already been proposed by researchers but none have made it to market yet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a set of design recommendations for the development of wheelchair rugb...
Chapter
This paper presents some preliminary results of an anthropometric research, part of an undergoing Ph.D. study at the Department of Textile Engineering of the University of Minho, Portugal. Data was collected using a 3D body scanning technology - Kinect Body Imaging (KBI), and carried out in public and private schools, of the first cycle of basic ed...
Chapter
This paper describes a study of the children’s clothing sizing used by Portuguese companies. A survey of children’s fashion brands was conducted in Portugal, accessing official public data, followed by a field research. A semi structured interview technique was used to interview designers and patternmakers, using two distinct scripts. The purpose w...
Article
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In the process of developing new products, validation through prototypes is of fundamental importance. This traditional task accelerates the process, allowing detection of errors, identification of changes in the styles, turning possible the observation of new potential solutions. CAD 3D software for textile-based products contributes to the aesthe...
Article
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Wheelchair rugby is a sport played by approximately 200 people in the United Kingdom. Despite being a small part of the population, research suggests that there are some aspects related to the sports-wear that need attention. This is especially relevant for gloves, as they have been identified as one of the main causes of performance losses. Until...
Article
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The article describes the statistical analysis on the main components and the preliminary results for the development of a table of measurements, focused on the overweight and obesity of children from the north of Portugal, as part of an ongoing PhD research in Textile Engineering at the University of Minho, Portugal. In this sense, for the constru...
Article
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Physical exercise has proved benefits for general health [1] and can reduce the number of sports injuries to one third [2]. However, an athlete that has been injured during sports practice may omit this out of fear of discrimination, and worsen the injury in the weight room, during strength training [5]. Monitoring physiological status of an athlet...
Article
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This paper discusses anthropometric data obtained through 3D body scanner technology, aiming the dimensioning of Portuguese children´s measurements for the design of clothing. The study comprises boys and girls from the Northern Region of Portugal aged between two and ten years old. The main objective of this part of the study was to evaluate the p...
Article
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The main goal of the study presented in this paper was to compare three different methodologies of pattern design methods. The case study was based on an individual body shape with a severe deformity in the spine with additional different measurements of the bust, waist and hip girths when compared with common standard measurement tables. This meth...
Article
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Electronic textiles (e-textiles) are a form of textiles that, integrating technology, can add new functionalities or forms of expression. The fabric can, for instance, have sensing properties, emerging as a textile sensor, which is a subfield of the e-textiles, widely reported in literature. One such kind of sensors are the extension sensors, usual...
Conference Paper
Validation through prototypes is of fundamental importance in the new products development process. This procedure, common in industry, allows to speed processes, validating design, checking errors, identifying changes and observing new potential solutions. Also in academic environment, prototyping is used in activities related to the teaching of c...
Conference Paper
Garments used in hospitals play an important role in user’s comfort and health. This paper presents the developments of a patented design technology for medical garments aimed at users, caregivers, and health care providers. Traditional gowns lacking comfort and protection affect the patient’s dignity. Similarly, patients often use their own garmen...
Conference Paper
The researches concerning the measurements of the human body in Brazil are still very few and the anthropometric data related with the Brazilian women is widely diversified due to some aspects such as the vastness of the country and a huge miscegenation of races. The results obtained through the utilization of a 3D body scanner were segmented into...
Conference Paper
The discussions around aging provide ideas to explore new solutions for the problems related to the elderly’s quality of life. This research includes a study about clothing and accessories design and production needs for this growing niche of the world’s population. It presents part of the collected results to develop more ergonomic clothing, with...
Conference Paper
Among the human chromosome abnormalities, Down Syndrome is the most prominent. Social perception challenges include prejudice, myth and exclusion, with social inclusion having been subject of several studies. From this perspective, the main objective of this study is to contribute to a higher social inclusion of people with Down Syndrome. This is a...
Conference Paper
This paper presents an anthropometric data collection methodology to measure and identify the body measurements and shape of overweight and obese children, using 3D body scanning technology. The sample comprises of children residents in the North of Portugal between the ages of two and eleven, of both genders. The described procedure is part of an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Collecting anthropometric data for real-life applications demands a high degree of precision and reliability. It is important to test new equipment that will be used for data collectionOBJECTIVE:Compare two anthropometric data gathering techniques - manual methods and a Kinect-based 3D body scanner - to understand which of them gives m...
Article
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When a comparison between time series is required, measurement functions provide meaningful scores to characterize similarity between sequences. Quite often, time series appear warped in time, i.e, although they may exhibit amplitude and shape similarity, they appear dephased in time. The most common algorithm to overcome this challenge is the Dyna...
Article
Full-text available
Wheelchair rugby is a sport that has been gaining popularity with athletes with disabilities. However, as it is relatively new and not played by the masses, market specific sports-wear is not available for this sport, which impacts directly on performance and clothing satisfaction of the athletes. Therefore, the main objective of this research was...
Chapter
The researches concerning the measurements of the human body in Brazil are still very few and the anthropometric data related with the Brazilian women is widely diversified due to some aspects such as the vastness of the country and a huge miscegenation of races. The results obtained through the utilization of a 3D body scanner were segmented into...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the body measurements of Brazilian women used the Kinect Body Imaging system for 3D body scanning. The result of the study aims to meet the needs of the apparel industry for accurate measurements. Data was statistically treated using the IBM SPSS 23 system, with 95% confidence (P<0,05) for the inferential analysis, with the purpose of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is part of a PhD research in Textile Engineering at University of Minho and aims to establish an ergonomic pattern design methodology to be used in the construction of garments for elderly women, aged 65 and over, dependent of care. The research was developed with a close contact with four institutions involved in supporting this aged po...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents some considerations regarding the scanning booth used in an anthropometric study done with a 3D body scanning technology. The data collected is part of a Ph.D. study conducted in Textile Engineering at University of Minho in Portugal, which aims to develop clothing for overweight and obese Portuguese children aged 2-11 years, of...
Article
Full-text available
Children's wear lacks an anthropometric study to better fit clothes on the body of the child, providing greater comfort for users. Initially, this thesis project in fashion design intended to measure Portuguese children between the ages of 2 to 10 years, enrolled in primary schools in the region of Minho in Portugal. During the data gathering, held...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper reports the findings of a preliminary study that intended to understand how wheelchair rugby athletes feel about the clothing they wear while playing the sport and how the available clothes make them feel. 61 non-professional wheelchair rugby players from 21 different teams/clubs in the United Kingdom participated in this study. To under...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper presents an analysis of several issues that are preponderant for the work-wear design. The purpose of this was to create a prototype of a women’s base upper body garment, based on the information gathered. Design/methodology/approach All the necessary information was collected through questionnaires, anthropometric measurement...
Article
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Background: Understanding the reliability and precision of the data obtained using three-dimensional body scanners is very important if it is intended to replace the traditional data collection methods. If the collection of anthropometric data with three-dimensional body scanners is a fast and reliable process that produces precise data at a low p...
Article
Full-text available
Sitting for long periods of time, both during work and leisure times, is the typical behavior of the modern society. Especially at work, where there is not much flexibility, adopting the sitting posture for the entire day can cause some short- and long-term effects. As workers’ productivity and well-being relies on working conditions, evaluating th...
Chapter
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This paper intends to propose a platform dedicated to a community for inclusive fashion. This platform can innovate in the awareness creation pro-cess by involving a wide range of stakeholders through a novel combination of visually-centered networking/collaboration together with a powerful recom-mendation system based on data analytics. This solut...
Chapter
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The shape and size of the human body is affected by the posture adopted in order to perform various activities. The human body is constantly changing and adapting to the movements executed in everyday life. As such, knowledge about the body changes that occur with the adoption of different postures is essential. Besides the obvious adverse health e...
Article
Full-text available
The study of human body size and shape has been a topic of research for a very long time. In the past, anthropometry used traditional measuring techniques to record the dimensions of the human body and reported variance in body dimensions as a function of mean and standard deviation. Nowadays, the study of human body dimensions can be carried out m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most work and leisure activities imply the adoption of many dynamic postures, such as stretching the arms foreword or upwards. Some of these postures can be restricted or obstructed by the clothes people wear, as they may be too tight or too loose, limiting/obstructing the range of movements. In this paper, it will be presented a preliminary study...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The work garments’ fit is one factor that highly impacts on workers’ productivity and on their feeling of comfort. Work-wear may have some limitation, e.g. mobility, protection, temperature, aesthetics, comfort and fit. Moreover, as the variation of the human size and shape is so large it is extremely difficult to design clothes that can accommodat...
Chapter
This work added the design to ergonomics in order to promote a facilitator of social inclusion of women who underwent mastectomy with lymph squeal. The research started with a physical and/or psychological impairment acquired by a woman subjected not only to the surgical removal of a breast cancer, but of the entire breast with lymphatic sequel, co...
Article
Full-text available
Physical and physiological comfort, at work and during leisure time, is important to human health and motivation. A growing number of jobs require workers to sit. Most clothes, except those intended for wheelchair users, were designed for walking or the standing position. Clothing designs should be user-oriented and meet users’ needs. Garment desig...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to develop appropriate changes in a pair of shoes in order to improve the gait of an individual selected for this case study. This analysis took into account ergonomic aspects, namely those relating to the individual's anthropometrics. Gait analysis was done with the adapted footwear both before and after intervention. A convention...
Chapter
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Three-dimensional body scanners have revolutionized the anthropometric data collection. These data can be used for numerous applications, in different fields of expertise. However, there are different types of technologies and products to be used, influencing the re-sults obtained. This paper presents a non-exhaustive synopsis of the existing techn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To replace the traditional anthropometric data collection processes with the 3D acquiring system it is important that the validity of the data is not compromised. To do this, a validation study, based on the guideline of ISO 20685, can be performed. This paper presents the results of a comparison between traditional measurements and measurements ta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The standards used by clothing manufacturers are defined for younger age group, disabling older people to be accommodated by the apparel industry. These misfit garment problems are generally due to the different body configurations brought by the aging process, causing dissatisfaction and frustration. There are very few garments available that were...
Article
Este artigo resulta da pesquisa realizada com uma equipe de jogadores de basquetebol em cadeira de rodas da Associação Portuguesa de Deficientes – APD – Delegação Distrital de Braga, em Portugal, que investigou o design ideal de vestuário para desportistas cadeirantes. O estudo apresenta a importância da utilização da antropometria e ergonomia no d...
Article
OBJECTIVE Our goal is to compare the thermal properties of six mattress protectors by testing with a thermal manikin and with the equipment Alambeta.
Article
The paper investigates the effect of slight variation in fabric structure and finishing on bending and drapes properties of woven fabrics for tailored garments. There are five pairs of fabrics investigated. One structural parameter or type of finishing treatment is varied within fabrics in each pair. The results obtained have shown that variation i...
Conference Paper
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