Miguel Carrasco

Miguel Carrasco
National Distance Education University | UNED · Department of Personality Psychology, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment

PhD

About

146
Publications
76,906
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1,655
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2001 - present
National Distance Education University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Full-text available
Comorbidity between depression and aggression in the child-adolescent population remains a controversial phenomenon. To our knowledge, no longitudinal study using structural equation modeling (SEM) has confirmed whether the relationship between depression and aggression is due to the fact that they share internalizing and externalizing supraordinal...
Article
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The combination of depression and anxiety is among the most prevalent comorbidities of disorders leading to substantial functional impairment in children and adolescents. The network perspective offers a new paradigm for understanding and measuring psychological constructs and their comorbidity. The present study aims to apply network analysis to e...
Article
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Children with dysphoria symptoms have an increased risk of aggression problems. However, previous research has found that when the confounding effect of other depression characteristics, such as self-esteem and oppositional misbehavior, is taken into account, levels of aggression problems tend to be reduced to a great extent. This observation promp...
Article
El presente artículo tiene como objetivo exponer el abordaje clínico de un usuario del Servicio de Psicología Aplicada de la de la Facultad de Psicología de la UNED atendido durante la situación de Emergencia Sanitaria Covid-19. Se trata de un estudio de caso N = 1 de un varón de 22 años (F.) cuya sintomatología se ajusta a un trastorno adaptativo...
Article
Full-text available
El presente estudio pretende analizar el perfil de los usuarios atendidos por el dispositivo especial de atención psicológica en línea habilitado por el Servicio de Psicología Aplicada (SPA) durante el primer período de alerta sanitaria COVID-19. La muestra, compuesta por 124 participantes (70.4% mujeres) con una edad promedio de 41.49 años cumplim...
Article
Full-text available
Parental rejection and children's psychological adjustment: The moderating role of perceived family warmth from a multi-informant perspective. Abstract: This study explores the moderating effect of children's perceptions about family environment on the relation between parental acceptance and children's psychological adjustment, from a multi-inform...
Article
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Childhood aggression is important to acknowledge due to its social impact and importance in predicting future problems. The temperament of a child and parental socialization have been essential in explaining behavioral problems, particularly in the case of childhood aggression. The aim of this study is to examine-from the parents' perspective-the r...
Article
The main aims of this study were, first to analyze the partial effects of specific mechanisms of moral disengagement (MMD) on different manifestations of general aggression and dating violence (DV) in adolescents and youths; second, to explore the moderating effects of gender and age on these relations. Moral disengagement, and different forms of a...
Chapter
Referencia en Formato APA: Rubio-Garay, F., Carrasco, M.A., Amor, P., & Rojas-Solís, J. L. (2019). Desconexión moral y violencia en parejas jóvenes. En E. García-López (Ed.), Psicopatología de la violencia. Repercusiones forenses (pp. 199-218). Ciudad de México: Manual Moderno y Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ----------- https://www.webo...
Book
Este nuevo libro es el primer texto en castellano que aborda, de manera sistematizada, el vínculo materno-fetal, los precursores y el desarrollo del apego en el contexto de la psicología perinatal. A lo largo de diez capítulos se tratan los diferentes contenidos conceptuales y prácticos que nos ha dejado, hasta la fecha, la investigación más recien...
Article
Full-text available
The differential contribution of maternal and paternal acceptance-rejection to children’s psychological adjustment has been explained by differences in interpersonal power and prestige within families; however, there is not yet enough empirical support for this explanation. This study examines the moderating effects of interpersonal power and prest...
Article
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This study examines the relationships between temperament traits (negative affectivity, extraversion and effortful control) and children’s externalized and internalized behavioral problems. The sample was composed of 424 children from the ages of 3–6 years old (60% male). Use of a hierarchical regression analysis revealed direct and interactive eff...
Article
Objective To analyze associations among child dependence, perceived parental acceptance, and children's psychological adjustment. Background Extreme levels of both perceived parental acceptance and rejection are postulated to be associated with dependence in such a way that may lead to psychological maladjustment. However, this influence has not b...
Article
Full-text available
ResumenLa Entrevista de Apego para Niños (EAN) es un nuevo instrumento de evaluación del apego basado en un procedimiento de completar historias. El objetivo principal de este estudio se basa en el análisis de la estructura y las propiedades psicométricas del EAN a través de análisis factoriales exploratorios sobre una muestra constituida por 115 n...
Article
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The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the development of premature children, including attachment, child psychological adjustment and parental variables. 130 children < 1,500 g or < 32 weeks at birth from two public hospitals, assessed at two years corrected age, together with their parents. Parental socio-demographic data was collecte...
Article
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La comorbilidad entre la depresión y la agresión física y verbal es un fenómeno capaz de alterar la intensidad de la expresión de su sintomatología y anular cualquier tratamiento típico. A pesar de este hecho, pocos estudios longitudinales se han realizado para probar el efecto de primacía y la magnitud de la intensidad fruto del efecto comórbido....
Article
Full-text available
Although numerous studies have confirmed the relation between parental rejection and the psychological adjustment of children, few have explored the potential moderating effects of children’s age and sex on this relation, nor considered maternal and paternal rejection separately. In order to further examine this relation, psychological adjustment a...
Article
The present study explores the dimensionality of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children and Adolescents (CES-DC; Radloff, 1977, 1991) in a sample of 986 Spanish children and adolescents (55% girls) between 9 and 18 years old. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed for a first order 4-factor model based on the origi...
Article
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p> Objectives: To analyze the effects of anticipatory fatigue and emotional symptomatology on the physical and cognitive perception of fatigue. The conditional and partial effects of independent variables were analyzed by multivariate and univariate analyses in an ex- post-fact and correlational method. Sample was composed of 317 participants (29%...
Article
Full-text available
This article conducts a systematic review on the prevalence of dating violence in adolescents and young people. Primary studies about physical, psychological and sexual dating violence (perpetration and victimization) were analyzed. A total of 1,221 references were found and, out of those, 113 met the pre-established quality criteria (studies had t...
Article
This study examines the dimensions and psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement Scale (MMDS). The MMDS was designed to evaluate the moral disengagement construct. A sample of 513 students was assessed (58.3% females; 15 to 25 years-of-age). Confirmatory factor analysis showed four models with an adequa...
Article
Research has shown that father involvement and children’s perceived parental warmth contribute significantly to children’s psychological adjustment. This study examines the mediating role of parental acceptance (i.e. that of mothers and fathers) between the father’s involvement and the child’s psychological adjustment in terms of personality dispos...
Article
Full-text available
La aceptacion-rechazo parental se ha revelado como un importante factor de riesgo para el ajuste psicologico de los hijos y su adaptacion. El objetivo: Analizar la capacidad predictiva del comportamiento parental percibido por los hijos sobre su pertenencia a un grupo clinico vs otro general. Se analizaron la aceptacion-rechazo materno y paterno y...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the relationships between perceived parental acceptance and children’s behavioral problems (externalizing and internalizing) from a multi-informant perspective. Using mothers, fathers, and children as sources of information, we explore the informant effect and incremental validity. The sample was composed of 681 participants (22...
Article
The main aim of this study is to examine the concurrent and longitudinal effects of perceived affection of mothers and fathers separately on the self-reported symptoms of children's depression. Data were obtained from a 3-wave study of 535 families with children (41.3% boys) aged 9-15 years of age. Structural equation models were performed to test...
Article
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Los principales elementos con los que el niño nace son aquellos asociados a su sistema nervioso y temperamento, sobre los cuales actúa el ambiente en forma de educación, tanto en el hogar como en la escuela.
Article
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Background: Clinical research stresses the importance of cognitive variables for predisposition, onset, and especially, perpetuation of perceived fatigue. The aim was to analyze the mediating effects of emotional symptomatology (somatic, depressive and anxiety) between anticipatory fatigue and perception of physical and cognitive fatigue. Methods...
Article
This study examines how the mechanisms underlying moral disengagement serve as a mediator between anger and hostility and physical and verbal aggression. The study was carried out on 424 participants (61.1% females), aged 15 to 25 years, assessing the direct and indirect effects of the distinct variables using a hierarchical multiple regression ana...
Article
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Este trabajo presenta la descripción, evaluación y tratamiento de un estudio de caso sobre un trastorno de ansiedad generalizada. Se trata de un adolescente de 16 años aquejado de un elevado malestar emocional debido a numerosas preocupaciones. Se realiza una evaluación con diferentes instrumentos y fuentes informantes que permiten el diagnóstico y...
Article
The authors examined several different predictive and mediation models of longitudinal parental inconsistency over a 3-year time span. They hypothesized that parental behavior (communication/affection, kindness, and positive control) mediated the relationship between parental inconsistency (mother or father) and two emotional problems in children:...
Article
This study examines the mediating role of effortful control between reactive temperament traits (negative affectivity and extraversion) and children’s internalizing and externalizing behavioural problems. The sample was composed of 424 non-clinical children from 3 to 6 years of age (60% male). Use of a structural equation model revealed effortful c...
Article
Full-text available
La violencia en las relaciones de noviazgo entre adolescentes o jóvenes (VN) es un hecho que repercute gravemente en la salud física y psicológica de las víctimas y en sus relaciones interpersonales. Esta violencia tiene diversas manifestaciones que van desde las amenazas y las conductas controladoras, hasta las agresiones verbales, físicas y sexua...
Poster
Full-text available
This study examines relations between the perceived parental acceptance and children´s behavioral problems (externalizing and internalizing) using parents (mothers and fathers) and children as sources of information. The sample was composed of 270 participants (90 children, 90 fathers, and 90 mothers). Children (38% boys) aged from 9 to 16 years (M...
Article
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Resumen Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la adaptación española del Child-Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (Child-PARQ/Control Padre/Madre; Rohner, 2005) en su versión abreviada, así como estudiar la dimensionalidad del cuestionario mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) en una muestra de 469 niños y adolescente...
Article
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El poder y el prestigio son dos constructos ampliamente estudiados en la psicología social y en la sociología. No obstante, estos aspectos están siendo utilizados también en el contexto específico de las relaciones familiares, donde se han mostrado útiles en la explicación de la relación existente entre la aceptación parental y el ajuste psicológic...
Article
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La teoría de aceptación-rechazo interpersonal (IPARTheory) es una teoría basada en la evidencia que trata de predecir y explicar las principales causas, consecuencias y correlatos de la aceptación-rechazo -especialmente parental- a lo largo del ciclo vital. Esta teoría se divide en tres subteorías: subteoría de la personalidad (todos los niños y ni...
Book
El SENA es un instrumento dirigido a la detección de un amplio espectro de PROBLEMAS emocionales y de conducta desde los 3 hasta los 18 años. - Problemas interiorizados: depresión, ansiedad, ansiedad social, quejas somáticas, obsesión-compulsión y sintomatología postraumática. - Problemas exteriorizados: hiperactividad e impulsividad, problemas d...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo se realiza una revisión crítica de las variables que se han asociado a la violencia en las relaciones de noviazgo de los adolescentes. Se han identificado más de 30 variables y se han agrupado en función de su papel precipitante, facilitador, modulador o inhibidor de las agresiones y de la victimización. Aunque muchas de estas varia...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar la adaptación española del Child-Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (Child-PARQ/Control Padre/Madre; Rohner, 2005) en su versión abreviada, así como estudiar la dimensionalidad del cuestionario mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) en una muestra de 469 niños y adolescentes españoles. La v...
Article
Full-text available
On a sample of 313 nine-through 16-year-old Spanish children this study explored the question: Is the relation between paternal versus maternal acceptance and the psychological adjustment of offspring significantly affected by the level of interpersonal power and/or prestige of each parent within the family? The relationship between perceived paren...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is a genetic disorder. This disorder affects 1 in every 3000 people. Research has shown a higher prevalence of ADHD among these children than among normal population. The aim of this study is focus on the analysis of symptoms of ADHD, from a dimensional perspective, and the analysis of this disorder accordi...
Article
This article analyzed the moderator role of perceived interpersonal power and prestige in the relation between perceived parental acceptance and children’s psychological adjustment. The sample consisted of 187 children (43% boys) ranging in age from 9 through 12 years (M = 10.58). The measures used were the child versions of the Parental Acceptance...
Article
This study analysed the relationship between family structure (single parent divorced versus two parent family) and child aggressive behavior in a sample of 224 participants (44.2% male) between 8 and 14 years of age. Socioeconomic and educational levels of parents, number of siblings and birth order, age and gender of the children were controlled...
Article
This study's objective is to analyze temperament and parenting variables as they relate to proactive and reactive aggression in children. To be specific, profiles based on these variables were analyzed in children with high levels of proactive versus reactive aggression. The sample was made up of two groups: 482 children (52.3% boys) between 1 and...
Article
Full-text available
On a sample of 313 nine- through 16-year-old Spanish children this study explored the question: Is the relation between paternal versus maternal acceptance and the psychological adjustment of offspring significantly affected by the level of interpersonal power and/or prestige of each parent within the family? The relationship between perceived pare...
Article
This study analysed the relationship between family structure (single parent divorced versus two parent family) and child aggressive behavior in a sample of 224 participants (44.2% male) between 8 and 14 years of age. Socioeconomic and educational levels of parents, number of siblings and birth order, age and gender of the children were controlled...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the prevalence and characteristics of proactive and reactive aggression in children from 2 to 6 years old according to the mothers report. The sample consisted of 524 Spanish children (55% males). The results show that both, proactive and reactive aggression, are installed at second year. Proactive aggression became highest at 4...
Article
Full-text available
Empathy is understood as a multidimensional construct involving both cognitive and emotional factors for which, traditionally, gender differences have been reported. The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis in Catalog Sel Documents Psychol 10:1-19, 1980) is an instrument made up of four subscales, each measuring a different dimension of the global...
Article
Full-text available
La comorbilidad entre depresión y agresión infanto-adolescente ha sido contrastada básicamente a un nivel estadístico. Sin embargo, pocos estudios han comprobado de manera longitudinal otra de las premisas fundamentales que permite establecer la comorbilidad: la sinergia, es decir, la acción conjunta de dos o más trastornos que se traduce en una se...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the extent to which perceived maternal, paternal, sibling, best friend, and teacher acceptance each made an independent contribution to the psychological adjustment of both males and females in a sample of 249 Kuwaiti adolescents. The study also assessed the magnitude of the total contribution to psychological adjustment of sign...
Article
Full-text available
The comorbidity between depression and aggression in children and adolescents is an issue that has sparked controversy as its existence has important implications for the validity of the classification systems, for the establishment of ex planatory models, the design of new treatments as well as in the final outcome which the comorbid person presen...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El presente articulo analiza las propiedades psicometricas de un nuevo instrumento de evaluacion de los modelos de representacion deapego en ninos. La muestra esta constituida por un total de 60 sujetos de entre 3 y 7 anos, 30 procedentes de poblacion normativa y 30 de una poblacion de riesgo psicosocial. El instrumento se administra con un...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the dimensions of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980). The sample comprised 721 Spanish participants between 9 and 16 years old. Diverse exploratory factor analyses were conducted as the basis for the final confirmatory factor analysis, through self-report. The results supported a structure with 5 first-order...
Article
Patterns of relative and absolute stability in parental behaviour with children and adolescents are reported. The sample comprised 523 youth (58.7% girls). Data were collected at three time periods: T1 (M age = 11.1 yr.), T2 (M age = 12.2 yr.), and T3 (M age = 13.2 yr.), each separated by one year. According to children's reports, relative consiste...
Article
Full-text available
Envy is an essential ingredient of human nature, which facilitates a proper development of children. This study analyzes the envy nomological network in relation to depression, anxiety and anger. 210 subjects aged 10 to 14 (43.8% males) took part in the study. The schools were randomly selected from a database and so were the classrooms. Different...
Article
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The present paper evaluates the evolution and deterioration of semantic memory in a healthy population and in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Using a categorical semantic fl uency test, we evaluated the frequency of production of copies of four basic semantic categories belonging to the domains Living Things (LT) and Non-Living things (NLT). The s...
Poster
Full-text available
En diferentes estudios se ha reconocido que la NF-1 está asociada a déficits neurocognitivos tanto verbales como no verbales, dificultades en el aprendizaje, retraso en la adquisición del lenguaje y déficit de atención. Sin embrago la experiencia clínica en el trabajo con estos niños nos hace sospechar que pudiera no ser así. El presente estudio tr...
Poster
Full-text available
Se evaluaron las secuelas en víctimas del 11-M cinco años después del atentatdo Se contacto con los participantes, todos ellos víctimas de los atentados del 11-M, se les explicó el Proyecto Atención Psicológica a los Afectados del Terrorismo Yihadista (ASATY) de la Asociación 11-M de Afectados de terrorismo y realizado por el Servicio de psicología...
Article
Resumen El Servicio de Psicología Aplicada de la UNED es una unidad psicológica con una doble función: la formación de futuros psicólogos y la atención psicológica mediante la realización del ejercicio profesional supervisado. El presen-te trabajo describe la organización y funciona-miento de este Servicio. Se expone un breve re-corrido histórico d...
Article
This study focuses on perceived parenting characteristics by children and adolescent. The Child Report Parental Behaviour Inventory (CRPBI; Schaefer, 1965) was applied to a sample of 1182 subjects (45.3% boys and 54.7% girls) between 8-16 years old. According to children' report, girls are more sensible to parents' affectivity and communication whe...
Article
El presente estudio analiza la relación entre la inconsistencia interparental de los hábitos de crianza y la presencia de conductas agresivas y depresivas en una muestra de 1159 sujetos (45.3 % varones) de edades comprendidas entre 8 y 17 años. Los resultados muestran que los sujetos procedentes de hogares inconsistentes en control, hostilidad y co...
Article
This study focuses on perceived parenting characteristics by children and adolescent. The Child Report Parental Behaviour Inventory (CRPBI; Schaefer, 1965) was applied to a sample of 1182 subjects (45.3% boys and 54.7% girls) between 8-16 years old. According to children' report, girls are more sensible to parents' affectivity and communication whe...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on perceived parenting characteristics by children and adolescent. The Child Report Parental Behaviour Inventory (CRPBI; Schaefer, 1965) was applied to a sample of 1182 subjects (45.3% boys and 54.7% girls) between 8-16 years old. According to children´ report, girls are more sensible to parents’ affectivity and communication whe...