Mieke Boon

Mieke Boon
University of Twente | UT · Department of Philosophy (WIJSB)

PhD

About

89
Publications
35,945
Reads
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1,387
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2001 - present
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Philosophy of Science in Practice Philosophy of Science for the Engineering Sciences
January 2001 - present
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Philosophy of Science in Practice Philosophy of Science for the Engineering Sciences
January 1988 - December 2000
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • PhD Student and Researcher

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
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This paper reports on the design of an innovative Electrochemistry course, part of a Chemical Science Engineering programme. Teachers have observed that their students’ understanding of electrochemical concepts and phenomena is insufficient to attempt connections to further concepts, and to generate new knowledge in scientific problem-solving. A ne...
Article
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This paper proposes a conceptual framework to study and evaluate the impact of ‘Algorithmic Management’ (AM) on worker dignity. While the literature on AM addresses many concerns that relate to the dignity of workers, a shared understanding of what worker dignity means, and a framework to study it, in the context of software algorithms at work is l...
Article
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The complex societal challenges of the 21st Century require scientific researchers and academically educated professionals capable of conducting scientific research in complex problem contexts. Our central claim is that educational approaches inspired by a traditional empiricist epistemology insufficiently foster the required deep conceptual unders...
Article
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Honors programs and similar initiatives aimed at evoking excellence of students are increasingly promoted in higher education. However, there is a lack of conceptual clarity with regard to the concept of ‘student excellence’. The purpose of this article is to present a conceptual framework, called FACE (Framework for Analyzing Conceptions of Excell...
Article
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Despite the great promises that artificial intelligence (AI) holds for health care, the uptake of such technologies into medical practice is slow. In this paper, we focus on the epistemological issues arising from the development and implementation of a class of AI for clinical practice, namely clinical decision support systems (CDSS). We will firs...
Chapter
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This chapter aims to address some salient aspects of the engineering sciences and their methodology in scientific research, cumulating in a methodology of scientific modeling in the engineering sciences. A noticeable difference between scientific research in the engineering sciences by comparison with scientific research in the basic sciences is th...
Article
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Background Societal challenges that call for a new type of engineer suggest the need for the implementation of interdisciplinary engineering education (IEE). The aim of IEE is to train engineering students to bring together expertise from different disciplines in a single context. This review synthesizes IEE research with a focus on characterizing...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to develop an epistemology of scientific models in scientific research practices, and to show that disciplinary perspectives have crucial role in such an epistemology. A transcendental (Kantian) approach is taken, aimed at explanations of the kinds of questions relevant to the intended epistemology, such as “How is it...
Chapter
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This chapter aims to contribute to critically investigate whether human-made scientific knowledge and the scientist’s role in developing it, will remain crucial—or can data-models automatically generated by machine-learning technologies replace scientific knowledge produced by humans? Influential opinion-makers claim that the human role in science...
Article
Purpose: Clarification of interdisciplinary expertise as the ability to deal with the cognitive and epistemological challenges of multi-and interdisciplinary problem-solving-such as in developing and implementing medical technology for diagnoses and treatment of patients in collaborations between clinicians, technicians, and engineers-and of the hi...
Preprint
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Purpose: Clarification of interdisciplinary expertise as the ability to deal with the cognitive and epistemological challenges of multi- and interdisciplinary problem-solving —such as in developing and implementing medical technology for diagnoses and treatment of patients in collaborations between clinicians, technicians and engineers—, and of the...
Preprint
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In science policy, it is generally acknowledged that science-based problem-solving requires interdisciplinary research. For example, policy makers invest in funding programs such as Horizon 2020 that aim to stimulate interdisciplinary research. Yet the epistemological processes that lead to effective interdisciplinary research are poorly understood...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter aims to address some salient aspects of the engineering sciences and their methodology in scientific research, cumulating in a methodology of scientific modeling in the engineering sciences. A noticeable difference between scientific research in the engineering sciences by comparison with scientific research in the basic sciences, is t...
Article
Full-text available
In science policy, it is generally acknowledged that science-based problem-solving requires interdisciplinary research. For example, policy makers invest in funding programs such as Horizon 2020 that aim to stimulate interdisciplinary research. Yet the epistemological processes that lead to effective interdisciplinary research are poorly understood...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter aims at a contribution to critically investigate whether human-made scientific knowledge and the scientist's role in developing it, will remain crucial-or can data-models automatically generated by machine-learning technologies replace scientific knowledge produced by humans? Influential opinion-makers claim that the human role in scie...
Chapter
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Philosophy of science in practice (PoSiP), besides other things, aims at an epistemology of scientific practices that addresses questions such as: How is the construction of knowledge for epistemic uses possible? Epistemology that goes beyond formal epistemology has been banned from mainstream philosophy of science since the Wiener Kreis (Vienna Ci...
Article
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In order to deal with the complexity of biological systems and attempts to generate applicable results, current biomedical sciences are adopting concepts and methods from the engineering sciences. Philosophers of science have interpreted this as the emergence of an engineering paradigm, in particular in systems biology and synthetic biology. This a...
Presentation
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This interview was taken for the EPSA Newsletter. Willem van Meurs is a co-inventor of the Human Patient Simulator (HPS®).
Book
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The High Tech Human -- Touch Magazine edition 2016, which has been written by six multi-disciplinary teams of MSc students in the Philosophy of Science, Technology and Society (PSTS). This Magazine addresses techno-societal trends integrating the technological, societal and philosophical perspectives.
Research
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Boekbespreking: Filosofie van het Kijken - Kunst in ander Perspectief (Lemniscaat 2009) URL: http://www.lemniscaat.nl/Non-fictie/Filosofie/titels/9789047700289/Filosofie%20van%20het%20kijken
Chapter
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One of the most obvious ways in which the natural sciences depend on technology is through the use of instruments. This chapter presents a philosophical analysis of the role of technological instruments in science. Two roles of technological instruments in scientific practices are distinguished: their role in discovering and proving scientific theo...
Book
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This High Tech Human Touch magazine has been written by MSc students Philosophy of Science, Technology and Society (PSTS) at the University of Twente, in a course called Technolab. The four chapters of this magazine each focus on a specific emerging technology developed at the University of Twente. These technologies are: Virtual Reality and Well-b...
Article
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In decision making concerning the diagnosis and treatment of patients, doctors have a responsibility to do this to the best of their abilities. Yet we argue that the current paradigm for best medical practice - evidence-based medicine (EBM) - does not always support this responsibility. EBM was developed to promote a more scientific approach to the...
Book
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For the course Technolab in the master program Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Society, supervised by prof.dr.ir. M. Boon, we were assigned to write a magazine that covers three different research projects within the University of Twente. In the magazine, we examined the technological, social, and philosophical aspects of the research projec...
Chapter
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This article explores the role of ‘robustness-notions’ in an account of the engineering sciences. The engineering sciences aim at technological production of, and intervention with phenomena relevant to the (dis-)functioning of materials and technological devices, by means of scientific understanding thereof. It is proposed that different kinds of...
Article
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http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13194-011-0036-4
Article
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Our concern is in explaining how and why models give us useful knowledge. We argue that if we are to understand how models function in the actual scientific practice the representational approach to models proves either misleading or too minimal. We propose turning from the representational approach to the artefactual, which implies also a new unit...
Article
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This article outlines a philosophy of science in practice that focuses on the engineering sciences. A methodological issue is that these practices seem to be divided by two different styles of scientific reasoning, namely, causal-mechanistic and mathematical reasoning. These styles are philosophically characterized by what Kuhn called ‘disciplinary...
Chapter
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EPOCHAL BREAKS ABOUND. After a short session on Google one learns that apart from the break between modernity and postmodernity, epochal breaks have taken place also between the eighteenth century and Romantic literature (Perry 1996), the oral Greek tradition and Hellenistic epic (Barnes 2003), African Christianity and its European roots, Ayatollah...
Article
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Aha! Zo zit het in elkaar! Nu begrijp ik het! Waarom heb ik dat niet eerder gezien?’ ‘Kwantummechanica is niet te begrijpen, het is onvoorstelbaar, maar je kunt er wel goed mee rekenen.’ Twee even herkenbare als spiegelbeeldige uitspraken over begrijpen in de wetenschap. Begrijpen lijkt een psychologische toestand te zijn die wordt opgeroepen als w...
Article
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This article presents an overview of discussions in the philosophy of technology on epistemological relations between science and technology, illustrating that often several mutually entangled issues are at stake. The focus is on conceptual and ideological issues concerning the relationship between scientific and technological knowledge. It argues...
Chapter
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This chapter focuses on scientific models in engineering as epistemic tools for creating or optimizing concrete devices or materials. From this pragmatist and functional perspective, scientific models appear as things that are used by scientists to do some work, in other words, to fulfill some purposes. Consequently, one approaches modeling as a sp...
Article
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Wetenschappers geven niet werkelijk om technologie. Zij feesten aan de hoge tafel van de goden, maar van tijd tot tijd, misschien gewoon per ongeluk, of misschien uit medelijden en welwillende vrijgevigheid, laten ze een paar kruimels vallen die dan gretig worden opgeraapt door mindere mensen, zoals ingenieurs en 'captains of industry' en generaals...
Chapter
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Modern science and technology are interwoven into a complex that is sometimes called 'techno-science': the progress of science is dependent on the sophistication of instrumentation, whereas the progress of ‘high-tech’ instruments and apparatus is dependent on scientific research. Yet, how scientific research contributes to the development of instru...
Article
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Museumbezoekers blijven gemiddeld negen seconden voor een schilderij staan. Veel te kort om er recht aan te doen. Maar als je langer wilt kijken, hoe moet je dat dan doen? Een serie over de filosofie van het kijken, met filosofe Mieke Boon. Vandaag deel 1-30:
Book
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English introduction to the book
Article
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Wat zegt wetenschap over de werkelijkheid en wat doet wetenschap met de werkelijkheid? Tegen de achtergrond van deze twee vragen zal ik de ideeën belichten die de basis vormen van de didactische doelen en aanpak in deze module, en sterker nog, wellicht in het hele honoursprogramma. Het ruwe doel is te leren hoe wetenschappelijk onderzoek te doen te...
Article
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This paper is concerned with scientific reasoning in the engineering sciences. Engineering sciences aim at explaining, predicting and describing physical phenomena occurring in technological devices. The focus of this paper is on mathematical description. These mathematical descriptions are important to computer-aided engineering or design programs...
Article
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During model construction a number of decisions has to be taken. Often, decisions remain implicit, which has consequences for the correct interpretation of the model, and provides a source of miscommunication between different stakeholders and domain experts. We present a taxonomy of decisions guiding the modelling process and helping to distinguis...
Article
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The usefulness of verification hinges on the quality of the verification model. Verification is useful if it increases our confidence that an artefact bahaves as expected. As modelling inherently contains non-formal elements, the quality of models cannot be captured by purely formal means. Still, we argue that modelling is not an act of irrationali...
Article
Science is expected to solve a variety of human and societal problems, ranging from climate forecasting, ground purification, crop protection, cancer treatment, and flood control—to name a few. Solving such problems requires reliable knowledge relevant to the particular problem at hand. However, science by itself does not provide off-theshelf solut...
Article
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Unlike basic sciences, scientific research in advanced technologies aims to explain, predict, and (mathematically) describe not phenomena in nature, but phenomena in technological artefacts, thereby producing knowledge that is utilized in technological design. This article first explains why the covering-law view of applying science is inadequate f...
Article
The issue of this oral presentation is “How Science is applied in Technology”; more specifically, how science is used in developing knowledge of phenomena and processes that occur in technological devices. Firstly, a traditional picture of applying science in technology is sketched. This picture is inappropriate for understanding how science is use...
Article
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Als VWO-leerlinge, 25 jaar geleden, was ik gefascineerd door de natuurwetenschappen. Ik was verbaasd over het idee dat achter de waarneembare veelheid en complexiteit van verschijnselen kennelijk zo'n eenvoudige, met behulp van wetten beschrijfbare orde schuil gaat. Ook was ik geboeid door techniek -het idee zelf dingen te creëren door gebruik te m...
Article
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The chemical oxidation rate of pyrite with ferric iron increases with increasing ferric-to-ferrous iron concentration ratios in the bulk-phase of the solution. In batch experiments, these high ratios were due to the presence of Leptospirillum ferrooxidans bacteria. It was proposed that the observed maximum chemical pyrite oxidation rate (mole pyrit...
Article
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Mechanism of indirect and direct bacterial oxidation of sulphide mineral was discussed. Indirect oxidation occurred through aqueous ferrous solutions microbial catalysis to ferric ion oxidation and then direct oxidation of the sulfide by ferric ion. Experiments were conducted to distinguish between direct and indirect mechanism. The tests were base...
Article
The question whether the overall bacterial oxidation rate of a pyrite is determined by both the chemical reactivity of the pyrite as well as the affinity of a bacterial strain to the ferrous to ferric iron ratio, was examined. Bioleaching studies were carried out with a pure culture of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and an enrichment culture of Leptospi...
Article
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The ferrous iron oxidation kinetics of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans in batch cultures was examined, using on-line off-gas analyses to measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide consumption rates continuously. A cell suspension from continuous cultures at steady state was used as the inoculum. It was observed that a dynamic phase occurred in the initial pha...
Article
The oxidation and growth kinetics of ferrous iron with Thiobacillus ferrooxidans in continuous cultures was examined at several total iron concentrations. On-line off-gas analyses of O2 and CO2 were used to measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide consumption rates in the culture. Off-line respiration measurements in a biological oxygen monitor (BOM)...
Article
The oxidation of ferrous iron by Leptospirillum bacteria was studied in a continuous culture in the dilution rate range 0.009-0.077 h-1 and could be described with a rate equation for competitive ferric iron inhibition kinetics in terms of the ferric/ferrous iron ratio in the solution. The ferrous iron oxidation in the continuous culture was follow...
Article
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It was examined whether gas–liquid transfer of oxygen or carbon dioxide has determined the bacterial oxidation rate of sulphide minerals in the kinetic experiments reported in the literature. Correlations available in the literature were used to estimate the gas–liquid mass transfer coefficients of oxygen and carbon-dioxide, kLa (s−1), in the repor...
Article
The kinetics and rate limiting sub-processes in the bacterial oxidation of zinc sulphide with Thiobacillus ferrooxidans were examined. The oxidation rate of synthetic ZnS in the presence and absence of bacteria at equal ferrous and ferric iron concentration and pH, was measured in parallel batch experiments. Bacteria oxidize Fe2+ produced in the ch...
Article
Bio-oxidation experiments with Leptospirillum bacteria were used to determine the chemical oxidation kinetics of pyrite in acidic ferric sulphate solutions (0.1–0.2 M) at 30°C and pH 1.6. The proposed method is applicable because the oxidation of pyrite with Leptospirillum bacteria consists of two sub-processes: (i) Pyrite is chemically oxidized wi...
Article
New theoretical and experimental methods have been developed to examine the chemical and bacterial oxidation kinetics in bio-oxidation of sulphide minerals, which are determined by an `indirect' mechanism. On-line off-gas analyses to measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide consumption rate in batch and continuous bio-reactors, together with the appli...
Article
The measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide consumption rates together with the measurement of redox potentials, has led to the further elucidation of the mechanism of bioleaching of sulphide minerals and enabled the kinetics of the sub-processes involved to be determined separately. This has shown that the primary attack of the sulphide mineral i...
Chapter
This chapter deals with science, the development of technology and sustainability. We shall not argue that intrinsic properties of science and technology as such block the solution of sustainability problems, nor do we believe that the solution to those problems requires of people a “radically new way of Being”. An increase of bureaucratic influenc...
Article
To check for possible mass transfer limitations of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide in kinetic experiments on microbial desulphurization of coal, it is important to properly measure the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (k(L)a) especially at high slurry densities. Volumetric mass transfer coefficients of oxygen, at different solid hold-up values (ep...
Article
For the application of immobilized enzymes, the influence of immobilization on the activity of the enzyme should be Known. This influence can be obtained by determining the intrinsic kinetic parameters of the immobilized enzyme, and by comparing them with the kinetic parameters of the suspended enzyme. This article deals with the determination of t...

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