Mickey Howard

Mickey Howard
University of Exeter | UoE · Department of Management

FHEA, PhD, MBA
Implementation of circular supply chains for sustainable & more resilient business systems

About

79
Publications
58,036
Reads
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1,564
Citations
Introduction
My research is based in the field of Operations & Supply Chain Management and includes elements of innovation, information systems and sustainability. It is grounded in theories of the firm such as Resource based theory, Dynamic capabilities, Natural resource based view, Agency (e.g. principle-agent, network dynamics), Institutional logics and Systems theory. My work has developed into two major strands based around the governance of inter-organizational relationships: the procurement of complex performance, and the implementation of sustainable business models around circular economy.
Additional affiliations
November 2009 - November 2015
University of Exeter
Position
  • Associate professor in Purchasing & Supply Management
June 2004 - November 2009
University of Bath
Position
  • Lecturer
March 1999 - May 2004
University of Bath
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
We explore six small-medium enterprises (SMEs) across multiple sectors and their approach towards circular economy (CE) adoption. Our study explores the ‘how and why’ of CE adoption for SMEs, comparing opportunities and challenges around chosen tools and methods. A multi-methodological approach uses interviews, facilitated workshops and tool demons...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a place-based systems perspective of the sustainability of small and medium-sized enterprises, exploring the multilevel challenges in transitioning towards a circular economy. We develop a conceptual model showing that, as circular economy systems and their resilience reside at the intersection of business, societal and ecosys...
Article
Measuring industrial sustainability performance in manufacturing firms is still a major challenge for both policy and industrial decision makers, with many firms, particularly small and medium enterprises, struggling to properly engage with them. Hence, to understand the level of adoption of industrial sustainability indicators and the issues preve...
Article
Improved sustainability of industrial activities and measurement of its performance are becoming prime topics of discussion among policy-makers and industrial decision-makers. The current literature proposes a number of performance measurement systems and related indicators, but mainly lacks a real capability to address all sustainability pillars a...
Article
Full-text available
The circular economy and how it can be implemented is now the topic of considerable debate in corporations, universities and parliaments across the UK, Europe and beyond. Given rising concerns around the realities of resource availability, price volatility, pollution and an increasingly fragmented, often poorly rewarded workforce, hopes are being p...
Article
Full-text available
There are widely differing experiences and practices in the development of indicators to monitor, report and communicate progress towards the implementation of the circular economy (CE). We present a framework for developing CE indicators which link to the core goals, principles and building blocks of a CE. To do this we utilise the Ellen MacArthur...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the dynamic interplay of formal/informal governance mechanisms, in terms of functional and dysfunctional consequences for both sides of the dyad, in long-term inter-organizational relationships. Using two longitudinal cases of UK defence sector procurement (warship commissioning) we move beyond notions of complementarity and sub...
Article
Full-text available
Circular modes of production, known as the circular economy, are welcomed in political and business circles to overcome the shortcomings of traditional linear operating models. Academic literature on the circular economy is nascent however and little attention is given to supply chain management implications, regardless of the relevance of supply c...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to reflect on recent closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) practices using a natural resource-based view (NRBV) and dynamic capabilities (DC) perspective. Design/methodology/approach Two empirical case studies of CLSC exemplars are used to discuss the theoretical relevance of these views. Findings The paper shows how strategic r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We use triadic dynamics and agency theory to explore organizational behaviours in a longitudinal supply network setting involving a complex warship programme. We argue that discussions around UK defense supply networks must include the effect of triadic relationships during performance-based contracting (PBC). The investigation explores the implica...
Article
Full-text available
We use triadic dynamics and agency theory to explore organizational behaviours in a longitudinal supply network setting involving a complex warship programme. We argue that discussions around UK defense supply networks must include the effect of triadic relationships during performance-based contracting (PBC). The investigation explores the implica...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how organizations coordinate the often conflicting demands for high performance delivered over long periods and involving complex environments. Using two longitudinal cases of defense contracts for supporting new warships we explore not only the roles of formal and informal governance mechanisms, but the dynamic interplay of fun...
Book
Full-text available
This is the ground-breaking new book for aspiring purchasing and supply chain leaders and anyone with a keen interest in this rapidly evolving field. For too long business has focused on short-term cost advantages through low-cost country sourcing with little regard for the longer-term implications of global sustainability. As the first book to ful...
Chapter
This contribution explores the concept of Through-Life Management (TLM) in the context of the UK defence supply strategy. For firms seeking to extend profit horizons and engender closer relationships with their customers, this paper asks: what are the implications of TLM for the supply strategy in the UK defence industry? The paper defines TLM as a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The aim of the paper is to identify and review the impact and challenges of new contractual arrangements on UK military procurement and other limited or oligopolistic markets. Design/methodology/approach – The unit of analysis is the large-scale procurement programme. Two cases of major military platforms (naval and air defence) examine...
Article
The importance of climate change is shaping public policy internationally at several levels with much of the effort aimed at reducing the amount of carbon emissions released to the atmosphere through anthropogenic activity. Public procurement is a key financial mechanism available to governments to drive policy change and because of its scale can b...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of climate change is shaping public policy internationally at several levels with much of the effort aimed at reducing the amount of carbon emissions released to the atmosphere through anthropogenic activity. Public procurement is a key financial mechanism available to governments to drive policy change and because of its scale can b...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose ‐ This paper seeks to present a teaching tool (the Innovation Game) which aims to demonstrate the challenges of developing an effective innovation strategy in the context of new product development. The goal of the game is to enable participants to experience how strategic and operational choices made in relation to innovation strategy are...
Article
Full-text available
Amid the turmoil of the current economic crisis, the wild expectations for business-to-business electronic marketplaces or ‘e-hubs’ as transformative modes of exchange for all industries have subsided. However, e-hubs continue to elicit interest in industries such as car production. Yet, there is little research that investigates firms’ strategies...
Chapter
Amid the turmoil of the current economic crisis, the wild expectations for business-to-business electronic marketplaces or ‘e-hubs’ as transformative modes of exchange for all industries have subsided. However, e-hubs continue to elicit interest in industries such as car production. Yet, there is little research that investigates firms’ strategies...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding PCP (Procuring Complex Performance) is critical as products and services are combined or bundled in new ways as integrated solutions, consider the complexity for example in contracting for a major international airport, the built environment element, the buildings, cannot be operated in isolation from the services they have to support...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The paper seeks to analyze the evolution of competitive advantage using both “classic” and “extended” resource-based theory (RBT). The aim is to examine the different ways in which “classic” and “extended” resource-based advantage develops and how they might combine to create long-term advantage. Design/methodology/approach – A single cas...
Article
Full-text available
For interorganisational systems to provide benefits to all partner organisations typically requires well designed internal systems and processes and integration between enterprise systems and the IOS. Organisations frequently do not make these investments and the resulting physical implementation details, such as duplicated data storage, manual ree...
Article
Full-text available
Amid the turmoil of the current economic crisis, the wild expectations for business-to-business electronic marketplaces or ‘e-hubs’ as transformative modes of exchange for all industries have subsided. However, e-hubs continue to elicit interest in industries such as car production. Yet, there is little research that investigates firms’ strat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The paper's aim is to evaluate the changing patterns of defence requirements and their implications on supply chains and relationships within the UK defence industry. Design/methodology/approach – The paper builds a case study on the UK defence industry comprising 22 face-to-face interviews with senior management from the Ministry of Defe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that today's global automotive markets challenge the way that vehicle manufacturers and their suppliers (and their academic observers) conceptualise value creation with complex 'blends' of services and products, an increasingly common basis for revenue generation. It presents two cases from opposite ends of the automotive value ch...
Article
Full-text available
This research paper explores the generic barriers which govern supply chain integration. Four automotive cases illustrate the motivations and barriers that emerged during the implementation phase of collaborative Information Communication Technology (ICT) ventures. The results indicate the reasons for the failure of ICT as the solution to collabora...
Article
Purpose – Vehicle manufacturer “CarCo” has spent decades developing its supply strategy based on customer ordered production. Yet the combination of an over-crowded European market and the need to grow sales poses a dilemma: what strategy does it adopt to manage its global operations? This research aims to examine the implementation of responsive o...
Article
Build-to-order (BTO) is a production strategy that aligns to the demands of the 21st century where the industry is challenged to achieve flexibility from elongated supply chains that cross the globe and yet rely on inaccurate demand forecasts. A study of European manufacturers explores whether supplier parks are an essential part of BTO using a con...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to examine the role of product architecture in supply chain design. Specifically, it seeks to resolve confusion over the impact of modularisation on supplier relationship management. On the one hand, the introduction of modularisation suggests that buyer and supplier firms should move towards greater collaboration in order...
Article
Deep and grounded understanding of complex socio-technical phenomena, such as business-to-business (B2B) information systems, requires a collaborative process of enquiry where the researcher works with practitioners to make sense and establish meaning. This suggests the need for interventionary approaches, such as action research and action case, s...
Article
Building cars to customer order has been the goal of volume vehicle manufacturers since the birth of mass production. Eliminating the vast stocks of unsold vehicles held in distribution parks around the world represents potential savings worth billions, yet the current supply chain resembles islands of control, driven by production push. Despite re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper investigates the stalled adoption of a supplier park at Bridgend Engine Plant in the UK. It starts from the position that not all firms can or should implement the same set of practices. Design/methodology/approach Critical incident technique and semi‐structured interviews over five years were used to understand the influence of...
Article
Business-to-business electronic marketplaces or ‘e-hubs’ `are increasingly being adopted by organizations seeking to achieve dramatic reductions in cost. While initially heralded in such industries as the automotive sector as the key to restructuring old economy firms, the claims for e-hubs appear optimistic. This paper explores collaboration and i...
Article
Full-text available
Build-to-order (BTO) has been hailed as a production strategy that fits the demands of the 21st century where a considerable challenge for the industry is how to achieve flexibility from extended supply chains that span the globe and retain elements of make-to-forecast. A study of 8 European manufacturers examines whether supplier parks are an impe...
Article
Full-text available
The automotive industry in Europe faces intense competition and is dealing with a customer who is less patient and more demanding in terms of vehicle choice. The current system of making vehicles presents a 'vicious circle' where forecast based production and push based selling using discounts and incentives is leading to lower profits, thus more v...
Chapter
Building cars to customer order has been the goal of volume vehicle manufacturers since the birth of mass production. Eliminating the vast stocks of unsold vehicles held in distribution parks around the world represents potential savings worth billions, yet the current supply chain resembles islands of control, driven by production push. Despite re...
Chapter
Building cars to customer order has been the goal of volume vehicle manufacturers since the birth of mass production. Eliminating the vast stocks of unsold vehicles held in distribution parks around the world represents potential savings worth billions, yet the current supply chain resembles islands of control, driven by production push. Despite re...
Article
Full-text available
The 3DayCar programme reveals the principle source of delay during the order fulfilment process in the automotive industry as information processing not manufacturing. This suggests that information and communication technologies (ICT) are crucial in re-shaping industry structure towards customer responsiveness and building to order. This paper rep...
Article
Full-text available
Building cars to customer order has been the goal of volume vehicle manufacturers since the birth of mass production. Eliminating the vast stocks of unsold vehicles held in distribution parks around the world represents potential savings worth billions, yet the current supply chain resembles islands of control, driven by production push. Despite re...
Article
Full-text available
Automotive painting performs a critical role in the production and delivery of new vehicles. This research investigates how paint shop performance has become a significant factor in building to order (BTO), and adopts a strategic approach that examines external drivers and internal plant factors. Shareholder value no longer dominates plant performa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In response to the difficulties experienced by the automotive industry in adopting new procurement technology this research investigates an emerging phenomenon: electronic interorganizational collaborative platforms consisting of e-Hubs, WebEDI, and CAD networks. A study of eight European cases explores collaborative working and information sharing...
Article
Full-text available
The role of Information Technology (IT) as a source of competitive advantage and enabler of advanced supply chain management in inter-organisational systems is hardly in question. E-commerce, trade-exchanges and online transactions are just a few of these enabling features. The thrust and volume of studies reflect this critical role, yet recent res...
Article
Full-text available
The automotive industry must significantly change its outdated and unprofitable 'sell-from-stock' business model to a streamlined 'build-to-order' model. Extra-organizational systems (EOS) enable multiple firms to share industry-level systems linked by electronic portals and hubs. Successful EOS implementation requires a coordinated effort among va...
Article
Building to customer order enables manufacturing to better respond to market conditions. The time lost between changes in customer preferences and product mix disappears and customer demand can drive production. A build to order system has IT system requirements that go well beyond current automotive IT systems and structures. The investment requir...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Organizations are being confused by simplistic, technology-driven models of e-business that allegedly enhance competitive and co-operative capability. Re-examining the perceived wisdom of electronic markets finds shallow, overlapping networks competing for membership, isolated pockets of collaboration and irregular flows of revenue, resembling an a...
Conference Paper
Automotive painting is essential not only for providing a flawless and emissions free system of body coating, but as a key enabler of customer order fulfillment. Paint shops in the UK and Europe continue to require large batch-sizes, long lead-times and suffer from high levels of defects. This represents considerable waste in the system, contrary t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite their potential to reshape business radically, information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) can be key inhibitors of industry transformation. In the automotive industry, although IT is a key enabler of process transformation, the existing IT systems constitute a significant barrier to change. While there are a number of models o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper identifies the key technological opportunities for rapid build-to-order in vehicle design. It questions the ability of conventional volume car production methods to deliver total customer order fulfillment. It examines the link between body construction, vehicle complexity and capacity as a means of reducing the current average 48 day le...

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