Michio Nomura

Michio Nomura
Kyoto University | Kyodai · Graduate School of Education / Faculty of Education

Ph.D.

About

176
Publications
14,853
Reads
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1,890
Citations
Citations since 2016
84 Research Items
1001 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
October 2010 - present
Kyoto University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (176)
Article
Full-text available
The serotonergic pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of impulsivity, and sensitivity to aversive outcomes may be linked to serotonin (5-HT) levels. Polymorphisms in the gene that encodes the serotonin transporter (5-HTT), which have differential effects on the level of serotonin transmission, display alternate responses to aversive stim...
Article
Reminders of death often elicit defensive responses in individuals, especially among those with low self-esteem. Although empirical evidence indicates that self-esteem serves as a buffer against mortality threats, the precise neural mechanism underlying this effect remains unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test the hy...
Article
Awe is an emotional response to perceptually vast stimuli that transcend one’s current frames of reference. Previous research indicated that awe promotes a smaller self, which led to the creation of a small-self hypothesis. Thus, we shed new light on this hypothesis in terms of sense of body ownership using a rubber hand illusion experiment; throug...
Article
Full-text available
The experience of awe, an emotional response to vast stimuli overwhelming ones’ current mental structure, has often been measured using a questionnaire method. The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate the Japanese version of the Situational Awe Scale (SAS), which is a useful tool for measuring awe experiences from the perspectiv...
Article
The factors influencing poetry’s aesthetic appreciation are largely unknown. Some studies have reported features that affect the aesthetic appreciation of poetry. This study sought to determine which states and traits predict the aesthetic appeal of haiku poetry. We recruited 277 participants to rate 36 haiku on five characteristics: imagery vividn...
Article
Full-text available
Diagram use is generally considered an effective strategy in solving mathematical word problems, and many teachers demonstrate the use of this strategy when they are teaching. Despite such demonstrations, however, the majority of students evidence poor, ineffective use of diagrams in problem solving. This may be due to a lack of task-appropriate in...
Article
Full-text available
Fantasy is the experience of identifying with characters in movies, novels, plays, and other fictional situations. In social contexts, individuals take on the perspective of others by sensing their emotions through empathy. During this process, perspective-taking and emotional sharing affect one’s metacognition, which deals with the distinction bet...
Article
With the development of technology, the quality of AI-generated text has improved. This is relevant in the AI art field, where AI generates literature or poetry that is appreciated. This study compared human-made and AI-generated haiku poetry, which is composed with 17 syllables and the world's shortest and clearest rules, to examine aesthetic eval...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, ambiguity was classified into cognitive and emotional ambiguity, and their effects on the aesthetic evaluation of haiku were examined for native Japanese and German speakers. Since haiku is the shortest form of poetry in the world, it usually contains ambiguity and makes cultural comparison easier. Overall, 450 Japanese and 373 Germa...
Article
Awe is an emotional response to perceptually vast stimuli that transcend one's current frames of reference. The psychological form and function of awe differ between two types: positive-awe, which arises from perceptually aesthetic experiences (e.g., the beauty of nature, spiritual experiences, or the virtue of a leader), and threat-awe, which is t...
Article
Attitude persistence involves the maintenance or reinforcement of an initial attitude, despite the counter-opinions of others. Previous studies suggest that the importance of a topic has a significant impact on attitude persistence. However, it is not clear whether the effect is invariant in different communication environments. This study investig...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ambiguity tolerance is an individual trait of preference for ambiguity that can be transformed by intervention. It is known that appreciation and discussion of art can improve ambiguity tolerance, but the effects of appreciation and discussion have not been separated, and there have been psychometric limitations. This study examined the effects of...
Preprint
Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) consists of two factors: authoritarianism—the tendency to venerate and submit to established authorities—and conventionalism—the propensity to protect traditional values. By focusing on ancestor and nature worship in Japan, this study highlighted the construct of RWA in terms of two aspects of spirituality: feeling...
Article
Full-text available
Infant crying is an important signal for their survival and development, and maternal beliefs about crying predict responsiveness to crying. Most studies have considered caregivers’ reactions to crying to be fixed, and it is unclear how they change with their caregiving experience. Additionally, it has recently been suggested that there is a bidire...
Article
Whether an individual copes with loss in a positive and constructive manner or a negative one depends on cultural values, individual differences, and the quality of support they receive. For example, the experience of awe has been shown to diminish the sense of self, which in turn increases generosity, helping behavior, or healthy mental conditions...
Article
This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note...
Article
Full-text available
A previous Japanese study has shown that the short (s) allele of the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), implicated in higher sensitivity to aversive stimuli, may promote motor inhibitory control in conditions where impulsivity is punished. The present study conducted in Australia replicates this Japanese study to examine if...
Article
Full-text available
Empathy and mindfulness are currently major topics of scientific interest. Although it is well-known that mindfulness—typically as an outcome related to meditation—generates empathy at the state level, only a small number of studies have documented the trait (i.e., personality) level association between mindfulness and empathy. Furthermore, the und...
Article
Full-text available
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been used widely as a useful tool for the alleviation of various stress-related symptoms. However, the effects of MBIs on stress-related physiological activity have not yet been ascertained. MBIs primarily consist of focused-attention (FA) and open-monitoring (OM) meditation. Since differing effects of FA...
Preprint
Full-text available
Infant crying is an important signal for their survival and socio-cognitive development. It is unclear how maternal beliefs about infant crying change with their caregiving experience. Additionally, this study examined a bidirectional relationship between maternal beliefs and infants’ temperament using longitudinal study design. Maternal beliefs ab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Infant crying is an important signal for their survival and socio-cognitive development, and maternal beliefs about crying predict responsiveness to crying. Most studies have considered caregivers’ reactions to crying to be fixed, and it is unclear how they change with their caregiving experience. Additionally, it has recently been suggested that t...
Article
Full-text available
As the COVID-19 pandemic clearly shows, we are living in an age of uncertainty and ambiguity. This study develops a Japanese version of the Multidimensional Attitude toward Ambiguity Scale (MAAS), which was originally developed by Lauriola et al. (2016) and has better psychometrics and reproducibility than previously developed personality trait sca...
Article
Full-text available
The right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) scale has been associated with prejudice, discrimination, and intergroup conflict. This study developed Japanese versions of the RWA scale and examined their validity. Although it is a well-established assessment tool to measure authoritarian dispositions, none of the RWA scales translated into Japanese were st...
Article
Objective Developmental disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), are some of the biggest contributors to mental health problems. However, it is not well known whether and how experiencing ADHD- or ASD-related symptoms can cause mental illness later in life. Participants: The sample initi...
Article
Full-text available
Infants communicate their emotions to caregivers mainly through vocalizations. Research has shown that maternal oxytocin levels relate to adaptive parenting; however, little empirical research exists regarding the effects of endogenous oxytocin levels on maternal responses to infant vocalizations. Thus, in this study, we examined the relationship b...
Poster
芸術において美と感情の関係はアリストテレスの時代から主題であった. Menninghaus, et al. (2017) は特にネガティブ感情と美の包括的なモデルを提唱し,その中で畏敬の念やノスタルジア等の複合感情がそれらの統合を担いうると論じた。詩歌は,古代から主要な芸術の1つであるが,心理学領域では音楽や映画の知見と比して限定的である。他方で,詩歌,とりわけ17文字の俳句は統制された題材で,実験で感情反応を直接的に測定するのに適しており,本研究は,俳句を用いてネガティブ感情が美に繋がる心理プロセスを検討する。参加者267名(Mage=40.0,女性171名)は23句の俳句をそれぞれ俳句の感情価,感情評定,畏敬,ノスタルジア,美的評価等の観点から評価し,個人特性に関する質問紙にも回答した。...
Article
かつて疫病が蔓延するなか,そこには祈りがあった。人々は自然を詠み,詠いときに舞った。この曖昧さと不確実性の増しゆく状況は,先端技術の活用とともに,伝統の意味と力をあらためて問うものである。そこには身体性の深い掘り起しもかくことができない。本年度のシンポジウムは,俳句と無心との関わりを読み解くなかで,美しい句とは何か,それを感ずる個人の心理状態とはいかなるものか,さらにはAIへの実装の可能性を議論するなかで,その返す力から無心への理解を深化する。そうして先端技術と伝統芸能,日常と自然,幽玄を行き来しこれを佳境する試みのうちから,未来を描きゆく手がかりが得られれば幸いである。
Article
Few studies have examined the influence of short-term stress on neural networks underlying impulsivity in reward/punishment behavior. The influence of short-term stress on neural networks in a sample of female participants was investigated. Participants in the experimental group first completed a speech task intended to induce stress. Next, all par...
Preprint
Awe is an emotional response to perceptually vast stimuli that transcend one’s current frames of reference. The psychological form and function of awe differ between two types: positive-awe, which arises from the beauty of nature, and threat-awe, which is inspired by natural disasters. However, little is known about the neural bases underlying thes...
Article
Infants communicate their emotions to their caregivers through cries and laughter. Recent work suggests that adaptive parenting requires cognitive regulation of intuitive behaviors toward infants' signals. In this study, we examined the effects of cognitive regulation on mothers' unconscious behavioral and cardiac responses to infant cries and laug...
Article
Full-text available
Awe is an emotional response to vast stimuli needing for accommodation. Although several studies have revealed that awe led to more ethical attitudes toward one’s own behavior and to generosity toward people in general, it is unclear whether and how the two types of awe—positive and threatened—influence one’s attitude toward others’ social norm vio...
Article
Full-text available
Reward and punishment influence inhibitory performance, but developmental changes in these effects are not well understood. Our aim was to understand the effects of potential reward gains and losses (as indices of reward and punishment) on response inhibition among children and adolescents. We conducted financial and non-financial go/no-go tasks wi...
Article
Full-text available
Infant vocalization plays a pivotal role in communicating infant mood to parents and thereby motivating parenting responses. Although many psychological and neural responses to infant vocalization have been reported, few studies have examined maternal approach-avoidance behavior in response to infant vocalization. Thus, this research sought to dete...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying the cause of social events enables us to understand why our environment interacts with us in a certain way. Although previous studies suggest that the right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) is associated with internal attribution, the causal relationship remains unclear. The present study, firstly, aimed to investigate whether and how th...
Article
SYNOPSIS Infant crying is one of the parenting stressors, and our research suggests that the presence of spouse has a stress relieving effect in mothers with high attachment anxiety. Its mechanism is, however, still unclear. Here we will discuss the possible mechanism again corresponding to the commentaries. First, we briefly review the difficultie...
Article
Objective: Infant cry, a major stressor for caregivers, is one of the leading triggers of child abuse. The present study examined the effects of spousal support, spousal presence, and the possible moderating effect of attachment insecurity on individuals’ subjective and physiological responses to infant cry. Design: Thirty-one healthy mothers (M ag...
Article
The crying of infants elicits aversive feelings and poses a risk for child abuse. Maternal childhood maltreatment can have negative parenting ability consequences and interact with the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) to predict maternal response to infant distress stimuli. Recent studies have highlighted the import...
Article
Full-text available
Mindfulness meditation consists of focused attention meditation (FAM) and open monitoring meditation (OMM), both of which reduce activation of the default mode network (DMN) and mind-wandering. Although it is known that FAM requires intentional focused attention, the mechanisms of OMM remain largely unknown. To investigate this, we examined striata...
Article
Full-text available
While numerous studies have investigated children’s recognition of facial emotional expressions, little evidence has been gathered concerning their explicit knowledge of the components included in such expressions. Thus, we investigated children’s knowledge of the facial components involved in the expressions of happiness, sadness, anger, and surpr...
Article
The default mode network (DMN) is considered a unified core brain function for generating subjective mental experiences, such as mind wandering. We propose a novel cognitive framework for understanding the unity of the DMN from the perspective of hemispheric asymmetry. Using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), effective connectivity est...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown high rates of comorbidity between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and difficulties regarding differential diagnosis. Unlike those in Western countries, the Japanese ADHD prevalence rate is lower relative to that of ASD. This inconsistency could have occurred because of cul...
Article
Empathy is a multi-dimensional concept with emotional and cognitive components. The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) is a multi-dimensional scale of empathic traits. Although some researchers have attempted to translate the IRI into Japanese, these translated scales had limitations with content and construct validity, and measurement invariance...
Article
Full-text available
Forming specific facial expressions influences emotions and perception. Bearing this in mind, studies should be reconsidered in which observers expressing neutral emotions inferred personal traits from the facial expressions of others. In the present study, participants were asked to make happy, neutral, and disgusted facial expressions: for “happy...
Article
Individual differences in responsiveness toward infant crying are well understood. Little research, however, has examined the effects of situational risk factors (e.g., social stress, cognitive load) and possible interactions between situational and dispositional factors on response toward infant crying. This study examined if trait empathy (concep...
Article
Recent researches have shown that inappropriate self-generated thought, namely mind wandering (MW), is decreased by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the right inferior parietal lobule (IPL) through altering information flow within the default mode network (DMN). However, it remains unknown whether this effect is specific to the “ri...
Article
Full-text available
Mortality salience (MS) has been shown to lead to derogation of others with dissimilar worldviews, yet recent research has shown that Asian-Americans who presumably adopt an interdependent self-construal (SC) tend to reveal greater tolerance after MS induction. In the present study, we demonstrated that Japanese individuals who are high on interdep...
Article
Although eye contact and verbal processing appear independent, people frequently avert their eyes from interlocutors during conversation. This suggests that there is interference between these processes. We hypothesized that such interference occurs because both processes share cognitive resources of a domain-general system and explored the influen...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have explored risk factors for child maltreatment, but little research has focused on situational risk factors such as cognitive load, which involves within-individual fluctuation. The current study sought to determine whether cognitive load led to within-individual changes in intention in response to infant crying. The study also soug...