Michelle E. Kelly

Michelle E. Kelly
National College of Ireland · School of Business, IFSC, Dublin 1

BA Hons, D.Psych.BAT

About

34
Publications
15,285
Reads
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Introduction
I am a lecturer in Psychology in the Department of Psychology, National College of Ireland. I conduct research in Applied Behaviour Analysis, Relational Frame Theory (RFT), Cognitive Psychology and Healthy Ageing. My current projects include researching computerised brain training interventions for people with early stage dementia and RFT approaches to improving cognitive and mental health outcomes.
Additional affiliations
November 2011 - June 2014
Trinity College Dublin
Position
  • Early Intervention Coordinator
Description
  • Researching interventions for people in the early stages of dementia; developing and delivering evidence-based early interventions; reviewing lifestyle interventions for healthy older adults.

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Recent research has indicated that the results of the implicit relational assessment procedure (IRAP) may be affected by certain facets of the measure. The current research explores the use of response options in the IRAP and their potential influence on the responding of college students (N = 40) across two similar IRAPs. The IRAPs differed solely...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 lockdown and closure of schools clinics, and community-based services put children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental disabilities (DDs) at increased risk of negative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate parents’ perceptions of their children’s behavioural outcomes during the COVID-19 lockdown, parents’...
Article
Teachers’ attitudes towards common disorders such as ADHD and anxiety are important to investigate, given that teachers play a significant role in the lives of young children. Implicit attitudes have not previously been investigated in this area. The current research aimed to explore teachers’ implicit and explicit gender-biased attitudes towards c...
Article
Examining behavior within the context of applied behavior analysis (ABA) from the perspective of acceptance and commitment training (ACTr), while understanding the role of relational framing and the transformation of stimulus function, can better equip behavior analysts to effectively address complex behavior that may be influenced by covert verbal...
Article
Previous research on mock-jury trials has shown an explicit attractiveness bias in participant attributes of innocence. This study used the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) to measure attractiveness-bias in implicit evaluations of innocence or guilt with a sample of 46 college students. Alternate IRAP trial-blocks required participan...
Article
Full-text available
The research literature remains unclear as to whether discrimination of bullying improves with age, thus the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used to investigate if college students compared to post-primary students showed increased discrimination of phrases with bullying potential. Participants (N=60; n=30 post-primary and n=30...
Article
Attractiveness bias has been well-documented in social domains, however, an investigation into the attractiveness-bias effect on employability has not been conducted using implicit measures. In Study 1 (N = 24) the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) and a number of explicit measures (e.g., self-report questionnaires) were used to inves...
Article
Behavioral gerontology rarely focuses on improving older adults’ cognitive function. This gap in the literature should be addressed, as our aging population means that greater numbers of older adults are experiencing cognitive decline and reduced functional independence. If cognitive training interventions are to be socially significant, they shoul...
Article
Full-text available
Contradictory findings in reviews that assess the relationship between the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) and cognitive functioning have been attributed to heterogeneity in the criteria used to assess MedDiet and cognition, and differences in the location or cultural habits of the populations studied. Few reviews have examined the relationship betwee...
Article
Full-text available
This study extended previous research on the effect of education and communication on anti-autism bias and stigmatization, using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as an assessment tool and employing undergraduates as participants. Experiment 1 examined the effect of a simple video and text-based educational intervention on attitud...
Preprint
The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used to explore students' implicit anti-bullying bias toward toxic versus innocuous phrases. Participants (N=60; n=30 post-primary and n=30 university students) completed the IRAP to determine if an anti-bullying bias was shown toward toxic phrases compared to innocuous phrases, or if respondi...
Article
Full-text available
The research used an alternating-treatments design to compare relational responding for five children with diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in two teaching conditions. Both conditions used applied behavior analysis; one was usual tabletop teaching (TT), and one was an interactive computerized teaching program, the Teacher-Implicit Relationa...
Article
Full-text available
This aim of this study was to assess implicit and self-reported stigma towards people with dementia in young adults with no contact or experience ( n = 23), and in care-workers ( n = 17 professional dementia care-workers). Data were analysed to determine whether stigma was related to self-reported levels of depression, anxiety, stress and professio...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated the contextual effects of mood on implicit measures of 'wanting more' as a proxy of materialism and investigated the basic verbal processes underpinning this behaviour. Sixty university students were recruited to participate. Participants were exposed to either a positive (n = 21), negative (n = 20) or neutral (n = 19) moo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract Attractiveness bias has been well documented in social domains, however, an investigation into the beauty bias effect on employability has not been conducted using implicit measures. In study 1 the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) and a number of explicit measures (e.g., self-report questionnaires) were used to investigate t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Social relationships, which are contingent on access to social networks, promote engagement in social activities and provide access to social support. These social factors have been shown to positively impact health outcomes. In the current systematic review, we offer a comprehensive overview of the impact of social activities, social ne...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Epidemiologic research on the possible link between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and cognitive decline and dementia has produced inconsistent results. Clarifying this association is of interest because ARHL may be a risk factor for outcomes of clinical dementia. Objectives To examine and estimate the association between ARHL and cogn...
Article
Objectives Research shows that cognitive rehabilitation (CR) has the potential to improve goal performance and enhance well-being for people with early stage Alzheimer’s disease (AD). This single subject, multiple baseline design (MBD) research investigated the clinical efficacy of an 8-week individualised CR intervention for individuals with early...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence from epidemiologic studies suggests a relation between the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) and cognitive function, but results are inconsistent. Prior reviews have not provided pooled data from meta-analysis of longitudinal studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or they included younger adult participants. This systematic review and me...
Article
Objectives: Research shows that cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) improves cognitive function, quality of life, and well-being of people with mild-moderate dementia. Despite consistent evidence and recommendations, CST is not routinely available in Ireland post-diagnosis. The aim of the current research was to develop and evaluate community-base...
Research
Full-text available
This cognitive rehabilitation manual contains general information regarding cognitive rehabilitation strategies. The manual has been by created by Trinity College Dublin and The Alzheimer Society of Ireland during the course of their academic research collaboration. The aim of this manual is to present healthcare professionals with strategies and t...
Article
Full-text available
The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used in the area of attractiveness bias and attributions of successfulness. Alternate IRAP trial-blocks required participants to affirm consistent (at-tractive–successful) and inconsistent (unattractive–successful) relations; shorter mean response la-tencies across consistent trial-blocks were...
Article
This research investigated the efficacy of precision teaching (PT) on the reading fluency of typically developing children, aged 7–8 years. Seven participants were assigned to a PT intervention group and received 6 weeks of fluency training using Say All Fast a Minute Every Day Shuffled (SAFMEDS) fluency cards (Phase 1) and a Dolch story (Phase 2)....
Article
This research investigated the efficacy of precision teaching (PT) on the reading fluency of typically developing children, aged 7–8 years. Seven participants were assigned to a PT intervention group and received 6 weeks of fluency training using Say All Fast a Minute Every Day Shuffled (SAFMEDS) fluency cards (Phase 1) and a Dolch story (Phase 2)....
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed to develop the implicit relational assessment procedure (IRAP) as a measure of treatment acceptability, and to assess teachers’ acceptability of reinforcement and punishment interventions in the presence of “good” and “bad” behaviors. Participants included 15 teachers trained in ABA (ABATs) who worked with children with developm...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The aim of the current project is to use the IRAP, a measure of relational responding, as a supplement to traditional subjective questionnaires in assessing attitudes towards (i) children with autism, (ii) students with ADHD and anxiety, (iii) bullying in schools and colleges, (iv) beauty bias in employment, and (v) alcohol consumption.
Project
The present study extends previous research by the current authors which found that the construct of ‘wanting more’ was significantly associated with increased materialism, reduced life satisfaction, and negative affect in a sample of University students. The purpose of the current research is to explore whether the same cognitive processes might underpin addictive behaviour. Specifically, this study aims to assess implicit and explicit biases towards ‘wanting more’ in a sample of individuals engaged with addiction services versus a healthy control sample.