Michelle Adams

Michelle Adams
Dalhousie University | Dal · School for Resource and Environmental Studies

Doctor of Philosophy

About

44
Publications
35,740
Reads
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1,093
Citations
Introduction
Michelle Adams currently works at the School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University. Michelle does research in Science, Technology and Environmental Politics, Public Policy and Waste Management.
Additional affiliations
July 2008 - January 2016
Dalhousie University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Industrial symbiosis (IS) has grown in practice and academi€c study, receiving increased attention over the last three decades since the uncovering of industrial symbiosis (IS) at Kalundborg, Denmark. While the content is similar, the context has varied. Implementation pathways have been investigated by a number of researchers to understand success...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime ports are critical nodes in the Canadian resource-based economy that can have significant environmental impacts near coastal communities and marine ecosystems. To address these impacts, Canadian Port Authorities (CPAs) assess their environmental performance using the Green Marine Environmental Program (GMEP). Reliance on this program neces...
Article
Full-text available
Canada Port Authorities (CPAs) are federal entities responsible for managing Canadian Ports with local, national, and international strategic importance. Despite their connection to the Government of Canada, the CPAs inconsistently report sustainability performance and are absent from Canada's Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)-a natio...
Presentation
Full-text available
Thank you for the opportunity to comment on Bill 4. I am speaking for myself and also on the behalf of the Dalhousie University's School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Biodiversity is a short form for the diversity of life (plants and animals) and the lands and waters on which they depend. In totality, it makes up the...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to the Premier of Nova Scotia’s announced plans to amend the Biodiversity Act (Bill 4) prior to law amendments, we submit this statement on behalf of Dalhousie University’s School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Biodiversity Act is a crucial step towards addressing serious declines in biological diversi...
Article
Plastic waste pollution has been identified as a serious global issue, posing environmental risks in terms of massive waste generation, ocean pollution, and increases in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Despite documented environmental impacts, it remains debatable whether the global plastic waste trade (GPWT) for reutilization and recycling, as par...
Article
Full-text available
Seaports are integral hubs of maritime supply chains and contribute to socio-economic development for communities. However, seaports can create negative impacts on host communities. Adopting sustainability initiatives within seaport operations is growing rapidly, and while many seaports claim to operate green or sustainably, sustainable port initia...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime ports play a pivotal role in facilitating trade, serving as key nodes in global transport chains. Competitive pressure exists for port managers and operators to search for ways to deliver consistent improvements in productivity and profitability. Additionally, external effects associated with port activities have been given more attention...
Article
Full-text available
To unlock the potential for corporations to play a more proactive role in sustainable development, it is critical to have a fundamental understanding of the pathways leading to a responsible and sustainable business. This study intends to explore contributions of theories of the firm in explicating why and how integrating corporate social responsib...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple source apportionment approaches were employed to investigate PAH sources which contribute to small craft harbor (SCH) sediments in Nova Scotia (NS), Canada. A total of 580 sediment samples were analyzed using PAH diagnostic ratios, Unmix Optimum receptor modeling, and by assessment of the composition of the PAH profile. PAH diagnostic rati...
Article
Life cycle analysis (LCA) and emergy analysis are both considered important methodologies in environmental management. Both methodologies have been applied separately in a variety of situations. Various authors have noted that each method has its limitation but the integration of the two methodologies could have a promising future. In this study, t...
Article
Full-text available
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the global environment and are subsequently transported into aquatic sediments. As PAHs are formed by various processes, source identification using diagnostic ratios can provide insight to PAH emission sources, to distinguish between pyrogenic and petrogenic PAH sources. PAH diagnostic rati...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the rising popularity of the corporate sustainability discourse in recent years, its role in the maritime industry, and in ports in particular, has been limited. Through an online survey, this study assessed the current state of corporate sustainability in ports in Canada and the US. The study ascertained the perception of port executives t...
Article
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Canadian ports contribute to the Canadian economy and social development. Society increasingly expects Canadian ports to balance economic growth with social and environmental impacts. In response, some Canadian ports have implemented strategic initiatives to integrate sustainability into their operations. Through participation in the Green Marine (...
Article
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been widely studied in sediments due to their ubiquity and persistence in aquatic environments and potential for impairment to biota. Small craft harbour (SCH) sediments in Nova Scotia (NS), Canada, have yet to be studied comprehensively. SCHs are essential to the fishing industry, which is important for...
Article
With the necessity of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction as a backdrop, the circular economy (CE) is increasingly being considered an effective response to this issue. Currently, China is facing a considerable challenge as it tries to respond to Paris Agreement targets; however, in many respects China is ahead of other nations as it relates t...
Article
Full-text available
The notion that corporations are expected to have social and environmental performance standards and practices while meeting their financial and legal obligations is commonly referred to as corporate social responsibility (CSR) or corporate sustainability (CS). Previous studies have discussed whether the two terms are converging or should be used a...
Article
Full-text available
CE has benefitted the global economy for years, including China. For example, developed countries benefitted from cost savings associated with exporting waste to China where there were less stringent Chinese environmental laws, but developed countries failed to incorporate true environmental costs. China also benefitted by importing recyclable wast...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Small craft harbours (SCHs) are crucial for the fishing industry which is vitally important for the Canadian culture and economy. Nearly 90% of all fishing landings in Canada (worth $1.6B CAD), occur at SCHs. Sediments in these SCHs regularly require maintenance dredging for navigation, but are often contaminated from various anthropogenic activiti...
Technical Report
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Do Canadians believe that organizations are trustworthy, socially responsible, environmentally sensitive and ethical? In other words, do Canadian organizations have a Social License to Operate (SLO)? Until Dalhousie’s Faculty of Management explored these questions, no one had an answer. SLO captures whether a company operating in a particular loca...
Article
Industrial productivity is often judged solely by the primary product's marketability, while opportunities for secondary products derived from process by-products are often overlooked. In paper mills, large volumes of moisture-rich paper mill residuals (cellulose sludge) are produced, for which commercial use is currently difficult. Port Hawkesbury...
Article
Full-text available
For more than 25 years, eco-industrial development patterns have been explored around the world. The most representative of this eco-industrial development are eco-industrial parks (EIPs) and regional industrial symbiosis. They gathered interest internationally after the recognition of the first EIP and regional industrial symbiosis in Kalundborg,...
Article
This paper examines 12 U.S. farm link programs (FLPs) using a type of program evaluation called contribution analysis (CA) to determine if FLPs are effective in facilitating farmland transfers between retirement-aged farmers without family successors and new farmers beginning their career. CA guided the data collection, which included web audits, i...
Article
Industrial parks have played a key role in promoting economic development around the world. However, rapid industrial park development has resulted in many challenges, including resource depletion, environmental emissions and increasing pressure for industries to respond to climate change. Under such circumstance, a solution to optimize resource ut...
Article
Although not yet a global consensus, there is widespread agreement that climate change is the result of anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. In order to respond to this issue, society has applied such strategies as clean energy development, improving industrial resource efficiency etc. Despite this, GHG emissions are still pur...
Article
Many jurisdictions, including Nova Scotia (NS), have implemented policies and programs around energy. The NS government has targeted energy efficiency and more renewable energy as two main policy areas. The NS Department of Agriculture has taken initiative to provide support to implement energy conservation, energy efficiency and renewable energy o...
Article
As a key economic development source of urban industrial symbiosis, industrial parks are an effective strategy to facilitate economic development and have been globally recognized and practiced. However, rapid development of these industrial parks has also generated several problems, such as intensive resource consumption and increasing environment...
Article
Agricultural plastics waste (APW) is produced in different quantities and at widely distributed geographic locations and timeframes, and is often contaminated and/or physically degraded. Only a handful of jurisdictions have developed successful APW recycling programs through legislation or voluntary initiatives. The purpose of this study is to iden...
Article
The aim of this study is to investigate of how the concept of ‘integrated food and energy systems’ or IFES production networks could be applied – within the specific context of Eastern Cuba’s agricultural and agro-industrial sectors – as an innovative approach to improve food and energy security. The Province of Santiago de Cuba in southeast Cuba w...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, rural regions are searching for innovative growth opportunities to reinvigorate their economies. This paper examines the redevelopment of rural communities through an ecological lens – based on the notion of continuous cycles of adaptive change within complex systems as first identified within Holling’s concept of panarchy. Panarchy sugge...
Article
The use of forest biomass in thermal generation processes has been recognized by the Government of Nova Scotia (NS) as one option that could help meet its renewable electricity goals (25% by 2015 and 40% by 2020). Over half of the woodland in NS is owned by small-private woodland owners (51%), indicating that they could significantly influence the...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental threats associated with demographic and technological trends have resulted in calls for transition to a global economy that operates within the carrying capacity of the natural environment. Because of their centrality to economic activity, this transition must include small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). At the same time, becaus...
Article
The need for governments to reduce the exposure of energy consumers to future increases in fossil fuel prices places urgent pressure on policy-makers to deliver fundamental transformations in energy strategies, particularly in jurisdictions with high dependency on fossil fuel sources (Dorian et al., 2006). This transformation is unlikely without a...
Article
Full-text available
The intellectual property in these papers remains with the authors. Material in this publication may be freely quoted, but acknowledgement is requested, by listing all authors and referring to the working paper number in the Atlantic Gateway Working Paper series, and the web site you have accessed to download the paper. ABSTRACT What is the role of...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the current coffee production and processing system in Costa Rica in order to maximize its sustainability through cost and risk reductions and identification of new opportunities. A two-year field investigation was performed for assessing resource, energy and water uses, characterizing by-products, and evaluatin...
Article
Full-text available
The evaluation of technologies that can positively contribute to the Central American coffee industry served as an example of how multi-criteria analysis can be used to assess and promote sustainability within an industry. By including criteria that evaluate the level of resource efficiency, social applicability and environmental soundness, in addi...
Article
The Costa Rican coffee industry has been the subject of many sustainability plans, all of which have had a particular bias towards one aspect of sustainability or another. Following the sustainability evaluation framework discussed in previous work a significant gap was recognized between the requirements of a sustainable industry, which address al...
Article
The broad range of definitions for sustainability has led to the development of several sustainability evaluation frameworks that have emphasized facets of sustainability but have not encompassed all aspects found at the industry and regional level. The aim of this study was to address the broader issues of sustainability of agro-industrial systems...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial Ecology, Multi-criteria decision analysis, agro-industrial systems
Article
Full-text available
Continuous mix batch bioreactors were used to investigate the effects of various concentrations (0, 5, 10 and 15 g/L) of two nutrients (Yeast extract and Lactamine AA) on the growth of Lactobacillus helveticus (ATCC 15009) and the production of lactic acid from cheese whey. The experiments were conducted under controlled pH and temperature of 5.5 a...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To support a strong Biodiversity Act in Nova Scotia, effective for meeting its objectives. It should apply to all lands and waters (public and private), provide for appropriate incentives and disincentive, be implemented in collaboration with landowners, uphold Indigenous self-determination and governance, and be enforceable. It should support biodiversity conservation and lead to its recovery in the province.
Project
Improving the sustainability of the global maritime supply-chain