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Michele Grimaldi

Michele Grimaldi
University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy · Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering

About

100
Publications
152,220
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3,536
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2002 - October 2005
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
While many COVID-related innovations have been profitable, others were not even conceived to bear revenues but were driven by other motivations. To what extent “traditional” profit-oriented motivations coexisted with other motivations (such as corporate social responsibility and marketing) remains largely under-investigated. Similarly, while many s...
Article
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In recent years, Open Innovation (OI) and crowdsourcing have been very popular topics in the innovation management literature, attracting significant interest and attention, and inspiring a rich production of publications. Although these two topics share common themes and address similar managerial challenges, to the best of our knowledge, there is...
Article
This paper aims to develop a model to analyse and improve the performance of R&D activities in Italian public universities through the intellectual capital (IC) perspective. The extant literature includes several models for R&D analysis, but none quantify the link between IC and universities' research activity performance. This research attempts to...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the Consensual Big Data Maturity Assessment System (CBDAS) implementation in a multinational company leader in the Consumer Goods sector. The business case illustrates the objective and the approach which has been taken with the CBDAS initiative. The paper aims to justify the assessment system as a dynamic and flexible system fo...
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Many articles in the open innovation literature studied the link between intellectual property protection mechanisms and openness, obtaining contrasting results. This paper bridges the literature on protection mechanisms and the one on intellectual property strategy. It leverages three high‐level intellectual property strategies—defensive, collabor...
Article
Purpose Despite the multiple calls for research on the dark side of open innovation, very few studies have approached the topic so far. This study aims to analyse successful and unsuccessful open innovation projects. Design/methodology/approach This study uses thematic analysis to describe the factors determining their (un)success. The researchers...
Article
Purpose In recent years, crowdsourcing – an open and innovative model for outsourcing tasks to a crowd – has become popular for production processes, allowing organizations and firms in different industries to access external skills and expertise efficiently. Companies have opened their innovation processes to crowds outside their boundaries, and u...
Article
The role of digitalization in industrial and entrepreneurial processes has acquired more and more attention in the last few years. The technologies and platforms behind the digital economy allow generating a global connection between consumers, employees, enterprises, and industries. Therefore, there is a growing interest in digital knowledge and t...
Article
Productivity is among the most popular and useful measures to control a firm's performance. It is usually defined as a ratio between a firm's final outputs and its inputs. Such a definition for productivity does not allow an accurate assessment of those organizational units operating in the early stages of the new product development process, whose...
Conference Paper
In recent years, the concept of Intellectual Capital (IC) has acquired a crucial role in the university context. This because universities are characterized by a high intensity of adoption of intangible resources. Numerous studies have focused on IC performance reporting models, especially in the organizational context. Fewer studies, however, have...
Article
The innovation literature on operations-based organisations describes the positive effect of Open Innovation (OI) on productivity. However, a systemic overview of how OI directly and indirectly impacts productivity is missing, particularly for project-based organisations. Hence, the article aims to fill this gap by providing a systemic representati...
Article
Despite the popularity of reverse logistics in literature, the effect of different collaboration types on the likelihood to introduce reverse logistics innovation has been under-investigated. Hence, this article explores the impact of domestic collaboration with competitors, customers, suppliers, research institutions, and the breadth of collaborat...
Article
Adequate management of intellectual property (IP) is critical to sustaining competitive advantage and managing outbound open innovation (OI), which describes the inside-out flows of knowledge and technology. This article presents an IP strategic framework comprising the following strategies: a ‘defensive’ strategy, aimed at avoiding knowledge spill...
Article
The purpose of this study was to define a managerial solution to patent evaluation. The problem of patent evaluation is widely analysed in the body of literature, but there has not been a study considering the patent value through an aggregate perspective. Over the past decade, numerous quantitative approaches to patent evaluation have been develop...
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It has long been known that new firms are fundamental for economic growth. Starting new companies is one of the best ways to fight unemployment and to generate well-being. Therefore, attention is paid by the scientific community to start-ups, with particular empha-sis at how they generate, acquire and manage innovation. Initially, start-ups need to...
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The COVID‐19 pandemic has caused unprecedented public health and economic crises. As a response to face the current emergency, science and innovation communities are realizing a fundamental contribution to tackle the crisis. During the past few months, we have witnessed an impressive number of initiatives to encourage networking opportunities, to f...
Article
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a policy mix between general innovation policies and environmental policies in fostering the adoption of global warming-related eco-innovations both in the short term and long term. Focusing on process eco-innovations, we investigate whether the combined impact of general innovation and environmental policy...
Article
Megaprojects require substantial R&D activities involving many different organisations. Megaprojects are therefore an ideal setting for Open Innovation (OI), which favours risk-sharing, enables trustful collaboration, and facilitates the development of breakthrough innovations. OI has been widely studied at the organisational level, however far les...
Article
Investments in innovation activities involve uncertainty. Abandonments of innovative projects are frequent and can entail great losses. Interorganizational collaboration can help a firm to leverage and complement its own competencies and technologies, contrasting the factors that may cause the abandonment of innovation activities. This article show...
Article
Intellectual capital (IC) is among the most long-lived topics in managerial literature. More recently, the emergence of the open innovation (OI) paradigm has encouraged the understanding that firms should collaborate with other organizations to leverage their own R&D capabilities. We propose that these two streams of managerial literature should jo...
Article
In a competitive environment that increasingly awards a clever approach to customer relationship management (CRM), firms need to systematize the way they interact with their customers. The relationships that often lay in the hands of managers and salespeople need to be thoughtfully organized to maximize both customer satisfaction and the effectiven...
Article
A proliferation of studies has been carried out on patent value indexes encompassing the most different viewpoints and considering different scale. However, the existing literature is fragmented and not properly integrated, demanding for an adequate organization in order to clarify the matter in a systematic manner. This article summarizes the resu...
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The concept of Big Data in academic and professional literature has developed in a euphoric, chaotic, and unstructured manner. Decision-making is increasingly relying on Big Data, resorting to novel analytic methodologies that are applied in many different industries. This study aims to provide clarity over the Big Data phenomenon by means of a com...
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Every company, in a knowledge-based economy and, in a sustainability-aware era, is “doomed” to deal with a critical mass of strategic assets, in order to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Maintaining this system up-to-date requires financial/organizational efforts. Therefore, in order to optimize performance, it is necessary to detect wh...
Article
A vast amount of studies have shown how firms embracing the open innovation paradigm tend to improve their industrial and economic performance. Somewhat surprisingly, in such established background, few studies attempted to understand whether the open innovation benefits compensate its costs. To fill this gap, this article presents a novel theoreti...
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Purpose Several causes may induce firm managers to analyze the actual technology condition of patent portfolios, among which is the need of exploiting patents strategically. In this paper, the question of how to support intellectual property (IP) managers of large high technology companies in their strategic decision-making process of evaluating pa...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to explore the relationship between Intellectual Capital (IC) and performance of public universities in emerging countries in order to identify patterns and provide recommendations that may turn the universities’ IC into development opportunities, in terms of research, innovation, and education. Design/methodology/approach...
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The liberalization of electricity markets represents one of the most difficult challenges for the European governments, because of the conflicting interests of the stakeholders involved. In this paper, we shed light on this problem thanks to the analysis of the legislative process of the Italian law n. 124/2017, which aims at wholly reforming the e...
Article
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to advance a framework that can assess and analyze the value of patent portfolios. On this purpose, the framework develops a conceptual and comprehensive index, the patent portfolio value index (PPVI), to assess the patent innovation level and suggest economic-strategic guidelines. Design/methodology/approach Th...
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The rapid expansion of Big Data Analytics is forcing companies to rethink their Human Resource (HR) needs. However, at the same time, it is unclear which types of job roles and skills constitute this area. To this end, this study pursues to drive clarity across the heterogeneous nature of skills required in Big Data professions, by analyzing a larg...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze the contribution of professional social networking websites (PSNWs) to entrepreneurial learning in high-tech startups. In addition, in the present paper, the relationships between intellectual capital (IC) and PSNW-supported entrepreneurial learning have been investigated. Design/methodology/approach...
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The success of open innovation as a new paradigm to enhance innovation development has brought public authorities to incentivize firms to collaborate with external organisations. Such incentive is often provided in the form of public subsidies to research and development activities. Some studies observed that public subsidies are generally successf...
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Purpose Startup companies represent a powerful engine of open innovation (OI) processes. The purpose of this paper is to represent a first step in building a map of the state-of-the-art knowledge of the “startups in an OI context” phenomenon. Through the selection and analysis of relevant literature, this study aims at deepening our understanding o...
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Despite the growing interest, Open Innovation (OI) in Intangible Assets (IAs) research is still fragmented and displays a limited contextual focus. This paper aims to provide a clearer view of these issues and represents a first step toward filling such research gap. A systematic literature review and a synthesis of high-quality contributions with...
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The open innovation (OI) paradigm describes how firms innovate by interacting with other organizations. Several authors found that specific OI strategies have a positive effect on economic and industrial innovation performance. Nevertheless, over-search and over-collaboration phenomena might reduce the OI marginal returns when a firm resorts to add...
Article
The purpose of this study is to introduce and test, on a comparative case-study, a flexible qualitative/quantitative procedure to return an analytic picture of its composing drivers. This goal is achieved via the audit of the building factors composing the strategic resources involved in the firm-specific dynamics of value-creation, eventually retu...
Conference Paper
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Purpose – This paper promises to shed light on the heterogeneous nature of the skills required to ‘win’ with Big Data by analysing a large amount of job posts published online. More specifically we: 1) identify the most important ‘job families’ related to Big Data; 2) recognize homogeneous groups of skills (skillsets) that are most sought after by...
Article
Purpose – Despite the flourishing literature on intellectual capital (IC), few studies explored its features in the perspective of family firms, and even fewer focussed on small family firms (SFFs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how managers and senior employees in SFFs perceive the benefits and costs of intellectual capital assets (ICAs)...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe the most prominent research areas connected with “Big Data” and propose a thorough definition of the term. Design/methodology/approach – The authors have analysed a conspicuous corpus of industry and academia articles linked with Big Data to find commonalities among the topics they tr...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test a way to overcome specific issues related to the assessment of the strategic capital and to propose a viable solution for its benchmarking. In order to fully appreciate this type of entity an audit on the strategic alignment of the resources involved and of the dynamics of value creation is required. T...
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The energy efficiency directive 2012/27/EU (EED) requires that final users in multi-apartment buildings supplied by common central heating source should be provided by 31 December 2016 with accounting systems, as long as technical feasibility and reasonable costs in relation to the potential energy savings can be demonstrated. Such systems would re...
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Although the food and drink (F&D) industry is Europe's largest manufacturing sector, few studies have explored its innovation activities so far. Starting from the widespread assumption that F&D manufacturers are supplier dominated 'à la Pavitt', we formulated hypotheses about their innovation activities. These were tested through Wilcoxon and Mann-...
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Many authors showed the benefits of open innovation (OI) to firms, consequently encouraging managers to adopt the OI paradigm to improve innovation performance. Nevertheless, whether firms have accepted such exhortations or not is almost empirically unexplored. The frequent claim that firms are increasingly adopting the OI paradigm is mostly anecdo...
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Purpose – This study is intended to work out a bottleneck in the comprehension of the relational nexus which links the set of key strategic resources (SRs) of a company, represented by the uncertain recognition and the ambiguous clustering of their intangible components. The purpose of this paper is to provide a candidate solution for a rational ap...
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This article describes a framework for the strategic management of intellectual capital assets (ICAs). The framework allows synthesizing the opinions of a firm's human resources on which ICAs are comparatively more likely to have a positive effect on value creation for customers, employees, and shareholders. The framework assesses managers' opinion...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to present an index that assesses the contribution of the intellectual capital (IC) to the value creation process of an organization. The index combines into a single measure the contributions of the individual IC elements on the basis of their strategic importance, their performance, and their reciprocal influence.Five...
Conference Paper
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Purpose – The goal of this paper is to provide a survey of the scientific works existing in literature about the role of Intangible Assets in Open Innovation (OI) processes. This study aims at identifying: 1) the most significant issues addressed by researchers in the field of OI, giving specific reference to Intangible Assets; 2) the main results...
Conference Paper
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The open innovation literature showed that two approaches to inbound open innovation are likely to enhance innovation performance: using the greater number of external sources, to any degree of intensity (i.e. increase external search breadth); and using the greater number of external sources, to a high degree of intensity (i.e. increase external s...
Conference Paper
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Although the F&D industry remains Europe’s largest manufacturing sector, the study of its innovation activities has been quite neglected. Starting from the widespread assumption that F&D manufacturers are essentially low-tech, we formulated hypotheses about how they conduct innovation outside organisational boundaries. These were tested on data dra...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the recurrences in the empirical evidences that link open innovation (OI) actions and innovation performance in European countries. It provides managers with useful strategic suggestions, emphasizes the limitations of the state of the art, and recommends future directions of research. Design/metho...
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Special issue on " Start-ups and Open Innovation " Overview Start-ups play a key role in innovation processes (Hunt, 2013). According to the well-known definition by Steve Blank a start-up is a company, a partnership or temporary organization designed to search for a repeatable and scalable business model (Blank 2010). Through the start-up phase, n...
Article
Patents and patent portfolios are valuable assets. Companies need a conceptual structure to assess the value of their patent portfolio. This paper develops a practical and reproducible framework that can support scholars and practitioners to leverage the value of patents and to extract all possible strategic information from patent portfolio. The p...
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The purpose of this paper is to provide a candidate solution for a rational and unbiased quantitative appraisal of the Intellectual Capital (IC) and of its rating. This study is intended to fill a gap in IC evaluation and in the assessment of Intangible Assets (IAs), due to the qualitative nature of the taxonomy-based approaches traditionally used...
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Purpose – The aim of this article is to expound a holistic intellectual capital index. Moreover, the paper presents its implementation within a real estate organization. Design/methodology/approach – The index is calculated on the basis of 14 structured interviews synthesized through the analytic hierarchy process, min–max normalizations and weigh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although Big Data is a trending buzzword in both academia and the industry, its meaning is still shrouded by much conceptual vagueness. The term is used to describe a wide range of concepts: from the technological ability to store, aggregate, and process data, to the cultural shift that is pervasively invading business and society, both drowning in...
Article
The field of Open Innovation (OI) has been explored in many studies concerning several aspects of its fundamental characteristics. Research has mainly focused on the capability of companies of integrating and reconfiguring external and internal knowledge to create value. Increasingly, academic investigation efforts and practical needs of many compa...
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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework to support decision-makers in selecting information systems (ISs) and knowledge management systems (KMSs), by taking into consideration factors and perspectives which influence the choice. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The framework has been built on a hierarchical structure, where selec...
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Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the individual participation and involvement affecting the user engagement in social media and to answer the following research questions: Is it possible to measure the individual participation and involvement of social media within organizations? Which factors should be analysed in order to increase the individ...
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The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrated approach for mapping, gauging and tracking strategic assets and to formalise an applicable analysis and reporting model. An open process is proposed as an alternative method for gauging them effectively through a flexible conceptual framework. The suggested solution, out of the amorphous mass of...
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University Spin-Offs are incorporated to exploit the knowledge and skills achieved within Universities. Often, their competitive advantage is represented by specific know-how that may be hardly imitated by competitors. In this article we present an analysis of the intellectual capital assets owned by a University Spin-Off using a framework recently...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework which defines, analyses and assesses the intellectual capital (IC) value drivers (VDs) to increase the value creation of an organization. Design/methodology/approach – The proposed framework is composed by an arrangement of procedural steps. In the first step IC VDs are sel...
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This paper aims at exploring the critical dynamic capabilities of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the innovation process and at identifying the dynamic capabilities that enable the implementation of open innovation practices. Building on qualitative data from the manufacturing industry deriving from an in-depth investigation of the capabilit...