Michela Schiavon

Michela Schiavon
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences

PhD

About

83
Publications
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3,937
Citations
Citations since 2016
50 Research Items
3330 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600

Publications

Publications (83)
Chapter
Plants do not have an essential demand for selenium (Se) to support their metabolism; however, they can take up Se in either inorganic or organic forms. Selenate is the major form of Se absorbed by plants in most soils. Because of its chemical similarity with sulfate, it is taken up and translocated throughout the plant via sulfate transporters. Se...
Article
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Biofortification is the process that aims to enrich crops in micronutrients and valuable compounds. Selenium (Se) biofortification has particularly attracted increasing interest in recent times due to the growing number of individuals suffering from Se deficiency. Selenate and selenite are the Se forms most frequently administered to crops. In this...
Article
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Background and aims Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient for plant growth, but is also one of the least accessible in soil. Plants have evolved several strategies to cope with P deficiency and recently the role of the phytohormones strigolactones (SLs) in modulating tomato plants acclimation to P shortage has been described. How SLs regulate the...
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Earlier studies have shown that Stanleya pinnata benefits from selenium hyperaccumulation through ecological benefits and enhanced growth. However, no investigation has assayed the effects of Se hyperaccumulation on plant fitness in the field. This research aimed to analyze how variation in Se accumulation affects S. pinnata fitness, judged from ph...
Article
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Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that modulate morphological, physiological and biochemical changes as part of the acclimation strategies to phosphorus (P) deficiency, but an in-depth description of their effects on tomato P-acquisition strategies under P shortage is missing. Therefore, in this study, we investigate how SLs impact on root ex...
Chapter
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Selenium contamination of air, aquatic environments, soils and sediments is a serious environmental concern of increasing importance. Selenium has a paradoxical feature in bringing about health benefits under the prescribed level, but only a few fold increase in its concentration causes deleterious effects to flora and fauna, humans and the environ...
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Weeds account for losses in crop yields, and this event might be exacerbated by salinity. Therefore, we investigated the responses of Chenopodium album L. and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) to salt stress, as well as interferences between species. Ten-day old plants were grown for 1 week in a single-or mixed-species setup , either with or without...
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Dietary selenium (Se)-compounds accumulated in plants are essential for human metabolism and normal physiological processes. Inorganic and organic Se species can be readily absorbed by the human body, but are metabolized differently and thus exhibit distinct mechanisms of action. They can act as antioxidants or serve as a source of Se for the synth...
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Humic substances (HS) are dominant components of soil organic matter and are recognized as natural, effective growth promoters to be used in sustainable agriculture. In recent years, many efforts have been made to get insights on the relationship between HS chemical structure and their biological activity in plants using combinatory approaches. Rel...
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The First Joint Meeting on Soil and Plant System Sciences (SPSS 2019), titled “Natural and Human-Induced Impacts on the Critical Zone and Food Production”, aimed at integrating different scientific backgrounds and topics flowing into the Critical Zone, where chemical, biological, physical, and geological processes work together to support life on t...
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Humic substances (HS) are powerful natural plant biostimulants. However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the relationship between their structure and bioactivity in plants. We extracted HS (THE1-2) from two forest soils covered with Pinus mugo (1) or Pinus sylvestris (2). The extracts were subjected to weak acid treatment to produce size-f...
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Background Selenium (Se) is an essential element for mammals and its deficiency in the diet is a global problem. Plants accumulate Se and thus represent a major source of Se to consumers. Agronomic biofortification intends to enrich crops with Se in order to secure its adequate supply by people.ScopeThe goal of this review is to report the present...
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The hormones strigolactones accumulate in plant roots under phosphorus (P) shortage, inducing variations in plant phenotype. In this study, we aimed at understanding whether strigolactones control morphological and anatomical changes in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) roots under varying P supply. Root traits were evaluated in wild-type seedlings...
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Selenium (Se) uptake by primary producers is the most variable and important step in determining Se concentrations at higher trophic levels in aquatic food webs. We gathered data available about the Se bioaccumulation at the base of aquatic food webs and analyzed its relationship with Se concentrations in water. This important dataset was separated...
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Humic substances (HS) are important soil components playing pivotal roles in guaranteeing long-term soil fertility. In this study, the chemical and biological properties of HS extracted from earthworm coprolites collected in soils subjected to different fertilization inputs (no fertilization, NF; fertilization with farmyard manure, FM; mineral inpu...
Chapter
Plants that hyperaccumulate selenium (Se) contain more than 1 mg Se/g DW in their aboveground tissues. The capacity to hyperaccumulate and hypertolerate Se by these species possibly developed as a result of convergent evolution of selective transporters and biochemical pathways in distinct angiosperm clades during geological periods when Se in soil...
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The main aim of this study is to identify and investigate specific humates (Hs) as potential biostimulants. Five specialty lignosulfonates (LS1-5), one commercial leonardite-humate (PH), and one commercial lignosulfonate (LH), were analyzed for their carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur contents, and the distribution of functional groups using Fourier tran...
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Two liquid protein hydrolysates obtained from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) (CA) and Spirulina platensis (SP) were analyzed via FT-IR and SERS spectroscopy. Their hormone-like activities and contents in indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), isopentenyladenosine (IPA), nitrogen (N), carbon (C), sulfur (S), phenols, amino acids, and reducing sugars were determ...
Article
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Biofortification can be exploited to enrich plants in selenium (Se), an essential micronutrient for humans. Selenium as selenate was supplied to two rocket species, Eruca sativa Mill. (salad rocket) and Diplotaxis tenuifolia (wild rocket), at 0–40 μM in hydroponics and its effects on the content and profile of sulphur (S)-compounds and other phytoc...
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Mineral phosphorus (P) fertilization in calcareous soils is not efficient enough to ensure optimal plant growth. Therefore, a higher P input is generally needed. Polymer-coated fertilizers are a promising fertilizer category that seems to affect soil extractable P, thus permitting a reduction in fertilizer rates. We tested this hypothesis in a shor...
Data
Appendix S1 Description of the statistical analyses of the RNA sequencing data, comparing effects of treatments, species and organs. Figure S1 Biomass production and Se and S accumulation by Stanleya pinnata and S. elata. The plants were grown from seed on agar with 0 or 20 μm sodium selenate. Figure S2 Overview of differential expression between...
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Olive mill wastewaters (OMW) contain significant levels of phenolic compounds with antimicrobial/phytotoxic activity and high amounts of undecomposed organic matter that may exert negative effects on soil biology. Among OMW detoxification techniques, those focusing on oxidative degradation of phenolic compounds are relevant. The composting (bio-oxi...
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A solid biostimulant (AA309) obtained through thermobaric hydrolysis applied on trimmings and shavings of bovine hides tanned with wet-blue technology was chemically characterized, and its effects in maize (Zea mays L.) were evaluated. AA309 contained 13.60% total nitrogen (N), mainly in organic forms (13.40%), and several amino acids, especially l...
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Ridge and furrow systems as well as the wide-narrow row spacing are recognized as good management practices in crop production. To obtain some available information concerning the suitable agricultural practices for buckwheat cultivation in arid and semi-arid area, a two-year field study was conducted to investigate the performance of common buckwh...
Data
Heat map of plant-associated parameters influenced by individual seaweed extracts. Different colors indicate different levels of induction (+, ++, +++), repression (−) or no effect (=).
Article
Background: Selenium (Se) is a micronutrient required for many life forms, but toxic at higher concentration. Plants do not have a Se requirement, but can benefit from Se via enhanced antioxidant activity. Some plant species can accumulate Se to concentrations above 0.1% of dry weight and seem to possess mechanisms that distinguish Se from its ana...
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Seaweed extracts can be employed as biostimulants during crop cultivation owing to their positive effects on plant performance. Therefore, in this study one extract from Laminaria (A) and five extracts from Ascophyllum nodosum (B–F) were assayed on maize (Zea mays L.) plants supplied for 2 days with 0.5 mL L−1 of single products to evaluate their c...
Article
Background: The plant Stanleya pinnata hyperaccumulates Se up to 0.5% of its dry weight in organic forms, whereas the closely related Stanleya elata does not hyperaccumulate Se. ATP sulfurylase (ATPS) can catalyze the formation of adenosine 5'-phosphoselenate (APSe) from ATP and selenate. We investigated the S. pinnata ATPS2 isoform (SpATPS2) to a...
Article
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To obtain better insight into the mechanisms of selenium hyperaccumulation in Stanleya pinnata, transcriptome-wide differences in root and shoot gene expression levels were investigated in S. pinnata and related nonaccumulator Stanleya elata grown with or without 20 μM selenate. Genes predicted to be involved in sulfate/selenate transport and assim...
Article
Stanleya pinnata not only hyperaccumulates selenium (Se) to 0.5% of its dry weight, but also exhibits higher tissue Se-to-sulfur (S) ratios than other species and its surroundings. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this Se enrichment, we compared S. pinnata with the nonhyperaccumulators S. elata and Brassica juncea for selenate uptake in lon...
Article
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An alfalfa-based protein hydrolysate (EM) has been tested in tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) plants at two different concentrations (0.1 and 1 mL L-1) to get insight on its efficacy as biostimulant in this species and to unravel possible metabolic targets and molecular mechanisms that may shed light on its mode of action. EM was efficient in promo...
Chapter
The element selenium (Se) is required for the growth and healthy metabolism of a variety of microalgae. These organisms represent important vectors of Se in water ecosystems. Excessive Se accumulation in cells may impact algal growth, as well as the aquatic populations that feed on them. On the other hand, micro- and macroalgae that contain Se can...
Chapter
Selenium (Se) is a trace element indispensable for humans, animals and some microorganisms. For plants its essentiality has not yet been established, despite its responsibility for a number of beneficial effects in several plant species. Plants take up Se mainly as selenate and selenite, using root high-affinity membrane transporters that normally...
Chapter
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for many organisms including humans, while in plants it can trigger a variety of beneficial effects. Plants absorb Se mainly in the form of selenate using high affinity root sulfate transporters. Consequently, availability of sulfur (S) has a major impact on Se accumulation due to competition effects of t...
Article
Selenium (Se) is an intriguing element because it is metabolically required by a variety of organisms, but it may induce toxicity at high doses. Algae primarily absorb selenium in the form of selenate or selenite using mechanisms similar to those reported in plants. However, while Se is needed by several species of microalgae, the essentiality of t...
Article
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. References SUMMARY: The importance of selenium (Se) for medicine, industry and the environment is increasingly apparent. Se is essential for many species, including humans, but toxic at elevated concentrations. Plant Se accumulation and volatilization may be applied in crop biofortification and phytoremediation. Topics c...
Article
The use of energy crops in the treatment of wastewaters is of increasing interest, particularly in view of the widespread scarcity of water in many countries and the possibility of obtaining renewable fuels of vegetable origin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of landfill leachate phytotreatment using sunflowers, particularly a...
Article
Two selenium (Se) fertilization methods were tested for their effects on levels of anticarcinogenic selenocompounds in radish (Raphanus sativus), as well as other nutraceuticals. First, radish was grown on soil and foliar selenate applied 7 days before harvest at 0, 5, 10, and 20 mg Se per plant. Selenium levels were up to 1200 mg Se/kg DW in leave...
Article
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The capacity of Ulva australis Areschoug to tolerate and accumulate selenium (Se) supplied in the form of selenate or selenite was investigated. The macroalga was provided for 3 and 7 days with concentrations of selenate (Na2SeO4) or selenite (Na2SeO3) ranging from 0 to 400 μM. U. australis exhibited the highest ability to accumulate selenium when...
Article
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In recent years, the use of biostimulants in sustainable agriculture has been growing. Biostimulants can be obtained from different organic materials and include humic substances (HS), complex organic materials, beneficial chemical elements, peptides and amino acids, inorganic salts, seaweed extracts, chitin and chitosan derivatives, antitranspiran...
Article
The element selenium (Se) is both essential and toxic for most life forms, with a narrow margin between deficiency and toxicity. Phytotechnologies using plants and their associated microbes can address both of these problems. To prevent Se toxicity due to excess environmental Se, plants may be used to phytoremediate Se from soil or water. To allevi...
Article
Background: World demand for agricultural products is increasing. New insights are required in order to achieve sufficient and sustainable yields to meet global food request. Chemical fertilizers have been studied for almost 200 years, and it is unlikely that they could be improved. However, to produce food for a growing world population, various m...
Article
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Selenium (Se) at very low doses has crucial functions in humans and animals. Since plants represent the main dietary source of this element, Se-containing crops may be used as a means to deliver Se to consumers (biofortification). Several strategies have been exploited to increase plant Se content. Selenium assimilation in plants affects both sulfu...
Article
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Selenium (Se) hyperaccumulation, the capacity of some species to concentrate Se to levels upwards of 0.1% of dry weight, is an intriguing phenomenon that is only partially understood. Questions that remain to be answered are: do hyperaccumulators have one or more Se-specific transporters? How are these regulated by Se and sulphur (S)? In this study...
Chapter
Selenium (Se) is a fundamental microelement for several organisms, including humans. Higher plants represent the main dietary source of Se and their enrichment in Se may influence sulfur (S) accumulation and consequently, the synthesis of health promoting S-containing compounds. In this study, the effect of selenate foliar fertilization on the prod...
Chapter
The excessive use of chemical fertilizers has affected soil and water quality causing the reduction of organic matter content in soils and the increase of nitrates in waters. Organic products known as “biostimulants” could be used in agricultural practices to promote plant growth and mineral nutrient uptake. Previous studies showed that application...
Article
Arsenic (As) is recognized as a toxic pollutant in soils of many countries. Since phosphorus (P) and sulphur (S) can influence arsenic mobility and bioavailability, as well as the plant tolerance to As, phytoremediation techniques employed to clean-up As-contaminated areas should consider the interaction between As and these two nutrients. In this...
Article
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The extensive use of copper-bearing fungicides in vineyards is responsible for the accumulation of copper (Cu) in soils. Grass species able to accumulate Cu could be cultivated in the vineyard inter-rows for copper phytoextraction. In this study, the capacity of Festuca rubra cv Merlin and Sinapis alba to tolerate and accumulate copper (Cu) was fir...
Article
While selenium (Se) is a known anticarcinogen, little is known regarding how Se affects other nutritional qualities in crops. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) was supplied with 0-50 μM selenate and analyzed for elemental composition and antioxidant compounds. When supplied at low doses (5 and 10 μM) via the roots, Se stimulated the synthesis of phenol...
Article
Arsenic is recognised as a toxic metalloid and a strong pollutant in soils of many countries. Thus, the reclamation of contaminated areas is fundamental in order to protect both human health and agricultural production. This study is focused on the assisted phytoextraction, a technology for reclaiming polluted soils that takes advantage of the capa...
Data
Relative effect of EM and TRIA on root and leaf fresh weight of salt-treated Z. mays plants grown calculated within each NaCl concentration group.