Michel Callon

Michel Callon
MinesParisTech · CSI

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227
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (227)
Book
Full-text available
¿Qué relaciones existen entre las representaciones de una deidad atmosférica olmeca-mexica denominada Tláloc, con una antigüedad de 3 mil años; el tratado Meteorológicas, escrito por Aristóteles en el año 350 antes de nuestra era; el libro Los meteoros, publicado por Descartes en 1637; la producción de escenarios climáticos derivados de la explotac...
Article
This article proposes to get rid of the vain opposition between markets as de-socializing forces and markets as civilizing processes by exploring the close relationship between innovation and competition. This suggests abandoning the traditional view of markets as interfaces for the novel conception of market as agencements. Indeed, a thorough exam...
Article
Full-text available
We presently witness a profound transformation of the configuration of biomedical practices, as characterized by an increasingly collective dimension, and by a growing reliance on disruptive technologies that generate large amounts of data. We also witness a proliferation of biomedical databases, often freely accessible on the Web, which can be eas...
Book
Des déchets radioactifs aux ondes électromagnétiques en passant par les OGM, les inquiétudes et les controverses se multiplient qui mettent en cause le monopole des experts sur l’orientation des décisions politiques relatives aux questions technologiques. Loin de déplorer une crise de confiance, les auteurs de ce livre analysent les nouvelles relat...
Article
This article investigates how the engagement of patients’ organisations (POs) in research relates to the dynamics of their activism in the area of rare diseases. It traces back how certain concerned families and groups elaborated rareness as an issue of equity and social justice, gave shape to what we call a ‘politics of numbers’ for stating the fa...
Article
Qu'est-ce que le marché ? Depuis une quinzaine d'années, Michel Callon et les chercheurs du centre de sociologie de l'innovation (CSI) de l'école des mines se penchent sur cette question si peu discutée par les recherches en économie ; ils l'interrogent dans le prolongement des travaux qu'ils menaient autour de la sociologie de la traduction, dite...
Article
Les associations de malades jouent un role de plus en plus important dans le soutien a la recherche. Au-dela du role classique de tiers-payant, certaines d'entre elles interviennent dans l'orientation des recherches et contribuent a la production de connaissances sur leurs maladies. Pour comprendre cette implication des associations de malades dans...
Article
Full text freely available at http://culanth.org/?q=node/571
Article
Full-text available
Highlights the emergence of a "hybrid collective model" of collaboration between patients and experts through a systematic study in the field of rare diseases in France and Portugal, with attention to the reflexive work carried out by patients' organizations on the notion of rareness.
Article
En quelques decennies, l’innovation est devenue un mot d’ordre omnipresent aussi bien dans la sphere marchande que dans la sphere non marchande. Dans le meme temps, un regime d’innovation intensive s’est progressivement mis en place et est maintenant dominant. L’objectif de cet article est de montrer les conditions de developpement d’un tel regime,...
Article
http://www.csi.mines-paristech.fr/Items/WorkingPapers/Download/DLWP.php?wp=WP_CSI_028.pdf
Article
Full-text available
We all know of innovations which either made their creators a fortune or which led to their downfall. It is easy to retrospectively explain success as a stroke of genius or failure as a blatant mistake. Easy in retrospect…but what about innovation in the making? How does the innovator navigate the pitfalls which threaten him?
Article
This text is the translation of Callon, Michel y Latour, Bruno (1997). "Tu ne calculeras pas!" ou comment symétriser le don et le capital. Revue du MAUSS, 9, 45-70. In its pages, the authors show a new and refreshing way of figuring out what we called "world market", and in more general terms, another way of understanding capitalism.
Article
Este texto se publico originalmente como Callon, Michel y Latour, Bruno (1997). "Tu ne calculeras pas!" ou comment symetriser le don et le capital. Revue du MAUSS, 9, 45-70. En sus paginas, los autores ofrecen una mirada completamente inesperada sobre lo que denominamos “mercado mundial” y, en terminos mas generales, otra manera de comprender el fe...
Article
This text is the translation of Callon, Michel y Latour, Bruno (1997). "Tu ne calculeras pas!" ou comment symétriser le don et le capital. Revue du MAUSS , 9, 45-70. In its pages, the authors show a new and refreshing way of figuring out what we called “world market”, and in more general terms, another way of understanding capitalism. Este texto se...
Article
This commentary discusses what a research program on 'reconnect marketing to markets' entails. By viewing marketing as something taking place inside rather than outside markets, 'reconnecting marketing to markets' recognizes the work involved in constructing, maintaining, and transforming markets. These include not only the traditional economic age...
Article
Full-text available
Presented in two parts, this article proposes a research programme devoted to examining 'processes of economization'. In the first instalment, published in Economy and Society 38(3) (2009), we introduced the notion of 'economization'. The term refers to the assembly and qualification of actions, devices and analytical/ practical descriptions as 'ec...
Article
Derivation is a pervasive economic gesture, found in contemporary finance as well as in interstitial developing economies. This chapter offers the first elements of an analysis of economic derivation. Against the common view that overlooks or demonizes derivation, it posits that derivation is the central operation accounting for economic value crea...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a research programme devoted to examining 'processes of economization'. In the current instalment we introduce the notion of 'economiza-tion', which refers to the assembly and qualification of actions, devices and analytical/practical descriptions as 'economic' by social scientists and market actors. Through an analysis of sel...
Article
Research Policy (RP) continues to grow and flourish. The journal receives increasing numbers of submissions from all round the world, with the growth being particularly rapid outside of North America andWestern Europe. In 2008, the ten issues totalled nearly 2000 pages and included 125 full-length research articles. The articles published are highl...
Article
The creation of carbon markets is one of the solutions currently envisaged to meet the widely recognized challenge of global warming. The contributions in this special section of Accounting, Organizations and Society show that many controversies nevertheless exist on the ways in which these markets are organized, the calculative tools that are devi...
Book
Controversies over such issues as nuclear waste, genetically modified organisms, asbestos, tobacco, gene therapy, avian flu, and cell phone towers arise almost daily as rapid scientific and technological advances create uncertainty and bring about unforeseen concerns. The authors of Acting in an Uncertain World argue that political institutions mus...
Article
Controversies over such issues as nuclear waste, genetically modified organisms, asbestos, tobacco, gene therapy, avian flu, and cell phone towers arise almost daily as rapid scientific and technological advances create uncertainty and bring about unforeseen concerns. The authors of Acting in an Uncertain World argue that political institutions mus...
Article
C'est à partir du milieu du treizième siècle, si l'on en croit Crosby (1997), que la quantification et la mesure, en tant qu'activités délibérées et organisées, ont connu un développement significatif qui a puissamment contribué à la constitution de la rationalité occidentale. À ce moment de l'histoire, la mesure est devenue une pratique courante d...
Article
There are several ways of describing the main theoretical and epistemological achievements of science and technology studies (STS). We can say, for example, that STS have made it possible to conceive of a third way between realism and relativism : science and techniques “explicitate” reality by constructing it and construct reality by “explicitatin...
Article
Este artículo sostiene que las ciencias económicas, en el sentido amplio del término, performan, moldean y formatean la economía en lugar de simplemente observarla. Por lo tanto, a fin de comprender el formateo de las agencias calculadoras, deberíamos tomar en cuenta el rol de dispositivos tales como las herramientas de cálculo (equipamiento materi...
Article
This chapter discusses the modalities and effects of the contribution of markets as networks to the process of individualization, and characterizes the functioning and constitution of the socio-technical agencements that shape homo economicus 2.0 in the fields of design, production, distribution, or consumption. The advantages of the concept of the...
Chapter
The Product as a Variable: Conflict and Negotiation Around the Qualification of GoodsThe Economy of QualitiesService Activities as the Basis of the Economy of QualitiesConclusion
Article
Propose quelques développements théoriques sur le thème de la performativité des sciences économiques.
Article
The aim of this article is to provide analytical tools for understanding why and how economic markets are becoming a growing source of political issues. We show, first, that the mechanisms of framing and overflowing, which characterize the functioning of markets, contribute towards the emergence of matters of concern and of concerned groups. We the...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the notion of emergent concerned groups and explores how these groups contribute to shaping the relations between technoscience, politics, and economic markets. The first part presents the case of the French Association of patients suffering from muscular dystrophies. This history suggests that under certain conditions, emerg...
Article
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/ref/10.1111/j.1467-954X.2007.00727.x
Article
http://press.princeton.edu/titles/8442.html
Article
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=9781405170284
Article
Texte Certaines innovations sont diffusées alors qu’elles font l’objet de controverses ouvertes que les élus, incomplètement informés, ne peuvent ni prendre en compte ni relayer. Pourtant, dès que les incertitudes sur l’intérêt et les conséquences des technologies sont importantes, les autorités devraient collecter et discuter les points de vue des...
Article
Discusses the performativity of economics and proposes theoretical directions to study it from a sociological perspective.
Article
The creation of categories based on an analysis of large numbers of heterogeneous entities does not preclude the establishment of productive interactions with the entities studied. The nature of these interactions and the types of objectification they allow depend on the characteristics of the tools used. This article aims at characterizing the dif...
Book
Au début des années 80, un groupe de chercheurs de l'école des mines se penche sur un aspect du monde contemporain négligé par les sciences sociales : les sciences et les techniques. Comment sont-elles produites? Comment leur validité ou leur efficacité sont-elles établies ? Comment se diffusent-elles ? Comment contribuent-ils à transformer le mond...
Article
How to address empirically the calculative character of markets without dissolving it? In our paper, we propose a theoretical framework that helps to deal with markets without suspending their calculative properties. In the first section, we construct a broad definition of calculation, grounded on the anthropology of science and techniques. In the...
Article
In this paper we explore the boundary between calculative and noncalculative action by arguing that these are separate but mutually constitutive. By using the notion of qualculation, a neologism coined by Cochoy, we redefine the notion of calculation to include judgment. We then argue that making qualculability is not trivial: that it takes effort...
Article
How to address empirically the calculative character of markets without dissolving it? In our paper, we propose a theoretical framework that helps to deal with markets without suspending their calculative properties. In the first section, we construct a broad definition of calculation, grounded on the anthropology of science and techniques. In the...
Article
Revue en ligne, article disponible à l'adresse http://www.lactualitechimique.org/larevue_article.php?cle=895
Article
The identification of the genes responsible for certain serious diseases and the development of tests for identifying carriers of those genes help to put the individuals concerned in the forefront of ethical decisions. These decisions are unavoidable, especially when available knowledge and techniques have already been broadly disseminated. This ar...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
This paper highlights the importance of "hybrid collectives" in the design process. In the first part the active role of technologies and broadly speaking of non humans in the construction and the functioning of those collectives is emphasized: they allow heterogeneous actors to coordinate their projects; they contribute to the emergence and the tr...
Article
Full-text available
L’univers carcéral constitue un monde fermé qui ne s’ouvre que très rarement aux acteurs de la société civile. De ce point de vue, le programme 13000, qui a confié à des entreprises le soin de concevoir et de gérer de nouveaux établissements pénitentiaires, constitue une intéressante exception. Des acteurs influents de la société civile sont entrés...
Article
This article examines new forms of techno-science-society interactions, in which non-scientists work with scientists to produce and disseminate knowledge. The term “research in the wild” is coined to name a special version of this new phenomenon. The primary illustration for this new form of research is connected with the Association Française cont...
Article
Full-text available
Solve the technical problems first", we often hear, "then we'll deal with the market". The real history of innovations does not generally follow this simple schema; it is made of adaptations, series of trial and error and countless negotiations between numerous social actors. A genuine combat from which conquerors who know how to choose good repres...
Article
ECONOMIC MARKETS AS COLLECTIVE CALCULATING DEVICES How to address empirically the calculative character of markets without dissolving it? In this paper the authors propose a theoretical framework that helps to deal with markets without debunking their calculative properties. In the first section they construct a broad definition of calculation, gro...
Article
http://www.cairn.info/sommaire.php?ID_REVUE=RES&ID_NUMPUBLIE=RES_122
Article
Patients' associations increasingly support research into the diseases affecting them, What exactly is their role? Are all such associations involved in the same way, or are there various forms of involvement? And if there are, how can they be reviewed? The answers to these questions vary with the countries, their institutional settings, and their...
Article
Full-text available
Our task in this paper is to analyze the organization of trading in the era of quantitative finance. To do so, we conduct an ethnography of arbitrage, the trading strategy that best exemplifies finance in the wake of the quantitative revolution. In contrast to value and momentum investing, we argue, arbitrage involves an art of association - the co...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to highlight the main characteristics of what the authors call 'the economy of qualities'. The authors show that qualifying products and positioning goods are major concerns for agents evolving within the 'economy of qualities'. Competition in such an economy is structured through two basic mechanisms. The first is what the...

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Projects (2)
Project
Esencialmente es un estudio de la epistemología social de las ciencias del cambio climático. Hasta ahora se han publicado los libros "Cambio Climático y Sociedad", "La modelación climática mexicana", está en prensa: "Hacia una antropología de la atmósfera y del cambio climático, con las contribuciones de Hevé Douville, Michel Callon, Bruno Latour y Antonio Arellano" y "Tláloc: Teogonía, cosgmogonía y epistemología atmosféricas precortesianas".