Michel Bouvier

Michel Bouvier
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer

Ph.D.

About

517
Publications
55,278
Reads
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32,787
Citations
Citations since 2017
162 Research Items
9211 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
Introduction
Molecular Pharmacology of GPCR signalling. Molecular and structural determinants of signalling efficacy and functional selectivity. Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer (BRET)-based sensors. Pharmacological chaperones for the treatment of conformational diseases. Diseases of interest: Cancer, Fibrosis, Heart Failure, Inflammation, Obesity, Type-2 diabetes,
Additional affiliations
September 2005 - present
Université de Montréal
May 1989 - August 2005
January 1989 - present
Université de Montréal

Publications

Publications (517)
Article
Full-text available
Dopamine (DA) neurons are primarily concentrated in substantia nigra (SN) and ventral tegmental area (VTA). A subset of these neurons expresses the neurotensin receptor NTSR1 and its putative ligand neurotensin (Nts). NTSR1, a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), which classically activates Gαq/calcium signaling, is a potential route for modulating D...
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal muscle is populated with a reservoir of quiescent muscle stem cells (MuSCs), which regenerate the tissue after injury. Here, we show that the adhesion G-protein-coupled receptor Gpr116 is essential for long-term maintenance of the MuSC pool. Quiescent MuSCs express high levels of Gpr116, which is rapidly downregulated upon MuSC activation....
Article
Full-text available
Communication across membranes controls critical cellular processes and is achieved by receptors translating extracellular signals into selective cytoplasmic responses. While receptor tertiary structures can be readily characterized, receptor associations into quaternary structures are challenging to study and their implications in signal transduct...
Chapter
Adequate protein folding and trafficking represent crucial processes in the proper functioning of cells. Their integrity is ensured by highly regulated multistep quality control mechanisms at different locations in the protein synthesis and secretory pathway. For membrane proteins such as G protein‐coupled receptors (GPCR), folding and quality cont...
Article
Full-text available
Antiestrogens are used to treat all stages of Estrogen Receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen have tissue-specific partial agonist activity, while Selective Estrogen Receptor Downregulators (SERDs) such as fulvestrant (ICI182,780) display a more complete antiestrogenic profile. We have...
Article
Because nonopioid analgesics are much sought after, we computationally docked more than 301 million virtual molecules against a validated pain target, the α2A-adrenergic receptor (α2AAR), seeking new α2AAR agonists chemotypes that lack the sedation conferred by known α2AAR drugs, such as dexmedetomidine. We identified 17 ligands with potencies as l...
Article
Formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) plays an integral role in the transition of macrophages from a pro-inflammatory program to one that is pro-resolving. FPR2-mediated stimulation of resolution post myocardial infarction has demonstrated efficacy in rodent models and is hypothesized to reduce progression into heart failure. FPR2 agonists that promote...
Article
The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) plays a role in energy homeostasis and represents a target for treating energy balance disorders. For decades, synthetic ligands have been derived from MC4R endogenous agonists and antagonists, such as setmelanotide used to treat rare forms of genetic obesity. Recently, animal venoms have demonstrated their capaci...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antiplatelet agents are proven efficacious treatments for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, the existing drugs are compromised by unwanted and sometimes life-threatening bleeding that limits drug usage or dosage. There is a substantial unmet medical need for an antiplatelet drug with strong efficacy and low bleeding risk. Thromb...
Article
Activation of the G protein-coupled receptors by agonists may result in the activation of one or more G proteins and recruitment of arrestins. The extent of the activation of each of these pathways depends on the intrinsic efficacy of the ligand. Quantification of intrinsic efficacy relative to a reference compound is essential for the development...
Article
Full-text available
BMS-986120 is a novel first-in-class oral protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) antagonist exhibiting robust antithrombotic activity that has shown low bleeding risk in monkeys. We sought to assess pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tolerability of BMS-986120 in healthy participants and platelet responses to BMS-986120 in participants carrying...
Article
Protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) is a G-protein coupled receptor that is expressed on human platelets and activated by the coagulation enzyme thrombin. PAR4 plays a key role in blood coagulation, and its importance in pathological thrombosis has been increasingly recognized in recent years. Herein, we describe the optimization of a series of im...
Article
Full-text available
At mitotic entry, reorganization of the actomyosin cortex prompts cells to round-up. Proteins of the ezrin, radixin, and moesin family (ERM) play essential roles in this process by linking actomyosin forces to the plasma membrane. Yet, the cell-cycle signal that activates ERMs at mitotic entry is unknown. By screening a compound library using newly...
Article
Full-text available
G-protein-coupled receptors do not only feature the orthosteric pockets, where most endogenous agonists bind, but also a multitude of other allosteric pockets that have come into the focus as potential binding sites for synthetic modulators. Here, to better characterise such pockets, we investigate 557 GPCR structures by exhaustively docking small...
Article
Full-text available
The recognition that individual GPCRs can activate multiple signaling pathways has raised the possibility of developing drugs selectively targeting therapeutically relevant ones. This requires tools to determine which G proteins and barrestins are activated by a given receptor. Here, we present a set of BRET sensors monitoring the activation of the...
Article
Full-text available
Two-thirds of human hormones and one-third of clinical drugs act on membrane receptors that couple to G proteins to achieve appropriate functional responses. While G protein transducers from literature are annotated in the Guide to Pharmacology database, two recent large-scale datasets now expand the receptor-G protein 'couplome'. However, these th...
Article
Full-text available
G protein‐coupled receptors modulate a plethora of physiological processes and mediate the effects of one‐third of FDA‐approved drugs. Depending on which ligand activates a receptor, it can engage different intracellular transducers. This ‘biased signaling’ paradigm requires that we now characterize physiological signaling not just by receptors but...
Article
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can engage distinct subsets of signaling pathways, but the structural determinants of this functional selectivity remain elusive. The naturally occurring genetic variants of GPCRs, selectively affecting different pathways, offer an opportunity to explore this phenomenon. We previously identified 40 coding variant...
Article
We previously reported a series of macrocyclic analogues of [Pyr1]-apelin-13 (Ape13) with increased plasma stability and potent APJ agonist properties. Based on the most promising compound in this series, we synthesized and then evaluated novel macrocyclic compounds of Ape13 to identify agonists with specific pharmacological profiles. These efforts...
Article
We previously reported a series of macrocyclic analogues of [Pyr1]-apelin-13 (Ape13) with increased plasma stability and potent APJ agonist properties. Based on the most promising compound in this series, we synthesized and then evaluated novel macrocyclic compounds of Ape13 to identify agonists with specific pharmacological profiles. These efforts...
Article
Full-text available
The atypical chemokine receptor 3, ACKR3, is a G protein-coupled receptor, which does not couple to G proteins but recruits βarrestins. At present, ACKR3 is considered a target for cancer and cardiovascular disorders, but less is known about the potential of ACKR3 as a target for brain disease. Further, mouse lines have been created to identify cel...
Article
Several GPCRs (G-protein–coupled receptors) have been reported to exhibit tachyphylaxis, which is an acute loss of functional receptor response after repeated stimuli with an agonist. GPCRs are important clinical targets for a wide range of disorders. Therefore, elucidation of the ligand features that contribute to receptor tachyphylaxis and signal...
Article
Full-text available
Two-thirds of human hormones and one-third of clinical drugs activate ~350 G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) belonging to four classes: A, B1, C and F. Whereas a model of activation has been described for class A, very little is known about the activation of the other classes, which differ by being activated by endogenous ligands bound mainly or e...
Preprint
G protein-coupled receptors modulate a plethora of physiological processes and mediate the effects of one-third of FDA-approved drugs. Notably, depending on which ligand has activated a particular receptor, it can engage different intracellular transducers. This paradigm of ligand-dependent ‘biased signaling’ dictates a need to advance beyond the l...
Preprint
Full-text available
Communication across membranes controls critical cellular processes and is achieved by receptors translating extracellular signals into selective cytoplasmic responses. While receptor tertiary structures can now be readily characterized, receptor associations into quaternary structures are very challenging to study and their implications in signal...
Preprint
Full-text available
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) translate binding of extracellular ligands into intracellular responses through conformational changes. Ligand properties are described by the maximum response (efficacy) and the agonist concentration at half-maximal response (potency). Integrating structural changes with pharmacological properties remains challe...
Article
Full-text available
Bivalent ligands are composed of two pharmacophores connected by a spacer of variable size. These ligands are able to simultaneously recognize two binding sites, for example in a G protein-coupled receptor heterodimer, resulting in enhanced binding affinity. Taking advantage of previously described heterobivalent dopamine-neurotensin receptor ligan...
Article
Full-text available
Prolonged exposure to opioid receptor agonists triggers adaptations in the adenylyl cyclase (AC) pathway that lead to enhanced production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) upon withdrawal. This cellular phenomenon contributes to withdrawal symptoms, hyperalgesia and analgesic tolerance that interfere with clinical management of chronic pain...
Preprint
Full-text available
Two-thirds of human hormones and one-third of clinical drugs act on membrane receptors that couple to G proteins to achieve appropriate functional responses. While G protein transducers from literature are annotated in the Guide to Pharmacology database, two recent large-scale datasets now expand the receptor-G protein couplome. However, these thre...
Preprint
Full-text available
G protein-coupled receptors do not only feature the orthosteric pockets, where most endogenous agonists bind, but also a multitude of other allosteric pockets that have come into the focus as potential binding sites for synthetic modulators. We have investigated 557 GPCR structures to better characterise such pockets by exhaustively docking small m...
Article
Full-text available
Melatonin is a hormone mainly produced by the pineal gland and MT 1 is one of the two G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediating its action. Despite an increasing number of available GPCR crystal structures, the molecular mechanism of activation of a large number of receptors, including MT 1 , remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study...
Article
Throughout evolution the need for unicellular organisms to associate and form a single cluster of cells had several evolutionary advantages. G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are responsible for a large part of the senses that allow this clustering to succeed, playing a fundamental role in the perception of cell's external environment, enabling t...
Article
Full-text available
Internalization and intracellular trafficking of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play pivotal roles in cell responsiveness. Dysregulation in receptor trafficking can lead to aberrant signaling and cell behavior. Here, using an endosomal BRET-based assay in a high-throughput screen with the prototypical GPCR angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)...
Article
It should come as no surprise that G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) continue to occupy the focus of drug discovery efforts. Their widespread expression and broad role in signal transduction underline their importance in human physiology. Despite more than 800 GPCRs sharing a common architecture, unique differences govern ligand specificity and p...
Article
Full-text available
Dysregulated inflammation following myocardial infarction (MI) leads to maladaptive healing and remodeling. The study characterized and evaluated a selective formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) agonist BMS-986235 in cellular assays and in rodents undergoing MI. BMS-986235 activated G proteins and promoted β-arrestin recruitment, enhanced phagocytosis...
Article
Full-text available
The ten mammalian Frizzleds (FZD 1-10) belong to the class F of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and mediate WNT signaling through interaction with transducer proteins including Dishevelled (DVL) or heterotrimeric G proteins. Their involvement in human disease has put FZDs at the forefront of drug targets, especially anti-cancer therapy. However...
Article
Full-text available
Brain functions rely on neurotransmitters that mediate communication between billions of neurons. Disruption of this communication can result in a plethora of psychiatric and neurological disorders. In this work, we combine molecular dynamics simulations, live-cell biosensor and electrophysiological assays to investigate the action of the neurotran...
Conference Paper
p>EGFR is involved in key biological processes and its deregulation is associated with the development of many cancers. EGFR is implicated in tumor invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. Moreover, intrinsic and acquired mutations of EGFR have been described to modify receptor signaling and be responsible for the appearance of drug resistance during...
Preprint
Reorganization of the cortical actin cytoskeleton at mitotic entry is essential to increase membrane tension for cell rounding. This spherical shape is necessary for the biogenesis and organization of the mitotic spindle. Proteins of the Ezrin, Radixin, Moesin (ERM) family play essential roles in mitotic morphogenesis by linking actomyosin forces t...
Article
Full-text available
Succinate functions both as a classical TCA cycle metabolite and an extracellular metabolic stress signal sensed by the mainly Gi-coupled succinate receptor SUCNR1. In the present study, we characterize and compare effects and signaling pathways activated by succinate and both classes of non-metabolite SUCNR1 agonists. By use of specific receptor a...
Chapter
Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) is an energy transfer phenomenon from a luciferase donor to a fluorescence acceptor and serves as an indicator of protein–protein interaction or protein proximity. BRET imaging is a powerful tool in the investigation of signaling proteins because it enables spatial analysis of such protein interactio...
Article
Significance G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been proposed to signal in multiple compartments within the cell, a phenomenon that could have important implications for our understanding of receptor pharmacology and disease treatment. However, directly measuring G protein activity in subcellular compartments remains a challenge, and the mech...
Article
Full-text available
Mdm2 antagonizes the tumor suppressor p53. Targeting the Mdm2-p53 interaction represents an attractive approach for the treatment of cancers with functional p53. Investigating mechanisms underlying Mdm2-p53 regulation is therefore important. The scaffold protein β-arrestin2 (β-arr2) regulates tumor suppressor p53 by counteracting Mdm2. β-arr2 nucle...
Article
Full-text available
Adrenomedullin (ADM) and proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) are two peptides with vasodilative, bronchodilative, and angiogenic properties, originating from a common precursor, proADM. Previous studies proposed that the atypical chemokine receptor ACKR3 might act as a low-affinity scavenger for ADM, regulating its availability for its c...
Article
Full-text available
Ezrin, Radixin and Moesin compose the family of ERM proteins. They link actin filaments and microtubules to the plasma membrane to control signaling and cell morphogenesis. Importantly, their activity promotes invasive properties of metastatic cells from different cancer origins. Therefore, a precise understanding of how these proteins are regulate...
Article
Background New heart failure therapies that safely augment cardiac contractility and output are needed. Previous apelin peptide studies have highlighted the potential for APJ (apelin receptor) agonism to enhance cardiac function in heart failure. However, apelin’s short half-life limits its therapeutic utility. Here, we describe the preclinical cha...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Obesity is a complex disease associated with a high risk of co-morbidities. Gastric bypass surgery, an invasive procedure with low patient eligibility, is currently the most effective intervention that achieves sustained weight loss. This beneficial effect is attributed to alterations in gut hormone signaling. An attractive alternative i...
Article
Full-text available
The Melanocortin-4 Receptor (MC4R) plays a pivotal role in energy homeostasis. We used human MC4R mutations associated with an increased or decreased risk of obesity to dissect mechanisms that regulate MC4R function. Most obesity-associated mutations impair trafficking to the plasma membrane (PM), whereas obesity-protecting mutations either acceler...
Article
Hedgehog (Hh) ligands act as morphogens to direct patterning and proliferation during embryonic development. Protein kinase A (PKA) is a central negative regulator of Hh signalling, and in the absence of Hh ligands, PKA activity prevents inappropriate expression of Hh target genes. The orphan G-protein coupled receptor Gpr161 contributes to the bas...
Article
Side-chain-constrained amino acids are useful tools to modulate the biological properties of peptides. In this study, we applied side-chain constraints to apelin-13 (Ape13) by substituting the Pro12 and Phe13 positions, affecting the binding affinity and signaling profile on the apelin receptor (APJ). The residues 1Nal, Trp, and Aia were found to b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Activation of the G protein-coupled receptors by agonists may result in the activation of one or more G proteins, and in the recruitment of arrestins. The balance of activation of different pathways can be influenced by the ligand. Using BRET-based biosensors, we showed that the vasopressin V2 receptor activates or at least engages many different G...
Article
Full-text available
MC4R mutations represent the largest monogenic cause of obesity, resulting mainly from receptor misfolding and intracellular retention by the cellular quality control system. The present study aimed at determining whether pharmacological chaperones (PC) that restore folding and plasma membrane trafficking by stabilizing near native protein conforma...
Article
Binding of arrestin to phosphorylated G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) controls many aspects of cell signaling. The number and arrangement of phosphates may vary substantially for a given GPCR, and different phosphorylation patterns trigger different arrestin-mediated effects. Here, we determine how GPCR phosphorylation influences arrestin behav...
Article
ELABELA (ELA) is the second endogenous ligand of the apelin receptor (APJ). Although apelin-13 and ELA both target APJ, there is limited information on structure-activity relationship (SAR) of ELA. In the present work, we identified the shortest bioactive C-terminal fragment ELA23-32, which possesses high affinity for APJ (K i 4.6 nM) and produces...
Article
Full-text available
The AT1 receptor (AT1R) has a major role in the Renin-Angiotensin System, being involved in several physiological events including blood pressure control and electrolyte balance. The AT1R is a member of the G protein coupled receptors (GPCR) family, classically known to couple G αq and engage β-arrestin recruitment. Both G protein and arrestin sign...
Article
Histamine acts through four different receptors (H1R-H4R), the H3R and H4R being the most explored in the last years as drug targets. The H3R is a potential target to treat narcolepsy, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, schizophrenia and several other CNS-related conditions, while H4R blockade leads to anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Ou...
Article
Full-text available
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates key biological processes downstream of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in normal and cancer cells, but the modes of kinase activation by these receptors remain unclear. We report that after GPCR stimulation, FAK activation is controlled by a sequence of events depending on the scaffolding proteins β-arresti...
Article
Full-text available
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) is involved in inflammatory responses and pain, therefore representing a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. However, as for other GPCRs, PAR2 can activate multiple signaling pathways and those involved in inflammatory responses remain poorly defined. Here, we...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor family, which is the largest class of membrane proteins in the human genome. As part of the endocannabinoid system, they have many regulatory functions in the human body. Their malfunction therefore triggers a diverse set of undesired conditions, such as pain, neuropath...
Article
Introduction BMS-986141 is an orally-active small-molecule platelet thrombin receptor antagonist selective for the protease-activated receptor-4 (PAR4), a human platelet thrombin receptor. Purpose This study assessed effects of BMS-986141 vs. the P2Y12 antagonist ticagrelor, a standard of care antiplatelet agent, on arterial thrombosis (AT), mesen...
Article
Full-text available
Most G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) recruit β-arrestins and internalize upon agonist stimulation. For the μ-opioid receptor (μ-OR), this process has been linked to development of opioid tolerance. GPCR kinases (GRKs), particularly GRK2 and GRK3, have been shown to be important for μ-OR recruitment of β-arrestin and internalization. However, th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Melatonin modulates circadian rhythms in physiology and sleep initiation. Genetic variants of the MTNR1B locus, encoding the melatonin MT2 receptor, have been associated with increased type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. Carriers of the common intronic MTNR1B rs10830963 T2D risk variant have modified sleep and circadian traits such as changes...