Michel Bouchard

Michel Bouchard
University of Northern British Columbia · Department of Anthropology

B.A., M.A. and Ph.D.

About

31
Publications
4,441
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61
Citations
Introduction
From the northern tundra of Russia to the plains and prairies of North America, my research examines issues of nation, ethnicity and identity. I have studied French-speaking communities in Canada, Russian-speaking communities in Estonia as well as Komi communities in the Russian Federation. I conduct ethnographic research as well as anthropological history, seeking to find the roots of nationhood in the past.
Additional affiliations
September 2005 - present
University of Northern British Columbia
Position
  • Applying Anthropology to the Research and Promotion of French-speaking Minority Communities in Western Canada
Description
  • This was a SSHRC funded research project (2005-2007) that I continue to explore.
September 2004 - July 2005
University of Northern British Columbia
Position
  • The Consolidation of Local Democracy in Russia
Description
  • This project was funded by the University of Calgary Gorbachev Foundation and conducted in collaboration with Perm State University in the Russian Federation.
May 2004 - December 2005
Cercle des Canadiens Français de Prince George
Position
  • Chercher son avenir: Applied Research Project
Description
  • An applied research project funded by Heritage Canada that conducted research on the needs of the French-speaking community of Prince George, British Columbia.
Education
September 1996 - November 2003
University of Alberta
Field of study
  • Anthropology
September 1992 - June 1994
Laval University
Field of study
  • Anthropologie
September 1987 - June 1991
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Anthropology

Publications

Publications (31)
Book
We think of Métis as having exclusively Prairie roots, but what about their presence in Quebec? The province doesn’t recognize a historical Métis community within its territory, and the Métis National Council contests the existence of any Métis east of Ontario. Quebec residents who seek recognition as Métis under the Canadian Constitution therefore...
Book
Les Métis ont longtemps été cantonnés à l’ouest du Canada dans l’imaginaire collectif. La question demeure d’actualité selon le refus de certains de reconnaître la présence historique de Métis au Québec. Dans Bois-Brûlés, il est proposé que les Métis émergent plutôt au sein d’une diaspora formée de nombreuses communautés se trouvant sur l’entièret...
Book
Full-text available
Long before the Davie Crockets, the Daniel Boones and Jim Bridgers, the French had pushed far west and north establishing trade and kin networks across the continent. They founded settlements that would become great cities such as Detroit, Saint Louis, and New Orleans, but their history has been largely buried or relegated to local lore or confined...
Article
Full-text available
Medieval scholars have demonstrated that the term gens (plural gentes), largely identical in usage to the modern term nation, was in use by the end of the first millennium. This article seeks to explain how and when nation came to replace gens in medieval Europe. The emergence of the concept of nationhood in Central and Eastern Europe must also be...
Data
French-speaking communities in Western Canada were being pushed to the verge of linguistic extinction, but in recent decades, constitutional changes and Supreme Court rulings have given French communities the right to French-language schools. It is hoped that schools can buttress identity, thereby encouraging language retention. We examine the impa...
Data
The anniversary of the onset of the War of 1812 has been marked by an expenditure of tens of millions of dollars to commemorate the conflict. More importantly, this event’s commemoration exemplifies the “curation” of Canadian nationhood—a neologism expressing the subtle politics involved in the representation of past events. This recent investment...
Article
Full-text available
War monuments are abundant in Russia; they are part of the landscape, while defining the terrain. Calling to the past and bringing forth memories, they define belonging, commemorating the past while shaping the future. Remembering a war is a political act and, in remembering, we define our place in our community, country and the world. Such is the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Much has been published theorizing the origins of states, but ethnography has lagged behind in developing the conceptual tools to theorize the state, generally preferring to study the margins of states or “stateless” societies, even though they were enmeshed in or colonized by states. In recent decades states seem to have been bypassed by an intere...
Article
Résumé Cet article examine l’histoire d’un peuple et d’une langue. D’abord connu par son nom « Perm », il fut ensuite appelé « Zyriène » et maintenant « Komi » depuis le début du 20 e siècle. Le déclin de la langue komi va de pair avec l’ascension d’un autre peuple, dit « Slave » ensuite « Roussin » et enfin « Rousskii » (Russe). Le cas komi n’est...
Article
Full-text available
The age-old tradition of feasting the dead has been maintained by Russian populations for well over five centuries. Graveyards hold a special place both in traditional Orthodox faith and in the lives of Russians and others in the city of Narva, Estonia. The tradition of feasting the dead for three, nine and forty days after death, can be traced unb...
Article
Full-text available
It is rare to find an analysis of nationalism that does not invoke Benedict Anderson's Imagined Communities, first published in 1983 and then reprinted in 1991. Although the term has caught the imagination of many researchers, the concept of the ‘imagined community’ is based on a number of questionable premises. The first problematic assertion is t...
Chapter
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Chapter
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Questions

Question (1)

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Finished chapter on everyday life and Russian nationalism, now working on new book on the forgotten Métis of Canada.