Michal Grabowski

Michal Grabowski
University of Lodz · Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology

Prof. Dr. hab. Biological Sciences
evolution of freshwater biodiversity, DNA barcode reference libraries, atlantification of High Arctic, crustaceans

About

212
Publications
115,827
Reads
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4,994
Citations
Citations since 2016
112 Research Items
3415 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Introduction
My interests include amphipods and other malacostracan crustaceans as model organisms in studies upon speciation, phylogeography and phylogeny of freshwater organisms as well as the problem of biological invasions in European inland and marine waters. Together with my colleagues we focus upon evolutionary history and distribution patterns of biodiversity in freshwater and coastal ecosystems.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
University of Lodz
Position
  • Head of Department
November 2019 - November 2019
University of Guelph
Position
  • Professor
August 2015 - August 2019
University of Lodz
Position
  • Neogene and Quaternary sea level changes and origin of epigean freshwater malacostracan fauna in the periadriatic region
Description
  • NCN OPUS 8 project
Education
September 1999 - December 1999
June 1997
North Carolina State University
Field of study
  • Summer Course in Statistical Genetics & Analysis of Molecular Data
October 1996 - September 2000
University of Lodz
Field of study

Publications

Publications (212)
Article
Full-text available
The Carpathians are one of the key biodiversity hotspots in Europe. The mountain chain uplifted during Alpine orogenesis and is characterised by a complex geological history. Its current biodiversity was highly influenced by Pleistocene glaciations. The goal of the current study was to examine the phylogenetic and demographic history of Gammarus ba...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The main aim of this study was to fill a significant gap in Chironomidae barcoding in the Balkan region, developing and testing for the efficiency of a reference DNA barcode library for Chironomidae from the ancient Skadar Lake basin Montenegro/Albania), a European area never interested in barcoding studies on Chironomidae before. Moreover,...
Article
Full-text available
The Ponto-Caspian region is an endemicity hotspot that harbours several crustacean radiations, among which amphipods are the most diverse. These poorly known species are severely threatened in their native range, while at the same time they are invading European inland waters with significant ecological consequences. A proper taxonomic knowledge of...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we conducted a molecular survey on microsporidian diversity in different lineages (operational taxonomic units = OTUs) of Asellus aquaticus from 30 sites throughout Europe. Host body length was determined prior to dissection and removal of the intestine. DNA was extracted from the remaining host tissue and amplified by microsporidian-specific...
Article
Full-text available
The Ponto-Caspian amphipod Dikerogammarus bispinosus Martynov, 1925 was originally described from the Black Sea basin. Its recent discovery in the Caspian Sea basin was puzzling because it was unknown whether it was an invasive or an overlooked native species in this area. Here, we examined specimens collected from both the Black and Caspian Sea ba...
Article
Full-text available
Ctenolepisma calvum was first described in Sri Lanka (Ceylon) in 1910, and this island is probably the origin of this species. Later, it was also found in the Caribbean (Cuba and Trinidad and Tobago). Up until the present, it has only been identified within buildings (a synanthropic species), and its natural habitat is unknown. In 2007, it was disc...
Article
Full-text available
Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) are among the oldest pterygote insects, with the earliest fossils dating back to the Late Carboniferous. Within mayflies, Leptophlebiidae are a highly diverse and widespread group, with approximately 140 genera and 640 species. Whereas taxonomy, systematics, and phylogeny of extant Leptophlebiidae are in the focus of extens...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Ponto-Caspian region is an endemicity hotspot that harbors several crustacean radiations, among which amphipods are the most diverse. These poorly known species are severely threatened in their native range, while at the same time they are invading European inland waters with significant ecological consequences. A proper taxonomic knowledge of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) are among the oldest pterygote insects, with the earliest fossils dating back to the Late Carboniferous. Within mayflies, Leptophlebiidae are a highly diverse and widespread group, with approximately 140 genera and 640 species. Whereas taxonomy, systematics, and phylogeny of extant Leptophlebiidae are in the focus of extens...
Article
In the present study, benefiting of faunistic information acquired from individuals collected during 2014 and 2015, in association with physical-chemical conditions of the collecting sites, the environmental factors influencing the composition and distribution of chironomid assemblages were investigated. In total, 164 Chironomidae taxa reported in...
Article
Full-text available
The region of the Western Carpathians is, among other aspects, very important for the survival and diversity of European freshwater fauna due to the presence of a large number of (sub)mountain springs and streams. However, these ecologically and faunistically diversified habitats are still understudied in the context of the genetic diversity and po...
Data
BOLD dataset analysed in article: BOZÁŇOVÁ, J., ČIAMPOR, F., MAMOS, T., GRABOWSKI, M. & ČIAMPOROVÁ-ZAŤOVIČOVÁ, Z. 2021. DNA barcodes evidence the contact zone of eastern and western caddisfly lineages in the Western Carpathians. Scientific Reports 11: 24020, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-03411-8.
Article
Full-text available
The Ponto-Caspian region is the main donor of invasive amphipods to freshwater ecosystems, with at least 13 species successfully established in European inland waters. Dikerogammarus spp. and Pontogammarus robustoides are among the most successful, due to their strong invasive impact on local biota. However, genomic knowledge about these invaders i...
Article
Full-text available
Rivers are one of the most commonly transformed aquatic ecosystems. Most papers present significantly negative effects of activities such as dredging or channel regulation on the ecological status of rivers. The purpose of this work was to compare the response of various groups of invertebrates (Mollusca, Hydrachnidia, Odonata, Heteroptera, Coleopt...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Region is a biodiversity/endemism hotspot whose freshwater fauna remains largely unexplored. Our integrative study challenges the taxonomic status of two freshwater palaemonid shrimps, Palaemon antennarius and Palaemon minos. Three molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs) were defined based on 352 cytochrome oxidase subunit I...
Preprint
Full-text available
European mountains are important areas regarding biodiversity of the continent, and they also harbour diverse freshwater fauna, which is critically endangered in terms of the current species extinction. However, sufficient knowledge of this valuable part of European biota is no longer possible without molecular data. This study focuses on the genet...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Carpathians are one of the key biodiversity hotspots in Europe. The mountain chain uplifted during Alpine orogenesis and is characterised by a complex geological history. Its current biodiversity was highly influenced by Pleistocene glaciations. The goal of the current study was to examine the phylogenetic and demographic history of Gammarus ba...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Carpathians are one of the key biodiversity hotspots in Europe. The mountain chain uplifted during Alpine orogenesis and is characterised by a complex geological history. Its current biodiversity was highly influenced by Pleistocene glaciations. The goal of the current study was to examine the phylogenetic and demographic history of Gammarus ba...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) are important components in biomonitoring due to their amphibiotic lifecycle and specific habitat requirements. They are charismatic and popular insects, but can be challenging to identify despite large size and often distinct coloration, especially the immature stages. DNA-based assessment tools re...
Article
We present the results of the first-ever DNA barcoding study of odonates from the Maltese Islands. In total, ten morphologically identified species were collected during a two-week long expedition in 2018. Eighty cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) barcodes were obtained from the collected specimens. Intra- and interspecific distances ranged from...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantification of the European Arctic has been an increasingly discussed topic in polar science over the past two decades. The alteration of local marine ecosystems towards a more temperate state and the appearance/range expansion of subarctic-boreal species at higher latitudes is a complex phenomenon induced mainly by the changing properties...
Article
Full-text available
Parasites and other symbionts deeply influence host organisms, and no living organism can be considered to have evolved independent of its symbionts. The first step towards understanding symbiotic influences upon host organisms is a strong supporting knowledge of parasite/symbiont diversity. Parasites of freshwater amphipods are diverse, with Micro...
Article
Full-text available
Our main aim was to investigate the diversity, origin and biogeographical affiliations of the freshwater gammarids inhabiting the Aegean Islands by analysing their mtDNA and nDNA polymorphism, thereby providing the first insight into the phylogeography of the Aegean freshwater gammarid fauna. The study material was collected from Samothraki, Lesbos...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although the processes of co-evolution between parasites and their hosts are well known, evidence of co-speciation remains scarce. Microsporidian intracellular parasites, due to intimate relationships with their hosts and mixed mode of transmission (horizontal but also vertical, from mother to offspring), may represent an interesting bi...
Article
Full-text available
Gammarus roeselii Gervais, 1835 is a morphospecies with a wide distribution range in Europe. The Balkan Peninsula is known as an area of pre-Pleistocene cryptic diversification within this taxon, resulting in at least 13 Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units (MOTUs). The morphospecies diversified there during Neogene and has probably invaded other...
Article
Full-text available
The Western Carpathians are a particularly interesting part of the Carpathian Arc. According to recent molecular data upon aquatic and terrestrial taxa, this mountain area is an important biodiversity hotspot of Europe. Moreover, the W Carpathians include rich systems of karst springs inhabited by specific fauna, where molecular diversity and phylo...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional morphological diagnoses of taxonomic status remain widely used while an increasing number of studies shows that one morphospecies might hide cryptic diversity, i.e. lineages with unexpectedly high molecular divergence. This hidden diversity can reach even tens of lineages, i.e. hyper cryptic diversity. Even well-studied model-organisms...
Data
BOLD dataset analysed in article: BOZÁŇOVÁ, J., ČIAMPOROVÁ-ZAŤOVIČOVÁ, Z., ČIAMPOR JR, F., MAMOS, T. & GRABOWSKI, M. 2020. The tale of springs and streams: how different aquatic ecosystems impacted the mtDNA population structure of two riffle beetles in the Western Carpathians. PeerJ 8:e10039 http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10039.
Data
BOLD dataset analysed in article: BOZÁŇOVÁ, J., ČIAMPOROVÁ-ZAŤOVIČOVÁ, Z., ČIAMPOR JR, F., MAMOS, T. & GRABOWSKI, M. 2020. The tale of springs and streams: how different aquatic ecosystems impacted the mtDNA population structure of two riffle beetles in the Western Carpathians. PeerJ 8:e10039 http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10039.
Article
In comparison to Central Europe, the knowledge about water mites inhabiting the natural lakes of southern Europe is scarce. This is a first study focusing on the water mite species composition and zonation in a large Mediterranean lake, i.e. ancient Lake Skadar basin, and identifying the role of physical and chemical water parameters in their distr...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of our study was to provide a first overview of the population genetic structure of the invasive Chinese sleeper, Perccottus glenii, (Actinopterygii: Odontobutidae) in European water bodies. This species originates from inland waters of north-eastern China, northern North Korea and the Russian Far East. The 1172 bp long portion of the cytoc...
Article
Full-text available
The region of the Black, Caspian, and Azov seas are known both as (i) the place of extensive crustacean radiation dated to the times of Paratethys and Sarmatian basins, and (ii) present donor of alien and invasive taxa to many areas worldwide. One amphipod morphospecies, Dikerogammarus haemobaphes, is known both as native to rivers draining to the...
Chapter
Since the mid- 20th century we have been living in a new geological epoch, Anthropocene, characterized by an overwhelming impact of human activity on the Earth’s ecosystems, leading to mass species extinction by habitat destruction, pollution, global climate warming, and homogenization of biota by intra- and intercontinental transfer of species. Cr...
Article
Full-text available
Until the 2000s, faunal exchange between endemic faunas of the Caspian Sea basin and the Azov-Black Sea (aka Pontic) basin was asymmetrical, with fauna heading towards the Volga Delta and Caspian Sea from or via the Black and Azov Seas and little exchange in the opposite direction. This study is based on a hydrobiological survey of the Don River Ba...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptorchestia garbinii Ruffo, Tarocco and Latella, 2014 (Amphipoda: Talitridae), a semiterrestrial amphipod, reported (as Orchestia cavimana Heller, 1865) from the Polish inland waters, e. g., the lowermost Vistula River, for the first time in 2009. Now, we have reported this species from the upper Oder River, which is c.a. 350 km SE from the clos...
Article
(1) The severe climatic changes during the Pleistocene ice ages have shaped the genetic structure and distribution of biota in Europe. We aimed to reveal in detail, the genetic diversity, geographical population structure, historical and present demography, migration patterns and the presence of possible glacial refugia within the nominative subspe...
Article
(1) Investigation of biodiversity, including genetic diversity within species, is crucial for rational planning of nature conservation and species protection. Endemics or narrow‐ranged taxa, sensitive to alteration of physical and chemical conditions, may serve as local bioindicators. (2) Homoeogammarus scutarensis is an endemic, cold‐adapted amphi...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of two common intertidal amphipod species Gammarus oceanicus and Gammarus setosus was studied along the coast of Svalbard Archipelago. Genetic analysis showed geographical homogeneity of G. oceanicus with only one molecular operational taxonomic unit (MOTU) and much higher diversification of G. setosus (5 MOTUs) in the studied area...
Chapter
The territory of Montenegro includes three freshwater ecoregional units: the Dalmatian, the Southeastern Adriatic, and the Dniester-Lower Danube Ecoregions. The boundaries of the Dalmatian and Southeastern Adriatic Ecoregions in Montenegro are not clear and require revision. Contrary to the accepted FEOW global freshwater ecoregion system, which pl...
Article
Full-text available
The paper provides a new record of the North-American invasive amphipod Gammarus tigrinus from the Bornholm island (Denmark), accompanied by DNA barcodes. We found this species in two locations 9 km apart: 1. Baltic Sea in Svaneke, 2. Østersøen stream, Nexø. Our finding shows further range expansion of this species in the. However, taking into acco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Malacostraca is a highly diversified and speciose class of crustaceans. Out of the estimated 26,000 malacostracan species described so far, about 6,000 inhabit plethora of freshwater habitats worldwide. The Mediterranean Region has been recognized as one of the 25 most important biodiversity and endemism hotspots worldwide and its islands are consi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Microsporidians are obligate endoparasites infecting taxonomically diverse hosts. Both vertical (from mother to eggs) and horizontal (between conspecifics or between species) transmission routes are known. While the former may promote co-speciation and host-specificity, the latter may promote shifts between host species. Among aquatic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present study, using non-biting midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) as flagship taxa of freshwater ecology, we are focusing on the interesting model represented by the poorly investigated area of the Skadar Lake system (Montenegro and Albania), a well-known hotspot of freshwater biodiversity composed by the young lake Skadar (originated 1200 befo...
Poster
Full-text available
In the present study, using non-biting midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) as flagship taxa of freshwater ecology, we are focusing on the interesting model represented by the poorly investigated area of the Skadar Lake system (Montenegro and Albania), a well-known hotspot of freshwater biodiversity composed by the young lake Skadar (originated 1200 befo...
Article
Full-text available
Effective identification of species using short DNA fragments (DNA barcoding and DNA metabarcoding)requires reliable sequence reference libraries of known taxa. Both taxonomically comprehensive coverage and content quality are important for sufficient accuracy. For aquatic ecosystems in Europe, reliable barcode reference libraries are particularly...
Article
Full-text available
Springs are often recognized as biodiversity hotspots on the regional scale but at the same time they are among the most endangered freshwater habitats. Water mites are among the aquatic animal groups with highest share of crenobiotic (= spring-dwelling) species and, therefore, are possibly the best indicators of the ecological status of spring hab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Effective identification of species using short DNA fragments (DNA barcoding and DNA metabarcoding) requires reliable sequence reference libraries of known taxa. Both taxonomically comprehensive coverage and content quality are important for sufficient accuracy. For aquatic ecosystems in Europe, reliable barcode reference libraries are particularly...
Article
Amphipods of the genus Gammarus are a vital component of macrozoobenthic communities in European inland and coastal, marine and brackish waters of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Exceptional levels of cryptic diversity have been revealed for several widespread freshwater Gammarus species in Europe. No comprehensive assessment has yet been made...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Modern molecular studies reveal the presence of very high levels of cryptic diversity and local endemism in many freshwater taxa. The current extinction rate of freshwater species is estimated to be at least 5× higher than that of terrestrial species, mostly due to heavy anthropogenic degradation of freshwater ecosystems. This leads to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Amphipods of the genus Gammarus are a salient component of communities in European inland and coastal, marine, and brackish waters of the North Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. Exceptional levels of cryptic diversity have been revealed for several widespread freshwater species of Gammarus in Europe. No comprehensive asses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: The factual diversity of European freshwater crustaceans is scarcely known. This is particularly surprising taking into account their wide applicability in biomonitoring as well as in eco-toxicological and phylogeographical studies. Crustacea, particularly Malacostraca, play a fundamental role in functioning of freshwater ecosystems, be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study has shown that, in Central and Western Europe, Gammarus roeselii Gervais, 1835 (Gammaridae) is probably a postglacial newcomer from the Panonian Basin and Northern Balkans.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Numerous species of microsporidian parasites are known to infect gammarids, but the specificity of infection and the co-evolution between these hosts and these parasites remain overlooked. The evolutionary history of Gammarus balcanicus Schäferna, 1922 and G. roeselii Gervais, 1835 (Gammaridae) throughout Europe has just recently been solved. We to...
Chapter
This paper summarises the results regarding aquatic invertebrates of a few excursions to the Vjosa in Albania, in the vicinity of the villages Poçem und Kutë. It mainly aims to document the status of one of the last free-flowing rivers in Europe, based on its aquatic communities prior to the realisation of the planned building of hydropower plants....
Article
Full-text available
Koncepcja zegara molekularnego powstała ponad pół wieku temu i od tamtej pory odegrała ważną rolę w badaniach biologicznych, zajmujących się zarówno opisem procesów ewolucyjnych, jak i szacowaniem wieku dywergencji. Zegar molekularny odmierza czas pomiędzy poszczególnymi wydarzeniami ewolucyjnymi, opierając się na założonym modelu ewolucji (czyli t...