Michał B. Paradowski

Michał B. Paradowski
University of Warsaw | UW · Institute of Applied Linguistics

PhD, DLitt (Habil.)

About

42
Publications
29,614
Reads
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174
Citations
Introduction
My interests include second and third language acquisition research, foreign language teaching, bi- and multilingualism, psycholinguistics, embodied cognition, and complexity science. I am currently PI in the 4-year interdisciplinary research project “PEERLANG: How Peer Interaction Mediates Second and Third Language Acquisition” financed by a grant from the National Science Centre, as well as a global study of language teachers’ and learners’ coping with the transition to remote instruction.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Indiana University Bloomington
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Bilinguals often switch languages depending on what they are saying. According to the Emotion-Related Language Choice theory, they find their second language an easier medium of conveying content which evokes strong emotions. The first language carries too much emotional power, which can be threatening for the speaker. In a covert experiment, bilin...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the perceived effectiveness of multilingual upbringing strategies and ways of communication adopted by families where the parents are of two different nationalities. The theoretical introduction presents an overview of the most important issues related to the linguistic development in bi-/multilingual children, debunking commo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Social networks play an important role in the behaviour and attainment of individuals. This study investigates how interactions with peer L2 learners catalyse or inhibit second language acquisition, and constitutes one of the first applications of computational social network analysis (SNA) to investigating the phenomenon in unregulated conversatio...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic required educators and learners to shift to emergency remote instruction, often with little prior notice. To understand how teachers managed the transition, from April to September 2020 we surveyed nearly 1,500 instructors from 118 countries. Using cluster analysis, we have detected two readily distinguishable groups of instru...
Chapter
Full-text available
Social networks play a vital role in individuals’ achievement, including SLA. While the importance of learners’ social network configuration has been recognised by many study abroad (SA) researchers, and some studies have attempted to recreate students’ social networks as graphs, so far few have operationalised the interaction networks in a quantif...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought an unprecedented upheaval to higher education. The requirement to move instruction online within a very short time frame, having to get to grips with new digital tools and develop compatible and effective pedagogical practices, combined with the realization that many students were left struggling, and compounded by...
Data
This video can be watched online: https://www.academia.edu/video/k0ZXM1 Google Translate boosts abstracts’ acceptance rate, but not invitations to deliver a conference presentation. This is our #MIDI2021 story based on nine machine-translated abstracts of locally proven quality. We covertly sent them to a highly selective scientific event to find...
Chapter
Full-text available
Removing language barriers could bring great benefits not only to the scientific community. Therefore, it is necessary to strive to improve both the tools and the procedures in which these tools are used, to ensure a reliable exchange of knowledge. We try to find out whether the existing and widely available technology (Google Translate) contribute...
Preprint
Full-text available
This data-driven study framed in the interactionist approach investigates the influence of social graph topology and peer interaction dynamics among foreign exchange students in Germany taking part in an intensive language course on both self-reported and objectively measured SLA outcomes. Applying the algorithms and metrics of computational social...
Article
This paper focuses on second language acquisition in the context of social interactions naturally taking place among learners, especially in immersion/Study Abroad settings. We showcase the methodology of social network analysis, which has recently shed new light on the relationship between the individual position in the social network and language...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, educational institutions around the world were forced into lockdown in order to contain the spread of the virus. To ensure continuous provision of education, most transitioned to emergency remote instruction. This has been particularly the case in higher education institutions. The circumstances...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has upended lives and thrown the taken for granted into disarray. One of the most affected groups were teachers and students, faced with the necessity of school closures and—where logistically feasible—an urgent shift to emergency remote instruction, often with little prior notice. In this contribution, based o...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic abruptly shuttered most language teaching institutions, forcing the move of instruction online. Basing on responses to a comprehensive multi-site questionnaire, this paper explores the impact of the transition on 1,149 language teachers from 104 countries by investigating factors which influenced their engagement in using tech...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic required educators and learners to shift to emergency remote instruction, often with little prior notice. To understand how teachers managed the transition, from April to September 2020 we surveyed nearly 1,500 instructors from 118 countries. Using cluster analysis, we have detected two readily distinguishable groups of instru...
Preprint
Full-text available
The current COVID-19 pandemic has both exposed and exacerbated existing societal disparities. Ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, geographical location, underlying health condition have—in combination with, but also controlling for other confounds—been responsible for significant differences in both infection risk, rates of ICU admittance, need f...
Chapter
The collection of the preceding contributions to this volume are evidence of the multiple challenges faced by students and teachers-practitioners in South Africa’s linguistically and culturally diverse classrooms. Chief amongst them is the inadequate development of many students’ literacy and academic language proficiency, manifested in dismal read...
Preprint
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has upended lives and thrown the taken for granted into disarray. One of the most affected groups were teachers and students, faced with the necessity of school closures and—where logistically feasible—an urgent shift to emergency remote instruction, often with little prior notice. In this contribution, based o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Misunderstandings in communicating in English as a lingua franca: Causes, prevention, and remediation strategies Resumo. Miskomprenoj dum komunikado en la angla kiel lingvafrankao: kaŭzoj, prevento kaj helpaj strategioj. Komunikaj malsukcesoj merite altiradis la atenton de esploristoj, ja ili konsistigas gravajn faktorojn influantajn la procezojn d...
Article
Full-text available
Cookery books do not merely call for a language expert; they are governed by their own laws not only in the choice of vocabulary and fixed expressions, but also grammar and style. Their translations should accordingly not only be linguistically impeccable and technically accurate, but also read as if written by a professional. This paper offers new...
Article
Full-text available
A few decades of work in the AI field have focused efforts on developing a new generation of systems which can acquire knowledge via interaction with the world. Yet, until very recently, most such attempts were underpinned by research which predominantly regarded linguistic phenomena as separated from the brain and body. This could lead one into be...
Article
Full-text available
Linguistic creativity is a manifestation of communities’ and cultures’ innovativeness. The initial results will be presented of an empirical project analyzing the character and speed of the social spread of winged words and neologisms in a microblogging site, using the tools of social network analysis applied to big-scale data. Investigating the di...
Article
Full-text available
Linguistic creativity is a manifestation of communities’ and cultures’ innovativeness. The initial results will be presented of an empirical project analysing the character and speed of the social spread of winged words and neologisms in a microblogging site, using the tools of social network analysis applied to big-scale data. Investigating the di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social networks have been found to play an increasing role in human behaviour and even the attainment of individuals. We present the results of two projects applying SNA to language phenomena. One involves exploring the social propagation of neologisms in a social software (microblogging service), the other investigating the impact of social networ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A few decades of work in the AI field have focused efforts on developing a new generation of systems which can acquire knowledge via interaction with the world. Yet, until very recently, most such attempts were underpinned by research which predominantly regarded linguistic phenomena as separated from the brain and body. This could lead one into be...
Article
Until very recently, most language research has regarded linguistic phenomena as separated from the brain and body. This could lead one into believing that in order to emulate linguistic behavior, it suffices to develop ‘software’ operating on abstract representations that will work on any computational machine. This picture is inaccurate for sever...
Article
Barring swarm robotics, a substantial share of current machine-human and machine-machine learning and interaction mechanisms are being developed and fed by results of agent-based computer simulations, game-theoretic models, or robotic experiments based on a dyadic communication pattern. Yet, in real life, humans no less frequently communicate in gr...
Article
Full-text available
Barring swarm robotics, a substantial share of current machine-human and machine-machine learning and interaction mechanisms are being developed and fed by results of agent-based computer simulations, game-theoretic models, or robotic experiments based on a dyadic communication pattern. Yet, in real life, humans no less frequently communicate in gr...
Article
Full-text available
A few decades of work in the AI field have focused efforts on developing a new generation of systems which can acquire knowledge via interaction with the world. Yet, until very recently, most such attempts were underpinned by research which predominantly regarded linguistic phenomena as separated from the brain and body. This could lead one into be...
Article
Full-text available
The paper provides an overview of the verbal and non-verbal benefits of multilingualism.
Article
Full-text available
Linguistic creativity is a manifestation of innovativeness. Investigating the diffusion of linguistic innovation requires an interdisciplinary approach, pooling competences from sciences humanistic, social, and strict (in particular mathematics and computational methods). The initial results will be presented of an empirical project analysing the s...
Article
Full-text available
Learning invariably proceeds by relating new facts to the already familiar and present in the conceptual structure. In the context of FL study the familiar is, of course, the student’s mother tongue. Drawing on the learner’s L1 (or another mastered tongue) and showing comparisons and contrasts between the languages mirrors, facilitates and accelera...
Article
Full-text available
English today is one of the most hybrid and rapidly changing languages in the world. New users of the language are not just passively absorbing, but actively shaping it, breeding a variety of regional Englishes, as well as pidgins and English-lexified creoles. Also, as in an increasing number of countries English is becoming an element of core educ...
Article
Full-text available
Underlying the mainstream of current SLA research is the Ansatz that some level of attention to the formal aspects of language is necessary for acquisition to take place. It is self-evident and commonsensical that focusing on specific linguistic aspects helps the learner to acquire and internalise them. Numerous recent studies investigated the comp...
Article
Full-text available
The chapter reports the results of a controlled experiment which suggest that foreign-language grammar instruction that forges explicit connections with the grammar of the students' mother tongue aids learning, at least as far as students' application of discrete-point grammar rules is concerned. (Contains 2 figures and 3 notes.) [This document rep...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most noticeable swings of the pendulum in FLT methodology in the past three decades has been its departure from a focus on grammatical correctness in favor of the expression and comprehension of meaning. The pivotal role of grammar in the FL classroom was downplayed as fluency and communicative proficiency have come to be valued more tha...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses the key criteria of good language tests: practicality, validity, and reliability.
Article
Full-text available
Pragmatic fluency forms crucial part of a language user's competence. Norms of politeness, communicative styles, scripts and preferences differ between languages and cultures in describable ways, FL realizations of pragmatic functions are often unclear to the learner where the relevant contextual factors are not self-evident, or are ignored when th...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The MIDI series of conferences has inspired the development of projects, innovative research initiatives, and the practical implementation of innovations. The event brings together ambitious researchers involved in future-oriented projects, and offers an effective platform for exchanging experiences and best practices. Piotr Toczyski's involvement in MIDI scientific exchange is reflected in several publications since 2018.
Project
A number of recent studies have shown that social contacts (friends, family, etc.) determine our behaviours more than previously realised. Research has revealed that the network of contacts has more impact on whether a person is going to smoke, be overweight, or get in conflict with the law than individual variables such as mother’s education. The role of social networks has also been proven in linguistics. William Labov showed that the language spoken by members of a Harlem street gang had more in common with the slang of a competing mob from another district, than with the language of neighbours from the same block. Labov ascribed this to shared systems of values and norms of behaviour between the two mobs. However, until now there has been no research that would rigorously analyse students’ interactions among one another and with others, and the influence of this communication on progress in second/foreign language acquisition. This is the aim currently realised in the project. The analyses employ the innovative methodology of social network analysis, borrowed from the interdisciplinary battery of tools used in complexity science. This enables investigating the impact of peer interactions on language acquisition and academic success. The project will fill a key gap in second/foreign language acquisition research and lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms and role of social contacts in the learning process, particularly in the Study Abroad context.