Michael Yeung

Michael Yeung
University of Cambridge | Cam · School of Clinical Medicine

BA (Hons) MB BChir (Cantab)

About

16
Publications
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550
Citations

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We systematically reviewed the current literature evaluating the ability of fully-automated deep learning (DL) and semi-automated traditional machine learning (TML) MRI-based artificial intelligence (AI) methods to differentiate clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) from indolent PCa (iPCa) and benign conditions. Methods We per...
Conference Paper
In recent years, there has been a rising interest to incorporate attention into deep learning architectures for biomedical image segmentation. The modular design of attention mechanisms enable flexible integration into convolutional neural network architectures such as the U-Net. Whether attention is appropriate to use, what type of attention to us...
Article
Full-text available
Automatic segmentation methods are an important advancement in medical image analysis. Machine learning techniques, and deep neural networks in particular, are the state-of-the-art for most medical image segmentation tasks. Issues with class imbalance pose a significant challenge in medical datasets, with lesions often occupying a considerably smal...
Article
The difficulty associated with screening and treating colorectal polyps alongside other gastrointestinal pathology presents an opportunity to incorporate computer-aided systems. This paper develops a deep learning pipeline that accurately segments colorectal polyps and various instruments used during endoscopic procedures. To improve transparency,...
Preprint
In recent years, there has been increasing interest to incorporate attention into deep learning architectures for biomedical image segmentation. The modular design of attention mechanisms enables flexible integration into convolutional neural network architectures, such as the U-Net. Whether attention is appropriate to use, what type of attention t...
Preprint
Manual segmentation is used as the gold-standard for evaluating neural networks on automated image segmentation tasks. Due to considerable heterogeneity in shapes, colours and textures, demarcating object boundaries is particularly difficult in biomedical images, resulting in significant inter and intra-rater variability. Approaches, such as soft l...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) is both a widely used metric and loss function for biomedical image segmentation due to its robustness to class imbalance. However, it is well known that the DSC loss is poorly calibrated, resulting in overconfident predictions that cannot be usefully interpreted in biomedical and clinical practice. Performance...
Article
Full-text available
Background Colonoscopy remains the gold-standard screening for colorectal cancer. However, significant miss rates for polyps have been reported, particularly when there are multiple small adenomas. This presents an opportunity to leverage computer-aided systems to support clinicians and reduce the number of polyps missed. Method In this work we in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Colonoscopy remains the gold-standard screening for colorectal cancer. However, significant miss rates for polyps have been reported, particularly when there are multiple small adenomas. This presents an opportunity to leverage computer-aided systems to support clinicians and reduce the number of polyps missed. Method: In this work we i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Automatic segmentation methods are an important advancement in medical image analysis. Machine learning techniques, and deep neural networks in particular, are the state-of-the-art for most medical image segmentation tasks. Issues with class imbalance pose a significant challenge in medical datasets, with lesions often occupying a considerably smal...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: Artificial intelligence has the potential to aid gastroenterologists by reducing polyp miss detection rates during colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer. NEW FINDINGS: We introduce a new deep neural network architecture, the Focus U-Net, which achieves state-of-the-art performance for polyp segmentation across five pub...
Article
Full-text available
Machine learning methods offer great promise for fast and accurate detection and prognostication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from standard-of-care chest radiographs (CXR) and chest computed tomography (CT) images. Many articles have been published in 2020 describing new machine learning-based models for both of these tasks, but it is unc...
Article
Full-text available
Machine learning methods offer great promise for fast and accurate detection and prognostication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from standard-of-care chest radiographs (CXR) and chest computed tomography (CT) images. Many articles have been published in 2020 describing new machine learning-based models for both of these tasks, but it is unc...
Preprint
Automatic segmentation methods are an important advancement in medical imaging analysis. Machine learning techniques, and deep neural networks in particular, are the state-of-the-art for most automated medical image segmentation tasks, ranging from the subcellular to the level of organ systems. Issues with class imbalance pose a significant challen...
Article
Full-text available
Aims and method Currently, no separate service exists for patients with young-onset dementia in Cambridgeshire. These patients are managed together with late-onset dementia patients within old age psychiatry services. To inform service design, we sought to characterise young-onset dementia patients in our population. We first analysed service-level...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Machine learning methods offer great potential for fast and accurate detection and prognostication of COVID-19 from standard-of-care chest radiographs (CXR) and computed tomography (CT) images. In this systematic review we critically evaluate the machine learning methodologies employed in the rapidly growing literature. Methods: In this...

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