Michael K Wilson

Michael K Wilson
Macquarie University Hospital · Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

About

155
Publications
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Publications

Publications (155)
Article
Background The optimal method for balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve (THV) deployment remains unknown. Current implantation protocols are volume-dependent and rely on ad-hoc filling of the deployment apparatus without accounting for annular wall tension during prosthesis expansion, predisposing patients to inconsistent clinical outcomes....
Article
Background and objective: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a serious condition occurring in 2%-4% of patients after acute pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is a potential cure for technically operable disease. The epidemiology and long-term outcomes of CTEPH have not been previously described in Australia a...
Article
Objectives The authors propose a novel pressure-regulated method for balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve (THV) deployment, aimed at optimizing prosthesis-annulus apposition while preventing significant tissue injury. Background The optimal method for balloon-expandable THV deployment remains debated. Current protocols are volume dependent...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Comparative costing studies using real-world data stratified by patient case-mix, are valuable to decision makers for making reimbursement decisions of new interventions. This study evaluated real-world hospital admissions and short-term costs of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and isolated surgical aortic valve replacem...
Article
Background: Although transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become the standard treatment for severe aortic stenosis in high-risk patients in Australia, there is still limited data on long term survival. Methods: All patients undergoing TAVI at a single tertiary institution between September 2009 and December 2015 were included. The...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MiAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) provide aortic valve replacement (AVR) by less invasive methods than conventional surgical AVR, by avoiding complete sternotomy. This study directly compares and analyses the available evidence for early outcomes between these two AVR...
Chapter
Coronary surgery performed on an arrested heart, using one internal mammary artery and a saphenous vein, carries two main potential drawbacks: the known failure rate of vein grafts and the relatively high rate of neurologic injury. To address these concerns, we describe a technique that achieves complete revascularization without manipulating the a...
Article
Background Annular rupture is a catastrophic complication of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, more commonly seen with balloon expandable valves. Size selection and deployment of these valves often presents a serious challenge as prosthesis oversizing increases the risk of rupture, while undersizing results in greater paravalvular regurgitat...
Article
Objectives: There are a number of minimally invasive approaches to revascularization of coronary artery disease that involve the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery; however, studies to date provide mixed results. Methods: A Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed to compare early and late postoperative outcomes between pe...
Article
In recent years, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has become increasingly common in the treatment of in-hospital cardiac arrest in non-cardiac surgery patients. This includes cardiac arrest secondary to perioperative anaphylactic shock refractory to standard advanced life support protocols, which is a rare but catastrophic event associated with...
Article
Full-text available
Coronary surgery performed on an arrested heart, using one internal mammary artery and a saphenous vein carries two main potential drawbacks: the known failure rate of vein grafts and the relatively high rate of neurologic injury. To address these concerns, we describe a technique that achieves complete revascularization without manipulating the as...
Article
Background Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafts have demonstrated superior long-term outcomes compared with single internal mammary artery (SIMA) grafts. Despite this, BIMA remains widely underutilised due to perceived technical challenges and concerns regarding wound healing. We sought to examine the morbidity and mortality associated w...
Article
Background: Patients with a permanent tracheostomy requiring coronary surgery represent a unique challenge, being at increased risk of sternal wound complications, mediastinitis and stoma necrosis. Several techniques have been described including manubrium sparing sternotomy, thoracoscopic internal mammary harvest and hybrid revascularization. Ho...
Article
We present a patient with Takayasu arteritis and severe aortic valve regurgitation and bilateral carotid artery occlusions, who underwent aortic valve replacement and aorto-bicarotid bypass. The management of the cardiovascular manifestations of Takayasu arteritis is reviewed.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the standard of treatment for 3-vessel and left main coronary disease, but is associated with an increased risk of post-operative stroke compared to percutaneous coronary intervention. It has been suggested that CABG techniques that eliminate cardiopulmonary bypass and reduce aortic manipul...
Data
Online Appendix to Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting With and Without Manipulation of the Ascending Aorta: A Network Meta-Analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 69:924–936.
Article
Herein we detail the cases of three patients transferred on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) from a tertiary referral hospital to an ECMO centre. We highlight the benefits of such a transfer and offer this as a model of care for unwell patients likely to require a prolonged period of ECMO support. © 2017, Australian Socie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Increasingly elderly and high-risk patients are requiring surgical revascularisation for coronary artery disease. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the standard of treatment for three-vessel and left main disease but is associated with an increased risk of stroke compared to percutaneous coronary intervention. Aortic no-tou...
Article
Background: Non-syndromal thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (ns-TAAD) is a genetic aortopathy, with uncertain incidence. This study documented the incidence of ns-TAAD and outcomes of family screening over 15years. Methods: Consecutive series of 2385 patients with aortic disease in prospective registry (2000 to 2014), including 675 undergo...
Article
OBJECTIVES Tremor may be expected to interfere with the performance of fine motor tasks such as surgery. While tremor is readily quantified in inactive subjects, it is more challenging to measure tremor as the subjects perform complex tasks. The objective of this work was to quantify tremor during the performance of a realistic simulated surgery....
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aortic root replacement procedure (ARR), is often considered the gold standard in the management of aortic root and ascending aorta aneurysms. Our aim was to review the Australian experience with this procedure to ascertain early and late outcomes of mortality and morbidity. Methods: We reviewed the Australian and New Zealand Soc...
Article
Full-text available
Background Valve sparing aortic root reconstruction (VSARR) has become an alternative to traditional aortic root replacement with a valved conduit. There have been various modifications but the two broad types are aortic root reimplantation and the aortic root remodelling procedure. We present the early and late outcomes following valve sparing aor...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The euroSCORE II is a widely used pre-coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CAGS) risk score, but its predictive power lacks the specificity to predict outcomes in high-risk patients (<LVEF 40%) due to changes in cardiac surgery case mix, revascularisation techniques and related outcomes in recent years. We investigated the utility of...
Article
Background: Genetic aortopathy (GA) underlies thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) in younger adults. Comparative survival and predictors of outcomes in nonsyndromic TAA (NS-TAA) are incompletely defined compared to Marfan syndrome (MFS) and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). Objectives: The study sought to compare survival and clinical outcomes for indivi...
Article
Full-text available
The choice of a bioprosthetic valve (BV) or mechanical valve (MV) in middle-aged adults undergoing aortic valve replacement is a complex decision that must account for numerous prosthesis and patient factors. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to compare long-term survival, major adverse prosthesis-related events, anticoagulant-rel...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Valve sparing aortic root reconstruction (VSARR) has become an alternative to traditional aortic root replacement with a valved conduit. There have been various modifications but the two broad types are aortic root reimplantation and the aortic root remodelling procedure. We present the early and late outcomes following valve sparing a...
Article
Background: Tremor is a major impediment to performing fine motor tasks, as in microsurgery. However, conventional measurements do not involve tasks representative of microsurgery. Method: We developed a low-cost surgical simulator incorporating a force transducer capable of detecting and quantifying the effects of tremor upon high-fidelity sili...
Article
Full-text available
The elderly population (age >70 years) incurs greater mortality and morbidity following CABG. OPCAB may mitigate these otucomes. A retrospective analysis of the results of OPCAB in this population was performed. We reviewed the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons' (ANZSCTS) database for elderly patients (n=12697) und...
Article
The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ) and the Australia and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) have joined together to provide recommendations for institutions and individual operators to assess their ability to initiate and maintain a transcatheter valve program. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement...
Article
Full-text available
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has been established as the preferred intervention for coronary revascularisation in the high-risk population. OPCAB may further reduce mortality and morbidity in this population subgroup. This study presents the largest series of high-risk (AusSCORE > 5) OPCAB patients in Australia and New Zealand. We re...
Article
Background The Medtronic Freestyle bioprosthesis (FSB) provides an alternative to other prostheses for both aortic valve and aortic root surgery. This paper is a systematic review of the post-operative outcomes in patients with aortic valve and/or aortic root disease following FSB implantation. Methods Electronic databases were searched; for prima...
Conference Paper
The Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis (FSB) has been demonstrated to be a durable prosthesis in the aortic position. We present data following Freestyle implantation for up to 10 years post-operatively and compare this with previously published results. A retrospective cohort analysis of 237 patients following FSB implantation occurred at five Aust...
Article
Background Composite valve-graft (CVG) replacement of the aortic root is a well-studied and recognised treatment for various aortic root conditions, including valvular disease with associated aortopathy. There have been few previous studies of the procedure in large numbers in an Australian setting. Method From January 2006 to June 2013, 246 succe...
Article
Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been developed to treat symptomatic aortic stenosis in patients deemed too high-risk for open-heart surgery. To address this complex population, an interdisciplinary heart team approach was proposed.AimPresent the short and mid-term outcomes of the first 100 patients in the Royal Prince...
Article
Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can cause profound haemodynamic perturbation in the peri-operative period. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used to provide cardiorespiratory support during this time, either prophylactically or emergently. Method: 100 TAVI procedures were performed between...
Article
Cardiac surgery is increasingly performed in elderly patients, and whilst the incidence of common risk factors associated with poorer outcome increases with age, recent studies suggest that outcomes in this population may be better than is widely appreciated. As such, in this review we have examined the current evidence for common cardiac surgical...
Conference Paper
Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can cause profound haemodynamic perturbation in the peri-operative period. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be used to provide cardiorespiratory support during this time, either prophylactically or emergently. Method 100 TAVI procedures were performed between 200...