Michael H. L. S. Wang

Michael H. L. S. Wang
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) | Fermilab · Tools and Advanced Computing Group, Scientific Computing Division

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450
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Publications

Publications (450)
Preprint
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In this white paper, we outline some of the scientific opportunities and challenges related to detection and reconstruction of low-energy (less than 100 MeV) signatures in liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. Key takeaways are summarized as follows. 1) LArTPCs have unique sensitivity to a range of physics and astrophysics signat...
Article
We investigate the feasibility of using deep learning techniques, in the form of a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN), for the extraction of signals from the raw waveforms produced by the individual channels of liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. A minimal generic LArTPC detector model is developed to generat...
Article
The liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) detector technology has an excellent capability to measure properties of low-energy neutrinos produced by the sun and supernovae and to look for exotic physics at very low energies. In order to achieve those physics goals, it is crucial to identify and reconstruct signals in the waveforms recorded o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Wide-field astronomical surveys are often affected by the presence of undesirable reflections (often known as "ghosting artifacts" or "ghosts") and scattered-light artifacts. The identification and mitigation of these artifacts is important for rigorous astronomical analyses of faint and low-surface-brightness systems. However, the identification o...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate the feasibility of using deep learning techniques, in the form of a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN), for the extraction of signals from the raw waveforms produced by the individual channels of liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. A minimal generic LArTPC detector model is developed to generat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Astronomical images are often plagued by unwanted artifacts that arise from a number of sources including imperfect optics, faulty image sensors, cosmic ray hits, and even airplanes and artificial satellites. Spurious reflections (known as "ghosts") and the scattering of light off the surfaces of a camera and/or telescope are particularly difficult...
Article
Full-text available
We present a study of the X±(5568) using semileptonic decays of the Bs0 meson using the full run II integrated luminosity of 10.4 fb−1 in proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We report evidence for a narrow structure, X±(5568), in the decay sequence X±(...
Article
Full-text available
The CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron have measured the asymmetry between yields of forward- and backward-produced top and antitop quarks based on their rapidity difference and the asymmetry between their decay leptons. These measurements use the full data sets collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of s=...
Article
The CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron have measured the asymmetry between yields of forward- and backward-produced top and antitop quarks based on their rapidity difference and the asymmetry between their decay leptons. These measurements use the full data sets collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of √s...
Article
We present a combination of measurements of the top quark mass by the D0 experiment in the lepton+jets and dilepton channels. We use all the data collected in Run I (1992–1996) at s=1.8 TeV and Run II (2001–2011) at s=1.96 TeV of the Tevatron pp¯ collider, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 0.1 fb−1 and 9.7 fb−1, respectively. The combined...
Article
We present the first measurement of the CP violating charge asymmetry in B-+/- -> mu(+/-)nu D-mu(0) decays using the full Run II integrated luminosity of 10.4 fb(-1) in proton-antiproton collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We measure a difference in the yield of B- and B+ mesons in these decays by fitting th...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of top quark polarization in tt¯ pair production in pp¯ collisions at s=1.96 TeV using data corresponding to 9.7 fb−1 of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider final states containing a lepton and at least three jets. The polarization is measured through the distri...
Article
Full-text available
The inclusive cross section of top quark-antiquark pairs produced in pp collisions at s=1.96 TeV is measured in the lepton+jets and dilepton decay channels. The data sample corresponds to 9.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Employing multivariate analysis techniques we mea...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of the top quark mass in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The data were collected by the D0 experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb-1. The matrix element technique is applied to tt events in the final state containing leptons (electrons or muons)...
Article
We report evidence for a narrow structure, X(5568), in the decay sequence X(5568)→Bs0π±, Bs0→J/ψφ, J/ψ→μ+μ-, φ→K+K-. This is evidence for the first instance of a hadronic state with valence quarks of four different flavors. The mass and natural width of this state are measured to be m=5567.8±2.9(stat)-1.9+0.9(syst) MeV/c2 and Γ=21.9±6.4(stat)-2.5+5...
Article
Full-text available
The lifetime of the B-s(0) meson is measured in the decay channel B-s(0) -> J/Psi pi(+)pi(-) with 880 <= M pi+pi- <= 1080 MeV/c(2), which is mainly a CP-odd state and dominated by the f(0)(980) resonance. In 10.4 fb(-1) of data collected with the D0 detector in Run II of the Tevatron, the lifetime of the B-s(0) meson is measured to be tau(B-s(0)) =...
Article
Full-text available
We measure the forward-backward asymmetries AFB of charged Ξ and Ω baryons produced in pp collisions recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at s=1.96 TeV as a function of the baryon rapidity y. We find that the asymmetries AFB for charged Ξ and Ω baryons are consistent with zero within statistical uncertainties.
Article
We explore the Micron Automata Processor (AP) as a suitable commodity technology that can address the growing computational needs of pattern recognition in High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments. A toy detector model is developed for which an electron track confirmation trigger based on the Micron AP serves as a test case. Although primarily meant f...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of the correlation between the spins of t and t¯ quarks produced in proton-antiproton collisions at the Tevatron Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. We apply a matrix element technique to dilepton and single-lepton+jets final states in data accumulated with the D0 detector that correspond to an integrated lumin...
Article
Full-text available
We use a sample of diphoton+dijet events to measure the effective cross section of double parton interactions, which characterizes the area containing the interacting partons in proton-antiproton collisions, and find it to be σeff=19.3±1.4(stat)±7.8(syst) mb. The sample was collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider in pp collis...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the Micron Automata Processor (AP) as a suitable commodity technology that can address the growing computational needs of track pattern recognition in High Energy Physics experiments. A toy detector model is developed for which a track trigger based on the Micron AP is used to demonstrate a proof-of-principle. Although primarily meant fo...
Article
Full-text available
We report evidence for the simultaneous production of J/ψ and ϒ mesons in 8.1 fb^{-1} of data collected at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab pp[over ¯] Tevatron Collider. Events with these characteristics are expected to be produced predominantly by gluon-gluon interactions. In this analysis, we extract the effective cross secti...
Article
We study Λ and Λ¯ production asymmetries in pp¯→Λ(Λ¯)X, pp¯→J/ψΛ(Λ¯)X, and pp¯→μ±Λ(Λ¯)X events recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider at s=1.96 TeV. We find an excess of Λ's (Λ¯'s) produced in the proton (antiproton) direction. This forward-backward asymmetry is measured as a function of rapidity. We confirm that the Λ¯/Λ pro...
Working Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the search for a high-mass narrow-width scalar particle decaying into a Z boson and a photon. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collision data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at center-of-mass energies of 8 and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 19.7 and 2.7 inverse femtobarns, respectivel...
Working Paper
Full-text available
The nuclear modification factor ${R_{\mathrm{AA}}} $ and the azimuthal anisotropy coefficient ${v_{2}} $ of prompt and nonprompt (i.e. those from decays of b hadrons) $\mathrm{J}/\psi$ mesons, measured from PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} = $ 2.76 TeV at the LHC, are reported. The results are presented in several event centrality...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Results are reported from a search for R-parity violating supersymmetry in proton-proton collision events collected by the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 17.6 inverse femtobarns. This search assumes a minimal flavor violating model in which the lightest sup...
Working Paper
Full-text available
A search is presented for narrow resonances decaying to dijet final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.9 inverse femtobarns. The dijet mass spectrum is well described by a smooth parameterization and no significant evidence for the production of new particles is obser...
Article
We present a study of the inclusive production of the X(4140) state with the decay to the J/ψφ final state in hadronic collisions. Based on 10.4 fb-1 of pp¯ collision data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, we report the first evidence for the prompt production of an X(4140) state and find the fraction of X(4140) even...
Article
We present a measurement of the fundamental parameter of the standard model, the weak mixing angle sin^{2}θ_{eff}^{ℓ} which determines the relative strength of weak and electromagnetic interactions, in pp[over ¯]→Z/γ^{*}→e^{+}e^{-} events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using data corresponding to 9.7 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity collec...
Article
Full-text available
We present the final combination of CDF and D0 measurements of cross sections for single-top-quark production in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated luminosities of up to 9.7 fb[superscript −1] per experiment. The t-channel cross section is measured to be σ[subscript t] = 2.25...
Article
Full-text available
Combined constraints from the CDF and D0 Collaborations on models of the Higgs boson with exotic spin J and parity P are presented and compared with results obtained assuming the standard model value J[superscript P] = 0[superscript +]. Both collaborations analyzed approximately 10 fb[superscript −1] of proton-antiproton collisions with a center-of...
Article
We present an updated measurement of the B_{s}^{0} lifetime using the semileptonic decays B_{s}^{0}→D_{s}^{-}μ^{+}νX, with D_{s}^{-}→ϕπ^{-} and ϕ→K^{+}K^{-} (and the charge conjugate process). This measurement uses the full Tevatron Run II sample of proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV, comprising an integrated luminosity of 10.4 fb^{-1...
Article
We present a measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in the production of B^{±} mesons, A_{FB}(B^{±}), using B^{±}→J/ψK^{±} decays in 10.4 fb^{-1} of pp[over ¯] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV collected by the D0 experiment during Run II of the Tevatron collider. A nonzero asymmetry would indicate a preference for a particular flavor, i.e., b...
Article
The calibration of jet energy measured in the DO detector is presented, based on p (p) over bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, jet energies are measured using a sampling calorimeter composed of uranium and liquid argon as the passive and active media, respectively. This paper describes the energ...
Article
The ability to identify jets which originated from b quarks is an important tool of the physics program of the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. This paper describes a new algorithm designed to select jets originating from b quarks while suppressing the contamination caused by jets from other quark flavors and gluons....
Article
The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the concrete example of the...
Article
We present constraints on models containing non-standard-model values for the spin J and parity P of the Higgs boson H in up to 9.7 fb^{-1} of pp[over ¯] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. These are the first studies of Higgs boson J^{P} with fermions in the final state. In the ZH→ℓℓbb[o...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first measurements of the differential cross section d sigma/dp(T)(gamma) for the production of an isolated photon in association with at least two b-quark jets. The measurements consider photons with rapidities vertical bar y(gamma)vertical bar < 1.0 and transverse momenta 30 < p(T)(gamma) < 200 GeV. The b-quark jets are required to...
Article
Full-text available
We present an updated measurement of the $B_s^0$ lifetime from the D0 collaboration using the semileptonic decays $B_s^0\rightarrow D_s^-\mu^+\nu X$, with $D_s^- \to \phi \pi^-$ and $\phi \to K^+K^-$ (and the charge conjugate process). This measurement uses the full Tevatron Run II sample of proton-antiproton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$~TeV, co...
Article
We measure the mass of the top quark in lepton+jets final states using the full sample of pp[over ¯] collision data collected by the D0 experiment in Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV, corresponding to 9.7 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity. We use a matrix element technique that calculates the probabilities for each event...
Article
The electron and photon reconstruction and identification algorithms used by the DO Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider are described. The determination of the electron energy scale and resolution is presented. Studies of the performance of the electron and photon reconstruction and identification are summarized. The results are based o...
Article
Full-text available
We report the first observation of single-top-quark production in the s channel through the combination of the CDF and D0 measurements of the cross section in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated luminosities of up to 9.7 fb^{-1} per experiment. The measured cross section is σ_...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first measurements of the differential cross section $d\sigma/dp_{T}^{\gamma}$ for the production of an isolated photon in association with at least two $b$-quark jets. The measurements consider photons with rapidities $|y^\gamma| < 1.0$ and transverse momenta $30 < p_{T}^{\gamma} < 200$~\GeV. The $b$-quark jets are required to have...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of the W boson production charge asymmetry in pp¯→W+X→eν+X events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using 9.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The neutrino longitudinal momentum is determined by using a neutrino weighting method, and the asymmetry is measu...
Article
We present a measurement of the direct CP-violating charge asymmetry in Ds+→ϕπ± decays where the ϕ meson decays to K+K-, using the full Run II data set with an integrated luminosity of 10.4 fb-1 of proton-antiproton collisions collected using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The normalized difference ACP in the yield of Ds+ and Ds...
Article
We present the first measurements of the ratios of cross sections σ(pp¯→Z+c jet)/σ(pp¯→Z+jet) and σ(pp¯→Z+c jet)/σ(pp¯→Z+b jet) for the associated production of a Z boson with at least one charm or bottom quark jet. Jets have transverse momentum pTjet >20 GeV and pseudorapidity | ηjet |<2.5. These cross section ratios are measured differentially as...
Article
We study the process of associated photon and jet production, pp̄→γ+jet+X, using 8.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at a center-of-mass energy √s=1.96 TeV. Photons are reconstructed with rapidity |yγ|<1.0 or 1.5<|yγ|<2.5 and transverse momentum pTγ>20 GeV. The highest-pT jet is required...
Article
We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson in 9.7 fb−1 of pp¯ collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at s=1.96 TeV. Selected events contain one reconstructed Z→e+e− or Z→μ+μ− candidate and at least two jets, including at least one jet likely to contain a b quark...
Article
Full-text available
We summarize and combine direct measurements of the mass of the $W$ boson in $\sqrt{s} = 1.96 \text{TeV}$ proton-antiproton collision data collected by CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Earlier measurements from CDF and D0 are combined with the two latest, more precise measurements: a CDF measurement in the electron and muon...
Article
We present a measurement of the direct CP-violating charge asymmetry in B^{±} mesons decaying to J/ψK^{±} and J/ψπ^{±} where J/ψ decays to μ^{+}μ^{-}, using the full run II data set of 10.4 fb^{-1} of proton-antiproton collisions collected using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A difference in the yield of B^{-} and B^{+} mesons i...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first combined measurement of the rapidity and transverse momentum dependence of dijet azimuthal decorrelations, using the recently proposed quantity R-Delta phi. The variable R-Delta phi measures the fraction of the inclusive dijet events in which the azimuthal separation of the two jets with the highest transverse momenta is less t...
Article
Full-text available
We combine searches by the CDF and D0 Collaborations for the standard model Higgs boson with mass in the range 90-200 GeV/c2 produced in the gluon-gluon fusion, WH, ZH, tt̄H, and vector boson fusion processes, and decaying in the H→bb̄, H→WW, H→ZZ, H→ττ, and H→γγ modes. The data correspond to integrated luminosities of up to 10 fb1 and were collect...
Article
Full-text available
We present measurements of the differential cross section dσ/dpTγ for the associated production of a c-quark jet and an isolated photon with rapidity |yγ|<1.0 and transverse momentum 30<pTγ<300 GeV. The c-quark jets are required to have |yjet|<1.5 and pTjet>15 GeV. The ratio of differential cross sections for γ+c to γ+b production as a function of...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of the time-integrated flavor-specific semileptonic charge asymmetry in the decays of B_{s}^{0} mesons that have undergone flavor mixing, a_{sl}^{s}, using B_{s}^{0}(B[over ¯]_{s}^{0})→D_{s}^{∓}μ^{±}X decays, with D_{s}^{∓}→ϕπ^{∓} and ϕ→K^{+}K^{-}, using 10.4 fb^{-1} of proton-antiproton collisions collected by the D0 detec...
Article
Full-text available
We present a measurement of the average value of a new observable at hadron colliders that is sensitive to QCD dynamics and to the strong coupling constant, while being only weakly sensitive to parton distribution functions. The observable measures the angular correlations of jets and is defined as the number of neighboring jets above a given trans...
Article
We present a search for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson in 9.7 fb(-1) of pp collisions collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at √s = 1.96 TeV. Selected events contain one reconstructed Z→e(+)e(-) or Z→μ(+)μ(-) candidate and at least two jets, including at least one jet identified...
Article
Full-text available
We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson using events with two oppositely charged leptons and large missing transverse energy as expected in H→WW decays. The events are selected from data corresponding to 8.6 fb-1 of integrated luminosity in pp̅ collisions at √s=1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider...
Article
Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.3 fb-1, we observe a narrow mass state decaying into Υ(1S)+γ, where the Υ(1S) meson is detected by its decay into a pair of oppositely charged muons, and the photon is identified through its conversion into an electron-positron pair. The significance of this observation is 5.6 standard devia...
Article
This report describes a search for associated production of W and Higgs bosons based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of L≈5.3 fb-1 collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp̅ Collider. Events containing a W→ℓν candidate (with ℓ corresponding to e or μ) are selected in association with two or three reconstructed jet...
Article
We combine searches by the CDF and D0 Collaborations for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a W or Z boson and subsequent decay of the Higgs boson to a bottom-antibottom quark pair. The data, originating from Fermilab Tevatron pp collisions at √s = 1.96 TeV, correspond to integrated luminosities of up to 9.7 fb(-1). The searches are co...