Michael Taylor

Michael Taylor
University of Birmingham · School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences

BSc, PhD

About

70
Publications
3,014
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1,622
Citations

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
This paper explores and unpacks the nature of the processes shaping regional economic growth in Turkey using an econometric modelling strategy. Existing empirical research in this field has focussed on regions in economically advanced and technologically innovative economies. As a consequence, the broader picture of the dynamics of regional develop...
Article
Planning and developing relevant policies for regions, localities and places have been one of the fundamental issues for politicians, policy makers, academics, researchers and practitioners in the field of local and regional economic development. This task is getting increasingly problematic in the face of rapid global economic change that has now...
Article
Over recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the nature of the relationships between firms, and the ways in which these might contribute to processes of local and regional economic development. A significant body of literature suggests that local growth is often derived from social ties that bind firms together through trust, reciprocity...
Article
This paper offers a different perspective to Jamie Peck's on economic geography’s ‘island life’. It sees economic geography hiding from the storm created by economics’ foray into geography (so-called new economic geography), on an island of self-referential reasoning behind defences of multi-layered social theorising. It is critical of both economi...
Article
Contemporary understanding of the evolution of the geography of uneven development is dominated by research derived from either the 'new' geographical economics or the new regionalism, typically in the context of either the European Union or North America. By way of contrast, we consider local economic performance in the Australian context. Buildin...
Article
Over recent years there has been a renewed interest in the role of corporate headquarters in urban systems. While much of this focus has been oriented towards global or regional city networks, it is argued here that the locational dynamics of corporate headquarters remain important within national systems. This paper considers the changing spatial...
Article
The paper examines the geography of corporate headquarters in the Australian urban system, giving consideration to their location, control of capital and performance. The paper argues that, while considerable recent attention has been given to global cities in the networks of corporate power, the spatial organisation of company headquarters remains...
Article
This paper argues that the cluster model of local economic growth is model that became a message that is now a mantra. It is an approach that has extended its explanatory reach through the accretion of layers of contingency. The paper suggests seven major limitations that undermine the explanatory power of what is now a mesmeric policy prescription...
Article
Manufacturing firms located in high-cost production locations have developed a series of complex inimitability strategies in response to intensive competition from low-cost producers. This paper draws upon the resource-based view of the firm to explore inimitability, as a strategy firms deploy in response to imitation. The analysis is based upon in...
Article
It is argued in the paper that Regional science needs to rethink its theoretical frameworks and research agendas. Globalization and impending recession show starkly how too little attention has been paid to issues of finance and the supply of funds within economies. Too frequently business relationships have been seen as embedded in benign networks...
Article
This article is a preliminary attempt to consider the spatial consequences of business organisation segmentation in the Australian economy. The first section outlines a framework that can be employed in an analysis of business organisation segmentation. The second section applies this framework in the context of the Australian economy. This section...
Article
The paper explores the extent of regional variations in farm financial performance in the broadacre livestock sector in Australia between 1984-85 and 1990-91. Widespread regional shifts are demonstrated. From a series of multivariate analyses, it is suggested that financial performance has been maintained by shifting the burden of production into m...
Article
The past thirty years have seen major shifts and improvements in manufacturing productivity, bringing greater output but fewer jobs. As a result, manufacturing is now less visible in “post-industrial” societies. Nevertheless, manufacturing still matters in developed market economies but our understanding of manufacturing has failed to evolve with d...
Article
As the knowledge economy develops and intensifies, increasing pressure is being placed on universities to help in local economic capacity building to meet the challenges of globalization. This article explores this expanded university role from the perspective of the provision of policy analysis and advice they can provide. It proposes the use of m...
Article
In the economically developed world, over 75 percent of all jobs involve some form of service work. Over the last 30 years, there has been a dramatic growth in business and professional services (BPS) or those firms that provide “creative” intermediate inputs into the activities of client companies. BPS firms have a double impact on regional econom...
Article
"An Enterprising Approach to Regional Growth: Implications for Policy and the Role of Vocational Education and Training" explores patterns of regional economic growth in Australia over the period 1984 to 2002 with the aim of identifying the drivers of variation in regional growth; the research also aimed to identify regional opportunities and the p...
Chapter
economic growth in terms of the embeddedness 1 of business enterprises in small-firm social networks. These networks are conjectured to mobilise knowledge, stimulate innovation and create competitive advantage through enhanced productivity. Variants of the approach are labelled as ‘regional innovation systems’, ‘innovative milieu’, ‘learning region...
Article
The aim of this paper is to engage with the translation and linking of the “scientific knowledge” of theory on local economic growth with the “practical knowledge” of, on the one hand, local economic policy formulation and, on the other hand, entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education. The paper uses theoretically informed empirical modelling...
Article
This paper explores a range of issues surrounding the adoption of ICT and e-business technologies and techniques by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The paper reviews the nature and extent of the take-up of these technologies by small firms, and the digital divides that have emerged. Models of e-business adoption by SMEs are examined, the...
Article
This paper explores some of the principal issues surrounding the adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) and e-business technologies and techniques by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The paper reviews the nature and extent of the take-up of these technologies by small firms, models of e-business adoption by SMEs, barri...
Article
A question that currently confronts economic policy practitioners is how to promote local economic growth in regions, cities and places, in a neo-liberal political climate under conditions of intensifying global competition. This paper argues that we need to understand the workings of our local economies – the processes that shape, mould and drive...
Article
In a globalising world, a key question is: how can communities, cities, and regions continue to cope and prosper given the constraints within which they must work? The authors propose an approach to the geographical analysis of regional economic issues based on theoretically informed empirical modelling. The authors operationalise the approach by d...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to get behind the rhetoric of 'cluster' ideology to look empirically at the processes shaping local economic growth. The 'drivers' of local economic growth in Australia are explored empirically using theoretically informed empirical modelling. Reviewing the debate and ambiguity that surrounds their workings and operation be...
Article
This paper explores the extent to which firms are locally embedded in the developing country context of Fiji. Current thinking on local growth in the face of globalisation emphasises the significance of networked, trust-based relationships in either clusters or commodity chains as part of a broadly based institutionalist model of economic change. T...
Article
This paper argues that the poor conceptualization of the “firm” in economic geography detracts from the analytical strengths and policy relevance of the discipline. Identified as a phenotype, the firm remains ambiguous as an analytical category. This paper reviews nine overlapping conceptualizations of the firm in order to identify their relevance...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the case for conceptualising firms as 'connected temporary coalitions' that are able to respond to the challenges of and adapt to, changing environments: in particular, to build, exploit and determine the value of Intellectual Capital (human, structural and relational) enabling different trajectories of renewal and growth in the...
Article
The courier services industry has developed rapidly in the last three decades. Formed in national niche markets, private sector corporations have grown to challenge one another and now to challenge deregulated state mail monopolies. In this paper we propose a ‘circuits of power’ framework to theorise the diversity, complexity and speed of this chan...
Article
The small firm is frequently cast as a key player in processes of local economic growth. In the literature supporting this view, the nature of the small firm remains largely opaque with little attention being given to real people running real firms. The small firm is treated as atomistic and the ‘business enterprise’ as an object is assumed to coin...
Article
The relationship between the processes of industrial change and environmental change is examined. The focus of the analysis is the business enterprise which is used to 'reembody' environment - economy interdependencies and the concept of industrial metabolism. From this, a topography of enterprise and environment interrelationships is examined in t...
Article
The progressive deregulation of the Australian financial system, promulgated by the Campbell Committee of Inquiry (1981), has created major pressures for structural readjustment in the Australian banking industry. Recent moves by the ANZ to take over Grindlays, the British‐based international bank, is the first significant attempt at comprehensive...
Article
This book attempts to advance locational explanation in industrial geography by more fully exploring relationships between organisations and the environments within which they operate. There are two parts: the first developing a theoretical framework and the second testing this framework with data for firms in the electronics industry in the UK. To...
Article
In this paper, the changing distribution is reviewed of Australian trading bank activities within the business organisations framework currently being developed in geography. Forces of environment and technology are envisaged as acting upon and reacting to the structure and operation of individual banking organisations, with these sets of forces th...
Article
The essence of this approach involves the recognition of two sets of enterprises, large business organisations and small firms which can be further segmented. Although only parts of this framework are represented in Fiji, their place within the larger corporate organisation and their interrelations with external institutions are of pivotal importan...
Article
Dualism and economic segmentation in the international airline system of Oceania. — The paper suggests that patterns of interaction between international air carriers, regional air carriers and governments can usefully be interpreted within the framework and concepts provided by theories of economic dualism and segmentation. The propositions advanc...
Article
This paper, the first of two, reinterprets linkage studies as part of a geography of business organisations based on the power relationships between different segments of an industrial economy. Linkage studies are reviewed and found to lack any depth of explanation. An alternative approach based upon a combination of the concepts of segmentation an...
Article
This paper, the second of two, is a preliminary attempt to translate a theoretical framework based on the concepts of segmentation and networks of power, as outlined in the first paper, to the establishment level. The data used in the empirical analysis, which are drawn from the West Midlands ironfoundry industry, enable surveyed ironfoundries to b...
Article
Investigates the geographical pattern of overseas representation of Australia's six major domestically-owned banks. The form and extent of overseas representation and the impact of regulation on that pattern are considered.-C.J.Barrow
Article
Reinterprets linkage studies of business organisations, based on the power relationships between different segments of an industrial economy. Linkage studies are reviewed and found to lack any depth of explanation. An alternative approach based upon the concepts of segmentation and networks of power is then presented.-Authors
Article
This paper illustrates how spurious results can be generated through the misapplication of analytical techniques in industrial geographic studies of managerial attitudes and images. Two techniques, correlation in conjunction with factor analysis and simple attitude scaling, are used to structure attitude data from samples of plastics and electronic...
Article
This paper explores the changing spatial concentration of the headquarters of large companies in Australia by means of indices extracted from lists of the top one hundred public companies in 1953, 1963, 1973, and 1978. Evidence of variations in company performance between Melbourne and Sydney is presented.
Article
This paper considers the spatial and sectoral implications of the changing pattern of concentration among the 100 largest firms in Australia over the 25-year period from 1953 to 1978. The extent of foreign ownership and control within the Australian economy is explored. Four indices are used to measure these variations--number of firms, size of fir...
Article
Attempts to measure the strength of the material links between Auckland manufacturers and consumers of their products in other parts of New Zealand, to assess the impact of spatial competition within the New Zealand space economy. Also deals with the extent to which it affects different types of industry and different types of organization. Uses tw...
Article
A plea for the development of a coherent theoretical approach to the geography of enterprise. Empirical results from industrial geographers are useful for policy makers, but are as yet unmatched by appropriate theoretical progress. -J.Clayton
Article
The paper attempts to explore the dynamics of manufacturing firms' spatial linkage patterns using data collected from ironfoundry firms in the West Midlands conurbation in the United Kingdom in 1968 and 1976. Ordination analysis is used to establish the main dimensions of the linkage system, and the shift of individual firms on these axes between 1...
Article
The paper seeks to test the proposition that manufacturers perceive the space within which they operate in behavioural, noneuclidean terms, in terms of 'hierarchic' distance, the distance between economic regions within a defined functional hierarchy, rather than in rational, euclidean, cost-distance terms. A hierarchic-distance metric is developed...
Article
The paper demonstrates the problems encountered in the measurement of corporate space preferences which are not present in the residential space preference context—most notably the assignment of people to levels in a decisionmaking hierarchy, and the weighting that is necessary to reflect the contribution that each level makes to any final decision...
Article
The role of perception in industrial location studies is discussed and a model proposed by which location and organization are identified as the major potential sources of variation in management perception of the space economy. The attitudes of 528 managers from six New Zealand centers towards 16 individual items were measured. The attitude profil...
Article
Taylor M. J. (1975) Organizational growth, spatial interaction and location decision-making. Reg. Studies. 9, 313--323. Industrial linkages, long distinguished as important locational determinants, are suggested as defining the spatial context within which a firm operates and the area within which location decisions are made. Using data for the iro...
Article
Taylor M. J. (1973) Local linkage, external economies and the ironfoundry industry of the West Midlands and East Lancashire Conurbations, Reg. Studies 7, 387--400. The paper attempts to measure the impact of local external economies on the material linkages of ironfoundries in the West Midlands and East Lancashire conurbations. To facilitate measur...
Article
Sample establishments in the metal industries of the West Midlands conurbation are classified according to the number and function of their material linkages with other establishments. Three industries are examined and compared: ironfoundry, dropforgings and lock and latch production. Multivariate ordination techniques are employed to assess the co...

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