Michael Studnicka

Michael Studnicka
Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg · University Clinic of Pneumology

Doctor of Medicine

About

223
Publications
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7,138
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Publications

Publications (223)
Article
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Introduction: The standard of care (SoC) for unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is durvalumab maintenance therapy after concurrent chemoradiation in patients with PD-L1 > 1%. However, the concurrent approach is only amenable for about one-third of patients due to co-morbidities. Although sequential regimens are usually not r...
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Background: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) presenting with mesenchymal–epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping mutation have an unfavorable prognosis with standard treatments. Capmatinib is a selective MET inhibitor, which showed promising efficacy in this patient population in early trials. Methods: We performed a retrospect...
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Background: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) frequently have multiple comorbidities, which may influence survival but go under-recognised in clinical practice. We therefore report comorbidity, antifibrotic treatment use and survival of patients with IPF observed in the multi-national EMPIRE registry. Methods: For this prospectiv...
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In patients with COPD, it has not been comprehensively assessed whether the predictive value of comorbidities for mortality differs between men and women. We therefore aimed to examine sex differences of COPD comorbidities in regard with prognosis by classifying comorbidities into a comorbidome related to extrapulmonary disorders and a pulmorbidome...
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Introduction: Curatively intended chemo-radio-immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage III may lead to post-therapeutic pulmonary function (PF) impairment. We hypothesized that the decrease in global PF corresponds to the increase in tissue density in follow-up CTs. Hence, the study aim was to correlate the dynamics in radiograph...
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Background Whether restricted spirometry, i.e. low Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), predicts chronic cardiometabolic disease is not definitely known. In this international population-based study, we assessed the relationship between restricted spirometry and cardiometabolic comorbidities. Methods A total of 23,623 subjects (47.5% males, 19.0% current...
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Introduction: Thoracic re-irradiation for recurrent lung cancer dates back four decades, when the first small series on 29 patients receiving palliative doses was published. With 5-year overall survival rates of 57% in PDL-1 positive patients after primary chemo-radio-immunotherapy, the number of patients who experience loco-regional relapse will...
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Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare lung disease with poor prognosis. The diagnosis and treatment possibilities are dependent on the health systems of countries. Hence, comparison among countries is difficult due to data heterogeneity. Our aim was to analyse patients with IPF in Central and Eastern Europe using the uniform data from the E...
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The treatment of locally recurrent lung cancer is a major challenge for radiation-oncologists, especially with data on high-dose reirradiation being limited to small retrospective studies. The aim of the present study is to assess overall survival (OS) for patients with locally recurrent lung cancer after high-dose thoracic reirradiation. Thirty-ni...
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Smoking is the most well-established cause of chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) but particulate air pollution and poverty have also been implicated. We regressed sex-specific prevalence of CAO from 41 Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study sites against smoking prevalence from the same study, the gross national income per capita and the local ann...
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Functional impairment caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) impacts on activities of daily living and quality of life. Indeed, patients’ submaximal exercise capacity is of crucial importance. It was the aim of this study to investigate the effects of an exercise training intervention with and without supplemental oxygen on submaxim...
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Background: Given the limited curative treatment options for recurrent lung cancer patients, the aim of our retrospective study was to investigate whether these patients would benefit in terms of overall survival (OS) by adding immunotherapy to high-dose reirradiation. Materials and methods: Between 2013 and 2019, 47 consecutive patients with in...
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Background: Short-term, indoor exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is still highly prevalent; however, little is known about the acute lung response in adult asthma. Objectives: We investigated whether acute, experimental ETS exposure influences symptoms, lung function, and inflammatory parameters. Methods: Human subjects with asthma...
Article
Zusammenfassung Die Langzeit-Sauerstofftherapie hat einen hohen Stellenwert sowohl zur Verminderung der Letalität als auch zur Verbesserung der Leistungsfähigkeit bei Patienten mit chronischen Lungenerkrankungen. Die Grundvoraussetzung für die Langzeit-Sauerstofftherapie ist die adäquate Diagnostik und Indikationsstellung. Sinnvoll ist eine kausale...
Article
Prevalence and Population Attributable Risk for Chronic Airflow Obstruction in a Large Multinational Study - BOLD Study
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Objectives: The Austrian Lung Cancer Audit (ALCA) is a pilot study to evaluate clinical and organizational factors related to lung cancer care across Austria. Materials and methods: The ALCA is a prospective, observational, noninterventional cohort study conducted in 17 departments in Austria between September 2013 and March 2015. Participating...
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Zusammenfassung Mitglieder der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie (ÖGP) beschreiben die erwartete Entwicklung der respiratorischen Gesundheit und zeigen Wege einer patientenorientierten und kosteneffizienten Versorgung für Österreich auf. Methoden: Im November 2017 trifft sich eine Gruppe von respiratorisch tätigen Ärzten, Pflegekräften...
Article
Background Exercise training is a cornerstone of the treatment of COPD in all disease stages. Data about the training effects with supplemental oxygen in non-hypoxemic patients remains inconclusive. In this study we set out to investigate the training and oxygen effects on inflammatory markers, vascular function and endothelial progenitor cells in...
Article
Bronchiectasis (BE) might be frequently present in COPD but masked by COPD symptoms. We studied the relationship of clinical signs of bronchiectasis to the presence and extent of its radiological signs in patients of different COPD severity. Visit 4 data (GOLD grades 1–4) of the COSYCONET cohort was used. Chest CT scans were evaluated for bronchiec...
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Background: COPD patients suffer from respiratory symptoms and limitations in daily life. We aimed to characterize the impact of disease on overall health, daily life, and perceived well-being in COPD outpatients. Methods: We conducted a national, cross-sectional study among pulmonologists and general practitioners (GPs). The St. George's Respir...
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Word count, abstract : 250 words Word count, text : 3,189 words References : 35 Conflicts of interest The authors declare that they have no real or perceived conflict of interest with regard to the topic of this manuscript. ABSTRACT Background
Article
Background: There are several reports on underdiagnosis of COPD, while little is known about COPD overdiagnosis and overtreatment. We describe the overdiagnosis and the prevalence of spirometrically defined false positive COPD, as well as their relationship with overtreatment across 23 population samples in 20 countries participating in the BOLD S...
Article
There is growing interest in blood eosinophil counts in the management of chronic respiratory conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]). Despite this, typical blood eosinophil levels in the general population, and the impact of potential confounders on these levels have not been clearly defined. We measured blood e...
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Background: Transbronchial lung biopsies are commonly performed for a variety of indications. While generally well tolerated, complications such as bleeding do occur. Description of bleeding severity is crucial both clinically and in research trials; to date, there is no validated scale that is widely accepted for; this purpose. Research question...
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Background: Based on biological and behavioural diversity sex and gender may affect co-morbidities associated with prediabetes and diabetes. Besides evaluating the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes (using fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c levels), the primary aim of the study is to investigate sex and gender differences in the prevalence of co...
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Background: Several registries of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have been established to better understand its natural history, though their size and duration of follow-up are limited. Here, we describe the large European MultiPartner IPF Registry (EMPIRE) and validate predictors of long-term survival in IPF. Methods: The multinational pro...
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Background: Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for patients with inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage III. With a median OS beyond 30 months, adequate pulmonary function (PF) is essential to ensure acceptable quality of life after treatment. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and diffusing capacity...
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New targeted therapies for patients with non small cell lung cancer were presented at this year’s ASCO. EGFR exon 20 insertions might soon be treatable with TAK-788, which showed an objective response rate (ORR) of between 25 and 56% with a disease control rate (DCR) between 67 and 100% depending on the presence or absence of brain metastases at ba...
Article
The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is in widespread use for the evaluation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We assessed whether the CAT items carry additional information beyond the sum score regarding COPD characteristics including emphysema. Patients of GOLD grades 1 to 4 from the COPD cohort COSYCONET (German COPD and S...
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Background: Most patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) have extensive-stage disease at presentation, and prognosis remains poor. Recently, immunotherapy has demonstrated clinical activity in extensive-stage SCLC (ES-SCLC). The CASPIAN trial assessed durvalumab, with or without tremelimumab, in combination with etoposide plus either cisplatin...
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow obstruction and often co-exists with cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension and diabetes. This international study assessed the association between airflow obstruction and these comorbidities. 23,623 participants (47.5% males, 19.0% current smokers, age: 55.1 ± 10.8 years)...
Data
Figure S1. Overall survival in T1 patients with or without pathological proof of disease did not differ significantly (n = 99; logrank P: 0.516). Figure S2. Cancer‐specific survival in T1 patients with or without pathological proof of disease did not differ significantly (n = 99; logrank P: 0.231). Figure S3. Overall survival in T2 patients with...
Data
Table S1. Univariate and multivariate analysis of prognostic factors for overall and cancer‐specific survival.
Article
Objective Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are the major reason for COPD hospitalization and increased risk for readmissions. The organizational structure of Austrian hospitals provides the opportunity to investigate the impact of specialized respiratory care compared to general care on adherence to guidelines a...
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Background Approximately 15% of lung cancer patients are diagnosed in early stages. Microscopic proof of disease cannot always be obtained because of comorbidity or reluctance to undergo invasive diagnostic procedures. In the current study, survival data of patients with and without pathology are compared. Methods One hundred and sixty three patie...
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Background: The Lung, hEart, sociAl, boDy (LEAD) Study (ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT01727518; http://clinicaltrials.gov) is a longitudinal, observational, population-based Austrian cohort that aims to investigate the relationship between genetic, environmental, social, developmental and ageing factors influencing respiratory health and comorbidities thr...
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Since their discovery about fifteen years ago, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been recognized as an intrinsic part of vertebrate innate immunity and inflammatory response. Consisting of entangled strands of extracellular DNA decorated with histones, elastase, myeloperoxidase and other proteins, NETs entrap and kill pathogens, but are in...
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Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a frequent disease of the lungs. Its prevalence was estimated to be 26% in the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) I and 11% for GOLD II-IV in Austria. Globally, it ranks third in mortality rate. The particular challenge is that care for these patients falls shor...
Article
Zusammenfassung Das vorliegende Dokument ist eine Neufassung und Aktualisierung der Leitlinie zur Diagnostik und Therapie von Patienten mit COPD, die die bisherige Version aus dem Jahr 2007 ablöst. Die Fülle an neuen Erkenntnissen zu Risikofaktoren, Diagnostik, Schweregradeinschätzung, Prävention und medikamentösen sowie nicht medikamentösen Therap...
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Rationale: Evidence supporting the association of COPD or airflow obstruction with use of solid fuels is conflicting and inconsistent. Objective: To assess the association of airflow obstruction with self-reported use of solid fuels for cooking or heating. Methods: We analysed 18,554 adults from the BOLD study, who had provided acceptable post...
Article
Rationale: Evidence supporting the association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or airflow obstruction with use of solid fuels is conflicting and inconsistent. Objectives: To assess the association of airflow obstruction with self-reported use of solid fuels for cooking or heating. Methods: We analyzed 18,554 adults from the BOLD (Burden of...
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Immune checkpoint inhibitors are antibodies, which enhance cellular and humoral immune responses and are approved for the treatment of various tumors. Immune-related adverse events (irAE) involving different organs and systems are, however, among the side-effects. Recent reports of severe persistent neurological deficits and even fatal cases underp...
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PRE-SCREENING POTENTIAL SUFFERERS: Scientists in Austria have developed a brief, simple questionnaire to identify patients likely to have early-stage chronic lung disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is notoriously difficult to diagnose, and the condition often causes irreve...
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We studied the prevalence, burden and potential risk factors for chronic bronchitis symptoms in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease study.Representative population-based samples of adults aged ≥40 years were selected in participating sites. Participants completed questionnaires and spirometry. Chronic bronchitis symptoms were defined as chronic...
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We aimed to examine associations between chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) and unemployment across the world. Cross-sectional data from 26 sites in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study were used to analyse effects of CAO on unemployment. Odds ratios for unemployment in subjects aged 40–65 years were estimated using a multilevel mixed...
Article
We aimed to examine associations between chronic airflow obstruction (CAO) and unemployment across the world. Cross-sectional data from 26 sites in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study were used to analyse effects of CAO on unemployment. Odds ratios for unemployment in subjects aged 40–65 years were estimated using a multilevel mixed...
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Background COPD prevalence is highly variable and geographical altitude has been linked to it, yet with conflicting results. We aimed to investigate this association, considering well known risk factors. Methods A pooled analysis of individual data from the PREPOCOL-PLATINO-BOLD-EPI-SCAN studies was used to disentangle the population effect of geo...
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This study investigated whether different breathing conditions during exercise testing will influence measures of exercise capacity commonly used for training prescription in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Twenty-seven patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (forced expiratory volume in 1 sec = 45.6 [9.4]%) performed three maxim...
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Background To report acute and late toxicity with long-term follow-up, and to describe our experiences with pulmonary dose constraints. Methods Between 2002 and 2009, 150 patients with 155 histologically/cytologically proven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC; tumor stages II, IIIA, IIIB in 6, 55 and 39%, respectively) received the following median...
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Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but aggressive tumor originating from the pleural cavity with a strong link to previous asbestos exposure. In order to determine the demographics, diagnostics, therapeutic strategies, and prognosis of MPM patients in Austria, the Austrian Mesothelioma Interest Group (AMIG) was founded in 2...