Michael Short

Michael Short
Teesside University · School of Computing, Engineering and Digital Technologies

PhD
Applied Control Engineering and Systems Informatics Research for Smart Energy and Robotics Applications

About

175
Publications
90,189
Reads
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1,247
Citations
Citations since 2016
73 Research Items
739 Citations
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Introduction
Professor of Control Engineering and Systems Informatics, and Academic Lead for the Centre for Sustainable Engineering in the School of Computing, Engineering and Digital Technologies at Teesside University. My research focuses principally on aspects of Applied Control Engineering and Systems Informatics for Industry 4.0 and Smart Energy applications.

Publications

Publications (175)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a research program to develop a novel reference architecture and design philosophy for an advanced robot controller for a new generation of robots. It is suggested that a new approach to robot controller design is required in order to bring the present generation of industrial robots in line with current and foreseeable technol...
Article
Full-text available
The controller area network (CAN) protocol was originally introduced for automotive applications but is now also widely used in process control and many other industrial areas. In this paper, we present a low-cost redundancy-management scheme for replicated CAN channels that helps to ensure that clocks (and, hence, tasks) on the distributed nodes r...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental concerns combined with the liberalisation of the energy markets has led to the emergence of small to medium-scale decentralised generation equipment embedded within transmission and distribution networks. Commonly, such plant is operated by small to medium private enterprises and dispatched independently from centralised resources. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Several popular tuning strategies applicable to Model Predictive Control (MPC) schemes such as GPC and DMC have previously been developed. Many of these tuning strategies require an approximate model of the controlled process to be obtained, typically of the First Order Plus Dead Time type. One popular method uses such a model to analytically calcu...
Article
Full-text available
The Binomial distribution is often used as a good approximation for many phenomena in engineering, medical, financial, and other applications involving discrete randomness. In many situations, for the purposes of risk management it may be required to estimate and/or track the probability of occurrence of a particular type of discrete event from a d...
Chapter
Electric vehicles (EV) have been the spotlight of automobile industry. Over the past few decades, major research and development are being carried out to design an optimal battery pack in order to establish an economically suitable EV model with enhanced the endurance range and by minimizing frequent charging cycles. This paper focuses on the endur...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Dear all, Submit your research articles in the area of Robotics, Intelligent Automation and Control technologies to Robotics MDPI special issue on Path Ahead for Robotics, Intelligent Automation and Control Technologies. Deadline for Manuscript submission: 25th September 2022. APC : 1800CHF Submission Link: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/robotics...
Poster
Full-text available
We, VIT Chennai organizing 3rd International Conference on Robotics, Intelligent Automation and Control Technologies (RIACT2022) in association with Teesside University, UK and Bochum University of Applied Sciences, Germany between 23rd and 25th September 2022. Send your Abstract/Full Paper to icriact@gmail.com Organizing Chairs, Dr Daniel Schil...
Presentation
Full-text available
A keynote presentation discussing concentration inequalities, and why (and how) they are needed in the design and analysis of some engineering and informatics applications. A look at some Theoretical results: some old inequalities, and some new ones derived over the last twelve years. A shift to focus on application areas: old and new results appli...
Presentation
Full-text available
Demand Response (DR) is a dynamic, online mechanism whereby an energy system operator or aggregator attempts to achieve a real-time shift in load energy usage from a period of high demand (peak period) to a period of lower demand (off-peak period), typically using financial or other incentives. DR is part of a wider suite of tools for static and dy...
Presentation
Full-text available
The concept of a self-sufficient energy community within a larger, interconnected grid is becoming a practical reality as digitalisation, decentralisation and decarbonisation transform approaches to the design and operation of industrial, business, and social systems across the globe. From an electrical energy viewpoint, microgrids feature a variet...
Article
Full-text available
New approaches for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) with a reduced environmental footprint are required to improve recovery from mature oil fields, and when combined with carbon capture and storage (CCS) can provide useful options for resource maximisation during the net zero transition. Electrical heating is investigated as a potential EOR method in ca...
Article
Full-text available
The energy transition is a complex problem that requires a comprehensive and structured approach to policymaking. Such an approach is needed to ensure that transition pathways and policies enable greener energy alternatives whilst ensuring prosperity for people living in the region and limiting environmental degradation to the local ecosystem. This...
Chapter
Our aim is to develop a robotic prosthetic that can replicate the functions of a human hand. To achieve the functionality, a model with 20 degrees of freedom is designed. The model consists of 18 revolute joints and 2 twisting joints. Each finger consists of 3 revolute joints and the wrist consists of 1 twisting joint. The forearm has 1 revolute jo...
Article
Full-text available
The advancement in battery manufacturing has played a significant role in the use of batteries as a cost-effective energy storage system. This paper proposes an optimal charging and discharging strategy for the battery energy storage system deployed for economic dispatch and supply/demand balancing services, in the presence of intermittent renewabl...
Chapter
Following the lead of the UK, many governments worldwide have now made commitments to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. This drive toward a zero-carbon economy requires many technological and social innovations, including advancement and accelerated deployment of industrial digitalization and smart grid concepts. Within the framework of th...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Preface to the Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Robotics, Intelligent Automation and Control Technologies (RIACT 2021), held virtually and facilitated by School of Mechanical Engineering at Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India and School of Computing, Engineering and Digital Technologies at Teesside University, UK on...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed Energy Storage Systems are considered key enablers in the transition from the traditional centralized power system to a smarter, autonomous, and decentralized system operating mostly on renewable energy. The control of distributed energy storage involves the coordinated management of many smaller energy storages, typically embedded with...
Poster
Full-text available
VIT Chennai School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT Chennai (India) in association with School of Computing, Engineering and Digital Technologies, Teesside University (UK) are organizing a three-day Virtual International Conference on Robotics, Intelligent Automation and Control Technologies (RIACT 2021) to take place on 23 rd , 24 th and 25 th of Se...
Book
Full-text available
Decarbonisation, digitalisation and decentralisation are transforming energy systems across the globe and supporting the transition to a sustainable future. Within this context, smart grids are electrical grids that include a variety of interoperable communication and control devices to optimally (or near-optimally) facilitate the production and di...
Presentation
The presentation presents the progress and work conducted in my PhD research in relation to the EU Green Deal. The presentation was a part of the MSCA Green Deal Event, which took place on the 6th and 7th of July 2021; for more information and access to the presentation, please visit the following link below. https://www.msca-greendeal.eu/en/pa...
Article
Full-text available
Society 5.0 represents an opportunity to transform the economy and create a digital society with the goal of long-term sustainable development and economic growth. There is a growing importance of boosting ICT as an effective and efficient means of achieving this transformation, and Target 9c of the UN Sustainable Development Goals is to 'Significa...
Article
Full-text available
Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems account for a large percentage of energy consumption in buildings. Implementation of efficient optimisation and control mechanisms has been identified as one crucial way to help reduce and shift HVAC systems’ energy consumption to both save economic costs and foster improved integration with...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate prediction of the remaining useful life (RUL) in Lithium-ion Batteries (LiBs) is a key aspect of managing their health, in order to promote reliable and secure systems, and to reduce the need for unscheduled maintenance and costs. Recent work on RUL prediction has largely focused on refining the accuracy and reliability of the RUL predicti...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents a conceptual model that describes the correlation between an urban energy system and sustainability. The model captures the complexity of the urban energy transition, and the task of achieving sustainable development needs to embrace all aspects of sustainability. This paper portrays the aspects of sustainability as four-dimensi...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter is concerned with the implementation and field-testing of an edge device for real-time condition monitoring and fault detection for large-scale rotating equipment in the UK water industry. The edge device implements a local digital twin, processing information from low-cost transducers mounted on the equipment in real-time. Condition m...
Article
Full-text available
Energy storage is recognized as a key technology for enabling the transition to a low-carbon, sustainable future. Energy storage requires careful management, and capacity prediction of a lithium-ion battery (LIB) is an essential indicator in a battery management system for Electric Vehicles and Electricity Grid Management. However, present techniqu...
Article
Full-text available
Tank level control is ubiquitous in industry. The focus of this paper is on accurate liquid level control in single tank systems which can be actuated continuously and modulation of the level setpoint is also required, for example in cascade control loops or supervisory Model Predictive Control (MPC) applications. To avoid common problems encounter...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a decentralized informatics, optimization, and control framework to enable demand response (DR) in small or rural decentralized community power systems, including geographical islands. The framework consists of a simplified lumped model for electrical demand forecasting, a scheduling subsystem that optimizes the utility of energ...
Article
Full-text available
Solving the issue of energy security for geographical islands presents a one-of-a-kind problem that has to be tackled from multiple sides and requires an interdisciplinary approach that transcends just technical and social aspects. With many islands suffering in terms of limited and costly energy supply due to their remote location, providing a sel...
Article
Full-text available
Capacity markets (CM) are energy markets created to ensure energy supply security. Energy storage devices provide services in the CMs. Li-ion batteries are a popular type of energy storage device used in CMs. The battery lifetime is a key factor in determining the economic viability of Li-ion batteries, and current approaches for estimating this ar...
Conference Paper
Nigeria is the fastest growing telecommunication market in Africa, with approximately 175 million subscribers accommodated by over 44,000 Base Transceiver Stations (BTSs), which are mostly concentrated in urban areas. As a result of increasing subscribers, all mobile network service providers are embarking in building up new BTS without considering...
Conference Paper
Gas-Solid flow finds its application in various industries such as chemical and food processes, pharmaceuticals, automobile and power generation. The precise measurement and real-time monitoring of the flow process has garnered a lot of attention in the modern industrial era. The effective utilization, with high efficiency, of resources has compell...
Preprint
The Binomial distribution is often used as a good approximation for many phenomena in engineering, medical, financial and other applications involving discrete randomness. In many situations, for the purposes of risk management it may be required to estimate and/or track the probability of occurrence of a particular type of discrete event from a da...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a SWOT analysis of the impact of recent EU regulatory changes on the business case for energy storage (ES) using the UK as a case study. ES technologies (such as batteries) are key enablers for increasing the share of renewable energy generation and hence decarbonising the electricity system. As such, recent regulatory changes s...
Article
Full-text available
The world is experiencing a fourth industrial revolution. Rapid development of technologies is advancing smart infrastructure opportunities. Experts observe decarbonisation, digitalisation and decentralisation as the main drivers for change. In electrical power systems a downturn of centralised conventional fossil fuel fired power plants and increa...
Book
This book covers all areas of mathematical science. The contributions by the authors include combinatorics, magic polygons, degenerated magic polygons, bifurcation, oscillatory flow, matrix determinant, matrix inversion, co-factor expansion, QR decomposition, gauss elimination, polynomial division, non-preemptive EDF scheduling, code refactoring, m...
Article
Full-text available
Increased deployment of intermittent renewable energy plants raises concerns about energy security and energy affordability. Capacity markets (CMs) have been implemented to provide investment stability to generators and secure energy generation by reducing the number of shortage hours. The research presented in this paper contributes to answering t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the development of a semi-autonomous exploration approach for Urban Search And Rescue (USAR) environments. The developed rescue robot consists of a 2-wheel drive platform with a traction system capable of traversing in various terrain within a 47-degree inclination. A 2-DOF articulated end-effector is attached to the robot, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Demand response (DR) involves economic incentives aimed at balancing energy demand during critical demand periods. In doing so DR offers the potential to assist with grid balancing, integrate renewable energy generation and improve energy network security. Buildings account for roughly 40% of global energy consumption. Therefore, the potential for...
Conference Paper
A downturn of centralised conventional fossil fuel fired power plants and increased proportion of distributed power generation adds to the already troublesome outlook for operators of low-inertia energy systems. The role of an emerging decentralised energy sector allows separation of local energy needs from major power networks. However, the divers...
Conference Paper
Heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems account for large proportion of energy consumption in buildings. Implementation of efficient optimization and control mechanisms has been identified as one crucial way to help reduce and shift HVAC systems energy consumption to both save economic costs and foster improved integration with ren...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster presents the work done in the early stages of the PhD research that I am currently carrying out. The poster was present at a poster session at the International Conference on Energy and Sustainable Futures (ICESF) 2019, at Nottingham Trent University.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With ubiquitous connectivity, dramatically increased access to low-cost computational power and advances in data science, many industries worldwide are currently on the verge of a second digital revolution known as 'Industry 4.0'. The UK is no exception. This talk is concerned with the implementation and field-testing of an edge device for real-tim...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with the implementation and field-testing of an edge device for real-time condition monitoring and fault detection for large-scale rotating equipment in the UK water industry. The edge device implements a local digital twin, processing information from low-cost transducers mounted on the equipment in real-time. Condition mon...
Article
Full-text available
In many real-time control applications, the ability to accurately track a reference trajectory with stable, pre-specified closed-loop dynamics is highly desirable. For fixed gain control systems, the detrimental impact of jitter on performance has been relatively well studied. However, research that quantifies the possible impact of jitter on the p...
Conference Paper
Policy and new technologies are transforming the energy landscape in the UK. Centralised control of electrical generation and unidirectional distribution have a finite part in a sustainable energy system. Subsidies have encouraged an increase in distributed resources. At the same time closure of larger fossil-fuelled power plants is reducing system...
Conference Paper
Demand Response is the generic title given to a range of options customers have to reduce costs-or even generate profits-by changing their pattern of energy consumption. Typically this is achieved by deliberately moving consumption away from peak times or onto off-peak times. It is generally accepted that Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the development of a digital Proportional Integral Derivative (PID)-like adaptive controller and its application on Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. The HVAC process model is often approximately described as a first-order-plus-deadtime (FOPDT) model, with process parameters which can vary with time due t...
Technical Report
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This report establishes scenarios for demonstration of economic, environmental and social benefits of DR management through a detailed description of four DR-BOB demonstration sites. The demonstration sites are described through: - Geographical location, which determines climate conditions and types of power network; - Building parameters such as b...
Presentation
Full-text available
The DR-BOB Project aims to demonstrate the economic and environmental benefit of demand response in blocks of buildings, and is piloting tools and techniques to achieve this at: Teesside University campus in Middlesbrough, UK, a business and technology park in Anglet, France, A hospital complex in Brescia, Italy, The campus of the Technical Univers...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the timing properties of a single switch LAN are analyzed. The analysis is based upon relatively simple iterative algorithms to analyze the duration of the synchronous busy period of a message set, assuming FIFO buffering in both the source nodes and switch are employed. In this paper, the real-time traffic (periodic and sporadic) is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electricity networks base their stability on the balance between electricity usage and generation. Unbalance in the electricity network results in blackouts and can escalate to systems disruption at national and multinational level. The National grids, Transmission Network Operators (TNOs) and Distribution Network Operators (DSOs) ensure the electr...
Article
Full-text available
Most governments are applying financial instruments and other polices to encourage distributed renewable electricity generation (DREG). DREG is less predictable and more volatile than traditional forms of energy generation. Closure of larger fossil-fuelled power plants and rising share of DREG is reducing system inertia on energy networks such that...
Article
Full-text available
Fossil fuels deliver most of the flexibility in contemporary electricity systems. The pressing need to reduce CO2 emissions requires new methods to provide this flexibility. Demand response (DR) offers consumers a significant role in the delivery of flexibility by reducing or shifting their electricity usage during periods of stress or constraint....
Chapter
Full-text available
Research surrounding demand response (DR) is beginning to consider how blocks of buildings can operate collectively within energy networks. DR at the level of a block of buildings involves near real-time optimisation of energy demand, storage and supply (including self-production) using intelligent energy management systems with the objective of re...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial automation and control systems are increasingly deployed using wireless networks in master-slave, star-type configurations which employ a slotted timeline schedule. In this paper, the scheduling of (re)transmissions to meet real-time constraints in the presence of non-uniform interference in such networks is considered. As packet losses...
Article
Full-text available
Model predictive control (MPC) schemes employ dynamic models of a process within a receding horizon framework to optimize the behavior of a process. Although MPC has many benefits, a significant drawback is the large computational burden, especially in adaptive and constrained situations. In this paper, a computationally efficient self-tuning/adapt...
Presentation
Full-text available
The DR-BOB Project aims to demonstrate the economic and environmental benefit of demand response in block of buildings for the different key actors required to bring it to market. Learn how The DR-BOB project is piloting the tools and techniques required for demand response in blocks of buildings with differing patterns of ownership, use and occupa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, a prototype proactive decentralised demand-side electrical frequency regulation tool is proposed and evaluated. Most governments aim to meet ambitious CO2 reduction targets by applying financial instruments and other polices to encourage Distributed Renewable Energy Generation (DREG). Increasing energy demand, combined with the varia...