Michael H. Romanowski

Michael H. Romanowski
Qatar University · College of Education

Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Leadership

About

122
Publications
79,857
Reads
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891
Citations
Citations since 2017
49 Research Items
636 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - present
Qatar University
Position
  • Professor
August 1993 - June 2008
Ohio Northern University
Position
  • Professor
Education
July 1990 - May 1993
Miami University
Field of study
  • Educational Leadership

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Recruiting, preparing and supporting teachers remain a public concern in many countries, with similar concerns voiced in Qatar. Using a Systems Theory Framework, this study explored the systems of influence on Qatari teachers' career development within individual, social, and environmental-societal contexts. Q methodology was applied, using a 40-st...
Article
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The Internationalization of Higher Education (IHE) has expanded significantly in quantity, scope, and complexity over the past two decades, advancing into a complex system able to influence and control numerous aspects of higher education. IHE has led to international ranking and university reputation concerns, increasing interest in accreditation...
Article
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US higher education accreditation agencies provide external quality evaluation for institutions and programmes to deliver quality control and assurance. Although there is ample discussion about the benefits and drawbacks of the accreditation process, this article reviews the academic literature to consider the impact that accreditation might have o...
Article
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Worldwide, university student support services facilitate student performance, contribute to students' success, and increase students' chances of degree completion. Student support services programs' success depends on students' help-seeking behavior. This study explores the help-seeking behavior of Foundation Program and Undergraduate students at...
Article
Research indicates that parental involvement provides numerous benefits that increase students’ academic performance. Therefore, it is important to understand why some parents are involved in their children's education and the possible barriers that prevent other parents from engaging with schools. This study examines parents’ perspectives regardin...
Article
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Worldwide, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has emerged as a valid and reliable benchmark for assessing students’ performance and for gaining significant influence over educational policy and decision-making. Since 2001, Qatar has engaged in massive educational reform, with high expectations for improving students’ achievem...
Article
Emerging from the discourse of business in the 1960s, the concept of “best practices” has gained increasing status in education but has rarely been problematized. This essay aims to problematize the use of K-12 best practices in the Gulf Cooperation Council Region (GCC) since nowhere is the importing of best practices more evident than in the GCC r...
Article
Globally, gender differences in the teaching profession are a longstanding public policy concern. International organizations and scholarly research routinely sound alarms concerning the low number of males joining the teaching profession. Although there have been multiple explorations of why the teaching profession has become gender imbalanced in...
Article
UNESCO reports enrollment in higher education in the Arab and Gulf Cooperation Council region doubled from 5.1 million in 2000 to 10.7 million in 2015. Despite significant budgets and the world’s lowest teacher-to-student ratio, higher education in this region is plagued by student underachievement. This study identifies academic underachievement f...
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Few studies examine plagiarism in a Middle Eastern context, specifically from the perspectives of preservice teachers. As future gatekeepers of academic integrity, preservice teachers need to understand plagiarism. This study surveyed 128 female preservice teachers in one university in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The survey explor...
Article
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This study aims to identify the challenges facing teacher education in Qatar. Through Q methodology, it examines the ways in which schoolteachers, preservice teachers, teacher education faculty, and Ministry of Education and Higher Education personnel identify what they see as significant challenges faced by teacher education in the country. The ov...
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One feature of deprived communities is a lack of social capital. Yet, research reports that social capital contributes to poverty reduction and positively impacts schools and student educational outcomes. In South Africa, there is a deficit in social capital in under-resourced and underperforming schools that limits students’ educational opportunit...
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Various factors influence the students' perception of universities and university image. This study explores five factors affecting university image among Graduate Alumni. Surveys, administered to 597 graduate alumni were assessed to determine Graduate Alumni perspectives toward their university. Findings revealed that the key factors that impacted...
Article
Launched in 2014, Teach for Qatar (TFQ) is a local non-governmental organization under Teach For All (TFALL) that recruits and prepares graduates and professionals as teaching fellows in the Qatari government schools. This qualitative exploratory study used semi-structured interviews to identify TFQ Fellows’ challenges they faced and the resources...
Article
This essay aims to problematize US accreditation of teacher education. Foucault’s notion of problematization is used as a theoretical framework to explain how accreditation emerged in the past as a solution to perceived educational problems and how and why the accreditation process has evolved into a problem today. The discussion centers on four ma...
Article
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Currently, Qatar is implementing an educational reform to enhance teaching and learning in public and private schools. The Qatar National School Accreditation significantly impacted Qatar's private schools, requiring teachers to implement various mandated educational changes. Using House (1981) types of social support, this qualitative, phenomenolo...
Article
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Teachers’ instructional practices are crucial to students’ achievement in reading comprehension. Students’ low English reading competence in Qatar’s government schools raises concerns about not only reading comprehension strategy instruction, but also, subsequently, learning as a natural outcome of teachers’ praxis. This quantitative survey investi...
Article
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Worldwide there is an increase in competition between higher education institutions seeking to ascertain their position in the world ranking, resulting in universities introspectively reflecting on their image and student satisfaction. This is especially the case in the Gulf Cooperation Countries, where there has been significant growth in higher e...
Article
In higher education, accreditation involves an external quality review process that scrutinizes universities, colleges, and educational programs to ensure that the education provided meets acceptable quality levels. Often considered the gold standard for institutions, the accreditation process originated in the US and quickly moved beyond American...
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The globalization of education has increased large-scale education reforms worldwide. Over the past 15 years, Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) have invested significant resources in reforming their education systems. This has led to extensive borrowing of pedagogical approaches to initiate and implement educational change. This article evok...
Article
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Research has established that class attendance and High School Grade Point Average (HSGPA) play a significant role in student academic success in higher education. The study uses census data and records of 969 undergraduate students at Qatar University to investigate the impact of HSGPA, attendance, and socio-demographic factors on academic perform...
Article
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Worldwide accreditation systems for higher education are used by institutions and programmes to demonstrate their legitimacy to deliver quality education. Although there are many perceived benefits and criticisms of accreditation and little empirical research on its impact for improvement, there is still an increasing demand for this form of qualit...
Article
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The Internationalization of Higher Education has led to uneasiness among non-US universities about their international reputation, ranking, and local legitimacy generating a growing interest in US accreditation. Specifically, non-US Colleges of Education pursue accreditation through the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) t...
Article
Introduction: Experiential learning is the backbone of many health care professional education programs; however, the quality of learning is profoundly dependent on the skills and experiences of clinical preceptors. This study was conducted at Qatar University Health Cluster (Colleges of Pharmacy, Medicine, and Health Sciences) with the primary ob...
Article
Globalization presents Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries with opportunities for economic growth and transformation, as many of these nations face economic challenges such as the need for a diversified knowledge-based economy because of the finite resource of hydrocarbons. This requires the development of human capital providing workers with...
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Globalization has changed the demographics of the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) countries creating vastly diverse resident populations. Notably, Qatar has emerged as a multinational and multicultural nation. Qatar’s record economic growth demands high-and low-skilled expatriate workers causing a substantial discrepancy between citizens and expat...
Chapter
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This chapter uses the framework of making the strange familiar and the familiar strange to discuss the sudden shift from face-to-face to online instruction in higher education during the coronavirus crisis. Educators should employ critical reflection questioning the familiar or the taken-for-granted and the underlying assumptions of ordinary everyd...
Article
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This study examined the challenges novice teachers encountered in Qatari government schools and the coping strategies they adopt. A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 15 novice teachers during their initial years of teaching. The findings demonstrated that most participants faced several personal challenges and ot...
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This article aims to examine how language policy affects the reconstruction of academic identities in a time of rapid and significant changes in contemporary higher education. Through a narrative approach, we explore how a top-down language policy chaperones the process of redefining the perceptions of our positions as academic faculty working at Q...
Article
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Under the facade of globalization, educational neocolonialism occurs through the transferring of educational theories and practices from the global north to the global south, potentially challenging and undermining indigenous intellect and epistemic formations. Neocolonialism is supported through the global importing of educational products that cr...
Article
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Nations transfer educational reform models for the systematic improvement of education. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Gulf Cooperation Council states, which have implemented primarily Western decentralized reform models to overhaul their educational systems. This article reports non-empirical research, written as a conceptual analysis th...
Article
McDonaldization is the processes of the fast-food industry that dominate segments of societies worldwide. Few studies address how McDonaldization applies to the accreditation of teacher education programs. This article demonstrates how the Council for the Accreditation of Education Programs (CAEP) could be perceived as a McDonaldized organization t...
Preprint
Background: Experiential learning is the backbone of many healthcare professional education programs; however, the quality of learning is profoundly dependent on the skills, experiences, and proficiency of the clinical preceptors who largely contribute to this experience. This study was conducted at the Qatar University Health Cluster, which compri...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to provide a general overview of how educational leadership is defined by Arab educators and education specialists in the Arab region, concentrating on the State of Qatar. The study builds on insights from socio-cultural theory and critical discourse analysis, viewing language as a social practice and thus treats leadership as a for...
Article
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Research indicates that principals are critical in school reform since the implementation of policies and practices is to a large extent determined by the role that principals play in educational change. This study examines the principal selection process used in Qatar for the government schools and identifies knowledge and skills necessary for eff...
Article
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This study explored math teachers' beliefs regarding their roles, practices and perceived change in implementing Problem-Based Learning in Qatar's primary government schools. Multiple sources of qualitative data were generated including metaphors, lesson plans and interviews with seventeen math teachers. Although teachers considered PBL as an effec...
Article
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Research indicates that principals play a significant role in schools influencing student achievement and teacher effectiveness. This is particularly true in times of educational reform. Qatar has been engaging in a significant educational reform since 2004. This study examines the knowledge and skills needed for effective principals from the persp...
Article
Globalization through educational borrowing has transformed the K-12 educational landscape driving and shaping educational reforms worldwide by saturating nations’ educational polices and practices reducing education to products and services globally sold to those with adequate resources. Governments worldwide seize the opportunity to import educat...
Article
Full-text available
Globalization requires the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) to experience numerous economic, social, and educational changes. In particular, Qatar’s unprecedented economic growth has created a flow of high- and low-skilled expatriate workers resulting in a significant imbalance between nationals and expatriates. The implications are evident in Qata...
Article
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The use of mobile devices in the university classroom is not limited to Western cultures. Rather universities in the Middle East, particularly in the Gulf Cooperation Countries face similar problems regarding smartphone usage in classrooms. This study utilizes Tindell and Bohlander’s (2012) survey to compare results regarding cell phones and text m...
Chapter
Although the public regards textbooks as accurate, objective educational tools that innocently provide students with needed knowledge and skills, textbooks are not neutral transmitters of knowledge. Apple and Christian-Smith (1991) point out that textbooks are important artifacts of culture. They create what society has recognized as legitimate kno...
Chapter
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In the past twenty years, countries worldwide have embraced standards-based educational reforms. An example is Qatar where a major educational reform is underway and includes imported professional teaching standards. Embedded in these standards is that thought that critical reflection is an essential element of effective teaching. However, Diallo (...
Article
Traditionally, education in various forms has been used as a tool to change values and behavior in children regarding the environment. This study reports findings from the We Love Reading Program that utilizes the reading of Social Stories in various communities in Jordan to address the environmental problems of Jordan. Results indicated the effect...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of neoliberalism and the accreditation of educational leadership programs in one Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) country by contextualizing the accreditation process and closely examining the Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC) standards used by NCATE, now CAEP, to accredit educa...
Article
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The discovery of oil and the economic development and growth that followed has placed Gulf Countries on the fast path to urbanisation and modernisation, bringing an impact on traditional family relations and functions. In particular, Qatar has experienced rapid and radical changes that are clearly shaping the family structure because of modernisati...
Chapter
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Launched in 2004, Qatar's massive educational reform, Education for a New Era, has introduced numerous changes to the K-12 educational system forcing school leaders to face challenges and issues in their role of leading and managing the school community. This chapter reports the results of a qualitative research study that examines the critical iss...
Article
Full-text available
Qatar is in the midst of a systemic education reform, Education For a New Era, steered by RAND's (a nonprofit research organization) analysis and report of Qatar's Educational system. Driven by a neoliberal agenda, the reform includes international curricula, curriculum standards, teacher licensure, and professional standards for school leaders and...
Article
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Qatar’s massive education reform, Education for a New Era has dramatically shaped the educational landscape by implementing professional and curriculum standards and introducing best pedagogical practices at all levels. The current concern with Qatar’s educational reform is not so much the adopted policies but rather the implementation of these pol...
Chapter
Full-text available
Launched in 2004, Qatar’s massive educational reform, Education for a New Era, has introduced numerous changes to the K-12 educational system forcing school leaders to face challenges and issues in their role of leading and managing the school community. This chapter reports the results of a qualitative research study that examines the critical iss...
Article
Full-text available
Qatar is in the midst of a massive educational reform, Education for a New Era. Influence by neoliberalism, one principle of the reform is the development of a standards-based system including the adoption of the Qatar National Professional Standards for School Leaders. This paper examines Qatar’s professional leadership standards using Habermas’ k...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past twenty years, countries have embraced educational reforms that are driven by standards-based education that include professional standards for teachers. This is the case in Qatar where professional standards for teachers where imported to improve teaching in the midst of a major educational reform. This study presents findings from 33...
Article
Full-text available
Today, academics are more transient, working outside their home countries, than at any other time in the history of academics especially in the Arab World were there is great demand for faculty members educated in Western’ culture and academia. However, many of these professors face considerable social, professional and academic challenges in teach...
Article
Full-text available
The belief that implementing professional standards will improve teaching and learning has led many countries to embrace standards based educational reforms. Qatar is one of those nations implementing, Education for a New Era that includes the adoption of professional teacher standards. This paper examines Qatar's professional standards for teacher...
Article
Full-text available
The paper reports the results of a qualitative research study that explores principal, teacher, and parent perceptions with regard to Qatar’s education reform, Education for a New Era (EFNE) launched in 2004. The study focuses on the effects of the reform on each group, their perceived advantages and disadvantages of the reform, and the challenges...
Article
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This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE), from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended...
Article
Full-text available
The development of leaders is a high priority on the national agenda for countries around the world especially in fast-developing regions such as the Middle East. Qatar seeks to support and develop Qatari men and women in the labor force while attracting qualified expatriate workers, many of these individuals serving as leaders in various aspects o...
Article
Full-text available
Qatar is in the midst of a massive systematic reform designed to convert its schools and Ministry of Education into a world-class competitive educational system according to Education for a New Era. Influenced by neoliberalism as a dominant ideology that treats education as just another service to be bought and sold on the market, Qatar is one of t...
Article
The development of leaders is a high priority on the national agenda for countries around the world especially in fast-developing regions such as the Middle East. Qatar seeks to support and develop Qatari men and women in the labor force while attracting qualified expatriate workers, many of these individuals serving as leaders in various aspects o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Qatar is growing at an unprecedented rate due to the utilization of its vast gas reserves. The country's wealth stems from oil, gas and petrochemical industries. Engineers are in high demand in all specializations and Qatar University (QU), Qatar's only national university, provides the country with the highest number of engineering graduates. For...
Article
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In this essay, the authors use Foucauldian concepts to examine the State of Qatar's unprecedented educational reform, Education For a New Era. One of the key components of this comprehensive reform centers on the development of stu-dents' abilities to engage in critical and independent thought. Evoking Foucault's concepts of regime of truth and met...
Article
In 2001, the Government of Qatar began a comprehensive education reform (Education for a New Era) based on RAND's recommendations and options for building an educational system that would meet the country's changing needs. Nine years later, Qatar's educational landscape has significantly changed. Among these changes is the introduction of Professio...
Article
Full-text available
Qatar is in the midst of a massive systemic education reform Education For a New Era. A key aspect of the reform is the expectation of teachers to develop students' critical thinking skills. In this paper, an open-ended questionnaire and follow-up interviews revealed several aspects of critical thinking including how it is defined and taught, where...
Article
Full-text available
In this essay, the authors use Foucauldian concepts to examine the State of Qatar's unprecedented educational reform, Education For a New Era. One of the key components of this comprehensive reform centers on the development of stu-dents' abilities to engage in critical and independent thought. Evoking Foucault's concepts of regime of truth and met...
Article
Full-text available
In an attempt to enhance teacher and student performance in school, a learning management system (LMS) known as Knowledge-Net (K-Net) was introduced in Qatari independent schools. (All public schools in Qatar have transformed to independent schools; the independent schools model is similar to the charter school system in North America.) An LMS is a...
Article
Full-text available
In an attempt to enhance teacher and student performance in school, a learning manage-ment system (LMS) known as Knowledge-Net (K-Net) was introduced in Qatari indepen-dent schools. (All public schools in Qatar have transformed to independent schools; the independent schools model is similar to the charter school system in North America.) An LMS is...
Article
In light of nationally mandated educational changes in Qatar, this study investigates in-service teachers' perceptions of professional development (PD). The aims are to identify challenges facing teachers' PD. The respondents were 40 in-service teachers from two schools in Doha, Qatar, who had received PD connected with national educational reforms...
Article
Full-text available
Textbooks reflect a national consensus regarding the knowledge, values and perspectives that a society wants conveyed to their students. Through textbooks, students are exposed to a dominant narrative that presents an official story that shapes contemporary patriotism (Hein and Selden, 2000). This paper centers on how the narratives of textbooks po...
Article
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Massive oil revenues are currently fueling a surge in the number of educational institutions in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, presenting leadership at all levels with many unprecedented questions. In particular, the growth and reform of higher education challenges the delicate balance between academic freedom and Arab cultural value...
Article
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This study examines nine secondary American history textbooks' treatment of 9/11 and related events. Through the use of content analysis, the study centers on the knowledge omitted from textbook portrayals of 9/11. Findings indicate that when authors omit particular information, these exclusions limit the perspectives that students can consider, wh...
Article
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This research study examined nine secondary American history textbooks regarding their treatment of 9/11 and related events. The analysis centered on both the knowledge included and excluded from the discussion in each book. Particular attention was given to the moral and ethical issues relevant to 9/11. Findings show that textbooks vary in their d...
Article
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Many private universities around the world sustain their growth and retain students through a system of ‘cost-sharing’ where fees and tuition are channelled back to students in form of financial aid. Not all students are successful in obtaining financial aid solely based on need, but are also awarded aid based on their academic performance. This st...
Article
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This paper describes the crucial issues and challenges facing Afghanistan’s universities as they begin the demanding task of rebuilding and restructuring their university system after two decades of war and civil unrest. The setting for this qualitative study is a four-day professional development conference for Afghan university presidents and aca...
Chapter
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The homeschooling movement has been accused of endangering democracy by producing politically and socially isolated citizens. Recent studies dispel this myth by demonstrating that home-schooled graduates are more civically active and contribute to society more significantly than graduates of public schools. The parents' right to make decisions for...
Article
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Americans are troubled by what they perceive as a societal moral decline, and schools have responded with the implementation of character education programs. This study examines teachers' experiences and perspectives on a character education program implemented at their high school. Findings based on interviews with 16 high school teachers describe...
Article
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extbooks are powerful educational tools that provide students with an understanding of America history. The textbook for a course contains the outline of the path that teachers and students will share to gain the knowledge that the book's authors deem to be the most important. Consequently, the version of U.S. history that students learn is largely...
Article
Reports results of interviews with 144 students at a high school in central Ohio regarding their opinions about effectiveness of the school's character education program. Describes student views about what works in the program. (PKP)
Article
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A study examined the role played by cultural capital in the education of migrant students. Observations and interviews with administrators, faculty, and students during a summer migrant program in a rural Ohio school district indicate that the cultural capital of migrant students, particularly family loyalty, often conflicted with the cultural capi...

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