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Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
March 2021 - present
- Senior Researcher
- Applying mass spectrometry to quantify metabolites and discover new small molecules and their functions in the human microbiome to understand health and disease.
November 2016 - March 2021
- PostDoc Position
- Developed methods for natural product discovery from large microbial genomic and metabolomics datasets using high-resolution mass spectrometry and advanced bioinformatics tools.
August 2012 - October 2016
- PhD Student
- Focused on the discovery and preclinical development of natural products from microbes in freshwater and marine environments that inhibit M. tuberculosis. Extensive experience in analytical and preparative scale chromatography separations and spectroscopic techniques for chemical structure elucidation.
Anaerobic respiration encompasses a major class of microbial energy metabolisms that employ reductases to respire different non-oxygen electron acceptors. Respiratory reductases play important roles in multiple geochemical cycles but their significance in other contexts remains unclear. Here we identify three taxonomically distinct families of gut...
Microbial drug discovery programs rely heavily on accessing bacterial diversity from the environment to acquire new specialized metabolite (SM) lead compounds for the therapeutic pipeline. Therefore, knowledge of how commonly culturable bacterial taxa are distributed in nature, in addition to the degree of variation of SM production within those ta...
The question of how new enzyme activities evolve is of great biological interest and, in the context of antibiotic resistance, of great medical importance. Here, we have tested the hypothesis that new antibiotic resistance mechanisms may evolve from promiscuous housekeeping enzymes that have antibiotic modification side activities.
Microbial drug discovery programs rely heavily on accessing bacterial diversity from the environment to acquire new specialized metabolite (SM) lead compounds for the therapeutic pipeline. Therefore, knowledge of how certain bacterial taxa are distributed in nature, in addition to the degree of variation of SM production within those taxa, is criti...
Genomics and metabolomics are widely used to explore specialized metabolite diversity. The Paired Omics Data Platform is a community initiative to systematically document links between metabolome and (meta)genome data, aiding the identification of natural product biosynthetic origins and metabolite structures.
A putative novel clade within the genus Streptomyces was discovered following antifungal screening against Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of white-nose syndrome, and described using multi-locus sequencing analysis. Swabs from both the cave myotis bat (Myotis velifer) and the Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) in so...
Genome mining has become a key technology to exploit natural product diversity. Although initially performed on a single-genome basis, the process is now being scaled up to mine entire genera, strain collections and microbiomes. However, no bioinformatic framework is currently available for effectively analyzing datasets of this size and complexity...
Genome mining has become a key technology to explore and exploit natural product diversity through the identification and analysis of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). Initially, this was performed on a single-genome basis; currently, the process is being scaled up to large-scale mining of pan-genomes of entire genera, complete strain collections...
Covering: up to 2018 Thioester reductase domains catalyze two- and four-electron reductions to release natural products following assembly on nonribosomal peptide synthetases, polyketide synthases, and their hybrid biosynthetic complexes. This reductive off-loading of a natural product yields an aldehyde or alcohol, can initiate the formation of a...
Multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are resistant to first- and second-line drug regimens and resulted in 210,000 fatalities in 2013. In the current study, we screened a library of aquatic bacterial natural product fractions for their ability to inhibit this pathogen. A fraction from a Lake Michigan bacte...
A screening of our actinomycete fraction library against the NCI-60 SKOV3 human tumor cell line led to the isolation of isopimara-2-one-3-ol-8,15-diene (1), lagumycin B (2), dehydrorabelomycin (3), phenanthroviridone (4), and WS-5995 A (5). These secondary metabolites were produced by a Micromonospora sp. isolated from sediment collected off the Cá...
Multidrug-and extensively drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are resistant to first-and second-line drug regimens and resulted in 210,000 fatalities in 2013. In the current study, we screened a library of aquatic bacterial natural product fractions for their ability to inhibit this pathogen. A fraction from a Lake Michigan bacteri...
As part of our program to identify novel secondary metabolites that target drug-resistant ovarian cancers, a screening of our aquatic-derived actinomycete fraction library against a cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell line (OVCAR5) led to the isolation of novel diaza-anthracene antibiotic diazaquinomycin E (DAQE; 1), the isomeric mixture of dia...