Michael Thomas Klare

Michael Thomas Klare
Hampshire College · School of Critical Social Inquiry

About

50
Publications
6,713
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1,572
Citations
Citations since 2016
3 Research Items
570 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (50)
Book
Full-text available
This Handbook is the first volume to analyse the International Political Economy, the who-gets-what-when-and-how, of global energy. Divided into five sections, it features 28 contributions that deal with energy institutions, trade, transitions, conflict and justice. The chapters span a wide range of energy technologies and markets - including oil a...
Chapter
Perhaps not since the 1970s has energy policy, technology, and security been so intensely discussed as today. Whether it is the race for energy resources in the Arctic, roller-coaster oil prices, the transition toward low carbon sources of energy, or concerns over nuclear safety, energy continues to make international headlines. Today’s pressing en...
Chapter
For most of the past century, the international security dimensions of energy have largely been governed by perceptions of scarcity: the presumption that global reserves of oil and other basic fuels are insufficient to meet the anticipated needs of all industrialized powers and that energy-poor states must, therefore, undertake extraordinary measur...
Article
What makes these disputes so dangerous … is the apparent willingness of many claimants to employ military means in demarking their offshore territories and demonstrating their resolve to keep them.
Article
The transition from an easy to a tough resource era will come at a high price.
Article
Competition for resources between or within nations is likely to become an increasingly common cause of armed conflict. Competition for petroleum is especially likely to trigger armed conflict because petroleum is a highly valuable resource whose supply is destined to contract. Wars fought over petroleum and other resources can create public health...
Chapter
Competition and conflict over access to major sources of valuable and essential materials—water, land, gold, gems, spices, and timber—have long been a significant feature of international affairs. The initial outward burst of European exploration in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was largely driven by the quest for precious resources, as was...
Article
In the April-May 2008 issue of Survival (vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 37-66), Nader Elhefnawy argued that oil production is approaching its peak, with consequences that are likely to be dramatic. There will be increased risk of state failure and resource conflict; the economic balance of power among major industrial states will shift according to their rela...
Article
Full-text available
After decades of Cold War, when Africa was simply viewed as a convenient pawn on the global chessboard, and a further decade of benign neglect in the 1990s, the African continent has now become a vital arena of strategic and geopolitical competition for not only the United States, but also for China, India, and other new emerging powers. The main r...
Article
Full-text available
The world's major oil-consuming nations, led by the USA, China and the Western European countries, are keenly interested in the development of African oil reserves, making huge bids for whatever exploration blocks become available and investing large sums in drilling platforms, pipelines, loading facilities and other production infrastructure. Inde...
Article
ROM THE VARIETY OF PERSPECTIVES contained in the chapters of this vol- ume, it is clear that the unchecked flow of small arms and light weapons to areas of conflict represents a significant threat to world peace and security. While it cannot be said that such weapons are a primary cause of conflict, their worldwide availability, low cost, and ease...
Article
With a few hundred machine guns and mortars, a small army can take over an entire country, killing and wounding hundreds of thousands
Article
When Charles Taylor invaded Liberia, he unleashed the most deadly combat system of the current epoch–the adolescent human male equipped with an AK-47 assault rifle.
Article
Chapter 1 Introduction Part 2 Part One: Light Weapons and International Conflict Chapter 3 The International Trade in Light Weapons: What Have We Learned? Chapter 4 Light Weapons and Conflict in the Great Lakes Region of Africa Chapter 5 Controlling the Black and Gray Markets in Small Arms in South Asia Part 6 Part Two: Controlling the Supply of Li...
Article
In this study, Michael Klare examines the dichotomy in the U.S. response to conventional and unconventional arms proliferation. With the end of the cold war, however, this has begun to change. While the spread of NBC munitions continues to be seen as an especially significant peril, many policymakers now view conventional arms transfers as a simila...
Book
Tracing U.S. policies, practices, and experiences in military sales from the 1950s to the present, the author explains how the formation of U.S. arms exports has proved to be an unreliable instrument of policy, often producing results that diminish - rather than enhance - fundamental American interests.
Article
Michael T. Klare is a Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C. and author of The American Arms Supermarket (Austin: University of Texas Press, forthcoming). 1. Defense Science Board Task Force on Export of U.S. Technology, An Analysis of Export Control of U.S. Technology (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 1976), p....
Article
With the Indochina conflict apparently on the verge of settlement, America's military estab- lishment finds itself at a "strategic crossroads" with many key decisions pending on the compos- ition and structure of our future Armed Forces. With domestic programs claiming an ever-increasing share of the Federal budget, each of the three services--Army...
Article
Competition over vital resources is a potent source of international friction among nations and within states. The result is the increasing interplay of international and internal struggles and the growing militarization of the global energy resource quest.

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